hexanoic acid
CAS No.: 142-62-1 Formula: C6H12O2 Molecular Weight: 116.15800
Search Suppliers

hexanoic acid

CAS No.: 142-62-1 Formula: C6H12O2 Molecular Weight: 116.15800
Suppliers: All (63) China Suppliers (63) Price Available (14) Contractor (7)

Description

Hexanoic acid (caproic acid) is the carboxylic acid derived from hexane with the general formula C5H11COOH. It is a colorless oily liquid with an odor that is fatty, cheesy, waxy, and like that of goats or other barnyard animals. It is a fatty acid found naturally in various animal fats and oils, and is one of the chemicals that give the decomposing fleshy seed coat of the ginkgo its characteristic unpleasant odor. It is also one of the components of vanilla. The primary use of hexanoic acid is in the manufacture of its esters for artificial flavors, and in the manufacture of hexyl derivatives, such as hexylphenols.
The salts and esters of this acid are known as hexanoates or caproates.
Two other acids are named after goats: caprylic (C8) and capric (C10). Along with hexanoic acid, these total 15% in goat milk fat.
Caproic, caprylic, and capric acids (capric is a crystal- or wax-like substance, whereas the other two are mobile liquids) are not only used for the formation of esters, but also commonly used "neat" in: butter, milk, cream, strawberry, bread, beer, nut, and other flavors.

Basic Info

Chemical Name hexanoic acid
Synonyms

n-Hexoic acid; n-Hexylic acid; Caproic acid; Hexanoic acid; Capronic acid; n-Caproic acid; Acid C6,Caproic acid; Hexoic acid; Butylacetic acid; Expand

CAS No. 142-62-1
Molecular Formula C6H12O2
Molecular Weight 116.15800
PSA 37.30000
LogP 1.65130

Properties

Appearance & Physical State colourless liquid
Density 0.92
Boiling Point 202-203ºC
Melting Point -3ºC
Flash Point 104ºC
Refractive Index 1.415-1.418
Water Solubility 1.1 g/100 mL (20 ºC)
Stability Stable. Incompatible with bases, reducing agents and oxidizing agents. Flammable.
Vapor Density 4 (vs air)
Vapor Pressure 0.18 mm Hg ( 20 °C)

Safety Info

RTECS MO5250000
Hazard Class 8
Safety Statements S25-S36/37/39-S45
HS Code 2915900090
Packing Group III
WGK Germany 1
RIDADR UN 2829
Risk Statements R21; R34
Hazard Codes C
Signal Word Danger
Caution Statement P280; P303 + P361 + P353; P304 + P340 + P310; P305 + P351 + P338
Hazard Declaration H290; H314
Symbol GHS05
SDS 1.0 Expand

SDS 1.0

Collapse
Download/Modify | Technical supported by XiXisys.com. For US version, EU version (23 languages) and more, please refer to xixisys.com/en/sds/search

SAFETY DATA SHEETS

According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Aug 10, 2017

Revision Date: Aug 10, 2017

1.Identification

1.1 GHS Product identifier

Product name hexanoic acid

1.2 Other means of identification

Product number -
Other names Caproic acid

1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses For industry use only. Surfactants
Uses advised against no data available

1.4 Supplier's details

Company MOLBASE (Shanghai) Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
Address Floor 4 & 5, Building 12, No. 1001 North Qinzhou Road,
Xuhui District, Shanghai, China
Telephone +86(21)64956998
Fax +86(21)54365166

1.5 Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number +86-400-6021-666
Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

2.Hazard identification

2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

Skin corrosion, Category 1C

Serious eye damage, Category 1

2.2 GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

Pictogram(s)
Signal word

Danger

Hazard statement(s)

H314 Causes severe skin burns and eye damage

Precautionary statement(s)
Prevention

P260 Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

P264 Wash ... thoroughly after handling.

P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.

Response

P301+P330+P331 IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting.

P303+P361+P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water [or shower].

P363 Wash contaminated clothing before reuse.

P304+P340 IF INHALED: Remove person to fresh air and keep comfortable for breathing.

P310 Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…

P321 Specific treatment (see ... on this label).

P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.

Storage

P405 Store locked up.

Disposal

P501 Dispose of contents/container to ...

