benzyl alcohol
CAS No.: 100-51-6 Formula: C7H8O Molecular Weight: 108.13800
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benzyl alcohol

CAS No.: 100-51-6 Formula: C7H8O Molecular Weight: 108.13800
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Description

Benzyl alcohol is an aromatic alcohol with the formula C6H5CH2OH. The benzyl group is often abbreviated "Bn" (not to be confused with "Bz" which is used for benzoyl), thus benzyl alcohol is denoted as BnOH. Benzyl alcohol is a colorless liquid with a mild pleasant aromatic odor. It is a useful solvent due to its polarity, low toxicity, and low vapor pressure. Benzyl alcohol is partially soluble in water (4g/100mL) and completely miscible in alcohols and diethyl ether. The anion produced by deprotonation of the alcohol group is known as benzylate or benzyloxide.

Basic Info

Chemical Name benzyl alcohol
Synonyms

Benzenemethanol; Benzyl alcohol;

CAS No. 100-51-6
Molecular Formula C7H8O
Molecular Weight 108.13800
PSA 20.23000
LogP 1.17890

Numbering system

RTECS number DN3150000
MDL number MFCD00004599
PubChem number 24858412
EINECS number 202-859-9
BRN number 878307

Properties

Appearance & Physical State colourless liquid
Density 1.044
Boiling Point 205ºC
Melting Point -15ºC
Flash Point 93ºC
Refractive Index 1.538-1.541
Water Solubility 4.29 g/100 mL (20 ºC)
Storage Condition 2-8ºC
Vapor Density 3.7 (vs air)
Vapor Pressure 13.3 mm Hg ( 100 °C)

Safety Info

RTECS DN3150000
Safety Statements 26-36/37-24/25-23-53
HS Code 2906210000
WGK Germany 1
RIDADR UN 1593 6.1/PG 3
Risk Statements R20/22; R63; R43; R36/37/38; R23/24/25; R45; R40
Hazard Codes T
Signal Word Warning
Symbol GHS07
Caution Statement P261; P301 + P312 + P330; P304 + P340 + P312; P305 + P351 + P338
Hazard Declaration H302 + H332; H319
1H NMR : 400 MHz in CDCl3Expand

NMR Spectrum 1H NMR : 400 MHz in CDCl3

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C7 H8 O 0.05 ml : 0.5 ml CDCl3
benzyl alcohol

Assign. Shift(ppm)
A 7.29
B 7.26
C 7.23
D 4.514
E 3.18

IR : liquid filmExpand
Mass spectrum (electron ionization)Expand
Raman : 4880 A,100M,liquidExpand
ESR : REACTION WITH OH IN H2SO4Expand
Exposure Route Type of Test Species Observed Dose/Duration Toxic Effects
Administration onto the skin Standard Draize test Human - man 16 mg/48H -
Administration onto the skin Standard Draize test Rodent - rabbit 100 mg/24H -
Administration onto the skin Standard Draize test Mammal - pig 100% -
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