ethyl acetate
CAS No.: 141-78-6 Formula: C4H8O2 Molecular Weight: 88.10510
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ethyl acetate

CAS No.: 141-78-6 Formula: C4H8O2 Molecular Weight: 88.10510
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Description

Ethyl acetate (systematically, ethyl ethanoate, commonly abbreviated EtOAc or EA) is the organic compound with the formula CH3-COO-CH2-CH3, simplified to C4H8O2. This colorless liquid has a characteristic sweet smell (similar to pear drops) and is used in glues, nail polish removers, decaffeinating tea and coffee, and cigarettes (see list of additives in cigarettes). Ethyl acetate is the ester of ethanol and acetic acid; it is manufactured on a large scale for use as a solvent. The combined annual production in 1985 of Japan, North America, and Europe was about 400,000 tons. In 2004, an estimated 1.3M tons were produced worldwide.

Basic Info

Chemical Name ethyl acetate
Synonyms

Acetidin; Vinegar naphtha; Ethyl ethanoate; Ethyl acetic ester; Ethyl acetate; Acetoxyethane; Ethylacetate; Acetic ether; Acetic acid ethyl ester; Expand

CAS No. 141-78-6
Molecular Formula C4H8O2
Molecular Weight 88.10510
PSA 26.30000
LogP 0.56940

Properties

Appearance & Physical State Colorless liquid
Density 0.902
Boiling Point 75-77.5ºC
Melting Point -83.5ºC
Flash Point -4ºC
Refractive Index 1.371-1.374
Water Solubility 80 g/L (20 ºC)
Stability Stable. Incompatible with various plastics, strong oxidizing agents. Highly flammable. Vapour/air mixtures explosive. May be moisture sensitive.
Storage Condition 2-8°C
Vapor Density 3 (20 °C, vs air)
Vapor Pressure 73 mm Hg ( 20 °C)

Safety Info

RTECS AH5425000
Hazard Class 3
Safety Statements S16-S26-S33
HS Code 2915310000
WGK Germany 1
Packing Group II
RIDADR UN 1173
Risk Statements R11; R36; R66; R67
Hazard Codes F
Signal Word Danger
Caution Statement P210; P305 + P351 + P338; P370 + P378; P403 + P235
Symbol GHS02, GHS07
Supplemental Hazard Statements Repeated exposure may cause skin dryness or cracking.
Hazard Declaration H225; H319; H336
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SAFETY DATA SHEETS

According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Aug 10, 2017

Revision Date: Aug 10, 2017

1.Identification

1.1 GHS Product identifier

Product name ethyl acetate

1.2 Other means of identification

Product number -
Other names Ethyl ethanoate

1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses For industry use only. Food additives -> Flavoring Agents
Uses advised against no data available

1.4 Supplier's details

Company MOLBASE (Shanghai) Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
Address Floor 4 & 5, Building 12, No. 1001 North Qinzhou Road,
Xuhui District, Shanghai, China
Telephone +86(21)64956998
Fax +86(21)54365166

1.5 Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number +86-400-6021-666
Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

2.Hazard identification

2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

Flammable liquids, Category 2

Eye irritation, Category 2

Specific target organ toxicity – single exposure, Category 3

2.2 GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

Pictogram(s)
Signal word

Danger

Hazard statement(s)

H225 Highly flammable liquid and vapour

H319 Causes serious eye irritation

H336 May cause drowsiness or dizziness

Precautionary statement(s)
Prevention

P210 Keep away from heat, hot surfaces, sparks, open flames and other ignition sources. No smoking.

P233 Keep container tightly closed.

P240 Ground and bond container and receiving equipment.

P241 Use explosion-proof [electrical/ventilating/lighting/...] equipment.

P242 Use non-sparking tools.

P243 Take action to prevent static discharges.

P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.

P264 Wash ... thoroughly after handling.

P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

P271 Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.

Response

P303+P361+P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water [or shower].

P370+P378 In case of fire: Use ... to extinguish.

P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.

P337+P313 If eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention.

P304+P340 IF INHALED: Remove person to fresh air and keep comfortable for breathing.

P312 Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…if you feel unwell.

Storage

P403+P235 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.

P403+P233 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.

P405 Store locked up.

Disposal

P501 Dispose of contents/container to ...