2.3 Other hazards which do not result in classification

none

3.Composition/information on ingredients

3.1 Substances

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number Concentration
hexanoic acid hexanoic acid 142-62-1 none 100%

4.First-aid measures

4.1 Description of necessary first-aid measures

General advice

Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.

If inhaled

Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.

In case of skin contact

Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention .

In case of eye contact

First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.

If swallowed

Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Give one or two glasses of water to drink. Rest.

4.2 Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed

Harmful if swallowed, inhaled, or absorbed through skin. Material is extremely destructive to tissue of mucous membranes and upper respiratory tract, eyes and skin. Inhalation may be fatal as a result of spasm, inflammation and edema of the larynx and bronchia, chemical pneumonitis and pulmonary edema. Symptoms of exposure may include burning sensation, coughing, wheezing, laryngitis, shortness of breath, headache, nausea and vomiting. (USCG, 1999)

4.3 Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary

/SRP:/ Basic treatment: Establish a patent airway (oropharyngeal or nasopharyngeal airway, if needed). Suction if necessary. Watch for signs of respiratory insufficiency and assist respirations if necessary. Administer oxygen by nonrebreather mask at 10 to 15 L/min. Monitor for pulmonary edema and treat if necessary ... . Monitor for shock and treat if necessary ... . For eye contamination, flush eyes immediately with water. Irrigate each eye continuously with 0.9% saline (NS) during transport ... . Do not use emetics. For ingestion, rinse mouth and administer 5 ml/kg up to 200 ml of water for dilution if the patient can swallow, has a strong gag reflex, and does not drool. Activated charcoal is not effective ... . Do not attempt to neutralize because of exothermic reaction. Cover skin burns with dry, sterile dressings after decontamination ... . /Organic acids and related compounds/

5.Fire-fighting measures

5.1 Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media

To fight fire use, CO2, dry chemical, fog, mist.

5.2 Specific hazards arising from the chemical

Special Hazards of Combustion Products: Irritating vapor may be generated. (USCG, 1999)

5.3 Special protective actions for fire-fighters

Wear self-contained breathing apparatus for firefighting if necessary.

6.Accidental release measures

6.1 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust. For personal protection see section 8.

6.2 Environmental precautions

Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Wash away remainder with plenty of water.

6.3 Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

Collect leaking liquid in sealable containers. Wash away spilled liquid with plenty of water. Do NOT wash away into sewer.

7.Handling and storage

7.1 Precautions for safe handling

Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols. Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed. For precautions see section 2.2.

7.2 Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Separated from strong oxidants, strong bases and food and feedstuffs.Separated from strong oxidants, strong bases, food and feedstuffs.

8.Exposure controls/personal protection

8.1 Control parameters

Occupational Exposure limit values

no data available

Biological limit values

no data available

8.2 Appropriate engineering controls

Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and at the end of workday.

8.3 Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE)

Eye/face protection

Safety glasses with side-shields conforming to EN166. Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).

Skin protection

Wear impervious clothing. The type of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace. Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique(without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands. The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and the standard EN 374 derived from it.

Respiratory protection

Wear dust mask when handling large quantities.

Thermal hazards

no data available

9.Physical and chemical properties

Physical state colourless liquid
Colour Oily liquid
Odour Characteristic goat-like odor
Melting point/ freezing point -3°C(lit.)
Boiling point or initial boiling point and boiling range 202-203°C(lit.)
Flammability Combustible.
Lower and upper explosion limit / flammability limit Lower flammable limit: 1.3% by volume; Upper flammable limit: 9.3% by volume
Flash point 102°C
Auto-ignition temperature 380°C
Decomposition temperature no data available
pH no data available
Kinematic viscosity 3.23 mPa.s at 20°C
Solubility In water:1.1 g/100 mL (20 ºC)
Partition coefficient n-octanol/water (log value) log Kow = 1.92
Vapour pressure 0.18 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
Density and/or relative density 0.927g/mLat 25°C(lit.)
Relative vapour density 4 (vs air)
Particle characteristics no data available

10.Stability and reactivity

10.1 Reactivity

no data available

10.2 Chemical stability

Stable under recommended storage conditions.

