aldehydo-D-glucose
CAS No.: 50-99-7 Formula: C6H12O6 Molecular Weight: 180.15600
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aldehydo-D-glucose

CAS No.: 50-99-7 Formula: C6H12O6 Molecular Weight: 180.15600
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Description

Glucose is a sugar with the molecular formula C6H12O6. The name "glucose" comes from the Greek word γλυκός, meaning "sweet wine, must". The suffix "-ose" is a chemical classifier, denoting a carbohydrate. It is also known as grape sugar. With 6 carbon atoms, it is classed as a hexose, a sub-category of monosaccharides. D-glucose is one of the 16 aldohexose stereoisomers. The D-isomer (D-glucose), also known as dextrose, occurs widely in nature, but the L-isomer (L-glucose) does not. Glucose is made during photosynthesis from water and carbon dioxide, using energy from sunlight. The reverse of the photosynthesis reaction, which releases this energy, is a very important source of power for cellular respiration. Glucose is stored as a polymer, in plants as starch and in animals as glycogen, for times when the organism will need it. Glucose circulates in the blood of animals as blood sugar. Glucose can be obtained by hydrolysis of carbohydrates such as milk, cane sugar, maltose, cellulose, glycogen etc. It is also, however, manufactured by hydrolysis of cornstarch by steaming and diluting acid.

Basic Info

Chemical Name aldehydo-D-glucose
Synonyms

D-(+)-Glucose,Dextrose; D(+)-Glucose; D-(+)-Glucose; D-(+)-Dextrose; (2R,3S,4R,5R)-2,3,4,5,6-Pentahydroxyhexanal;

CAS No. 50-99-7
Molecular Formula C6H12O6
Molecular Weight 180.15600
PSA 118.22000
LogP -3.37880

Properties

Appearance & Physical State White crystalline powder
Density 1.544g/cm3
Boiling Point 527.1ºC at 760 mmHg
Melting Point 146ºC
Flash Point 286.7ºC
Refractive Index 1.573
Water Solubility Soluble
Stability Stable. Substances to be avoided include strong oxidizing agents. Combustible.
Storage Condition 2-8ºC

Safety Info

RTECS LZ6600000
Safety Statements S24/25
HS Code 2940000000
WGK Germany 1
Risk Statements R36/37/38
Hazard Codes Xi
SDS Version: 1.0 Expand

SDS Version: 1.0

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SAFETY DATA SHEETS

According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Aug 11, 2017

Revision Date: Aug 11, 2017

1.Identification

1.1 GHS Product identifier

Product name aldehydo-D-glucose

1.2 Other means of identification

Product number -
Other names D-(+)-Glucose

1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses For industry use only. Processing Aids and Additives
Uses advised against no data available

1.4 Supplier's details

Company XiXisys.com
Address XiXisys.com
Telephone XiXisys.com
Fax XiXisys.com

1.5 Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number -
Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

2.Hazard identification

2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

Not classified.

2.2 GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

Pictogram(s) No symbol.
Signal word

No signal word.

Hazard statement(s)

none

Precautionary statement(s)
Prevention

none

Response

none

Storage

none

Disposal

none

2.3 Other hazards which do not result in classification

none

3.Composition/information on ingredients

3.1 Substances

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number Concentration
aldehydo-D-glucose aldehydo-D-glucose 50-99-7 none 100%

4.First-aid measures

4.1 Description of necessary first-aid measures

General advice

Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.

If inhaled

Fresh air, rest.

In case of skin contact

Wash off with soap and plenty of water. Consult a physician.

In case of eye contact

First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.

If swallowed

Rinse mouth.

4.2 Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed

No toxicity (USCG, 1999)

4.3 Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary

Pancreatic beta cells are highly sensitive to oxidative stress, which might play an important role in beta cell death in diabetes. The protective effect of 6,6'-bieckol, a phlorotannin polyphenol compound purified from Ecklonia cava, against high glucose-induced glucotoxicity was investigated in rat insulinoma cells. High glucose (30 mM) treatment induced the death of rat insulinoma cells, but treatment with 10 or 50 ug/mL 6,6'-bieckol significantly inhibited the high glucose-induced glucotoxicity. Furthermore, treatment with 6,6'-bieckol dose-dependently reduced the level of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances, generation of intracellular reactive oxygen species, and the level of nitric oxide, all of which were increased by high glucose concentration. In addition, 6,6'-bieckol protected rat insulinoma cells from apoptosis under high-glucose conditions. These effects were associated with increased expression of the anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2 and reduced expression of the pro-apoptotic protein Bax. These findings indicate that 6,6'-bieckol could be used as a potential nutraceutical agent offering protection against the glucotoxicity caused by hyperglycemia-induced oxidative stress associated with diabetes.

