7664-39-3 structure, FH
hydrogen fluoride
CAS No.: 7664-39-3 Formula: FH Molecular Weight: 20.00630
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hydrogen fluoride

CAS No.:

7664-39-3

Formula:

FH

Molecular Weight: 20.00630
Suppliers: All (6) China Suppliers (6) Price Available(0) Contractor(0)

Description

Hydrogen fluoride is a chemical compound with the chemical formula HF. This colorless gas or liquid is the principal industrial source of fluorine, often as an aqueous solution called hydrofluoric acid. It thus is the precursor to many important compounds including pharmaceuticals and polymers (e.g. Teflon). HF is widely used in the petrochemical industry as a component of superacids. Hydrogen fluoride boils near room temperature, much higher than other hydrogen halides. Unlike other hydrogen halides, HF is lighter than air.
Hydrogen fluoride is a highly dangerous gas, forming corrosive and penetrating hydrofluoric acid upon contact with moisture. The gas can also cause blindness by rapid destruction of the corneas.
French chemist Edmond Frémy (1814–1894) is credited with discovering anhydrous hydrogen fluoride while trying to isolate fluorine, although Carl Wilhelm Scheele prepared hydrofluoric acid in large quantities in 1771, and this acid was known in the glass industry before then.

Basic Info

Chemical Name

hydrogen fluoride

Synonyms

hydrogen Fluoride; hydrofluoric; Fluorowodor; Rubigine; Hydrofluoride; Fluoric acid; fluorhydric acid; HYDROFLUORIC ACID; Fluorwaterstof; hydrogen fluorid; antisal2b; Expand

CAS No.

7664-39-3

Molecular Formula

FH

Molecular Weight

20.00630

PSA

0.00000

LogP

0.53270

Numbering system

UNII RGL5YE86CZ

Properties

Appearance & Physical State

colourless gas with a pungent odour

Density

1.15

Boiling Point

105ºC

Melting Point

-35ºC

Flash Point

-37.8ºC

Water Solubility

soluble

Stability

Stable. Hygroscopic. Incompatible with glass, alkali metals, light metals, alkaline earth metals

Storage Condition

Protect against physical damage. Store at in well-ventilated area, separated from other storage.

Vapor Density

1.27 (vs air)

Vapor Pressure

25 mm Hg ( 20 °C)

Safety Info

RTECS

MW7875000

Hazard Class

8

Safety Statements

S26-S36/37-S45-S7/9

HS Code

2811110000

WGK Germany

2

Packing Group

II

RIDADR

UN 1790

Risk Statements

R26/27/28; R35

Hazard Codes

C

Hazard Declaration

H300 + H310 + H330; H314

Caution Statement

P260; P280; P301 + P310 + P330; P303 + P361 + P353; P304 + P340 + P310; P305 + P351 + P338; P403 + P233

Signal Word

Danger

Symbol

GHS05, GHS06

SDS 1.0

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SDS 1.0

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SAFETY DATA SHEETS

According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Aug 16, 2017

Revision Date: Aug 16, 2017

1.Identification

1.1 GHS Product identifier

Product name hydrogen fluoride

1.2 Other means of identification

Product number -
Other names \N

1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses For industry use only. Inorganic substances
Uses advised against no data available

1.4 Supplier's details

Company MOLBASE (Shanghai) Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
Address Floor 4 & 5, Building 12, No. 1001 North Qinzhou Road,
Xuhui District, Shanghai, China
Telephone +86(21)64956998
Fax +86(21)54365166

1.5 Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number +86-400-6021-666
Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

2.Hazard identification

2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

no data available

2.2 GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

Pictogram(s) no data available
Signal word

no data available

Hazard statement(s)

no data available

Precautionary statement(s)
Prevention

no data available

Response

no data available

Storage

no data available

Disposal

no data available

2.3 Other hazards which do not result in classification

no data available

3.Composition/information on ingredients

3.1 Substances

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number Concentration
hydrogen fluoride hydrogen fluoride 7664-39-3 none 100%

4.First-aid measures

4.1 Description of necessary first-aid measures

General advice

Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.