2.3 Other hazards which do not result in classification

none

3.Composition/information on ingredients

3.1 Substances

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number Concentration
ethyl acetate ethyl acetate 141-78-6 none 100%

4.First-aid measures

4.1 Description of necessary first-aid measures

General advice

Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.

If inhaled

Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.

In case of skin contact

Rinse contaminated clothes (fire hazard) with plenty of water. Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower.

In case of eye contact

Rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible).

If swallowed

Rinse mouth. Seek medical attention if you feel unwell.

4.2 Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed

Headache, irritation of respiratory passages and eyes, dizziness and nausea, weakness, loss of consciousness. (USCG, 1999)

4.3 Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary

Immediate first aid: Ensure that adequate decontamination has been carried out. If patient is not breathing, start artificial respiration, preferably with a demand-valve resuscitator, bag-valve-mask device, or pocket mask, as trained. Perform CPR as necessary. Immediately flush contaminated eyes with gently flowing water. Do not induce vomiting. If vomiting occurs, lean patient forward or place on left side (head-down position, if possible) to maintain an open airway and prevent aspiration. Keep patient quiet and maintain normal body temperature. Obtain medical attention. /Esters and related compounds/

5.Fire-fighting measures

5.1 Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media

Cool exposed containers with water.

5.2 Specific hazards arising from the chemical

Excerpt from ERG Guide 129 [Flammable Liquids (Water-Miscible / Noxious)]: HIGHLY FLAMMABLE: Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flames. Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers. Those substances designated with a (P) may polymerize explosively when heated or involved in a fire. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard. Containers may explode when heated. Many liquids are lighter than water. (ERG, 2016)

5.3 Special protective actions for fire-fighters

Wear self-contained breathing apparatus for firefighting if necessary.

6.Accidental release measures

6.1 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust. For personal protection see section 8.

6.2 Environmental precautions

Remove all ignition sources. Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: filter respirator for organic gases and vapours adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Do NOT wash away into sewer. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.

6.3 Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES. Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures: Use personal protective equipment. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Remove all sources of ignition. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Beware of vapours accumulating to form explosive concentrations. Vapours can accumulate in low areas.; Environmental precautions: Prevent further leakage or spillage if safe to do so. Do not let product enter drains.; Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up: Contain spillage, and then collect with an electrically protected vacuum cleaner or by wet-brushing and place in container for disposal according to local regulations.

7.Handling and storage

7.1 Precautions for safe handling

Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols. Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed. For precautions see section 2.2.

7.2 Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants, strong bases and strong acids.Keep tightly closed in cool place.

8.Exposure controls/personal protection

8.1 Control parameters

Occupational Exposure limit values

Recommended Exposure Limit: 10 Hour Time-Weighted Average: 400 ppm (1400 mg/cu m).

Biological limit values

no data available

8.2 Appropriate engineering controls

Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and at the end of workday.

8.3 Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE)

Eye/face protection

Safety glasses with side-shields conforming to EN166. Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).

Skin protection

Wear impervious clothing. The type of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace. Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique(without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands. The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and the standard EN 374 derived from it.

Respiratory protection

Wear dust mask when handling large quantities.

Thermal hazards

no data available

9.Physical and chemical properties

Physical state Colorless liquid
Colour Clear, volatile
Odour CHARACTERISTIC ETHER-LIKE ODOR REMINISCENT OF PINEAPPLE.
Melting point/ freezing point 285°C(dec.)(lit.)
Boiling point or initial boiling point and boiling range 76.5-77.5°C(lit.)
Flammability Class IB Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. below 22.78°C and BP at or above 37.78°C.Highly flammable.
Lower and upper explosion limit / flammability limit Lower 2.2%; upper 11.5% by volume in air
Flash point -3°C
Auto-ignition temperature 427.22°C
Decomposition temperature no data available
pH no data available
Kinematic viscosity 0.423 mPa.s at 25°C
Solubility In water:80 g/L (20 ºC)
Partition coefficient n-octanol/water (log value) log Kow = 0.73
Vapour pressure 73 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
Density and/or relative density 0.902g/mLat 25°C(lit.)
Relative vapour density 3 (20 °C, vs air)
Particle characteristics no data available

10.Stability and reactivity

10.1 Reactivity

no data available

10.2 Chemical stability

Slowly decomp by moisture.