5.Fire-fighting measures

5.1 Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media: Use water spray, alcohol-resistant foam, dry chemical or carbon dioxide.

5.2 Specific hazards arising from the chemical

no data available

5.3 Special protective actions for fire-fighters

Wear self-contained breathing apparatus for firefighting if necessary.

6.Accidental release measures

6.1 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust. For personal protection see section 8.

6.2 Environmental precautions

Sweep spilled substance into covered containers. Wash away remainder with plenty of water.

6.3 Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES: Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures: Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapors, mist or gas; Environmental precautions: No special environmental precautions required; Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up: Sweep up and shovel. Keep in suitable, closed containers for disposal.

7.Handling and storage

7.1 Precautions for safe handling

Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols. Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed. For precautions see section 2.2.

7.2 Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Separated from strong oxidants. Well closed.Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place. Hygroscopic. Keep in a dry place.

8.Exposure controls/personal protection

8.1 Control parameters

Occupational Exposure limit values

no data available

Biological limit values

no data available

8.2 Appropriate engineering controls

Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and at the end of workday.

8.3 Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE)

Eye/face protection

Safety glasses with side-shields conforming to EN166. Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).

Skin protection

Wear impervious clothing. The type of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace. Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique(without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands. The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and the standard EN 374 derived from it.

Respiratory protection

Wear dust mask when handling large quantities.

Thermal hazards

no data available

9.Physical and chemical properties

Physical state White crystalline powder
Colour Colorless crystals or white granular powder
Odour Odorless
Melting point/ freezing point 9°C(lit.)
Boiling point or initial boiling point and boiling range 73°C/25mmHg(lit.)
Flammability Combustible.
Lower and upper explosion limit / flammability limit no data available
Flash point 40°C(lit.)
Auto-ignition temperature Not flammable (USCG, 1999)
Decomposition temperature no data available
pH pH of 0.5 molar aqueous solution = 5.9 /alpha-glucose/
Kinematic viscosity no data available
Solubility In water:Soluble
Partition coefficient n-octanol/water (log value) no data available
Vapour pressure 8.0X10-14 mm Hg at 25°C /extrapolated from a higher solid-phase temperature range/
Density and/or relative density 1.544g/cm3
Relative vapour density no data available
Particle characteristics no data available

10.Stability and reactivity

10.1 Reactivity

no data available

10.2 Chemical stability

Stable under recommended storage conditions.

10.3 Possibility of hazardous reactions

Dust explosion possible if in powder or granular form, mixed with air.A weak reducing agent.

10.4 Conditions to avoid

no data available

10.5 Incompatible materials

Incompatible materials: Strong oxidizing agents

10.6 Hazardous decomposition products

When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes.

11.Toxicological information

Acute toxicity

  • Oral: LD50 Rat oral 25,800 mg/kg
  • Inhalation: no data available
  • Dermal: no data available

Skin corrosion/irritation

no data available

Serious eye damage/irritation

no data available

Respiratory or skin sensitization

no data available

Germ cell mutagenicity

no data available

Carcinogenicity

no data available

Reproductive toxicity

no data available

STOT-single exposure

no data available

STOT-repeated exposure

no data available

Aspiration hazard

no data available

12.Ecological information

12.1 Toxicity

  • Toxicity to fish: no data available
  • Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates: no data available
  • Toxicity to algae: no data available
  • Toxicity to microorganisms: no data available

12.2 Persistence and degradability

AEROBIC: D(+)-Glucose, present at 1000 mg/L, reached >90% of its theoretical BOD in 2 days using a non-adapted activated sludge inoculum at 1 g/L (dry matter) in a Zahn-Wellens static test(1). The biodegradation half-life of D(+)-glucose in aerobic aquifer material (not heavily polluted), including Ontario loam and sand, South Carolina sand and Holland sand, is reported to range from 0.6-1.1 days(2). Using an electrolytic respirometry method with a 100 mg/L compound concentration and an activated sludge inoculum, D(+)-glucose was easily biodegraded with a 46-56% theoretical BOD in 100-110 hours(3). Using standard and seawater dilution methods, the 5-day BOD of D(+)-glucose was determined as 74.8 and 75.2% respectively(4). D(+)-Glucose was readily biodegradable in batch tests using adapted activated sludge with a biodegradation rate of 180.0 mg COD/g-hour(5). Biodegradation of D(+)-glucose in various samples of aquifer, saturated zone, and surface soils was found to occur rapidly with somewhat slower rates in till soil samples(6); based on measured rate constants(6), the biodegradation half-life ranged from 0.25 to 19 days.