If inhaled

Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer immediately for medical attention.

In case of skin contact

Wear protective gloves when administering first aid. Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer immediately for medical attention.

In case of eye contact

Rinse with plenty of water (remove contact lenses if easily possible). Refer immediately for medical attention.

If swallowed

Rinse mouth. Give nothing to drink. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer immediately for medical attention.

4.2 Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed

Ingestion of an estimated 1.5 grams produced sudden death without gross pathological damage. Repeated ingestion of small amounts resulted in moderately advanced hardening of the bones. Contact of skin with anhydrous liquid produces severe burns. Inhalation of anhydrous hydrogen fluoride or hydrogen fluoride mist or vapors can cause severe respiratory tract irritation that may be fatal. (EPA, 1998)

4.3 Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary

Basic treatment: Establish a patent airway (oropharyngeal or nasopharyngeal airway, if needed). Suction if necessary. Watch for signs of respiratory insufficiency and assist ventilations if necessary. Administer oxygen by nonrebreather mask at 10 to 15 L/min. Monitor for pulmonary edema and treat if necessary ... . Monitor for shock and treat if necessary ... . For eye contamination, flush eyes immediately with water. Irrigate each eye continuously with 0.9% saline (NS) during transport ... . Do not use emetics. For ingestion, rinse mouth and administer 5 ml/kg up to 200 ml of water if the patient can swallow, has a strong gag reflex, and does not drool. Do not attempt to neutralize because of exothermic reaction. Cover skin burns with dry, sterile dressings after decontamination ... . /Hydrofluoric Acid (HF) and Related Compounds/

5.Fire-fighting measures

5.1 Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media

If material involved in fire: Extinguish fire using agent suitable for type of surrounding fire. (Material itself does not burn or burns with difficulty.) Use water in flooding quantities as fog. Cool all affected containers with flooding quantities of water. Apply water from as far a distance as possible. /Hydrofluoric acid solution/

5.2 Specific hazards arising from the chemical

When heated, it emits highly corrosive fumes of fluorides. Its corrosive action on metals can result in formation of hydrogen in containers and piping to create fire hazard. Toxic and irritating vapors are generated when heated. Will attack glass, concrete, and certain metals, especially those containing silica, such as cast iron. Will attack natural rubber, leather, and many organic materials. May generate flammable hydrogen gas in contact with some metals. (EPA, 1998)

5.3 Special protective actions for fire-fighters

Wear self-contained breathing apparatus for firefighting if necessary.

6.Accidental release measures

6.1 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust. For personal protection see section 8.

6.2 Environmental precautions

Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: gas-tight chemical protection suit including self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Ventilation. Remove vapour with fine water spray.

6.3 Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

1. VENTILATE AREA OF SPILL OR LEAK TO DISPERSE GAS. 2. IF IN GASEOUS FORM, STOP FLOW OF GAS. IF SOURCE OF LEAK IS CYLINDER & LEAK CANNOT BE STOPPED ... REMOVE ... TO SAFE PLACE IN OPEN AIR, & REPAIR LEAK OR ALLOW CYLINDER TO EMPTY. 3. IF IN LIQ FORM, ALLOW TO VAPORIZE & DISPERSE THE GAS.

7.Handling and storage

7.1 Precautions for safe handling

Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols. Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed. For precautions see section 2.2.

7.2 Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Cool. Fireproof if in building. Keep in a well-ventilated room. Separated from food and feedstuffs and incompatible materials. Store in an area without drain or sewer access. See Chemical Dangers.Hydrogen fluoride must be stored to avoid contact with metals, concrete, glass, and ceramics, because it can severely corrode these materials. Contact with metals may form a flammable gas. Keep away from heat. Where possible automatically pump liquid from drums or other storage containers to process containers.

8.Exposure controls/personal protection

8.1 Control parameters

Occupational Exposure limit values

Recommended Exposure Limit: 10 Hr Time-Weighted Avg: 3 ppm (2.5 mg/cu m).

