1,2-dichloroethene
CAS No.: 540-59-0 Formula: C2H2Cl2 Molecular Weight: 96.94330
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1,2-dichloroethene

CAS No.: 540-59-0 Formula: C2H2Cl2 Molecular Weight: 96.94330
Suppliers: All (10) China Suppliers (10) Price Available (1) Contractor(0)

Description

1,2-Dichloroethene, commonly called 1,2-dichloroethylene or 1,2-DCE, is an organochloride with the molecular formula C2H2Cl2. It is a highly flammable, colorless liquid with a sharp, harsh odor. It can exist as either of two geometric isomers, cis-1,2-dichloroethene or trans-1,2-dichloroethene, but is often used as a mixture of the two. They have modest solubility in water. These compounds have few industrial applications, although they are fundamental given their simple stoichiometries.

Properties

Appearance & Physical State clear colorless to pale yellow liquid
Density 1.243g/cm3
Boiling Point 48-60ºC(lit.)
Melting Point -57ºC(lit.)
Flash Point 6.1ºC
Refractive Index 1.446-1.449

Safety Info

Hazard Class 3.1
Safety Statements 7-16-29-61
HS Code 2903299090
Packing Group II
RIDADR UN 1150
Risk Statements R11; R20; R52/53
SDS Version: 1.0 Expand

SDS Version: 1.0

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SAFETY DATA SHEETS

According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Aug 17, 2017

Revision Date: Aug 17, 2017

1.Identification

1.1 GHS Product identifier

Product name 1,2-dichloroethene

1.2 Other means of identification

Product number -
Other names Residual Solvent Class 2 - 1,2-Dichloroethene

1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses For industry use only. Volatile organic compounds
Uses advised against no data available

1.4 Supplier's details

Company XiXisys.com
Address XiXisys.com
Telephone XiXisys.com
Fax XiXisys.com

1.5 Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number -
Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

2.Hazard identification

2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

Flammable liquids, Category 2

Acute toxicity - Inhalation, Category 4

Hazardous to the aquatic environment, long-term (Chronic) - Category Chronic 3

2.2 GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

Pictogram(s)
Signal word

Danger

Hazard statement(s)

H225 Highly flammable liquid and vapour

H332 Harmful if inhaled

H412 Harmful to aquatic life with long lasting effects

Precautionary statement(s)
Prevention

P210 Keep away from heat, hot surfaces, sparks, open flames and other ignition sources. No smoking.

P233 Keep container tightly closed.

P240 Ground and bond container and receiving equipment.

P241 Use explosion-proof [electrical/ventilating/lighting/...] equipment.

P242 Use non-sparking tools.

P243 Take action to prevent static discharges.

P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.

P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

P271 Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.

P273 Avoid release to the environment.

Response

P303+P361+P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water [or shower].

P370+P378 In case of fire: Use ... to extinguish.

P304+P340 IF INHALED: Remove person to fresh air and keep comfortable for breathing.

P312 Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…if you feel unwell.

Storage

P403+P235 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.

Disposal

P501 Dispose of contents/container to ...

2.3 Other hazards which do not result in classification

none

3.Composition/information on ingredients

3.1 Substances

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number Concentration
1,2-dichloroethene 1,2-dichloroethene 540-59-0 none 100%

4.First-aid measures

4.1 Description of necessary first-aid measures

General advice

Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.

If inhaled

Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.

In case of skin contact

Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower.

In case of eye contact

First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.

If swallowed

Rinse mouth. Give one or two glasses of water to drink. Refer for medical attention .

4.2 Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed

Inhalation causes nausea, vomiting, weakness, tremor, epigastric cramps, central nervous depression. Contact with liquid causes irritation of eyes and (on prolonged contact) skin. Ingestion causes slight depression to deep narcosis. (USCG, 1999)

4.3 Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary

Immediate first aid: Ensure that adequate decontamination has been carried out. If patient is not breathing, start artificial respiration, preferably with a demand-valve resuscitator, bag-valve-mask device, or pocket mask, as trained. Perform CPR as necessary. Immediately flush contaminated eyes with gently flowing water. Do not induce vomiting. If vomiting occurs, lean patient forward or place on left side (head-down position, if possible) to maintain an open airway and prevent aspiration. Keep patient quiet and maintain normal body temperature. Obtain medical attention. /Chlorinated fluorocarbons (CFCs) and related compounds/

5.Fire-fighting measures

5.1 Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media

Use dry chemical, foam, carbon dioxide, or water spray. Use flooding quantities of water to blanket the fire. Water may be ineffective. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Fight fire from protected location or maximum possible distance.

5.2 Specific hazards arising from the chemical

Special Hazards of Combustion Products: Phosgene and hydrogen chloride fumes may form in fires. Behavior in Fire: Vapor is heavier than air and may travel a considerable distance to a source of ignition and flash back. (USCG, 1999)

5.3 Special protective actions for fire-fighters

Wear self-contained breathing apparatus for firefighting if necessary.