10.3 Possibility of hazardous reactions

CAPROIC ACID is a carboxylic acid. Carboxylic acids donate hydrogen ions if a base is present to accept them. They react in this way with all bases, both organic (for example, the amines) and inorganic. Their reactions with bases, called "neutralizations", are accompanied by the evolution of substantial amounts of heat. Neutralization between an acid and a base produces water plus a salt. Carboxylic acids with six or fewer carbon atoms are freely or moderately soluble in water; those with more than six carbons are slightly soluble in water. Soluble carboxylic acid dissociate to an extent in water to yield hydrogen ions. The pH of solutions of carboxylic acids is therefore less than 7.0. Many insoluble carboxylic acids react rapidly with aqueous solutions containing a chemical base and dissolve as the neutralization generates a soluble salt. Carboxylic acids in aqueous solution and liquid or molten carboxylic acids can react with active metals to form gaseous hydrogen and a metal salt. Such reactions occur in principle for solid carboxylic acids as well, but are slow if the solid acid remains dry. Even "insoluble" carboxylic acids may absorb enough water from the air and dissolve sufficiently in it to corrode or dissolve iron, steel, and aluminum parts and containers. Carboxylic acids, like other acids, react with cyanide salts to generate gaseous hydrogen cyanide. The reaction is slower for dry, solid carboxylic acids. Insoluble carboxylic acids react with solutions of cyanides to cause the release of gaseous hydrogen cyanide. Flammable and/or toxic gases and heat are generated by the reaction of carboxylic acids with diazo compounds, dithiocarbamates, isocyanates, mercaptans, nitrides, and sulfides. Carboxylic acids, especially in aqueous solution, also react with sulfites, nitrites, thiosulfates (to give H2S and SO3), dithionites (SO2), to generate flammable and/or toxic gases and heat. Their reaction with carbonates and bicarbonates generates a harmless gas (carbon dioxide) but still heat. Like other organic compounds, carboxylic acids can be oxidized by strong oxidizing agents and reduced by strong reducing agents. These reactions generate heat. A wide variety of products is possible. Like other acids, carboxylic acids may initiate polymerization reactions; like other acids, they often catalyze (increase the rate of) chemical reactions. This compound reacts with bases, oxidizing agents and reducing agents. .

10.4 Conditions to avoid

no data available

10.5 Incompatible materials

... Can react with oxidizing materials.

10.6 Hazardous decomposition products

When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and fumes.

11.Toxicological information

Acute toxicity

  • Oral: LD50 Rat oral 3.0 g/kg
  • Inhalation: no data available
  • Dermal: no data available

Skin corrosion/irritation

no data available

Serious eye damage/irritation

no data available

Respiratory or skin sensitization

no data available

Germ cell mutagenicity

no data available

Carcinogenicity

no data available

Reproductive toxicity

no data available

STOT-single exposure

no data available

STOT-repeated exposure

no data available

Aspiration hazard

no data available

12.Ecological information

12.1 Toxicity

  • Toxicity to fish: LC50 Lepomis macrochirus (Bluegill) >150-<200 mg/L/24 hr; static /formulated product
  • Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates: LC50 Daphnia magna 22 mg/L/24 hr /Conditions of bioassay not specified in source examined
  • Toxicity to algae: no data available
  • Toxicity to microorganisms: no data available

12.2 Persistence and degradability

AEROBIC: A 5-day theoretical BOD of 44% was observed for hexanoic acid in an aerobic screening test using a sewage inoculum(1). Five and 20-day theoretical BODs of 66 and 87% were observed in another aerobic screening test using a sewage inoculum(2). Using a Warburg respirometer, an adapted sewage inoculum and 10,000 ppm concns of hexanoic acid, respective 5-, 10- and 20-day theoretical BODs of 29, 66 and 69% were measured under aerobic conditions(3). One-day theoretical BODs of 26-54% were determined in a Warburg respirometer using various activate sludge inocula(4). Five-day theoretical BODs of 98-99% were achieved in an aerobic screening study using acclimated activated sludge inoculum(5). Respective 2-, 5-, 10- and 30-day theoretical BODs of 42, 48, 54 and 65% were measured in an aerobic Warburg respirometer study using sewage inoculum(6). Using a Warburg respirometer and activated sludge inocula from three Tennessee municipal plants, theoretical BODs of 34.9-61.2% were measured over a 3-day inoculation period(7).

