anthracene
CAS No.: 120-12-7 Formula: C14H10 Molecular Weight: 178.22900
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anthracene

CAS No.: 120-12-7 Formula: C14H10 Molecular Weight: 178.22900
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Description

Anthracene is a solid polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) of formula C14H10, consisting of three fused benzene rings. It is a component of coal tar. Anthracene is used in the production of the red dye alizarin and other dyes. Anthracene is colorless but exhibits a blue (400-500nm peak) fluorescence under ultraviolet radiation.

Basic Info

Chemical Name anthracene
Synonyms

Anthracene; Paranaphthalene; ANTHRACEN; Tricyclo[8.4.0.03,8]tetradeca-1,3,5,7,9,11,13-heptaene;

CAS No. 120-12-7
Molecular Formula C14H10
Molecular Weight 178.22900
PSA 0.00000
LogP 3.99300

Properties

Appearance & Physical State yellowish flakes
Density 1.28
Boiling Point 340ºC
Melting Point 215-218ºC
Flash Point 121ºC
Refractive Index 1.5948
Water Solubility 0.045 mg/L (25 ºC)
Stability Stable at room temperature in closed containers under normal storage and handling conditions.
Storage Condition APPROX 4ºC
Vapor Density 6.15 (vs air)
Vapor Pressure 1 mm Hg ( 145 °C)

Safety Info

RTECS CA9350000
Safety Statements S24/25
HS Code 29029010
WGK Germany 2
RIDADR UN 3077 9/PG 3
Risk Statements R36/37/38
Hazard Codes Xi
Symbol GHS07, GHS09
Signal Word Warning
Hazard Declaration H315; H319; H335; H410
Caution Statement P261; P273; P305 + P351 + P338; P501
SDS Version: 1.0 Expand

SDS Version: 1.0

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SAFETY DATA SHEETS

According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Aug 10, 2017

Revision Date: Aug 10, 2017

1.Identification

1.1 GHS Product identifier

Product name anthracene

1.2 Other means of identification

Product number -
Other names Anthracene

1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses For industry use only.
Uses advised against no data available

1.4 Supplier's details

Company XiXisys.com
Address XiXisys.com
Telephone XiXisys.com
Fax XiXisys.com

1.5 Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number -
Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

2.Hazard identification

2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

Not classified.

2.2 GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

Pictogram(s) No symbol.
Signal word

No signal word.

Hazard statement(s)

none

Precautionary statement(s)
Prevention

none

Response

none

Storage

none

Disposal

none

2.3 Other hazards which do not result in classification

none

3.Composition/information on ingredients

3.1 Substances

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number Concentration
anthracene anthracene 120-12-7 none 100%

4.First-aid measures

4.1 Description of necessary first-aid measures

General advice

Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.

If inhaled

Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.

In case of skin contact

Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap.

In case of eye contact

First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.

If swallowed

Rinse mouth. Rest. Refer for medical attention .

4.2 Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed

Inhalation of dust irritates nose and throat. Contact with eyes causes irritation. (USCG, 1999)

4.3 Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary

/SRP:/ Immediate first aid: Ensure that adequate decontamination has been carried out. If patient is not breathing, start artificial respiration, preferably with a demand-valve resuscitator, bag-valve-mask device, or pocket mask, as trained. Perform CPR as necessary. Immediately flush contaminated eyes with gently flowing water. Do not induce vomiting. If vomiting occurs, lean patient forward or place on left side (head-down position, if possible) to maintain an open airway and prevent aspiration. Keep patient quiet and maintain normal body temperature. Obtain medical attention. /Aromatic hydrocarbons and related compounds/

5.Fire-fighting measures

5.1 Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media

To fight fire, use water, foam, carbon dioxide, water spray or mist, dry chemical.

5.2 Specific hazards arising from the chemical

This chemical is combustible.

5.3 Special protective actions for fire-fighters

Wear self-contained breathing apparatus for firefighting if necessary.

6.Accidental release measures

6.1 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust. For personal protection see section 8.

6.2 Environmental precautions

Sweep spilled substance into covered containers. Carefully collect remainder. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Personal protection: P2 filter respirator for harmful particles.

6.3 Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

Pick up and arrange disposal. Sweep up and shovel. Keep in suitable, closed containers for disposal.

7.Handling and storage

7.1 Precautions for safe handling

Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols. Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed. For precautions see section 2.2.

7.2 Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Separated from strong oxidants. Well closed.Must be stored in places cool enough to prevent accidental ignition ... Provide adequate ventilation ... Locate storage area well away from areas of fire hazard ... Kept apart from powerful oxidizing agents ...

8.Exposure controls/personal protection

8.1 Control parameters

Occupational Exposure limit values

Recommended Exposure Limit: 10 Hr Time-Weighted Avg: 0.1 mg/cu m (cyclohexane-extractable fraction). /Coal tar pitch volatiles/

NIOSH considers coal tar pitch volatiles to be potential occupational carcinogens. /Coal tar pitch volatiles/

Biological limit values

no data available

8.2 Appropriate engineering controls

Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and at the end of workday.

