1H-indole
CAS No.: 120-72-9 Formula: C8H7N Molecular Weight: 117.14800
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1H-indole

CAS No.: 120-72-9 Formula: C8H7N Molecular Weight: 117.14800
Suppliers: All (284) China Suppliers (170) Price Available (62) Contractor (13)

Description

Indole is an aromatic heterocyclic organic compound with formula C8H7N. It has a bicyclic structure, consisting of a six-membered benzene ring fused to a five-membered nitrogen-containing pyrrole ring. Indole is widely distributed in the natural environment and can be produced by a variety of bacteria. As an intercellular signal molecule, indole regulates various aspects of bacterial physiology, including spore formation, plasmid stability, resistance to drugs, biofilm formation, and virulence. The amino acid tryptophan is an indole derivative and the precursor of the neurotransmitter serotonin.

Basic Info

Chemical Name 1H-indole
Synonyms

1H-Benzo[b]pyrrole; 1-Azaindene; Ketole; indole; Benzopyrrole; 2,3-Benzopyrole; 1H-Indole; 2,3-Benzopyrrole; 1-Benzazole; Indol; Expand

CAS No. 120-72-9
Molecular Formula C8H7N
Molecular Weight 117.14800
PSA 15.79000
LogP 2.16790

Numbering system

EINECS number 204-420-7
RTECS number NL2450000
BRN number 107693
MDL number MFCD00005607
PubChem number 24896037

Properties

Appearance & Physical State white crystals with an unpleasant odour
Density 1.22
Boiling Point 253-254ºC
Melting Point 51-54ºC
Flash Point 136ºC
Refractive Index 1.68
Water Solubility 2.80 g/L (25 ºC)
Stability Stable, but may be light or air sensitive. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, iron and iron salts.
Storage Condition 2-8ºC
Vapor Pressure 0.0298mmHg at 25°C

Safety Info

RTECS NL2450000
Hazard Class 9
Safety Statements S26-S36/37/39
HS Code 2933990090
WGK Germany 1
Packing Group III
RIDADR UN 2811 6.1/PG 3
Risk Statements R21/22; R36
Hazard Codes Xn
Caution Statement P261; P273; P280; P305 + P351 + P338; P312
Signal Word Danger
Symbol GHS05, GHS06, GHS09
Hazard Declaration H302; H311; H315; H318; H335; H400
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SDS 1.0

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SAFETY DATA SHEETS

According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Aug 10, 2017

Revision Date: Aug 10, 2017

1.Identification

1.1 GHS Product identifier

Product name 1H-indole

1.2 Other means of identification

Product number -
Other names 1H-Benzo[b]pyrrole

1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses For industry use only. Fragrances
Uses advised against no data available

1.4 Supplier's details

Company MOLBASE (Shanghai) Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
Address Floor 4 & 5, Building 12, No. 1001 North Qinzhou Road,
Xuhui District, Shanghai, China
Telephone +86(21)64956998
Fax +86(21)54365166

1.5 Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number +86-400-6021-666
Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

2.Hazard identification

2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

Acute toxicity - Oral, Category 4

Acute toxicity - Dermal, Category 3

2.2 GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

Pictogram(s)
Signal word

Danger

Hazard statement(s)

H302 Harmful if swallowed

H311 Toxic in contact with skin

Precautionary statement(s)
Prevention

P264 Wash ... thoroughly after handling.

P270 Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.

P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.

Response

P301+P312 IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…if you feel unwell.

P330 Rinse mouth.

P302+P352 IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of water/...

P312 Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…if you feel unwell.

P321 Specific treatment (see ... on this label).

P361+P364 Take off immediately all contaminated clothing and wash it before reuse.

Storage

P405 Store locked up.

Disposal

P501 Dispose of contents/container to ...

2.3 Other hazards which do not result in classification

none

3.Composition/information on ingredients

3.1 Substances

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number Concentration
1H-indole 1H-indole 120-72-9 none 100%

4.First-aid measures

4.1 Description of necessary first-aid measures

General advice

Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.

If inhaled

If breathed in, move person into fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. Consult a physician.

In case of skin contact

Wash off with soap and plenty of water. Consult a physician.

In case of eye contact

Rinse thoroughly with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes and consult a physician.

If swallowed

Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Rinse mouth with water. Consult a physician.

