CAS No.: 95-47-6 Formula: C8H10 Molecular Weight: 106.16500
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CAS No.: 95-47-6 Formula: C8H10 Molecular Weight: 106.16500
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o-Xylene (ortho-xylene) is an aromatic hydrocarbon, based on benzene with two methyl substituents bonded to adjacent carbon atoms in the aromatic ring (the ortho configuration).
It is a constitutional isomer of m-xylene and p-xylene.
o-Xylene is largely used in the production of phthalic anhydride, and is generally extracted by distillation from a mixed xylene stream in a plant primarily designed for p-xylene production.

Basic Info

Chemical Name o-Xylene

Benzene, 1,2-dimethyl-; 1,2-dimethyl-benzene; Orthoxylene; ortho-Dimethylbenzene; O-Dimethylbenzene; 1,2-Xylene; 1,2-Dimethylbenzene; o-Xylol; Expand

CAS No. 95-47-6
Molecular Formula C8H10
Molecular Weight 106.16500
PSA 0.00000
LogP 2.30340


Appearance & Physical State colourless liquid
Density 0.879g/cm3
Boiling Point 143-145ºC
Melting Point -3ºC
Flash Point 31ºC
Refractive Index 1.505
Stability Stable. Incompatible with oxidizing agents. Flammable. Hygroscopic.
Storage Condition 0-6ºC
Vapor Density 3.7 (vs air)
Vapor Pressure <0.1 atm ( 21.1 °C)

Safety Info

RTECS ZE2450000
Hazard Class 3
Safety Statements S25
HS Code 2902410000
WGK Germany 2
Packing Group II
Risk Statements R10; R20/21; R38
Hazard Codes Xn
Hazard Declaration H226; H304; H312 + H332; H315; H319; H335; H412
Signal Word Danger
Caution Statement P210; P261; P273; P301 + P310; P302 + P352 + P312; P331
Symbol GHS02, GHS07, GHS08
SDS 1.0 Expand

SDS 1.0

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According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Aug 17, 2017

Revision Date: Aug 17, 2017


1.1 GHS Product identifier

Product name o-Xylene

1.2 Other means of identification

Product number -
Other names Benzene, 1,2-dimethyl-

1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses For industry use only. Fuels and fuel additives,Intermediates
Uses advised against no data available

1.4 Supplier's details

Company MOLBASE (Shanghai) Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
Address Floor 4 & 5, Building 12, No. 1001 North Qinzhou Road,
Xuhui District, Shanghai, China
Telephone +86(21)64956998
Fax +86(21)54365166

1.5 Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number +86-400-6021-666
Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

2.Hazard identification

2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

Flammable liquids, Category 3

Acute toxicity - Dermal, Category 4

Skin irritation, Category 2

Acute toxicity - Inhalation, Category 4

2.2 GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

Signal word


Hazard statement(s)

H226 Flammable liquid and vapour

H312 Harmful in contact with skin

H315 Causes skin irritation

H332 Harmful if inhaled

Precautionary statement(s)

P210 Keep away from heat, hot surfaces, sparks, open flames and other ignition sources. No smoking.

P233 Keep container tightly closed.

P240 Ground and bond container and receiving equipment.

P241 Use explosion-proof [electrical/ventilating/lighting/...] equipment.

P242 Use non-sparking tools.

P243 Take action to prevent static discharges.

P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.

P264 Wash ... thoroughly after handling.

P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

P271 Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.


P303+P361+P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water [or shower].

P370+P378 In case of fire: Use ... to extinguish.

P302+P352 IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of water/...

P312 Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…if you feel unwell.

P321 Specific treatment (see ... on this label).

P362+P364 Take off contaminated clothing and wash it before reuse.

P332+P313 If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention.

P304+P340 IF INHALED: Remove person to fresh air and keep comfortable for breathing.


P403+P235 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.


P501 Dispose of contents/container to ...

2.3 Other hazards which do not result in classification


3.Composition/information on ingredients

3.1 Substances

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number Concentration
o-Xylene o-Xylene 95-47-6 none 100%

4.First-aid measures

4.1 Description of necessary first-aid measures

General advice

Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.