8.3 Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE)

Eye/face protection

Safety glasses with side-shields conforming to EN166. Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).

Skin protection

Wear impervious clothing. The type of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace. Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique(without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands. The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and the standard EN 374 derived from it.

Respiratory protection

Wear dust mask when handling large quantities.

Thermal hazards

no data available

9.Physical and chemical properties

Physical state yellowish flakes
Colour Monoclinic plates from alcohol recrystallization; when pure, colorless with violet fluorescence
Odour Weak aromatic odor
Melting point/ freezing point 8°C(lit.)
Boiling point or initial boiling point and boiling range 340°C(lit.)
Flammability Combustible.
Lower and upper explosion limit / flammability limit Lower flammable limit: 0.6% by volume; /No upper limit available/
Flash point 121°C
Auto-ignition temperature 540°C
Decomposition temperature no data available
pH no data available
Kinematic viscosity no data available
Solubility In water:0.045 mg/L (25 ºC)
Partition coefficient n-octanol/water (log value) log Kow = 4.45
Vapour pressure 1 mm Hg ( 145 °C)
Density and/or relative density 1.28
Relative vapour density 6.15 (vs air)
Particle characteristics no data available

10.Stability and reactivity

10.1 Reactivity

no data available

10.2 Chemical stability

Darkens in sunlight

10.3 Possibility of hazardous reactions

COMBUSTIBLE WHEN EXPOSED TO HEAT, FLAME, OR OXIDIZING MATERIALS.Dust explosion possible if in powder or granular form, mixed with air.ANTHRACENE will spontaneously burst into flame on contact with chromic acid, and other strong oxidants.

10.4 Conditions to avoid

no data available

10.5 Incompatible materials

Anthracene will burst into flame on contact with chromic acid.

10.6 Hazardous decomposition products

Thermal decomposition products include carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, and organic compounds. /Aromatic hydrocarbons and related compounds/

11.Toxicological information

Acute toxicity

  • Oral: LD50 Mouse oral >17 g/kg
  • Inhalation: no data available
  • Dermal: no data available

Skin corrosion/irritation

no data available

Serious eye damage/irritation

no data available

Respiratory or skin sensitization

no data available

Germ cell mutagenicity

no data available

Carcinogenicity

No data are available in humans. Inadequate evidence of carcinogenicity in animals. OVERALL EVALUATION: Group 3: The agent is not classifiable as to its carcinogenicity to humans.

Reproductive toxicity

no data available

STOT-single exposure

no data available

STOT-repeated exposure

no data available

Aspiration hazard

no data available

12.Ecological information

12.1 Toxicity

  • Toxicity to fish: LC50; Species: Lepomis macrochirus (Bluegill sunfish, juvenile); Concentration: 11.9 ug/L for 96 hr /Phototoxicity study; Conditions of bioassay not specified
  • Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates: EC50; Species: Daphnia magna (Water flea, age <24 hr); Conditions: freshwater, static; Concentration: 211 ug/L for 24 hr (95% confidence interval: 189-236 ug/L); Effect: intoxication, immobilization /> or =97% purity
  • Toxicity to algae: EC50; Species: Scenedesmus subspicatus (Green algae, log growth phase 10000 cells/mL); Conditions: freshwater, static, 25°C; Concentration: 1040 ug/L for 7 days; Effect: decreased population growth rate />98% purity
  • Toxicity to microorganisms: no data available

12.2 Persistence and degradability

AEROBIC: The biodegradability of anthracene with natural sediments and natural esturine waters has been studied. The biodegradation of anthracene in aquatic media is controlled by the temperature, oxygen content and acclimatization or nonacclimatization of the microorganisms. Higher biodegradation rates were observed at 30°C than at 20 and 10°C. The biodegradation process was found to be aerobic and higher oxygen concentration up to a certain optimum value tended to increase the oxidation rates. Similarly, the biodegradation rates were reported to be faster with acclimatized microorganisms. The incubation of anthracene with intertidal sediment slurries for a reasonable period of time (approx 1 month) not only produces the mineralization product carbon dioxide but also produces intermediate metabolites A large portion of the initial material or its intermediate metabolites (which could not be identified because (14)carbon counting of the combustion products of residue was used as the method of quantification) remained cellular bound.