4.2 Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed

no data available

4.3 Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary

no data available

5.Fire-fighting measures

5.1 Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media

Use water spray, alcohol-resistant foam, dry chemical or carbon dioxide.

5.2 Specific hazards arising from the chemical

no data available

5.3 Special protective actions for fire-fighters

Wear self-contained breathing apparatus for firefighting if necessary.

6.Accidental release measures

6.1 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust. For personal protection see section 8.

6.2 Environmental precautions

Prevent further leakage or spillage if safe to do so. Do not let product enter drains. Discharge into the environment must be avoided.

6.3 Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

Pick up and arrange disposal. Sweep up and shovel. Keep in suitable, closed containers for disposal.

7.Handling and storage

7.1 Precautions for safe handling

Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols. Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed. For precautions see section 2.2.

7.2 Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Store in cool place. Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place.

8.Exposure controls/personal protection

8.1 Control parameters

Occupational Exposure limit values

no data available

Biological limit values

no data available

8.2 Appropriate engineering controls

Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and at the end of workday.

8.3 Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE)

Eye/face protection

Safety glasses with side-shields conforming to EN166. Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).

Skin protection

Wear impervious clothing. The type of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace. Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique(without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands. The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and the standard EN 374 derived from it.

Respiratory protection

Wear dust mask when handling large quantities.

Thermal hazards

no data available

9.Physical and chemical properties

Physical state white crystals with an unpleasant odour
Colour LEAFLETS (WATER, PETROLEUM), CRYSTALS (ETHER)
Odour ALMOST FLORAL ODOR WHEN HIGHLY PURIFIED, OTHERWISE EXHIBITS CHARACTERISTIC ODOR OF FECES
Melting point/ freezing point 191°C(dec.)(lit.)
Boiling point or initial boiling point and boiling range 253-254°C(lit.)
Flammability no data available
Lower and upper explosion limit / flammability limit no data available
Flash point 121°C
Auto-ignition temperature no data available
Decomposition temperature no data available
pH no data available
Kinematic viscosity no data available
Solubility In water:2.80 g/L (25 ºC)
Partition coefficient n-octanol/water (log value) no data available
Vapour pressure 0.0298mmHg at 25°C
Density and/or relative density 1.22
Relative vapour density no data available
Particle characteristics no data available

10.Stability and reactivity

10.1 Reactivity

no data available

10.2 Chemical stability

NOT VERY STABLE ON EXPOSURE TO LIGHT (TURNS RED)

10.3 Possibility of hazardous reactions

no data available

10.4 Conditions to avoid

no data available

10.5 Incompatible materials

no data available

10.6 Hazardous decomposition products

no data available

11.Toxicological information

Acute toxicity

  • Oral: no data available
  • Inhalation: no data available
  • Dermal: no data available

Skin corrosion/irritation

no data available

Serious eye damage/irritation

no data available

Respiratory or skin sensitization

no data available

Germ cell mutagenicity

no data available

Carcinogenicity

no data available

Reproductive toxicity

no data available

STOT-single exposure

no data available

STOT-repeated exposure

no data available

Aspiration hazard

no data available

12.Ecological information

12.1 Toxicity

  • Toxicity to fish: no data available
  • Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates: no data available
  • Toxicity to algae: no data available
  • Toxicity to microorganisms: no data available

12.2 Persistence and degradability

Groundwater containing a mixture of aromatic hydrocarbons and aromatic nitrogen-, sulfur-, and oxygen-containing heterocyclics, including indole initially present at 0.2 to 1 mg/l, gave an aerobic degradation time (defined as the total time from the start of the experiment until a concn less than 1 ug/l is reached) for indole of 310 hours including an acclimation time of 130 hours at 10°C(1). Indole, in a 5 day BOD test, reached 49.5% of the theoretical BOD using a mixed microbial inoculum obtained from an enrichment culture(2). A 5 day BOD test gave a BOD of 2.07 g/g for indole using a sewage inoculum(3). First order biodegradation rate constants of 4.3X10-2 BOD/hr and 7.7X10-2 spec/hr were measured for indole at 1.6, 2.5, and 3.2 mg/l for a BOD and a UV spectrophotometry detection method, respectively; the inoculum used was a mixed culture obtained from an enrichment culture technique(3). A reaction pathway for the aerobic biodegradation of indole was proposed: indole to indoxyl to dihydroxyindole to isatin to formylanthranilic acid to anthranilic acid to catechol(5). Indole, added to Chernozem soil at 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, and 10 g/kg soil, was completely biodegraded in 19, 37, 62, 72, 84, 92, 102, 131, and 135 days, respectively(6).