If inhaled

Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.

In case of skin contact

Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap.

In case of eye contact

First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.

If swallowed

Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer for medical attention .

4.2 Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed

Vapors cause headache and dizziness. Liquid irritates eyes and skin. If taken into lungs, causes severe coughing, distress, and rapidly developing pulmonary edema. If ingested, causes nausea, vomiting, cramps, headache, and coma. Can be fatal. Kidney and liver damage can occur. (USCG, 1999)

4.3 Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary

Immediate First Aid: Ensure that adequate decontamination has been carried out. If patient is not breathing, start artificial respiration, preferably with a demand-valve resuscitator, bag-valve-mask device, or pocket mask, as trained. Perform CPR if necessary. Immediately flush contaminated eyes with gently flowing water. Do not induce vomiting. If vomiting occurs, lean patient forward or place on left side (head-down position, if possible) to maintain an open airway and prevent aspiration. Keep patient quiet and maintain normal body temperature. Obtain medical attention. /Aromatic hydrocarbons and related compounds/

5.Fire-fighting measures

5.1 Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media: Use water spray, alcohol-resistant foam, dry chemical, or carbon dioxide.

5.2 Specific hazards arising from the chemical

Behavior in Fire: Vapor is heavier than air and may travel considerable distance to a source of ignition and flash back. (USCG, 1999)

5.3 Special protective actions for fire-fighters

Wear self-contained breathing apparatus for firefighting if necessary.

6.Accidental release measures

6.1 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust. For personal protection see section 8.

6.2 Environmental precautions

Personal protection: filter respirator for organic gases and vapours adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Ventilation. Remove all ignition sources. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.

6.3 Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES: Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures: Use personal protective equipment. Avoid breathing vapors, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Remove all sources of ignition. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Beware of vapors accumulating to form explosive concentrations. Vapors can accumulate in low areas. Environmental precautions: Prevent further leakage or spillage if safe to do so. Do not let product enter drains. Discharge into the environment must be avoided. Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up: Contain spillage, and then collect with an electrically protected vacuum cleaner or by wet-brushing and place in container for disposal according to local regulations.

7.Handling and storage

7.1 Precautions for safe handling

Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols. Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed. For precautions see section 2.2.

7.2 Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants and strong acids.Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place. Containers which are opened must be carefully resealed and kept upright to prevent leakage. Storage class (TRGS 510): Flammable liquids.

8.Exposure controls/personal protection

8.1 Control parameters

Occupational Exposure limit values

Recommended Exposure Limit: 10 Hr Time-Weighted Avg: 100 ppm (435 mg/cu m).

Recommended Exposure Limit: 15 Min Short-Term Exposure Limit: 150 ppm (655 mg/cu m).

Biological limit values

no data available

8.2 Appropriate engineering controls

Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and at the end of workday.

8.3 Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE)

Eye/face protection

Safety glasses with side-shields conforming to EN166. Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).

Skin protection

Wear impervious clothing. The type of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace. Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique(without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands. The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and the standard EN 374 derived from it.

Respiratory protection

Wear dust mask when handling large quantities.

Thermal hazards

no data available

9.Physical and chemical properties

Physical state colourless liquid
Colour Colorless liquid
Odour Sweet
Melting point/ freezing point -3ºC
Boiling point or initial boiling point and boiling range 143-145°C(lit.)
Flammability Class IC Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 22.78°C and below 37.78°C.Flammable.
Lower and upper explosion limit / flammability limit Percent vol: lower 0.9; upper 6.7
Flash point 31°C
Auto-ignition temperature 463.89°C
Decomposition temperature no data available
pH no data available
Kinematic viscosity 0.760 mPa.s at 25°C
Solubility Insoluble
Partition coefficient n-octanol/water (log value) log Kow = 3.12
Vapour pressure <0.1 atm ( 21.1 °C)
Density and/or relative density 0.879g/mLat 20°C(lit.)
Relative vapour density 3.7 (vs air)
Particle characteristics no data available

10.Stability and reactivity

10.1 Reactivity

no data available

10.2 Chemical stability

Stable under recommended storage conditions.

