CAS No.: 85-01-8 Formula: C14H10 Molecular Weight: 178.22900
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CAS No.: 85-01-8 Formula: C14H10 Molecular Weight: 178.22900
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Phenanthrene is a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon composed of three fused benzene rings. The name 'phenanthrene' is a composite of phenyl and anthracene. In its pure form, it is found in cigarette smoke and is a known irritant, photosensitizing skin to light. Phenanthrene appears as a white powder having blue fluorescence.
The compound with a phenanthrene skeleton and nitrogens at the 4 and 5 positions is known as phenanthroline.

Numbering system

EINECS number 201-581-5
MDL number MFCD00001168


Appearance & Physical State white crystals
Density 1.063
Boiling Point 336ºC
Melting Point 97-101ºC
Flash Point 146.6ºC
Refractive Index 1.5943
Water Solubility insoluble
Stability Stable. Combustible. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents.
Storage Condition APPROX 4ºC

Safety Info

RTECS SF7175000
Hazard Class 9
Safety Statements S29-S36/37-S61
HS Code 2902909090
Packing Group III
WGK Germany 2
Risk Statements R22; R40; R50/53
Hazard Codes Xn; N
SDS 1.0 Expand

SDS 1.0

Download/Modify | Technical supported by For US version, EU version (23 languages) and more, please refer to


According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Aug 12, 2017

Revision Date: Aug 12, 2017


1.1 GHS Product identifier

Product name phenanthrene

1.2 Other means of identification

Product number -

1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses For industry use only.
Uses advised against no data available

1.4 Supplier's details

Company MOLBASE (Shanghai) Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
Address Floor 4 & 5, Building 12, No. 1001 North Qinzhou Road,
Xuhui District, Shanghai, China
Telephone +86(21)64956998
Fax +86(21)54365166

1.5 Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number +86-400-6021-666
Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

2.Hazard identification

2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

Acute toxicity - Oral, Category 4

2.2 GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

Signal word


Hazard statement(s)

H302 Harmful if swallowed

Precautionary statement(s)

P264 Wash ... thoroughly after handling.

P270 Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.


P301+P312 IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…if you feel unwell.

P330 Rinse mouth.




P501 Dispose of contents/container to ...

2.3 Other hazards which do not result in classification


3.Composition/information on ingredients

3.1 Substances

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number Concentration
phenanthrene phenanthrene 85-01-8 none 100%

4.First-aid measures

4.1 Description of necessary first-aid measures

General advice

Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.

If inhaled

If breathed in, move person into fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. Consult a physician.

In case of skin contact

Wash off with soap and plenty of water. Consult a physician.

In case of eye contact

Rinse thoroughly with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes and consult a physician.

If swallowed

Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Rinse mouth with water. Consult a physician.

4.2 Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed

SYMPTOMS: Symptoms following exposure to this compound may include skin sensitization, dermatitis, bronchitis, cough, dyspnea, respiratory neoplasm, kidney neoplasm, skin irritation, and respiratory irritation. ACUTE/CHRONIC HAZARDS: This compound may cause irritation to the skin and respiratory tract. When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and fumes.

4.3 Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary

/SRP:/ Immediate first aid: Ensure that adequate decontamination has been carried out. If patient is not breathing, start artificial respiration, preferably with a demand-valve resuscitator, bag-valve-mask device, or pocket mask, as trained. Perform CPR as necessary. Immediately flush contaminated eyes with gently flowing water. Do not induce vomiting. If vomiting occurs, lean patient forward or place on left side (head-down position, if possible) to maintain an open airway and prevent aspiration. Keep patient quiet and maintain normal body temperature. Obtain medical attention. /Aromatic hydrocarbons and related compounds/

5.Fire-fighting measures

5.1 Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media


5.2 Specific hazards arising from the chemical

This chemical is combustible.

5.3 Special protective actions for fire-fighters

Wear self-contained breathing apparatus for firefighting if necessary.

6.Accidental release measures

6.1 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust. For personal protection see section 8.

6.2 Environmental precautions

Prevent further leakage or spillage if safe to do so. Do not let product enter drains. Discharge into the environment must be avoided.

6.3 Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

Make up packages in paper or other flammable material.

7.Handling and storage

7.1 Precautions for safe handling

Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols. Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed. For precautions see section 2.2.

7.2 Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Store in cool place. Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place.

8.Exposure controls/personal protection

8.1 Control parameters

Occupational Exposure limit values

Occupational exposure standard: 0.1 mg/cu m for cyclohexane extractable fraction. /Coal tar pitch volatiles/

Recommended Exposure Limit: 10 Hr Time-Weighted Avg: 0.1 mg/cu m (cyclohexane-extractable fraction). /Coal tar pitch volatiles/

NIOSH considers coal tar pitch volatiles to be potential occupational carcinogens. /Coal tar pitch volatiles/

Biological limit values

no data available

8.2 Appropriate engineering controls

Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and at the end of workday.