6.Accidental release measures

6.1 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust. For personal protection see section 8.

6.2 Environmental precautions

Personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus. Ventilation. Remove all ignition sources. Do NOT wash away into sewer. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in dry sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.

6.3 Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

Spill or leak procedures: Eliminate all ignition sources. Stop or control the leak, if this can be done without undue risk. Use appropriate foam to blanket release and suppress vapors. Absorb in noncombustible material for proper disposal.

7.Handling and storage

7.1 Precautions for safe handling

Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols. Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed. For precautions see section 2.2.

7.2 Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Fireproof. Well closed. See Chemical Dangers.Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated location. Separate from air, light, heat, strong oxidizing materials.

8.Exposure controls/personal protection

8.1 Control parameters

Occupational Exposure limit values

Recommended Exposure Limit: 10 Hour Time-Weighted Average: 200 ppm (790 mg/cu m).

Biological limit values

no data available

8.2 Appropriate engineering controls

Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and at the end of workday.

8.3 Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE)

Eye/face protection

Safety glasses with side-shields conforming to EN166. Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).

Skin protection

Wear impervious clothing. The type of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace. Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique(without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands. The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and the standard EN 374 derived from it.

Respiratory protection

Wear dust mask when handling large quantities.

Thermal hazards

no data available

9.Physical and chemical properties

Physical state clear colorless to pale yellow liquid
Colour Mobile liquid
Odour Ethereal, slightly acrid
Melting point/ freezing point -57ºC(lit.)
Boiling point or initial boiling point and boiling range 48-60ºC(lit.)
Flammability Class IB Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. below 22.78°C and BP at or above 37.78°C.Highly flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
Lower and upper explosion limit / flammability limit Lower flammable limit: 5.6% by volume; Upper flammable limit: 12.8% by volume
Flash point 6.1ºC
Auto-ignition temperature 460°C (USCG, 1999)
Decomposition temperature no data available
pH no data available
Kinematic viscosity no data available
Solubility less than 1 mg/mL at 21.11°C
Partition coefficient n-octanol/water (log value) log Kow = 1.86
Vapour pressure 180 to 265 mm Hg at 20°C
Density and/or relative density 1.243g/cm3
Relative vapour density 3.34 (Relative to Air)
Particle characteristics no data available

10.Stability and reactivity

10.1 Reactivity

no data available

10.2 Chemical stability

Gradually decomposed by air, light, and moisture, forming HCl.

10.3 Possibility of hazardous reactions

Flammable liquid.The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible.1,2-DICHLOROETHYLENE reacts violently with sodium, sodium hydroxide, copper and copper alloys. It can react with caustic alkynes or their concentrated solutions. It forms explosive mixtures with N2O4. It is incompatible with strong oxidizers. It is corrosive to metals. It attacks some forms of plastics, rubber and coatings.

10.4 Conditions to avoid

no data available

10.5 Incompatible materials

May release explosive chloroacetylene by the contact with copper or copper alloys.

10.6 Hazardous decomposition products

Gradually decomposed by light, air, and moisture to form hydrogen chloride.

11.Toxicological information

Acute toxicity

  • Oral: LD50 Rat oral 770 mg/kg
  • Inhalation: no data available
  • Dermal: no data available

Skin corrosion/irritation

no data available

Serious eye damage/irritation

no data available

Respiratory or skin sensitization

no data available

Germ cell mutagenicity

no data available

Carcinogenicity

EPA: Not classifiable as to human carcinogenicity, IARC: Not evaluated, NTP: Not evaluated

Reproductive toxicity

no data available

STOT-single exposure

no data available

STOT-repeated exposure

no data available

Aspiration hazard

no data available

12.Ecological information

12.1 Toxicity

  • Toxicity to fish: LC50; Species: Lepomis macrochirus (Bluegill) Young of Year, weight 0.32-1.2 g; Conditions: freshwater, static, 21-23°C, pH 6.5-7.9, hardness 32-48 mg/L CaCO3, alkalinity 28-34 mg/L CaCO3, conductivity 93-190 umhos/cm, dissolved oxygen 0.3-9.7 mg/L; Concentration: 165000 uM for 69.5 hr /> or = 80 ppm
  • Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates: no data available
  • Toxicity to algae: no data available
  • Toxicity to microorganisms: no data available