12.3 Bioaccumulative potential

BCFs were measured in the following aquatic species: Goldfish, 162(1); Gambusia (fish), 1029(2); Rainbow trout, 4400 to 9200(3); Daphnia pulex, 759 to 912(4,5); Chlorella fusca variety vacuolata (green algae), 7760(6); Golden orfe, 912(7); Pontoporeia hoyi (scud), 17,000(8); and midge (Chironomousiparius), 46.7(9). A BCF of 7300 was measured in guppies, Poecilia reticulata, in static bioconcentration experiments(10). BCF values of 1660 to 2820 and 903 to 2710 were determined in carp using flow-through conditions and anthracene concns of 15 and 1.5 ug/L, respectively(11). According to a classification scheme(12), these BCFs suggest that bioconcentration in aquatic organisms ranges from moderate to very high(SRC). The BCF in Daphnia magna was found to decrease with increasing concn of Aldrich humic acids: BCF (dissolved organic carbon, mg/L), 607 (0.2) and 319 (2.0); however, this difference was not considered significant due to the large sample variance(13). Aldrich humic acids in water did not significantly alter Daphnia magna accumulation of anthracene: BCF (dissolved organic carbon, mg/L), 389 (0.3), 362 (1.5), and 340 (5.7)(13). Depuration half-lives of 57 and 63 hours relative to contaminated and clean water, respectively, were measured in Zebrafish, Brachydanio rerio, exposed to (14)C-labeled anthracene adsorbed on sediment(14).

12.4 Mobility in soil

The possibility of leaching of anthracene from soil to groundwater will depend on soil type. The Koc value for anthracene is 26,000. This indicates that anthracene will be adsorped strongly to soil and the compound may degrade before it reaches groundwater. Filtration of polluted surface water containing anthracene through sandy soil at a residence time of 100 days did not completely eliminate anthracene in the filtered water. The passage of anthracene through the soil was explained as a breakthrough of the chemical because of the saturation of active sorption sites.

12.5 Other adverse effects

no data available

13.Disposal considerations

13.1 Disposal methods

Product

The material can be disposed of by removal to a licensed chemical destruction plant or by controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing. Do not contaminate water, foodstuffs, feed or seed by storage or disposal. Do not discharge to sewer systems.

Contaminated packaging

Containers can be triply rinsed (or equivalent) and offered for recycling or reconditioning. Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to make it unusable for other purposes and then be disposed of in a sanitary landfill. Controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing is possible for combustible packaging materials.

14.Transport information

14.1 UN Number

ADR/RID: UN3077 IMDG: UN3077 IATA: UN3077

14.2 UN Proper Shipping Name

ADR/RID: ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE, SOLID, N.O.S.
IMDG: ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE, SOLID, N.O.S.
IATA: ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE, SOLID, N.O.S.

14.3 Transport hazard class(es)

ADR/RID: 9 IMDG: 9 IATA: 9

14.4 Packing group, if applicable

ADR/RID: III IMDG: III IATA: III

14.5 Environmental hazards

ADR/RID: no IMDG: no IATA: no

14.6 Special precautions for user

no data available

14.7 Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the IBC Code

no data available

15.Regulatory information

15.1 Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number
anthracene anthracene 120-12-7 none
European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS) Listed.
EC Inventory Listed.
United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory Listed.
China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015 Listed.
New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC) Listed.
Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS) Listed.
Vietnam National Chemical Inventory Not Listed.
Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China IECSC) Listed.

16.Other information

Information on revision

Creation Date Aug 10, 2017
Revision Date Aug 10, 2017

Abbreviations and acronyms

  • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
  • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
  • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
  • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
  • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
  • TWA: Time Weighted Average
  • STEL: Short term exposure limit
  • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
  • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
  • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%

References

  • IPCS - The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website: http://www.ilo.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.home
  • HSDB - Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website: https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/newtoxnet/hsdb.htm
  • IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer, website: http://www.iarc.fr/
  • eChemPortal - The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website: http://www.echemportal.org/echemportal/index?pageID=0&request_locale=en
  • CAMEO Chemicals, website: http://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/search/simple
  • ChemIDplus, website: http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/chemidlite.jsp
  • ERG - Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website: http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/library/erg
  • Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website: http://www.dguv.de/ifa/gestis/gestis-stoffdatenbank/index-2.jsp
  • ECHA - European Chemicals Agency, website: https://echa.europa.eu/

Disclaimer: The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. We as supplier shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.
MSDS Expand
1H NMR : 90 MHz in CDCl3Expand

NMR Spectrum 1H NMR : 90 MHz in CDCl3

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C14 H10 saturated in CDCl3
anthracene

Assign. Shift(ppm)
A 8.397
B 7.980
C 7.440

IR : KBr discExpand
Mass spectrum (electron ionization)Expand
ESR : ANION RADICAL, REDUCTION WITH NA IN THFExpand
UV/Visible spectrumExpand
Exposure Route Type of Test Species Observed Dose/Duration Toxic Effects
Administration onto the skin Standard Draize test Rodent - mouse 118 ug -
Oral LD - Lethal dose Rodent - mouse >17 gm/kg 1.Liver-fatty liver degeneration
Intraperitoneal LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill Rodent - mouse 430 mg/kg 1.Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
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