nitric acid
CAS No.: 7697-37-2 Formula: HNO3 Molecular Weight: 63.01280

nitric acid

CAS No.: 7697-37-2 Formula: HNO3 Molecular Weight: 63.01280
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Description

Nitric acid (HNO3), also known as aqua fortis and spirit of niter, is a highly corrosive mineral acid.
The pure compound is colorless, but older samples tend to acquire a yellow cast due to decomposition into oxides of nitrogen and water. Most commercially available nitric acid has a concentration of 68% in water. When the solution contains more than 86% HNO3, it is referred to as fuming nitric acid. Depending on the amount of nitrogen dioxide present, fuming nitric acid is further characterized as white fuming nitric acid or red fuming nitric acid, at concentrations above 95%.
Nitric acid is the primary reagent used for nitration – the addition of a nitro group, typically to an organic molecule. While some resulting nitro compounds are shock- and thermally-sensitive explosives, a few are stable enough to be used in munitions and demolition, while others are still more stable and used as pigments in inks and dyes. Nitric acid is also commonly used as a strong oxidizing agent.

Basic Info

Chemical Name nitric acid
Synonyms

Rfna; HONO2; AQUA FORTIS; AZOTIC ACID; nitro-alcohol; NITAL; acidonitrico; HNO3; trans-nitro alcohol; azotowykwas; Nitric acid; Expand

CAS No. 7697-37-2
Molecular Formula HNO3
Molecular Weight 63.01280
PSA 66.05000
LogP 0.17550

Properties

Appearance & Physical State Colourless clear liquid
Density 1.4
Boiling Point 122ºC
Melting Point -42ºC
Flash Point 120.5ºC
Water Solubility >100 g/100 mL (20 ºC)
Storage Condition 2-8ºC
Vapor Density 1 (vs air)
Vapor Pressure 8 mm Hg ( 20 °C)

Safety Info

RTECS QU5900000
Hazard Class 8
Safety Statements S23-S26-S36-S45
HS Code 2808000090
Packing Group II
WGK Germany 1
RIDADR UN 3264 8/PG 3
Risk Statements R8; R35
Hazard Codes C
Signal Word Danger
Symbol GHS03, GHS05, GHS06
Hazard Declaration H272; H290; H311 + H331; H314
Caution Statement P210; P220; P280; P303 + P361 + P353; P304 + P340 + P310; P305 + P351 + P338
Supplemental Hazard Statements Corrosive to the respiratory tract.
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SAFETY DATA SHEETS

According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Aug 16, 2017

Revision Date: Aug 16, 2017

1.Identification

1.1 GHS Product identifier

Product name nitric acid

1.2 Other means of identification

Product number -
Other names Rfna

1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses For industry use only. Processing Aids and Additives
Uses advised against no data available

1.4 Supplier's details

Company XiXisys.com
Address XiXisys.com
Telephone XiXisys.com
Fax XiXisys.com

1.5 Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number -
Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

2.Hazard identification

2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

Oxidizing liquids, Category 2

Skin corrosion, Category 1A

2.2 GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

Pictogram(s)
Signal word

Danger

Hazard statement(s)

H272 May intensify fire; oxidizer

H314 Causes severe skin burns and eye damage

Precautionary statement(s)
Prevention

P210 Keep away from heat, hot surfaces, sparks, open flames and other ignition sources. No smoking.

P220 Keep away from clothing and other combustible materials.

P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.

P260 Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

P264 Wash ... thoroughly after handling.

Response

P370+P378 In case of fire: Use ... to extinguish.

P301+P330+P331 IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting.

P303+P361+P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water [or shower].

P363 Wash contaminated clothing before reuse.

P304+P340 IF INHALED: Remove person to fresh air and keep comfortable for breathing.

P310 Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…

P321 Specific treatment (see ... on this label).

P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.

Storage

P405 Store locked up.

Disposal

P501 Dispose of contents/container to ...

2.3 Other hazards which do not result in classification

none

3.Composition/information on ingredients

3.1 Substances

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number Concentration
nitric acid nitric acid 7697-37-2 none 100%

4.First-aid measures

4.1 Description of necessary first-aid measures

General advice

Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.

If inhaled

Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer immediately for medical attention.

In case of skin contact

Wear protective gloves when administering first aid. First rinse with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, then remove contaminated clothes and rinse again. Refer immediately for medical attention .

In case of eye contact

Rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible). Refer immediately for medical attention.

If swallowed

Rinse mouth. Give nothing to drink. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer immediately for medical attention.

4.2 Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed

Excerpt from ERG Guide 157 [Substances - Toxic and/or Corrosive (Non-Combustible / Water-Sensitive)]: TOXIC; inhalation, ingestion or contact (skin, eyes) with vapors, dusts or substance may cause severe injury, burns or death. Reaction with water or moist air may release toxic, corrosive or flammable gases. Reaction with water may generate much heat that will increase the concentration of fumes in the air. Fire will produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may be corrosive and/or toxic and cause pollution. (ERG, 2016)

4.3 Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary

Immediate first aid: Ensure that adequate decontamination has been carried out. If patient is not breathing, start artificial respiration, preferably with a demand-valve resuscitator, bag-valve-mask device, or pocket mask, as trained. Perform CPR as necessary. Immediately flush contaminated eyes with gently flowing water. Do not induce vomiting. If vomiting occurs, lean patient forward or place on left side (head-down position, if possible) to maintain an open airway and prevent aspiration. Keep patient quiet and maintain normal body temperature. Obtain medical attention. /Inorganic acids and related compounds/

5.Fire-fighting measures

5.1 Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media

Approach fire from upwind to avoid hazardous vapors & toxic decomposition products. Use flooding quantities of water as spray or fog. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Extinguish fire using agent suitable for surrounding fire.

5.2 Specific hazards arising from the chemical

Excerpt from ERG Guide 157 [Substances - Toxic and/or Corrosive (Non-Combustible / Water-Sensitive)]: Non-combustible, substance itself does not burn but may decompose upon heating to produce corrosive and/or toxic fumes. For UN1796, UN1826, UN2031 at high concentrations and for UN2032, these may act as oxidizers, also consult ERG Guide 140. Vapors may accumulate in confined areas (basement, tanks, hopper/tank cars, etc.). Substance may react with water (some violently), releasing corrosive and/or toxic gases and runoff. Contact with metals may evolve flammable hydrogen gas. Containers may explode when heated or if contaminated with water. (ERG, 2016)

5.3 Special protective actions for fire-fighters

Wear self-contained breathing apparatus for firefighting if necessary.

6.Accidental release measures

6.1 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust. For personal protection see section 8.

6.2 Environmental precautions

Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: chemical protection suit including self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT absorb in saw-dust or other combustible absorbents. Ventilation. Collect leaking liquid in sealable containers. Cautiously neutralize remainder with sodium carbonate. Then wash away with plenty of water.

6.3 Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

Spilled nitric acid must not be absorbed with sawdust or other flammable material (because of the fire hazard); instead, its spread must be prevented by the construction of earth barriers.

7.Handling and storage

7.1 Precautions for safe handling

Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols. Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed. For precautions see section 2.2.

7.2 Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Separated from combustible substances, reducing agents, bases, organic chemicals and food and feedstuffs. Cool. Dry. Keep in a well-ventilated room. Store only in original container.As a rule, nitric acid is stored in stainless steel tanks and transported in stainless steel containers.

8.Exposure controls/personal protection

8.1 Control parameters

Occupational Exposure limit values

Recommended Exposure Limit: 10 Hr Time-Weighted Avg: 2 ppm (5 mg/cu m).

Recommended Exposure Limit: 15 Min Short-Term Exposure Limit: 4 ppm (10 mg/cu m).

Biological limit values

no data available

8.2 Appropriate engineering controls

Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and at the end of workday.

8.3 Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE)

Eye/face protection

Safety glasses with side-shields conforming to EN166. Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).

Skin protection

Wear impervious clothing. The type of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace. Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique(without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands. The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and the standard EN 374 derived from it.

Respiratory protection

Wear dust mask when handling large quantities.

Thermal hazards

no data available

9.Physical and chemical properties

Physical state Colourless clear liquid
Colour Transparent, colorless, or yellowish, fuming, hygroscopic, corrosive liquid
Odour Characteristic choking odor
Melting point/ freezing point -42ºC
Boiling point or initial boiling point and boiling range 120.5°C(lit.)
Flammability Noncombustible Liquid, but increases the flammability of combustible materials.Not combustible but enhances combustion of other substances. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
Lower and upper explosion limit / flammability limit Not combustible
Flash point 120.5ºC
Auto-ignition temperature no data available
Decomposition temperature no data available
pH no data available
Kinematic viscosity 1.092 mPa.s at 0°C; 0.746 mPa.s at 25°C; 0.617 mPa.s at 40°C
Solubility In water:>100 g/100 mL (20 ºC)
Partition coefficient n-octanol/water (log value) -0.21
Vapour pressure 8 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
Density and/or relative density 1.400g/cm3at 25°C
Relative vapour density 1 (vs air)
Particle characteristics no data available

10.Stability and reactivity

10.1 Reactivity

no data available

10.2 Chemical stability

Stable under recommended storage conditions.

10.3 Possibility of hazardous reactions

Contact of concentrated nitric acid with combustible materials may increase the hazard from fire and may lead to an explosion.NITRIC ACID, RED FUMING is a powerful oxidizing agent and nitrating agent. Accelerates the burning of combustible material and may cause charring and then ignition of combustible materials. May ignite alcohols, amines, ammonia, beryllium alkyls, boranes, dicyanogen, hydrazines, hydrocarbons, hydrogen, nitroalkanes, powdered metals, silanes, or thiols on contact [Bretherick 1979. p.174]. Can react violently with finely divided antimony [Pascal 10:504. 1931-34]. Reacts violently with bromine pentafluoride [Mellor 2, Supp. 1:172. 1956]. Reacts with hydrogen selenide and hydrogen sulfide with incandescence [Berichte 3:658]. Mixtures with finely divided magnesium are explosive [Pieters 1957 p. 28]. Oxidizes magnesium phosphide with incandescence [Mellor 8:842. 1946-47]. Mixtures with acetic anhydride containing over 50% nitric acid by mass may act as detonating explosives [BCISC 42:2. 1971]. An etching agent prepared with equal portions of acetone, nitric acid, and 75% aqueous acetic acid exploded four hours after it was prepared and placed in a closed bottle. The explosive material may have been tetranitromethane [Chem. Eng. News 38: 56. 1960]. Reacts violently with phosphine [Edin. Roy. Soc. 13:88. 1835]. Explodes in contact with phosphorus trichloride [Comp. Rend. 28:86]. Reacts exothermically with phthalic acid or phthalic anhydride in the presence of sulfuric acid to give potentially explosive phthaloyl nitrates or nitrites or nitro derivatives of these compounds [Chem. & Ind. 20:790. 1972]. Reacts energetically with sodium azide [Mellor 8, Supp 2:315. 1967]. Reacts with uranium with explosive violence [Katz and Rabinowitch 1951].

10.4 Conditions to avoid

no data available

10.5 Incompatible materials

Reacts violently with combustible or readily oxidizable materials such as alcohols, turpentine, charcoal, organic refuse. Reacts with most metals to release hydrogen gas.

10.6 Hazardous decomposition products

On exposure to atmospheric humidity or heat there is decomposition with the formation of nitrogen peroxide.

11.Toxicological information

Acute toxicity

  • Oral: no data available
  • Inhalation: LC50 Sheep inhalation 0.004 mg/L 4 hr
  • Dermal: no data available

Skin corrosion/irritation

no data available

Serious eye damage/irritation

no data available

Respiratory or skin sensitization

no data available

Germ cell mutagenicity

no data available

Carcinogenicity

no data available

Reproductive toxicity

no data available

STOT-single exposure

no data available

STOT-repeated exposure

no data available

Aspiration hazard

no data available

12.Ecological information

12.1 Toxicity

  • Toxicity to fish: no data available
  • Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates: no data available
  • Toxicity to algae: no data available
  • Toxicity to microorganisms: no data available

12.2 Persistence and degradability

no data available

12.3 Bioaccumulative potential

no data available

12.4 Mobility in soil

... Nitric acid ... reduced the amount of carbon mineralized ... in soil amended with 1% glucose ... than did hydrogen sulfate.

12.5 Other adverse effects

no data available

13.Disposal considerations

13.1 Disposal methods

Product

The material can be disposed of by removal to a licensed chemical destruction plant or by controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing. Do not contaminate water, foodstuffs, feed or seed by storage or disposal. Do not discharge to sewer systems.

Contaminated packaging

Containers can be triply rinsed (or equivalent) and offered for recycling or reconditioning. Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to make it unusable for other purposes and then be disposed of in a sanitary landfill. Controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing is possible for combustible packaging materials.

14.Transport information

14.1 UN Number

ADR/RID: UN2031 IMDG: UN2031 IATA: UN2031

14.2 UN Proper Shipping Name

ADR/RID: NITRIC ACID, other than red fuming, with more than 70% nitric acid
IMDG: NITRIC ACID, other than red fuming, with more than 70% nitric acid
IATA: NITRIC ACID, other than red fuming, with more than 70% nitric acid

14.3 Transport hazard class(es)

ADR/RID: 8 IMDG: 8 IATA: 8

14.4 Packing group, if applicable

ADR/RID: III IMDG: III IATA: III

14.5 Environmental hazards

ADR/RID: no IMDG: no IATA: no

14.6 Special precautions for user

no data available

14.7 Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the IBC Code

no data available

15.Regulatory information

15.1 Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number
nitric acid nitric acid 7697-37-2 none
European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS) Listed.
EC Inventory Listed.
United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory Listed.
China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015 Listed.
New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC) Listed.
Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS) Listed.
Vietnam National Chemical Inventory Listed.
Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China IECSC) Listed.

16.Other information

Information on revision

Creation Date Aug 16, 2017
Revision Date Aug 16, 2017

Abbreviations and acronyms

  • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
  • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
  • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
  • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
  • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
  • TWA: Time Weighted Average
  • STEL: Short term exposure limit
  • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
  • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
  • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%

References

  • IPCS - The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website: http://www.ilo.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.home
  • HSDB - Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website: https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/newtoxnet/hsdb.htm
  • IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer, website: http://www.iarc.fr/
  • eChemPortal - The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website: http://www.echemportal.org/echemportal/index?pageID=0&request_locale=en
  • CAMEO Chemicals, website: http://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/search/simple
  • ChemIDplus, website: http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/chemidlite.jsp
  • ERG - Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website: http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/library/erg
  • Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website: http://www.dguv.de/ifa/gestis/gestis-stoffdatenbank/index-2.jsp
  • ECHA - European Chemicals Agency, website: https://echa.europa.eu/

Disclaimer: The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. We as supplier shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.
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