chloroethane
CAS No.: 75-00-3 Formula: C2H5Cl Molecular Weight: 64.51410
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chloroethane

CAS No.: 75-00-3 Formula: C2H5Cl Molecular Weight: 64.51410
Suppliers: All (17) China Suppliers (17) Price Available (1) Contractor (1)

Description

Chloroethane or monochloroethane, commonly known by its old name ethyl chloride, is a chemical compound with chemical formula C 2H 5Cl, once widely used in producing tetraethyllead, a gasoline additive. It is a colorless, flammable gas or refrigerated liquid with a faintly sweet odor.

Basic Info

Properties

Appearance & Physical State colourless gas
Density 2.22(气)
Boiling Point 12.3ºC
Melting Point -138.7ºC
Flash Point -43ºC
Stability Stable. Highly flammable - may form explosive mixtures with air. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, alkali metals and their alloys.
Storage Condition 2-8ºC
Vapor Density 2.22 (vs air)
Vapor Pressure 32.29 psi ( 55 °C)

Safety Info

RTECS KH7525000
Hazard Class 2.1
Safety Statements S2-S9-S16-S33-S36/37-S61
HS Code 2903110000
WGK Germany 2
RIDADR UN 1993 3/PG 2
Risk Statements R12; R40; R52/53
Hazard Codes F+; Xn
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SAFETY DATA SHEETS

According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Aug 12, 2017

Revision Date: Aug 12, 2017

1.Identification

1.1 GHS Product identifier

Product name chloroethane

1.2 Other means of identification

Product number -
Other names ethyl cerotate

1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses For industry use only. Volatile organic compounds
Uses advised against no data available

1.4 Supplier's details

Company MOLBASE (Shanghai) Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
Address Floor 4 & 5, Building 12, No. 1001 North Qinzhou Road,
Xuhui District, Shanghai, China
Telephone +86(21)64956998
Fax +86(21)54365166

1.5 Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number +86-400-6021-666
Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

2.Hazard identification

2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

Gases under pressure: Compressed gas

Flammable gases, Category 1

Carcinogenicity, Category 2

Hazardous to the aquatic environment, long-term (Chronic) - Category Chronic 3

2.2 GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

Pictogram(s)
Signal word

Danger

Hazard statement(s)

H220 Extremely flammable gas

H351 Suspected of causing cancer

H412 Harmful to aquatic life with long lasting effects

Precautionary statement(s)
Prevention

P210 Keep away from heat, hot surfaces, sparks, open flames and other ignition sources. No smoking.

P201 Obtain special instructions before use.

P202 Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood.

P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.

P273 Avoid release to the environment.

Response

P377 Leaking gas fire: Do not extinguish, unless leak can be stopped safely.

P381 In case of leakage, eliminate all ignition sources.

P308+P313 IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/ attention.

Storage

P410+P403 Protect from sunlight. Store in a well-ventilated place.

P403 Store in a well-ventilated place.

P405 Store locked up.

Disposal

P501 Dispose of contents/container to ...

2.3 Other hazards which do not result in classification

none

3.Composition/information on ingredients

3.1 Substances

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number Concentration
chloroethane chloroethane 75-00-3 none 100%

4.First-aid measures

4.1 Description of necessary first-aid measures

General advice

Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.

If inhaled

Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.

In case of skin contact

ON FROSTBITE: rinse with plenty of water, do NOT remove clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention .

In case of eye contact

First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.

If swallowed

Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Rinse mouth with water. Consult a physician.

4.2 Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed

Vapor causes drunkenness, anesthesia, possible lung injury. Liquid may cause frostbite on eyes and skin. (USCG, 1999)

4.3 Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary

Irrigate eyes with water. Wash contaminated areas of body with soap and water.

5.Fire-fighting measures

5.1 Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media

Water fog, carbon dioxide, dry chemical. For large fire it is best to allow material to burn while cooling surrounding equipment. Stop flow of ethyl chloride.

5.2 Specific hazards arising from the chemical

Special Hazards of Combustion Products: Toxic and irritating gases are generated in fires. Behavior in Fire: Containers may explode. (USCG, 1999)

5.3 Special protective actions for fire-fighters

Wear self-contained breathing apparatus for firefighting if necessary.

6.Accidental release measures

6.1 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust. For personal protection see section 8.

6.2 Environmental precautions

Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: self-contained breathing apparatus. Ventilation. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment.