10.3 Possibility of hazardous reactions

A very dangerous fire hazard when exposed to heat or flame.The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible.ETHYL ACETATE is also sensitive to heat. On prolonged storage, materials containing similar functional groups have formed explosive peroxides. This chemical may ignite or explode with lithium aluminum hydride. It may also ignite with potassium tert-butoxide. It is incompatible with nitrates, strong alkalis and strong acids. It will attack some forms of plastics, rubber and coatings. It is incompatible with oxidizers such as hydrogen peroxide, nitric acid, perchloric acid and chromium trioxide. Violent reactions occur with chlorosulfonic acid. . SOCl2 reacts with esters, such as ethyl acetate, forming toxic SO2 gas and water soluble/toxic acyl chlorides, catalyzed by Fe or Zn (Spagnuolo, C.J. et al. 1992. Chemical and Engineering News 70(22):2.).

10.4 Conditions to avoid

no data available

10.5 Incompatible materials

... can react vigorously with oxidizing materials ... Potentially explosive reaction with lithium tetrahydroaluminate. Ignites on contact with potassium teri-butoxide. Violent reaction with chlorosulfonic acid, (LiAIH2 + 2-chloromethyl furan), oleum.

10.6 Hazardous decomposition products

When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes.

11.Toxicological information

Acute toxicity

  • Oral: LD50 Rat oral 11.3 mL/kg
  • Inhalation: LC50 Mouse inhalation 1500 ppm/4hr
  • Dermal: no data available

Skin corrosion/irritation

no data available

Serious eye damage/irritation

no data available

Respiratory or skin sensitization

no data available

Germ cell mutagenicity

no data available

Carcinogenicity

no data available

Reproductive toxicity

no data available

STOT-single exposure

no data available

STOT-repeated exposure

no data available

Aspiration hazard

no data available

12.Ecological information

12.1 Toxicity

  • Toxicity to fish: LC50; Species: Pimephales promelas (Fathead minnow) age 29-30 days, length 18.2 mm, weight 0.106 g; Conditions: freshwater, flow through, 24.3°C, pH 7.4, hardness 45.0 mg/L CaCO3, alkalinity 37.0 mg/L CaCO3, dissolved oxygen 6.7 mg/L; Concentration: 230000 ug/L for 96 hr (95% confidence interval: 220000-250000 ug/L) /99+% purity
  • Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates: EC50; Species: Daphnia magna (Water Flea); Conditions: freshwater, renewal, 25°C, pH >7; Concentration: 2306000 ug/L for 24 hr; Effect: behvior equilibrium /formulation
  • Toxicity to algae: EC50; Species: Chlorococcales (Green Algae Order); Conditions: freshwater, static; Concentration: 4300000 ug/L for 24 hr; Effect: physiology, assimilation efficiency /formulation
  • Toxicity to microorganisms: no data available

12.2 Persistence and degradability

AEROBIC: Ethyl acetate, present at 100 mg/L, reached 95% of its theoretical BOD in 2 weeks using an activated sludge inoculum at 30 mg/L in the Japanese MITI test(1). A review concluded that ethyl acetate is easily removed by biological treatment(2). Reported 5 day BOD values using a sewage inoculum range from 36-68% of theoretical(3-6) with the value being somewhat reduced in salt water(3). One investigator reported that ethyl acetate was completely degraded in 20 hr using activated sludge(7). In a bench-scale continuous-flow activated sludge reactor with an 8 hour retention time, 99.9% removal including 17% volatilization loss) was obtained, with 80% of the theoretical BOD(8). Ethyl acetate was 90% biooxidized in a 20-day BOD test using a filtered raw sewage seed; it was biooxidized 77% in a 28-day OECD closed-bottle test(9). A screening procedure that was systematically applied to a large number of organic chemicals ranked ethyl acetate as being completely biodegraded in a short time by general microorganisms(10). After a 5 hr lag, 43 to 53% of theoretical BOD was obtained in 50 to 70 hr(10). In screening tests, ethyl acetate, present at a concentration of 5 ppm, reached 26.6 and 57.1% of its theoretical BOD in 5 days using the standard dilution method and seawater dilution method, respectively(11). 99.9% removal of ethyl acetate was observed in a complete mix continuous-flow activated sludge system; 93% of this removal was attributed to biodegradation(12).

12.3 Bioaccumulative potential

An estimated BCF of 3 was calculated for ethyl acetate(SRC), using a log Kow of 0.73(1) and a regression-derived equation(2). According to a classification scheme(3), this BCF suggests the potential for bioconcentration in aquatic organisms is low(SRC).

12.4 Mobility in soil

The Koc of ethyl acetate is estimated as 18(SRC), using a log Kow of 0.73(1) and a regression-derived equation(2). According to a classification scheme(3), this estimated Koc value suggests that ethyl acetate is expected to have very high mobility in soil(SRC). A log Ki (snow surface/air (cu m/sq m)) of -3.69 has been reported for sorption to snow(4).

12.5 Other adverse effects

no data available

13.Disposal considerations

13.1 Disposal methods

Product

The material can be disposed of by removal to a licensed chemical destruction plant or by controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing. Do not contaminate water, foodstuffs, feed or seed by storage or disposal. Do not discharge to sewer systems.

Contaminated packaging

Containers can be triply rinsed (or equivalent) and offered for recycling or reconditioning. Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to make it unusable for other purposes and then be disposed of in a sanitary landfill. Controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing is possible for combustible packaging materials.

14.Transport information

14.1 UN Number

ADR/RID: UN1173 IMDG: UN1173 IATA: UN1173

14.2 UN Proper Shipping Name

ADR/RID: ETHYL ACETATE
IMDG: ETHYL ACETATE
IATA: ETHYL ACETATE

14.3 Transport hazard class(es)

ADR/RID: 3 IMDG: 3 IATA: 3

14.4 Packing group, if applicable

ADR/RID: II IMDG: II IATA: II

14.5 Environmental hazards

ADR/RID: no IMDG: no IATA: no

14.6 Special precautions for user

no data available

14.7 Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the IBC Code

no data available

15.Regulatory information

15.1 Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number
ethyl acetate ethyl acetate 141-78-6 none
European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS) Listed.
EC Inventory Listed.
United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory Listed.
China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015 Listed.
New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC) Listed.
Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS) Listed.
Vietnam National Chemical Inventory Listed.
Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China IECSC) Listed.

16.Other information

Information on revision

Creation Date Aug 10, 2017
Revision Date Aug 10, 2017

Abbreviations and acronyms

  • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
  • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
  • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
  • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
  • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
  • TWA: Time Weighted Average
  • STEL: Short term exposure limit
  • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
  • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
  • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%

References

  • IPCS - The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website: http://www.ilo.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.home
  • HSDB - Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website: https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/newtoxnet/hsdb.htm
  • IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer, website: http://www.iarc.fr/
  • eChemPortal - The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website: http://www.echemportal.org/echemportal/index?pageID=0&request_locale=en
  • CAMEO Chemicals, website: http://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/search/simple
  • ChemIDplus, website: http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/chemidlite.jsp
  • ERG - Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website: http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/library/erg
  • Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website: http://www.dguv.de/ifa/gestis/gestis-stoffdatenbank/index-2.jsp
  • ECHA - European Chemicals Agency, website: https://echa.europa.eu/

Disclaimer: The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. We as supplier shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.
MSDS Expand
1H NMR : 90 MHz in CDCl3Expand

NMR Spectrum 1H NMR : 90 MHz in CDCl3

Collapse

C4 H8 O2 0.04 ml : 0.5 ml CDCl3
ethyl acetate

Assign. Shift(ppm)
A 4.119
B 2.038
C 1.260

J(A,C)=7.1HZ.

IR : CCl4 solutionExpand
Mass Expand
Raman : 4880 A,100M,liquidExpand
Exposure Route Type of Test Species Observed Dose/Duration Toxic Effects
Administration into the eye Standard Draize test Human 400 ppm -
Inhalation TCLo - Lowest published toxic concentration Human 400 ppm 1.Sense Organs and Special Senses (Olfaction)-effect, not otherwise specified
2.Sense Organs and Special Senses (Eye)-conjunctive irritation
3.Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration-other changes
Oral LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill Rodent - rat 5620 mg/kg 1.Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
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