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benzonitrile
CAS No.: 100-47-0
Synonyms:
Formula: C7H5N
Exact Mass: 103.04200
Molecular Weight: 103.12100
PSA: 23.79000
LogP: 1.55828
Reference Price: $132/30kg Inquiry Now
benzonitrile 100-47-0 MSDS
Name: Benzonitrile 99% Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym: Phenyl Cyanide; Benzenenitrile; Benzoic Acid Nitrile; Cyanobenzene
CAS: 100-47-0
Section 1 - Chemical Product   MSDS Name:Benzonitrile 99% Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym:Phenyl Cyanide; Benzenenitrile; Benzoic Acid Nitrile; Cyanobenzene

Section 2 - COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
CAS# Chemical Name content EINECS#
100-47-0 Benzonitrile 99.0 202-855-7
Hazard Symbols: XN
Risk Phrases: 21/22

Section 3 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
  EMERGENCY OVERVIEW
Harmful in contact with skin and if swallowed.
Potential Health Effects
Eye:
Causes eye irritation.
Skin:
Causes skin irritation. May be harmful if absorbed through the skin.
Effects of contact may be delayed.
Ingestion:
May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. May be harmful if swallowed.
Inhalation:
Causes respiratory tract irritation. Effects of inhalation may be delayed.
Chronic:
No information found.

Section 4 - FIRST AID MEASURES
  Eyes: Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.
Skin:
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
Ingestion:
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
Inhalation:
Remove from exposure and move to fresh air immediately. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid. If breathing has ceased apply artificial respiration using oxygen and a suitable mechanical device such as a bag and a mask.
Notes to Physician:
Antidote: None reported.

Section 5 - FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
  General Information:
As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Combustible liquid.
Containers may explode when heated.
Extinguishing Media:
Do NOT get water inside containers. Do NOT use straight streams of water. For small fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or water spray. For large fires, use water spray, fog or regular foam. Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out.

Section 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
  General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Spills/Leaks:
Absorb spill with inert material (e.g. vermiculite, sand or earth), then place in suitable container. Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways. Clean up spills immediately, observing precautions in the Protective Equipment section. Remove all sources of ignition. Provide ventilation. Cover solids with a plastic sheet to prevent dissolving in rain or fire fighting waters.

Section 7 - HANDLING and STORAGE
  Handling:
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use with adequate ventilation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Keep container tightly closed. Keep away from heat, sparks and flame. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Storage:
Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition. Keep container closed when not in use. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.

Section 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS, PERSONAL PROTECTION
  Engineering Controls:
Use adequate ventilation to keep airborne concentrations low. Use adequate general or local explosion-proof ventilation to keep airborne levels to acceptable levels.
Exposure Limits CAS# 100-47-0: Russia: 1 mg/m3 TWA Personal Protective Equipment Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166.
Skin:
Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing:
Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators:
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29 CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Use a NIOSH/MSHA or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator if exposure limits are exceeded or if irritation or other symptoms are experienced.

Section 9 - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
 
Physical State: Liquid
Color: clear to light yellow
Odor: almond-like
pH: Not available.
Vapor Pressure: 1.33 mbar @ 20
Viscosity: 1.24 cPs 25 deg C
Boiling Point: 188.0 - 191.0 deg C @ 760.00m
Freezing/Melting Point: 0 deg C
Autoignition Temperature: 550 deg C ( 1,022.00 deg F)
Flash Point: 71 deg C ( 159.80 deg F)
Explosion Limits, lower: 1.40 vol %
Explosion Limits, upper: 7.20 vol %
Decomposition Temperature:
Solubility in water: Soluble.
Specific Gravity/Density: 1.0100g/cm3
Molecular Formula: C7H5N
Molecular Weight: 103.12

Section 10 - STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
  Chemical Stability:
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Conditions to Avoid:
High temperatures, mechanical shock, incompatible materials, ignition sources, excess heat.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
Strong oxidizing agents, strong reducing agents, strong acids, strong bases, air.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, cyanide fumes, nitrogen.
Hazardous Polymerization: Has not been reported.

Section 11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  RTECS#:
CAS# 100-47-0: DI2450000 LD50/LC50:
CAS# 100-47-0: Draize test, rabbit, skin: 500 mg/24H Moderate; Inhalation, mouse: LC50 = 1800 mg/m3; Oral, mouse: LD50 = 971 mg/kg; Oral, rabbit: LD50 = 800 mg/kg; Skin, rabbit: LD50 = 1250 mg/kg; Skin, rat: LD50 = 1200 mg/kg.
TCLo: (Inhalation, rat) = 70 mg/m3/4H.
Carcinogenicity:
Benzonitrile - Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, or NTP.
Other:
See actual entry in RTECS for complete information.

Section 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  Ecotoxicity:
Fish: Fathead Minnow: LC50 = 78 mg/L; 96 hr.; Hard waterFish: Fathead Minnow: LC50 = 135 mg/L; 96 hr.; Soft waterFish: Goldfish: LC50 = 400 mg/L; 96 hr.; Soft waterFish: Bluegill/Sunfish: LC50 = 78 mg/L; 96 hr.; Soft water

Section 13 - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
  Dispose of in a manner consistent with federal, state, and local regulations.

Section 14 - TRANSPORT INFORMATION
 
IATA
Shipping Name: BENZONITRILE
Hazard Class: 6.1
UN Number: 2224
Packing Group: II
IMO
Shipping Name: BENZONITRILE
Hazard Class: 6.1
UN Number: 2224
Packing Group: II
RID/ADR
Shipping Name: BENZONITRILE
Hazard Class: 6.1
UN Number: 2224
Packing group: II
USA RQ: CAS# 100-47-0: 5000 lb final RQ; 2270 kg final RQ

Section 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION
 
European/International Regulations
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols: XN
Risk Phrases:
R 21/22 Harmful in contact with skin and if
swallowed.
Safety Phrases:
S 23 Do not inhale gas/fumes/vapour/spray.
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 100-47-0: 2
Canada
CAS# 100-47-0 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
CAS# 100-47-0 is listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
US FEDERAL
TSCA
CAS# 100-47-0 is listed on the TSCA inventory.


SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
N/A

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