Recommended Exposure Limit: 15-Min Ceiling Value: 6 ppm (5 mg/cu m).

Biological limit values

no data available

8.2 Appropriate engineering controls

Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and at the end of workday.

8.3 Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE)

Eye/face protection

Safety glasses with side-shields conforming to EN166. Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).

Skin protection

Wear impervious clothing. The type of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace. Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique(without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands. The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and the standard EN 374 derived from it.

Respiratory protection

Wear dust mask when handling large quantities.

Thermal hazards

no data available

9.Physical and chemical properties

Physical state colourless gas with a pungent odour
Colour Colorless gas, fumes in air
Odour ... Strong, irritating odor ...
Melting point/ freezing point -35ºC
Boiling point or initial boiling point and boiling range 105ºC
Flammability Not combustible. Many reactions may cause fire or explosion.
Lower and upper explosion limit / flammability limit no data available
Flash point -37.8ºC
Auto-ignition temperature Not flammable (USCG, 1999)
Decomposition temperature no data available
pH no data available
Kinematic viscosity no data available
Solubility In water:soluble
Partition coefficient n-octanol/water (log value) no data available
Vapour pressure 25 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
Density and/or relative density 1.15g/mLat 25°C(lit.)
Relative vapour density 1.27 (vs air)
Particle characteristics no data available

10.Stability and reactivity

10.1 Reactivity

no data available

10.2 Chemical stability

Stable under recommended storage conditions.

10.3 Possibility of hazardous reactions

... NON-FLAMMABLE ...Hydrogen fluoride/hydrofluoric acid vapors may collect and stay in poorly-ventilated, low-lying, or confined areas (e.g., sewers, basements, and tanks).Hazardous concentrations may develop quickly in enclosed, poorly-ventilated, or low-lying areas. Keep out of these areas. Stay upwind.HYDROGEN FLUORIDE, ANHYDROUS attacks glass and any other silica containing material. May react with common metals (iron, steel) to generate flammable hydrogen gas if diluted below 65% with water. Reacts exothermically with chemical bases (examples: amines, amides, inorganic hydroxides). Can initiate polymerization in certain alkenes. Reacts with cyanide salts and compounds to release gaseous hydrogen cyanide. May generate flammable and/or toxic gases with dithiocarbamates, isocyanates, mercaptans, nitrides, nitriles, sulfides. Additional gas-generating reactions may occur with sulfites, nitrites, thiosulfates (to give H2S and SO3), dithionites (SO2), and carbonates. Can catalyze (increase the rate of) chemical reactions. Reacts explosively with cyanogen fluoride, methanesulfonic acid or glycerol mixed with nitric acid. Reacts violently with arsenic trioxide, phosphorus pentachloride, acetic anhydride, alkali metals, ammonium hydroxide, chlorosulfonic acid, ethylenediamine, fluorine, potassium permanganate, oleum, propylene oxide, vinyl acetate, mercury(II) oxide. Emits highly corrosive fumes of hydrogen fluoride gas when heated [Sax, 9th ed., 1996, p. 1839]. Contact with many silicon compounds and metal silicides causes violent evolution of gaseous silicon tetrafluoride [Mellor, 1956, Vol. 2, suppl. 1, p. 121].

10.4 Conditions to avoid

no data available

10.5 Incompatible materials

A super strong acid, aqueous solutions are less strong. Violent reaction with bases. Reacts, possibly with violence, with many compounds including acetic anhydride, aliphatic amines, alcohol, alkanolamines, alkylene oxides, aromatic amines, amides, 2-aminoethanol, ammonia, ammonium hydroxide, arsenic trioxide, bismuthic acid, calcium oxide, ethylene diamine, ethyleneimine, epichlorohydrin, isocyanates, metal acetyllides, nitrogen trifluoride, oleum, organic anhydrides, oxygen difluoride, phosphorus pentoxide, sulfuric acid, strong oxidizers, vinyl acetate, vinylidene fluoride. Attacks some plastics, rubber, and coatings.

