|Name:||Carbon Monoxide Material Safety Data Sheet|
|Synonym:||Flue Gas, Exhaust Gas, Carbonic Oxide|
Synonym:Flue Gas, Exhaust Gas, Carbonic Oxide
Section 2 - COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
Risk Phrases: 12 23 48/23 61
Section 3 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
Extremely flammable. Toxic by inhalation. Toxic : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation. May cause harm to the unborn child.Extremely flammable.
Potential Health Effects
May cause visual abnormalities including: blurring, abnormal color vision, loss of sight.
In severe cases may produce blistering, scaling and cracking.
May cause effects similar to those for inhalation exposure.
Harmful if inhaled. Causes cyanosis (bluish discoloration of skin due to deficient oxygenation of the blood). Exposure produces central nervous system depression. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation. As a simple asphyxiant, exposure can cause an anesthetic action, difficulty in breathing, headaches, and dizziness. May produce cardiovascular effects. Death may occur due to asphyxiation or heart failure. Has poor warning properties at low concentrations.
Exposure to low concentrations may cause narcotic effects. Symptoms may include headache, dizziness, nausea, and loss of coordination.
Chronic exposure may cause visual disturbances.
Section 4 - FIRST AID MEASURES
Eyes: Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.
Get medical aid. Immediately flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
Wash clothing before reuse.
Do not induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Get medical aid.
Remove from exposure and move to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid. Do NOT use mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. If breathing has ceased apply artificial respiration using oxygen and a suitable mechanical device such as a bag and a mask.
Notes to Physician:
Section 5 - FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Vapors may form an explosive mixture with air.
Vapors can travel to a source of ignition and flash back. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Extremely flammable liquid and vapor. Containers may explode in the heat of a fire. Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flame.
For small fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, water spray or alcohol-resistant foam. For large fires, use water spray, fog, or alcohol-resistant foam. Use water spray to cool fire-exposed containers. Water may be ineffective. Do NOT use straight streams of water.
Section 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Absorb spill with inert material (e.g. vermiculite, sand or earth), then place in suitable container. Remove all sources of ignition.
Use a spark-proof tool. Provide ventilation. A vapor suppressing foam may be used to reduce vapors.
Section 7 - HANDLING and STORAGE
Wash thoroughly after handling. Use only in a well-ventilated area.
Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Keep container tightly closed. Keep away from heat, sparks and flame. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Section 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS, PERSONAL PROTECTION
Use adequate general or local exhaust ventilation to keep airborne concentrations below the permissible exposure limits.
Exposure Limits CAS# 630-08-0: United Kingdom, OES - TWA: 30 ppm TWA; 35 mg/m3 TWA United Kingdom, OES - STEL: 200 ppm STEL; 232 mg/m3 STEL United States OSHA: 50 ppm TWA; 55 mg/m3 TWA Belgium - TWA: 25 ppm VLE; 29 mg/m3 VLE France - VME: 50 ppm VME; 55 mg/m3 VME Germany: 30 ppm TWA; 35 mg/m3 TWA Japan: 50 ppm OEL; 57 mg/m3 OEL Malaysia: 25 ppm TWA; 29 mg/m3 TWA Netherlands: 25 ppm MAC; 29 mg/m3 MAC Russia: 20 mg/m3 TWA Spain: 25 ppm VLA-ED; 29 mg/m3 VLA-ED Personal Protective Equipment Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166.
Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29 CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Section 9 - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
Physical State: Gas
Color: clear, colorless
pH: Not available.
Vapor Pressure: > 1. atm @ 20C
Viscosity: Not available.
Boiling Point: -191.5 deg C
Freezing/Melting Point: -205 deg C
Autoignition Temperature: 609 deg C ( 1,128.20 deg F)
Flash Point: Not available.
Explosion Limits, lower: 12.5%
Explosion Limits, upper: 74.0%
Solubility in water: Slightly soluble.
Specific Gravity/Density: 1.250
Molecular Formula: CO
Molecular Weight: 28.01
Section 10 - STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
Stable at room temperature in closed containers under normal storage and handling conditions.
Conditions to Avoid:
Incompatible materials, ignition sources, dust generation, excess heat.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
Alkali metals, chlorine trifluoride, lithium, oxidizing agents (strong, e.g. bromine, hydrogen peroxide, nitrogen dioxide, potassium nitrate).
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Hazardous Polymerization: Will not occur.
Section 11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
CAS# 630-08-0: FG3500000 LD50/LC50:
CAS# 630-08-0: Inhalation, mouse: LC50 = 2444 ppm/4H; Inhalation, mouse: LC50 = 2230 mg/m3/2H; Inhalation, rat: LC50 = 1807 ppm/4H; Inhalation, rat: LC50 = 1900 mg/m3/4H; Inhalation, rat: LC50 = 13500 mg/m3/15M.
Carbon monoxide - Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, or NTP.
See actual entry in RTECS for complete information.
Section 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
Other No information available.
Section 13 - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
Products which are considered hazardous for supply are classified as Special Waste and the disposal of such chemicals is covered by regulations which may vary according to location. Contact a specialist disposal company or the local waste regulator for advice. Empty containers must be decontaminated before returning for recycling.
Section 14 - TRANSPORT INFORMATION
Shipping Name: Not regulated.
Shipping Name: Not regulated.
Shipping Name: Not regulated.
Section 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols: T F+
R 61 May cause harm to the unborn child.
R 12 Extremely flammable.
R 23 Toxic by inhalation.
R 48/23 Toxic : danger of serious damage to health
by prolonged exposure through inhalation.
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 630-08-0: 0
CAS# 630-08-0 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
CAS# 630-08-0 is listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
CAS# 630-08-0 is listed on the TSCA inventory.
SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION