Dimethylamine
CAS No.: 124-40-3 Formula: C2H7N Molecular Weight: 45.08370
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Dimethylamine

CAS No.: 124-40-3 Formula: C2H7N Molecular Weight: 45.08370
Suppliers: All (56) China Suppliers (56) Price Available (11) Contractor (6)

Description

Dimethylamine is an organic compound with the formula (CH3)2NH. This secondary amine is a colorless, flammable gas with an ammonia-like odor. Dimethylamine is commonly encountered commercially as a solution in water at concentrations up to around 40%. In 2005, an estimated 270,000 tons were produced industrially, but it is also found as a natural product.

Basic Info

Chemical Name Dimethylamine
Synonyms

Methanamine, N-methyl-; N-methylmethanamine;

CAS No. 124-40-3
Molecular Formula C2H7N
Molecular Weight 45.08370
PSA 12.03000
LogP 0.22650

Properties

Appearance & Physical State colourless compressed liquefied gas
Density 0.68
Boiling Point 7ºC
Melting Point -93ºC
Flash Point -7ºC
Refractive Index n20/D 1.37
Stability Stable. Generally used as a solution in water at concentrations up to around 40%. Extremely flammable in the pure form. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents.
Storage Condition Flammables area
Vapor Density 1.55 (vs air)
Vapor Pressure 16.97 psi ( 55 °C)

Safety Info

RTECS IP8750000
Hazard Class 3
Safety Statements S16-S26-S29
HS Code 2921110010
Packing Group II
WGK Germany 2
RIDADR UN 2924 3/PG 2
Risk Statements R12; R20; R37/38; R41
Hazard Codes F
Symbol GHS02, GHS05, GHS07
Signal Word Danger
Caution Statement P210; P261; P273; P280; P305 + P351 + P338; P410 + P403
Hazard Declaration H220; H280; H315; H318; H332; H335; H412
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SAFETY DATA SHEETS

According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Aug 12, 2017

Revision Date: Aug 12, 2017

1.Identification

1.1 GHS Product identifier

Product name Dimethylamine

1.2 Other means of identification

Product number -
Other names N-methylmethanamine

1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses For industry use only. Agricultural chemicals (non-pesticidal),Intermediates,Ion exchange agents,Lubricants and lubricant additives,Paint additives and coating additives not described by other categories
Uses advised against no data available

1.4 Supplier's details

Company MOLBASE (Shanghai) Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
Address Floor 4 & 5, Building 12, No. 1001 North Qinzhou Road,
Xuhui District, Shanghai, China
Telephone +86(21)64956998
Fax +86(21)54365166

1.5 Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number +86-400-6021-666
Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

2.Hazard identification

2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

no data available

2.2 GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

Pictogram(s) no data available
Signal word

no data available

Hazard statement(s)

no data available

Precautionary statement(s)
Prevention

no data available

Response

no data available

Storage

no data available

Disposal

no data available

2.3 Other hazards which do not result in classification

no data available

3.Composition/information on ingredients

3.1 Substances

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number Concentration
Dimethylamine Dimethylamine 124-40-3 none 100%

4.First-aid measures

4.1 Description of necessary first-aid measures

General advice

Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.

If inhaled

Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention.

In case of skin contact

ON FROSTBITE: rinse with plenty of water, do NOT remove clothes. Refer for medical attention .

In case of eye contact

First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.

If swallowed

Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Give one or two glasses of water to drink. Refer for medical attention .

4.2 Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed

VAPOR: Irritating to eyes, nose and throat. If inhaled, will cause difficult breathing. LIQUID. Will burn skin and eyes. Harmful if swallowed. (USCG, 1999)

4.3 Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary

Basic treatment: Establish a patent airway (oropharyngeal or nasopharyngeal airway, if needed). Suction if necessary. Watch for signs of respiratory insufficiency and assist ventilations if necessary. Administer oxygen by nonrebreather mask at 10 to 15 L/min. Monitor for pulmonary edema and treat if necessary ... . Monitor for shock and treat if necessary ... . Anticipate seizures and treat if necessary ... . For eye contamination, flush eyes immediately with water. Irrigate each eye continuously with 0.9% saline (NS) during transport ... . Do not use emetics. For ingestion, rinse mouth and administer 5 mg/kg up to 200 ml of water for dilution if the patent can swallow, has a strong gag reflex, and does not drool. Administer activated charcoal ... . Cover skin burns with dry sterile dressings after decontamination ... . /Organic bases/Amines and related compounds/

5.Fire-fighting measures

5.1 Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media

Stop flow of gas before extinguishing fire. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Use water spray, dry chemical, or "alcohol resistant" foam on fires involving aqueous solutions.

5.2 Specific hazards arising from the chemical

FLAMMABLE. Flashback along vapor trail may occur. May explode if ignited in an enclosed area. Vapors are eye, skin and respiratory irritants. (USCG, 1999)

5.3 Special protective actions for fire-fighters

Wear self-contained breathing apparatus for firefighting if necessary.

6.Accidental release measures

6.1 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust. For personal protection see section 8.