10.3 Possibility of hazardous reactions

A very dangerous fire hazard when exposed to heat or flame.As a result of flow, agitation, etc., electrostatic charges can be generated.O-XYLENE may react with oxidizing materials. .

10.4 Conditions to avoid

no data available

10.5 Incompatible materials

Incompatible materials: Oxidizing agents.

10.6 Hazardous decomposition products

Hazardous decomposition products formed under fire conditions - Carbon oxides.

11.Toxicological information

Acute toxicity

  • Oral: LD50 Rat oral 3608 mg/kg bw
  • Inhalation: LC50 Rat inhalation 6350 ppm (27.4 mg/L)/4 hr /From table/
  • Dermal: no data available

Skin corrosion/irritation

no data available

Serious eye damage/irritation

no data available

Respiratory or skin sensitization

no data available

Germ cell mutagenicity

no data available


Evaluation: There is inadequate evidence in humans for the carcinogenicity of xylenes. There is inadequate evidence in experimental animals for the carcinogenicity of xylenes. Overall classification: Xylenes are not classifiable as to their carcinogenicity to humans (Group 3)./Xylenes, o,m,p isomers/

Reproductive toxicity

no data available

STOT-single exposure

no data available

STOT-repeated exposure

no data available

Aspiration hazard

no data available

12.Ecological information

12.1 Toxicity

  • Toxicity to fish: LC50; Species: Lepomis macrochirus (Bluegill, weight 1.1 g); Conditions: freshwater, flow through, 17.2°C (16.5-18.4°C), pH 7.39 (6.84-7.80), hardness 44.7 mg/L CaCO3 (40.8-47.6 mg/L CaCO3), alkalinity 43.0 mg/L CaCO3 (40.4-49.5 mg/L CaCO3), dissoved oxygen 8.7 mg/L (4.8-10.7 mg/L); Concentration: 16100 ug/L for 96 hr (95% confidence interval: 11600-22400 ug/L)
  • Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates: EC50; Species: Daphnia magna (Water flea); Conditions: freshwater, static; Concentration: 1000 ug/L for 24 hr; Effect: intoxication, immobilization
  • Toxicity to algae: EC50; Species: Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata (Green algae); Conditions: freshwater, static; Concentration: 4700 ug/L for 72 hr; Effect: growth, general /formulated product
  • Toxicity to microorganisms: no data available

12.2 Persistence and degradability

AEROBIC: 2-Xylene has been observed to biodegrade in standard biodegradability tests using various inocula including sewage, activated sludge and sea water(1-4). It was completely degraded in 8 days in groundwater in a gasoline-oil mixture; the acclimation period was 3-4 days(5). In laboratory experiments designed to simulate saturated-flow conditions typical of a river water/ground water infiltration system, degradation was rapid with 70% removal in the first 1.5 cm of the column after 10 days of operation under aerobic conditions(6). Another investigator found that 2-xylene was readily biodegraded (33 mg/day loss) in shallow ground water in an unconfined sand aquifer when oxygen was present(7). As the available oxygen was consumed, the rate of degradation decreased(7). 2-Xylene degraded in two steps with adaptation periods of 14 and 49 days, using an unpolluted groundwater seed(8,9). Xylene (mixed isomers), present at 100 mg/L, reached 100% of its theoretical BOD in 4 weeks using an activated sludge inoculum at 30 mg/L in the Japanese MITI test which classified xylene as readily biodegradable(10). Using OECD Guideline 301F (Ready Biodegradability: Manometric Respirometry Test) with a mixture of sewage, soil and natural water inoculum, 2-xylene reached 90-94% of its O2 consumption in 28 days which classified xylene as readily biodegradable in two separate studies(11). An OECD Guideline 301F test using activated sludge found >60% degradation in 28 days, but degradation failed the 10-day window for being readily biodegradable(11).