12.3 Bioaccumulative potential

An estimated BCF of 3 was calculated in fish for D(+)-glucose(SRC), using a log Kow of -3.00(1) and a regression-derived equation(2). According to a classification scheme(3), this BCF suggests the potential for bioconcentration in aquatic organisms is low(SRC).

12.4 Mobility in soil

Using a structure estimation method based on molecular connectivity indices(1), the Koc of D(+)-glucose can be estimated to be 10(SRC). According to a classification scheme(2), this estimated Koc value suggests that D(+)-glucose is expected to have very high mobility in soil.

12.5 Other adverse effects

no data available

13.Disposal considerations

13.1 Disposal methods

Product

The material can be disposed of by removal to a licensed chemical destruction plant or by controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing. Do not contaminate water, foodstuffs, feed or seed by storage or disposal. Do not discharge to sewer systems.

Contaminated packaging

Containers can be triply rinsed (or equivalent) and offered for recycling or reconditioning. Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to make it unusable for other purposes and then be disposed of in a sanitary landfill. Controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing is possible for combustible packaging materials.

14.Transport information

14.1 UN Number

ADR/RID: Not dangerous goods. IMDG: Not dangerous goods. IATA: Not dangerous goods.

14.2 UN Proper Shipping Name

ADR/RID: unknown
IMDG: unknown
IATA: unknown

14.3 Transport hazard class(es)

ADR/RID: Not dangerous goods. IMDG: Not dangerous goods. IATA: Not dangerous goods.

14.4 Packing group, if applicable

ADR/RID: Not dangerous goods. IMDG: Not dangerous goods. IATA: Not dangerous goods.

14.5 Environmental hazards

ADR/RID: no IMDG: no IATA: no

14.6 Special precautions for user

no data available

14.7 Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the IBC Code

no data available

15.Regulatory information

15.1 Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number
aldehydo-D-glucose aldehydo-D-glucose 50-99-7 none
European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS) Listed.
EC Inventory Listed.
United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory Listed.
China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015 Not Listed.
New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC) Listed.
Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS) Listed.
Vietnam National Chemical Inventory Listed.
Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China IECSC) Listed.

16.Other information

Information on revision

Creation Date Aug 11, 2017
Revision Date Aug 11, 2017

Abbreviations and acronyms

  • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
  • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
  • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
  • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
  • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
  • TWA: Time Weighted Average
  • STEL: Short term exposure limit
  • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
  • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
  • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%

References

  • IPCS - The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website: http://www.ilo.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.home
  • HSDB - Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website: https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/newtoxnet/hsdb.htm
  • IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer, website: http://www.iarc.fr/
  • eChemPortal - The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website: http://www.echemportal.org/echemportal/index?pageID=0&request_locale=en
  • CAMEO Chemicals, website: http://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/search/simple
  • ChemIDplus, website: http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/chemidlite.jsp
  • ERG - Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website: http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/library/erg
  • Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website: http://www.dguv.de/ifa/gestis/gestis-stoffdatenbank/index-2.jsp
  • ECHA - European Chemicals Agency, website: https://echa.europa.eu/

Disclaimer: The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. We as supplier shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.
MSDS Expand
1H NMR : PredictExpand

NMR Spectrum 1H NMR : Predict

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IR : nujol mullExpand
Mass spectrum (electron ionization)Expand
Exposure Route Type of Test Species Observed Dose/Duration Toxic Effects
Oral LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill Rodent - rat 25800 mg/kg 1.Behavioral-coma
2.Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration-cyanosis
3.Gastrointestinal-hypermotility, diarrhea
Intraperitoneal LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill Rodent - mouse 18 gm/kg 1.Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
Intravenous LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill Rodent - mouse 9 gm/kg 1.Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
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