8.3 Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE)

Eye/face protection

Safety glasses with side-shields conforming to EN166. Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).

Skin protection

Wear impervious clothing. The type of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace. Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique(without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands. The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and the standard EN 374 derived from it.

Respiratory protection

Wear dust mask when handling large quantities.

Thermal hazards

no data available

9.Physical and chemical properties

Physical state white crystals
Colour Monoclinic plates from alcohol
Odour Faint aromatic odor
Melting point/ freezing point 268°C(lit.)
Boiling point or initial boiling point and boiling range 340°C(lit.)
Flammability no data available
Lower and upper explosion limit / flammability limit no data available
Flash point 45°C(lit.)
Auto-ignition temperature no data available
Decomposition temperature no data available
pH no data available
Kinematic viscosity no data available
Solubility In water:insoluble
Partition coefficient n-octanol/water (log value) log Kow = 4.46
Vapour pressure 1 mm Hg at 20°C
Density and/or relative density 1.063
Relative vapour density 6.14 (Relative to Air)
Particle characteristics no data available

10.Stability and reactivity

10.1 Reactivity

no data available

10.2 Chemical stability

Stable under recommended storage conditions.

10.3 Possibility of hazardous reactions

SLIGHT, WHEN EXPOSED TO HEAT OR FLAME. ...PHENANTHRENE may react with oxidizing materials .

10.4 Conditions to avoid

no data available

10.5 Incompatible materials


10.6 Hazardous decomposition products

When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke & fumes.

11.Toxicological information

Acute toxicity

  • Oral: LD50 Mouse oral 700 mg/kg
  • Inhalation: no data available
  • Dermal: no data available

Skin corrosion/irritation

no data available

Serious eye damage/irritation

no data available

Respiratory or skin sensitization

no data available

Germ cell mutagenicity

no data available


Avail data are inadequate to permit an evaluation of the carcinogenicity of phenanthrene to exptl animals.

Reproductive toxicity

no data available

STOT-single exposure

no data available

STOT-repeated exposure

no data available

Aspiration hazard

no data available

12.Ecological information

12.1 Toxicity

  • Toxicity to fish: EC50; Species: Lepomis macrochirus (Bluegill, juvenile, 0.046 g mean final body weight); Conditions: freshwater, flow through, 19.8°C, pH 7.14, hardness 52.8 mg/L CaCO3, alkalinity 41.9 mg/L CaCO3, conductivity 103.6 umhos/cm, dissolved oxygen 88.1%; Concentration: 49 ug/L for 96 hr; Effect: general physiology /100% purity
  • Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates: EC50; Species: Daphnia magna (Water flea); Conditions: feshwater, renewal; Concentration: 349 ug/L for 7 days; Effect: decreased growth rate />99% purity
  • Toxicity to algae: no data available
  • Toxicity to microorganisms: no data available

12.2 Persistence and degradability

AEROBIC: Biodegradation of phenanthrene in water samples taken from several sites in the Center Hill Reservoir in Tennessee incubated at 25°C for 28 days was 55.52% (Feb), 65.86 to 90.25% (Mar), 80.39 to 91.75% (Apr), 79.76 to 85.76% (Jun), 49.58 to 58.84% (Aug), 67.61 to 78.46% (Sept), and 92.26 to 94.60% (Dec)(1). Phenanthrene added to water samples from two Center Hill Reservoir sites incubated at 25°C was 90.12 and 86.70%, 90.36 and 95.04%, 94.02 and 93.55%, 94.81 and 90.84% degraded after 1, 2, 3, and 4 weeks, respectively(1). When phenanthrene was added to Center Hill Reservoir water at 100 ug/L, the compound was 0, 66.4, 60.08, and 43.9% degraded following incubation at 25°C for 1, 2, 5, and 7 days respectively(1). Phenanthrene added at 1000 ug/L was 2.3, 13.5, 39.6, 22.8, and 46.1% degraded after 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 days of incubation at 25°C, respectively(1). Maximum biodegradation occurred at 25 and 37°C when phenanthrene was added to Center Hill Reservoir samples at 100 and 1000 ug/L, respectively(1). Incubation of bacteria from Colgate Creek in Eastern Bay and Colgate Creek water resulted in 63.4 and 50.2% phenanthrene degradation respectively(2). Incubation of Eastern Bay bacteria in Colgate Creek and Eastern Bay water resulted in 85.0 and 92.4% phenanthrene degradation, respectively(2). Phenanthrene incubated in RI water at 25 ug/L degraded with half-lives of 11000, 180, and 79 days at 2, 8, and 18°C, respectively(3). Phenanthrene incubated in water from SC degraded with half-lives 210, 19, 24, and 36 days at temperatures of 8, 27, 28 and 27°C, respectively(3). The biodegradation half-lives of phenanthrene in water obtained from the Gulf of Thailand and Chao Phraya River were 35 and 37 days, respectively(4).

12.3 Bioaccumulative potential

BCF values in sheepshead minnows exposed for 36 days to 0.12 and 1.12 ug/L of phenanthrene were 700 and 1,623, respectively(1). According to a classification scheme(2), these BCFs suggest the potential for bioconcentration in aquatic organisms is high to very high, provided the compound is not metabolized by the organism(SRC). By the action of microsomal oxidase, fish are capable of rapidly metabolizing polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons(3). Bioaccumulation factors for fish and algae have been reported as 1,760(4). Log BCFs in algae (Selena strum capricornutum) were measured at 4.22-4.47(5).

12.4 Mobility in soil

The log Koc of phenanthrene in coarse silt fractions from sediments from Doe Run and Hickory Hill, Georgia, is 4.36(1). Phenanthrene had reported Koc values of 9,750, 9,180, 21,080 and 11,150 in brown (Lethbridge, Alberta), dark brown (Lethbridge agricultural), black (Alberta Ellerslie Research Station) and peat (Pahokee peat) soil, respectively(2). Zook soils had phenanthrene Koc values of 13,300, 20,700, 13,100 and 16,000 in soil (%OC 2.5, %N 0.19), coarse silt (%OC 1.65, %N 0.15), pine silt (%OC 4.83, %N 0.31) and clay (%OC 4.11, %N 0.29), respectively(3). Sparta soils had phenanthrene Koc values of 18,900, 24,800, 15,800 and 253,00 in soil (%OC 2.05, %N 0.17), coarse silt (%OC 6.07, %N 0.36), pine silt (%OC 11.87, %N 0.73) and clay (%OC 9.31, %N 0.67), respectively(3). According to a classification scheme(6), this range of Koc values suggest that phenanthrene is expected to be immobile in soil. Log Koc values for phenanthrene were 7 with activated carbon, 6.6 with soot carbon, 6.5 with particulate coal, 5.5 with particulate charcoal, 5.3 with heavy fuel oil, 5.0 with coal tar, 4.9 with Pulakerogen, 4.8 with collagen, 4.7 with humic acid, 4.7 with degraded algea, 4.7 with amorphous organic matter, 4.6 with oxidized humic acid, 4.5 with cuticle, 4.4 with algea, 4.2 with lignin, 3.4 with cellulose, and 4.5 with various soils and sediments(4). Log Koc values of 7.0 and 6.5 have been observed in soot/water for phenanthrene(5).

12.5 Other adverse effects

no data available

13.Disposal considerations

13.1 Disposal methods


The material can be disposed of by removal to a licensed chemical destruction plant or by controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing. Do not contaminate water, foodstuffs, feed or seed by storage or disposal. Do not discharge to sewer systems.

Contaminated packaging

Containers can be triply rinsed (or equivalent) and offered for recycling or reconditioning. Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to make it unusable for other purposes and then be disposed of in a sanitary landfill. Controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing is possible for combustible packaging materials.

14.Transport information

14.1 UN Number

ADR/RID: UN3077 IMDG: UN3077 IATA: UN3077

14.2 UN Proper Shipping Name


14.3 Transport hazard class(es)


14.4 Packing group, if applicable


14.5 Environmental hazards

ADR/RID: no IMDG: no IATA: no

14.6 Special precautions for user

no data available

14.7 Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the IBC Code

no data available

15.Regulatory information

15.1 Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number
phenanthrene phenanthrene 85-01-8 none
European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS) Listed.
EC Inventory Listed.
United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory Listed.
China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015 Not Listed.
New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC) Listed.
Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS) Listed.
Vietnam National Chemical Inventory Listed.
Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China IECSC) Listed.

16.Other information

Information on revision

Creation Date Aug 12, 2017
Revision Date Aug 12, 2017

Abbreviations and acronyms

  • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
  • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
  • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
  • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
  • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
  • TWA: Time Weighted Average
  • STEL: Short term exposure limit
  • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
  • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
  • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%


  • IPCS - The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website:
  • HSDB - Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website:
  • IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer, website:
  • eChemPortal - The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website:
  • CAMEO Chemicals, website:
  • ChemIDplus, website:
  • ERG - Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website:
  • Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website:
  • ECHA - European Chemicals Agency, website:

Disclaimer: The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. We as supplier shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.
MSDS Expand
1H NMR : 400 MHz in CDCl3Expand

NMR Spectrum 1H NMR : 400 MHz in CDCl3


C14 H10 6.6 mg : 0.5 ml CDCl3

Assign. Shift(ppm)
A 8.697
B 7.894
C 7.743
D 7.658
E 7.604

J(A,D)=8.6HZ. J(B,E)=7.9HZ. J(B,D)=1.5HZ.

IR : KBr discExpand
Mass Expand
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