6.2 Environmental precautions

Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus. Ventilation. Remove all ignition sources. NEVER direct water jet on liquid. Remove gas with fine water spray. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment.

6.3 Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

Environmental considerations-land spill: Dig a pit, pond, lagoon, holding area to contain liquid or solid material. /SRP: If time permits, pits, ponds, lagoons, soak holes, or holding areas should be sealed with an impermeable flexible membrane liner./ Dike surface flow using soil, sand bags, foamed polyurethane, or foamed concrete. Absorb bulk liquid with fly ash, cement powder, or commercial sorbents. Apply "universal" gelling agent to immobilize spill. Neutralize with sodium bisulfate (NaHSO4). /Dimethylamine, Solution/

7.Handling and storage

7.1 Precautions for safe handling

Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols. Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed. For precautions see section 2.2.

7.2 Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Fireproof. Cool.They are extremely flammable products that should be stored in a well-ventilated area and protected from fire risk. /Methylamines/

8.Exposure controls/personal protection

8.1 Control parameters

Occupational Exposure limit values

Recommended Exposure Limit: 10 Hr Time-Weighted Avg: 10 ppm (18 mg/cu m).

Biological limit values

no data available

8.2 Appropriate engineering controls

Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and at the end of workday.

8.3 Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE)

Eye/face protection

Safety glasses with side-shields conforming to EN166. Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).

Skin protection

Wear impervious clothing. The type of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace. Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique(without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands. The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and the standard EN 374 derived from it.

Respiratory protection

Wear dust mask when handling large quantities.

Thermal hazards

no data available

9.Physical and chemical properties

Physical state colourless compressed liquefied gas
Colour Colorless gas ... [Note: A liquid below 44 degrees F. Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas].
Odour ... Ammonia or fish-like odor ...
Melting point/ freezing point -93ºC
Boiling point or initial boiling point and boiling range 7°C(lit.)
Flammability Flammable GasExtremely flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
Lower and upper explosion limit / flammability limit Lower flammable limit: 2.8% by volume; Upper flammable limit: 14.4% by volume
Flash point -6°C
Auto-ignition temperature 400.56°C
Decomposition temperature no data available
pH AQUEOUS SOLN OF DIMETHYLAMINE ARE HIGHLY ALKALINE, LIKE AMMONIA.
Kinematic viscosity 1.7 mPa.s at 15.5°C /40% Dimethylamine aqueous solution/
Solubility 24 % at 60°C (NIOSH, 2016)
Partition coefficient n-octanol/water (log value) log Kow = -0.38
Vapour pressure 16.97 psi ( 55 °C)
Density and/or relative density 0.68g/mLat 20°C(lit.)
Relative vapour density 1.55 (vs air)
Particle characteristics no data available

10.Stability and reactivity

10.1 Reactivity

no data available

10.2 Chemical stability

Stable under recommended storage conditions.

10.3 Possibility of hazardous reactions

Liquid solutions are flammable.The gas is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible.The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible.DIMETHYLAMINE is a base, neutralizing acids in exothermic reactions, and a reducing agent. It is temperature sensitive. Reacts vigorously with mercury and chlorine . Reacts violently with strong oxidizing agents and attacks copper and copper compounds [Handling Chemicals Safely, 1980 p. 123]. Reacts with hypochlorites to give N-chloroamines, some of which are explosives when isolated [Bretherick, 1979 p. 108].

10.4 Conditions to avoid

no data available

10.5 Incompatible materials

Dimethylamine is a medium strong base. Reacts violently with strong oxidizers; with mercury causing fire and explosion hazard. Incompatible with acids, organic anhydrides, isocyanates, vinyl acetate, acrylates, substituted allyls, alkylene oxides, epichlorohydrin, ketones, aldehydes, alcohols, glycols, phenols, cresols, caprolactum solution. Attacks aluminum, copper, lead, tin, zinc and alloys, some plastics, rubber and coatings.

10.6 Hazardous decomposition products

Products of decomposition include carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, hydrocarbons, and toxic oxides of nitrogen as well as toxic amine vapors.

11.Toxicological information

Acute toxicity

  • Oral: LD50 Rat oral 698 mg/kg
  • Inhalation: LC50 Mouse inhalation (2 hr) 14.3 mg/L
  • Dermal: no data available

Skin corrosion/irritation

no data available

Serious eye damage/irritation

no data available

Respiratory or skin sensitization

no data available

Germ cell mutagenicity

no data available

Carcinogenicity

A4; Not classifiable as a human carcinogen.