12.3 Bioaccumulative potential

An estimated BCF of 3 was calculated for hexanoic acid(SRC), using a log Kow of 1.92(1) and a regression-derived equation(2). According to a classification scheme(3), this BCF suggests the potential for bioconcentration in aquatic organisms is low(SRC).

12.4 Mobility in soil

Koc values of 26, 24 and 37 have been experimentally measured, for an acidic forest soil (pH 2.8, 4.85% organic carbon), agricultural soil (pH 6.7, 1.25% organic carbon), and a lake sediment (pH 7.1, 1.58% organic carbon), respectively(1). According to a classification scheme(2), these measured Koc values suggest that hexanoic acid is very highly mobile in soil(SRC). In addition, the pKa of hexanoic acid is 4.88(3), indicating that this compound will primarily exist as an anion in the environment, and anions generally possess high mobility in soil(4).

12.5 Other adverse effects

no data available

13.Disposal considerations

13.1 Disposal methods

Product

The material can be disposed of by removal to a licensed chemical destruction plant or by controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing. Do not contaminate water, foodstuffs, feed or seed by storage or disposal. Do not discharge to sewer systems.

Contaminated packaging

Containers can be triply rinsed (or equivalent) and offered for recycling or reconditioning. Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to make it unusable for other purposes and then be disposed of in a sanitary landfill. Controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing is possible for combustible packaging materials.

14.Transport information

14.1 UN Number

ADR/RID: UN2829 IMDG: UN2829 IATA: UN2829

14.2 UN Proper Shipping Name

ADR/RID: CAPROIC ACID
IMDG: CAPROIC ACID
IATA: CAPROIC ACID

14.3 Transport hazard class(es)

ADR/RID: 8 IMDG: 8 IATA: 8

14.4 Packing group, if applicable

ADR/RID: III IMDG: III IATA: III

14.5 Environmental hazards

ADR/RID: no IMDG: no IATA: no

14.6 Special precautions for user

no data available

14.7 Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the IBC Code

no data available

15.Regulatory information

15.1 Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number
hexanoic acid hexanoic acid 142-62-1 none
European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS) Listed.
EC Inventory Listed.
United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory Listed.
China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015 Listed.
New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC) Listed.
Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS) Listed.
Vietnam National Chemical Inventory Listed.
Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China IECSC) Listed.

16.Other information

Information on revision

Creation Date Aug 10, 2017
Revision Date Aug 10, 2017

Abbreviations and acronyms

  • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
  • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
  • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
  • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
  • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
  • TWA: Time Weighted Average
  • STEL: Short term exposure limit
  • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
  • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
  • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%

References

  • IPCS - The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website: http://www.ilo.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.home
  • HSDB - Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website: https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/newtoxnet/hsdb.htm
  • IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer, website: http://www.iarc.fr/
  • eChemPortal - The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website: http://www.echemportal.org/echemportal/index?pageID=0&request_locale=en
  • CAMEO Chemicals, website: http://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/search/simple
  • ChemIDplus, website: http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/chemidlite.jsp
  • ERG - Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website: http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/library/erg
  • Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website: http://www.dguv.de/ifa/gestis/gestis-stoffdatenbank/index-2.jsp
  • ECHA - European Chemicals Agency, website: https://echa.europa.eu/

Disclaimer: The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. We as supplier shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.
MSDS Expand
1H NMR : 400 MHz in CDCl3Expand

NMR Spectrum 1H NMR : 400 MHz in CDCl3

Collapse

C6 H12 O2 0.05 ml : 0.5 ml CDCl3
hexanoic acid

Assign. Shift(ppm)
A 11.2
B 2.348
C 1.639
D 1.33
E 0.902

IR : liquid filmExpand
Mass spectrum (electron ionization)Expand
Exposure Route Type of Test Species Observed Dose/Duration Toxic Effects
Administration onto the skin Open irritation test Rodent - rabbit 10 mg/24H -
Oral TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose Rodent - rat 25200 mg/kg/3W-C 1.Blood-changes in serum composition (e.g. TP, bilirubin, cholesterol)
- Mutation test systems - not otherwise specified - 10 mmol/L -
Recommended Suppliers
More Suppliers>>
Other items you might be interested in
Category in MOLBASE