12.3 Bioaccumulative potential

A log BCF of 1.15 (BCF of 14) was measured in goldfish(1) and a log BCF of 1.3 was measured in eels (Anguilla japonica)(2) for 2-xylene. According to a classification scheme(3), these BCF values indicate that bioconcentration in aquatic organisms is low(SRC). A log BCF value was measured in clams (log BCF of 0.79)(4). A log bioconcentration value of 2.3 ((ug/kg)/(ug/L)) was determined in a green alga, Selenastrium capricornutum(5).

12.4 Mobility in soil

Koc values measured for 2-xylene in various soils (% organic matter) were 24 in Wendover silty clay (16.2%), 26 in Vaudreil sand loam (10.0%), 68 in St. Thomas sand (3.1%), and 138 in Grimsby silt loam (1.0%)(1). Batch adsorption tests, using three solid sandy aquifer materials gave a Koc of 129(2). The Koc for 2-xylene in surface sediments collected from the central Tamar estuary in the UK was 25.4(3). The Koc values for 2-xylene in two river sediments (% organic matter 6.5-16.9 wt%) was 209 and 251, respectively(4). According to a classification scheme(5), these measured Koc values suggests that 2-xylene is expected to have very high to moderate mobility in soil. Using OECD Guideline 121 (estimating Koc via HPLC), the Koc of 2-xylene was estimated to be 537(6). Concentration enhancement has been observed for 2-xylene in a dune-infiltration project on the Rhine River(7); however, no 2-xylene reached groundwater under a rapid infiltration site(8). The log Koc for 2-xylene in coal sediment (% organic matter 52 wt%) was 2.40(4).

12.5 Other adverse effects

no data available

13.Disposal considerations

13.1 Disposal methods


The material can be disposed of by removal to a licensed chemical destruction plant or by controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing. Do not contaminate water, foodstuffs, feed or seed by storage or disposal. Do not discharge to sewer systems.

Contaminated packaging

Containers can be triply rinsed (or equivalent) and offered for recycling or reconditioning. Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to make it unusable for other purposes and then be disposed of in a sanitary landfill. Controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing is possible for combustible packaging materials.

14.Transport information

14.1 UN Number

ADR/RID: UN1307 IMDG: UN1307 IATA: UN1307

14.2 UN Proper Shipping Name


14.3 Transport hazard class(es)


14.4 Packing group, if applicable


14.5 Environmental hazards

ADR/RID: no IMDG: no IATA: no

14.6 Special precautions for user

no data available

14.7 Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the IBC Code

no data available

15.Regulatory information

15.1 Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number
o-Xylene o-Xylene 95-47-6 none
European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS) Listed.
EC Inventory Listed.
United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory Listed.
China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015 Listed.
New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC) Listed.
Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS) Listed.
Vietnam National Chemical Inventory Listed.
Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China IECSC) Listed.

16.Other information

Information on revision

Creation Date Aug 17, 2017
Revision Date Aug 17, 2017

Abbreviations and acronyms

  • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
  • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
  • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
  • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
  • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
  • TWA: Time Weighted Average
  • STEL: Short term exposure limit
  • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
  • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
  • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%


  • IPCS - The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website: http://www.ilo.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.home
  • HSDB - Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website: https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/newtoxnet/hsdb.htm
  • IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer, website: http://www.iarc.fr/
  • eChemPortal - The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website: http://www.echemportal.org/echemportal/index?pageID=0&request_locale=en
  • CAMEO Chemicals, website: http://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/search/simple
  • ChemIDplus, website: http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/chemidlite.jsp
  • ERG - Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website: http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/library/erg
  • Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website: http://www.dguv.de/ifa/gestis/gestis-stoffdatenbank/index-2.jsp
  • ECHA - European Chemicals Agency, website: https://echa.europa.eu/

Disclaimer: The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. We as supplier shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.
MSDS Expand
1H NMR : 400 MHz in CDCl3Expand

NMR Spectrum 1H NMR : 400 MHz in CDCl3


C8 H10 0.05 ml : 0.5 ml CDCl3

Assign. Shift(ppm)
A 7.07
B 2.220

IR : liquid filmExpand
Mass Expand
Raman : 4880 A,200 M,liquidExpand
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