Reproductive toxicity

no data available

STOT-single exposure

no data available

STOT-repeated exposure

no data available

Aspiration hazard

no data available

12.Ecological information

12.1 Toxicity

  • Toxicity to fish: LC50 Brachydanio rerio /Zebra danio/ 396 mg/L/96 hr; static, freshwater. /Dimethylamin-Hydrochlorid
  • Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates: EC50; Species: Daphnia magna (Water flea); Conditions: freshwater, static, 15°C, pH 7.2, hardness 320 mg/L CaCO3, dissolved oxygen >95%; Concentration: 46,000 ug/L for 96 hr (95% confidence interval: 40,100-52,800 ug/L); Effect: intoxication, immobilization
  • Toxicity to algae: EC50; Species: Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata (Green algae); Conditions: freshwater, static; Concentration: 9000 ug/L for 96 hr; Effect: general growth /40% water solution
  • Toxicity to microorganisms: no data available

12.2 Persistence and degradability

AEROBIC: 51% of the theoretical BOD was achieved for dimethylamine with an activated sludge during a 2 week incubation period(1). Dimethylamine was biodegraded 69-89% in three Saskatchewan soils during a 7 day incubation period(2). In a screening study, dimethylamine completely degraded at 10 ppm with both an activated sludge and freshwater/sediment inoculum(3); after 5 days incubation, 70 and 80% of theoretical BOD was consumed in the activated sludge and the sediment, respectively(1). Inhibition was noted at 50 ppm with the sediment inoculum and 100 ppm with the sludge inoculum(3). Another screening study that employed an activated sludge inoculum reported 100% degradation in 6 and 12 days when the concentration was 20 mg/L and 135 mg/L, respectively(4). Other screening studies give similar results and dimethylamine is confirmed to be biodegradable according to the standard test of the Japanese Ministry of Industry and Trade (MITI) that employs a mixed inoculum obtained from freshwater, soil, and sludge(5-7). In a laboratory activated sludge unit, dimethylamine was completely removed from inflows of up to 135 mg/L with retention times of 4 hr indicating that it should be readily degraded in biological treatment plants(4). When 250 ppm dimethylamine was added to a fine sand loam and sandy soil amended with sewage and nitrite-N, 50% degradation occurred in 2 days in the sand loam, while 20% degradation occurred in the sandy soil(8). N-nitrosodimethylamine was formed in the degradation(8). 50 to >90% degradation occurred in four silt loam or loam soils within 14 days(9).

12.3 Bioaccumulative potential

An estimated BCF of 3 was calculated in fish for dimethylamine(SRC), using a log Kow of -0.38(1) and a regression-derived equation(2). According to a classification scheme(3), this BCF suggests the potential for bioconcentration in aquatic organisms is low(SRC).

12.4 Mobility in soil

The adsorption isotherm for dimethylamine in 5 soils was linear and resulted in a mean Koc of 434.9(1). A Koc value of 508 was reported for dimethylamine in lake sediment(2). According to a classification scheme(3), this Koc data suggests that dimethylamine is expected to have moderate mobility in soil.

12.5 Other adverse effects

no data available

13.Disposal considerations

13.1 Disposal methods

Product

The material can be disposed of by removal to a licensed chemical destruction plant or by controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing. Do not contaminate water, foodstuffs, feed or seed by storage or disposal. Do not discharge to sewer systems.

Contaminated packaging

Containers can be triply rinsed (or equivalent) and offered for recycling or reconditioning. Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to make it unusable for other purposes and then be disposed of in a sanitary landfill. Controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing is possible for combustible packaging materials.

14.Transport information

14.1 UN Number

ADR/RID: UN1032 IMDG: UN1032 IATA: UN1032

14.2 UN Proper Shipping Name

ADR/RID: DIMETHYLAMINE, ANHYDROUS
IMDG: DIMETHYLAMINE, ANHYDROUS
IATA: DIMETHYLAMINE, ANHYDROUS

14.3 Transport hazard class(es)

ADR/RID: 3 IMDG: 3 IATA: 3

14.4 Packing group, if applicable

ADR/RID: II IMDG: II IATA: II

14.5 Environmental hazards

ADR/RID: no IMDG: no IATA: no

14.6 Special precautions for user

no data available

14.7 Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the IBC Code

no data available

15.Regulatory information

15.1 Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number
Dimethylamine Dimethylamine 124-40-3 none
European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS) Listed.
EC Inventory Listed.
United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory Listed.
China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015 Listed.
New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC) Listed.
Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS) Listed.
Vietnam National Chemical Inventory Listed.
Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China IECSC) Listed.

16.Other information

Information on revision

Creation Date Aug 12, 2017
Revision Date Aug 12, 2017

Abbreviations and acronyms

  • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
  • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
  • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
  • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
  • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
  • TWA: Time Weighted Average
  • STEL: Short term exposure limit
  • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
  • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
  • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%

References

  • IPCS - The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website: http://www.ilo.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.home
  • HSDB - Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website: https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/newtoxnet/hsdb.htm
  • IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer, website: http://www.iarc.fr/
  • eChemPortal - The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website: http://www.echemportal.org/echemportal/index?pageID=0&request_locale=en
  • CAMEO Chemicals, website: http://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/search/simple
  • ChemIDplus, website: http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/chemidlite.jsp
  • ERG - Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website: http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/library/erg
  • Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website: http://www.dguv.de/ifa/gestis/gestis-stoffdatenbank/index-2.jsp
  • ECHA - European Chemicals Agency, website: https://echa.europa.eu/

Disclaimer: The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. We as supplier shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.
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