12.3 Bioaccumulative potential

An estimated BCF value of 25 was calculated for indole(SRC), using a measured log Kow of 2.14(1) and a recommended regression-derived equation(2). According to a classification scheme(3), this BCF value suggests that bioconcentration in aquatic organisms is low(SRC).

12.4 Mobility in soil

A Koc of 187 was measured for indole on a synthetic soil consisting of 88-90% sand, 10% clay and 0-2% humic acid(1). The Koc of indole is estimated as approximately 350(SRC), using a measured log Kow of 2.14(2) and a regression-derived equation(3,SRC). According to a recommended classification scheme(4), these Koc values suggest that indole has moderate mobility in soil(SRC).

12.5 Other adverse effects

no data available

13.Disposal considerations

13.1 Disposal methods

Product

The material can be disposed of by removal to a licensed chemical destruction plant or by controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing. Do not contaminate water, foodstuffs, feed or seed by storage or disposal. Do not discharge to sewer systems.

Contaminated packaging

Containers can be triply rinsed (or equivalent) and offered for recycling or reconditioning. Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to make it unusable for other purposes and then be disposed of in a sanitary landfill. Controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing is possible for combustible packaging materials.

14.Transport information

14.1 UN Number

ADR/RID: UN2811 IMDG: UN2811 IATA: UN2811

14.2 UN Proper Shipping Name

ADR/RID: TOXIC SOLID, ORGANIC, N.O.S.
IMDG: TOXIC SOLID, ORGANIC, N.O.S.
IATA: TOXIC SOLID, ORGANIC, N.O.S.

14.3 Transport hazard class(es)

ADR/RID: 6.1 IMDG: 6.1 IATA: 6.1

14.4 Packing group, if applicable

ADR/RID: III IMDG: III IATA: III

14.5 Environmental hazards

ADR/RID: no IMDG: no IATA: no

14.6 Special precautions for user

no data available

14.7 Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the IBC Code

no data available

15.Regulatory information

15.1 Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number
1H-indole 1H-indole 120-72-9 none
European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS) Listed.
EC Inventory Listed.
United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory Listed.
China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015 Not Listed.
New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC) Listed.
Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS) Listed.
Vietnam National Chemical Inventory Not Listed.
Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China IECSC) Listed.

16.Other information

Information on revision

Creation Date Aug 10, 2017
Revision Date Aug 10, 2017

Abbreviations and acronyms

  • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
  • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
  • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
  • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
  • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
  • TWA: Time Weighted Average
  • STEL: Short term exposure limit
  • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
  • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
  • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%

References

  • IPCS - The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website: http://www.ilo.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.home
  • HSDB - Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website: https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/newtoxnet/hsdb.htm
  • IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer, website: http://www.iarc.fr/
  • eChemPortal - The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website: http://www.echemportal.org/echemportal/index?pageID=0&request_locale=en
  • CAMEO Chemicals, website: http://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/search/simple
  • ChemIDplus, website: http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/chemidlite.jsp
  • ERG - Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website: http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/library/erg
  • Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website: http://www.dguv.de/ifa/gestis/gestis-stoffdatenbank/index-2.jsp
  • ECHA - European Chemicals Agency, website: https://echa.europa.eu/

Disclaimer: The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. We as supplier shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.
MSDS Expand
1H NMR : 400 MHz in CDCl3Expand

NMR Spectrum 1H NMR : 400 MHz in CDCl3

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C8 H7 N 0.039 g : 0.5 ml CDCl3
indole

Assign. Shift(ppm)
A 7.81
B 7.641
C 7.273
D 7.180
E 7.118
F 7.049
G 6.520

IR : nujol mullExpand
Mass spectrum (electron ionization)Expand
UV/Visible spectrumExpand
Exposure Route Type of Test Species Observed Dose/Duration Toxic Effects
Administration into the eye Standard Draize test Rodent - rabbit 750 ug/24H -
Oral LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill Rodent - rat 1 gm/kg 1.Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
Oral LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose Rodent - mouse 1070 mg/kg 1.Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
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