10.6 Hazardous decomposition products

When heated to decomp it emits highly corrosive fumes of ... /hydrogen fluoride/.

11.Toxicological information

Acute toxicity

  • Oral: no data available
  • Inhalation: LC50 Rat inhalation 1278 ppm/1 hr
  • Dermal: no data available

Skin corrosion/irritation

no data available

Serious eye damage/irritation

no data available

Respiratory or skin sensitization

no data available

Germ cell mutagenicity

no data available

Carcinogenicity

no data available

Reproductive toxicity

Fluoride has been observed to cross the placenta in humans. Dental fluorosis can occur in a child's teeth when the mother receives high levels of fluoride during pregnancy. In some animal studies, oral exposure to fluoride has caused impaired reproduction and malformation of fetal bones and teeth. Inhalation of hydrogen fluoride resulted in degenerative testicular changes in male dogs. Menstrual irregularities have been observed in women occupationally exposed to fluoride; no differences were found in the numbers of pregnancies, miscarriages, or births.

STOT-single exposure

no data available

STOT-repeated exposure

no data available

Aspiration hazard

no data available

12.Ecological information

12.1 Toxicity

  • Toxicity to fish: no data available
  • Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates: no data available
  • Toxicity to algae: no data available
  • Toxicity to microorganisms: no data available

12.2 Persistence and degradability

no data available

12.3 Bioaccumulative potential

no data available

12.4 Mobility in soil

no data available

12.5 Other adverse effects

no data available

13.Disposal considerations

13.1 Disposal methods

Product

The material can be disposed of by removal to a licensed chemical destruction plant or by controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing. Do not contaminate water, foodstuffs, feed or seed by storage or disposal. Do not discharge to sewer systems.

Contaminated packaging

Containers can be triply rinsed (or equivalent) and offered for recycling or reconditioning. Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to make it unusable for other purposes and then be disposed of in a sanitary landfill. Controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing is possible for combustible packaging materials.

14.Transport information

14.1 UN Number

ADR/RID: UN1790 IMDG: UN1790 IATA: UN1790

14.2 UN Proper Shipping Name

ADR/RID: HYDROFLUORIC ACID, with more than 60% hydrogen fluoride
IMDG: HYDROFLUORIC ACID, with more than 60% hydrogen fluoride
IATA: HYDROFLUORIC ACID, with more than 60% hydrogen fluoride

14.3 Transport hazard class(es)

ADR/RID: 8 IMDG: 8 IATA: 8

14.4 Packing group, if applicable

ADR/RID: II IMDG: II IATA: II

14.5 Environmental hazards

ADR/RID: no IMDG: no IATA: no

14.6 Special precautions for user

no data available

14.7 Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the IBC Code

no data available

15.Regulatory information

15.1 Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number
hydrogen fluoride hydrogen fluoride 7664-39-3 none
European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS) Listed.
EC Inventory Listed.
United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory Listed.
China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015 Listed.
New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC) Listed.
Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS) Listed.
Vietnam National Chemical Inventory Listed.
Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China IECSC) Listed.

16.Other information

Information on revision

Creation Date Aug 16, 2017
Revision Date Aug 16, 2017

Abbreviations and acronyms

  • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
  • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
  • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
  • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
  • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
  • TWA: Time Weighted Average
  • STEL: Short term exposure limit
  • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
  • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
  • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%

References

  • IPCS - The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website: http://www.ilo.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.home
  • HSDB - Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website: https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/newtoxnet/hsdb.htm
  • IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer, website: http://www.iarc.fr/
  • eChemPortal - The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website: http://www.echemportal.org/echemportal/index?pageID=0&request_locale=en
  • CAMEO Chemicals, website: http://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/search/simple
  • ChemIDplus, website: http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/chemidlite.jsp
  • ERG - Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website: http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/library/erg
  • Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website: http://www.dguv.de/ifa/gestis/gestis-stoffdatenbank/index-2.jsp
  • ECHA - European Chemicals Agency, website: https://echa.europa.eu/

Disclaimer: The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. We as supplier shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.

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