12.2 Persistence and degradability

AEROBIC: Chlorinated ethenes generally resist biodegradation when incubated under aerobic conditions(1). cis- and trans-1,2-Dichloroethylene, present at 2.62 and 2.32 mg/L, respectively, reached 0% of its theoretical BOD in 4 weeks using an activated sludge inoculum in the Japanese MITI test(2). trans-1,2-Dichloroethylene was recalcitrant in shake flask tests modified to accommodate volatile chemicals(3,4); the concentrations examined in these studies ranged from 0.80 to 25 ppm, and a 21 day acclimation period and the addition of a lactose cometabolite did not alter the biodegradability(3,4). Similarly, no biodegradation occurred in a river die-away test(4). Other studies under aerobic conditions showed similar results of limited degradation for 1,2-dichloroethylene(5). However, mineralization of C14-labeled 1,2-dichloroethylene (mixture of 20% trans- and 71% cisiisomers) was observed under aerobic conditions in streambed sediments characterized by a high content of natural organic matter (2.5% dry mass organic content) and saturated with humic acid-laden black water(6); 67% of C14-labeled CO2 was recovered in 50 days under aerobic conditions(6) which corresponds to a first-order half-life of 31 days(SRC). It has been suggested that ammonia-oxdizing aerobic bacteria and facultative-sulfur bacteria can biodegradae chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbons(1).

12.3 Bioaccumulative potential

An estimated BCF of 8 was calculated in fish for 1,2-dichloroethylene(SRC), using a log Kow of 1.86(1) and a regression-derived equation(2). According to a classification scheme(3), this BCF suggests the potential for bioconcentration in aquatic organisms is low(SRC).

12.4 Mobility in soil

Using a structure estimation method based on molecular connectivity indices(1), the Koc of 1,2-dichloroethylene can be estimated to be 40(SRC). According to a classification scheme(2), this estimated Koc value suggests that 1,2-dichloroethylene is expected to have very high mobility in soil(SRC).

12.5 Other adverse effects

no data available

13.Disposal considerations

13.1 Disposal methods

Product

The material can be disposed of by removal to a licensed chemical destruction plant or by controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing. Do not contaminate water, foodstuffs, feed or seed by storage or disposal. Do not discharge to sewer systems.

Contaminated packaging

Containers can be triply rinsed (or equivalent) and offered for recycling or reconditioning. Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to make it unusable for other purposes and then be disposed of in a sanitary landfill. Controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing is possible for combustible packaging materials.

14.Transport information

14.1 UN Number

ADR/RID: UN1150 IMDG: UN1150 IATA: UN1150

14.2 UN Proper Shipping Name

ADR/RID: 1,2-DICHLOROETHYLENE
IMDG: 1,2-DICHLOROETHYLENE
IATA: 1,2-DICHLOROETHYLENE

14.3 Transport hazard class(es)

ADR/RID: 3.1 IMDG: 3.1 IATA: 3.1

14.4 Packing group, if applicable

ADR/RID: II IMDG: II IATA: II

14.5 Environmental hazards

ADR/RID: no IMDG: no IATA: no

14.6 Special precautions for user

no data available

14.7 Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the IBC Code

no data available

15.Regulatory information

15.1 Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number
1,2-dichloroethene 1,2-dichloroethene 540-59-0 none
European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS) Listed.
EC Inventory Listed.
United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory Listed.
China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015 Listed.
New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC) Listed.
Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS) Listed.
Vietnam National Chemical Inventory Not Listed.
Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China IECSC) Not Listed.

16.Other information

Information on revision

Creation Date Aug 17, 2017
Revision Date Aug 17, 2017

Abbreviations and acronyms

  • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
  • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
  • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
  • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
  • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
  • TWA: Time Weighted Average
  • STEL: Short term exposure limit
  • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
  • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
  • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%

References

  • IPCS - The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website: http://www.ilo.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.home
  • HSDB - Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website: https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/newtoxnet/hsdb.htm
  • IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer, website: http://www.iarc.fr/
  • eChemPortal - The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website: http://www.echemportal.org/echemportal/index?pageID=0&request_locale=en
  • CAMEO Chemicals, website: http://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/search/simple
  • ChemIDplus, website: http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/chemidlite.jsp
  • ERG - Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website: http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/library/erg
  • Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website: http://www.dguv.de/ifa/gestis/gestis-stoffdatenbank/index-2.jsp
  • ECHA - European Chemicals Agency, website: https://echa.europa.eu/

Disclaimer: The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. We as supplier shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.
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1H NMR : PredictExpand

NMR Spectrum 1H NMR : Predict

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GC Analysis

Total 8 Documents >>
Column type Active phase Temperature (°C) Retention Index (I) Temperature Control Method
Capillary CBP-1 - 533. temperature ramp
Capillary CBP-20 - 861. temperature ramp
Capillary SPB-1 - 552. custom temperature program
Capillary SPB-1 - 552. custom temperature program
Capillary SPB-1 - 556. custom temperature program
Exposure Route Type of Test Species Observed Dose/Duration Toxic Effects
Administration onto the skin Standard Draize test Rodent - rabbit 100 mg/24H -
Oral LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill Rodent - rat 770 mg/kg 1.Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
Intraperitoneal LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill Rodent - mouse 2 gm/kg 1.Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
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