6.3 Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

Waste water treatment: evaporation from water at 25°C of 1 ppm solution (still air, avg depth 6.5 cm), 50% after 21 min, 90% after 79 min

7.Handling and storage

7.1 Precautions for safe handling

Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols. Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed. For precautions see section 2.2.

7.2 Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Fireproof.MATERIALS WHICH ARE TOXIC AS STORED OR WHICH CAN DECOMPOSE INTO TOXIC COMPONENTS ... SHOULD BE STORED IN A COOL WELL VENTILATED PLACE, OUT OF THE DIRECT RAYS OF THE SUN, AWAY FROM AREAS OF HIGH FIRE HAZARD, AND SHOULD BE PERIODICALLY INSPECTED. INCOMPATIBLE MATERIALS SHOULD BE ISOLATED ...

8.Exposure controls/personal protection

8.1 Control parameters

Occupational Exposure limit values

Handle with caution in the work place.

NIOSH considers ethylene dichloride; hexachloroethane; 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane; and 1,1,2-trichloroethane; to be potential occupational carcinogens. Additionally, NIOSH recommends that the other five chloroethane compounds: 1,1-dichloroethane; ethyl chloride; methyl chloroform; pentachloroethane; and 1,1,1,2-tetrachloroethane be treated in the workplace with caution because of their structural similarity to the four chloroethanes shown to be carcinogenic in animals.

Biological limit values

no data available

8.2 Appropriate engineering controls

Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and at the end of workday.

8.3 Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE)

Eye/face protection

Safety glasses with side-shields conforming to EN166. Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).

Skin protection

Wear impervious clothing. The type of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace. Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique(without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands. The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and the standard EN 374 derived from it.

Respiratory protection

Wear dust mask when handling large quantities.

Thermal hazards

no data available

9.Physical and chemical properties

Physical state colourless gas
Colour COLORLESS LIQUID
Odour Ethereal odor
Melting point/ freezing point -31°C(lit.)
Boiling point or initial boiling point and boiling range 96°C/4mmHg(lit.)
Flammability Flammable GasExtremely flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
Lower and upper explosion limit / flammability limit Lower limit 3.8% - Upper limit 15.4%
Flash point 41°C(lit.)
Auto-ignition temperature 518.89°C (USCG, 1999)
Decomposition temperature no data available
pH no data available
Kinematic viscosity 0.279 cP at 10°C
Solubility 0.574 g/100 mL at 20°C
Partition coefficient n-octanol/water (log value) log Kow= 1.43
Vapour pressure 32.29 psi ( 55 °C)
Density and/or relative density 2.22(气)
Relative vapour density 2.22 (vs air)
Particle characteristics no data available

10.Stability and reactivity

10.1 Reactivity

no data available

10.2 Chemical stability

AT LOW TEMP OR UNDER INCREASED PRESSURE, ETHYL CHLORIDE IS A MOBILE, VERY VOLATILE LIQUID.

10.3 Possibility of hazardous reactions

FLAMMABLE GAS AT ORDINARY TEMP AND PRESSURE.The gas is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible.ETHYL CHLORIDE is heat sensitive. This compound will hydrolyze in the presence of alkalis and water. It reacts with water or steam to produce toxic and corrosive fumes. It can also react vigorously with oxidizing materials. The vapor forms highly flammable mixtures with air. A mixture of this compound with potassium is shock-sensitive. Contact with chemically active metals such as Na, K, Ca, powdered Al, Zn and Mg may result in violent reactions.

10.4 Conditions to avoid

no data available

10.5 Incompatible materials

... CAN REACT VIGOROUSLY WITH OXIDIZING MATERIALS.

10.6 Hazardous decomposition products

Thermally stable to 400°C; thermal splitting yields ethylene and hydrogen chloride.

11.Toxicological information

Acute toxicity

  • Oral: no data available
  • Inhalation: LC50 Rat inhalation 152 mg/l/2 hr
  • Dermal: no data available

Skin corrosion/irritation

no data available

Serious eye damage/irritation

no data available

Respiratory or skin sensitization

no data available

Germ cell mutagenicity

no data available

Carcinogenicity

Evaluation: No epidemiological data relevant to the carcinogenicity of chloroethane. There is limited evidence in experimental animals for the carcinogenicity of chloroethane. Overall evaluation: Chloroethane is not classifiable as to its carcinogenicity to humans (Group 3).

Reproductive toxicity

No studies were located regarding reproductive or developmental effects following ethyl chloride inhalation exposure in humans. Several animal studies found no reproductive effects caused by ethyl chloride exposure. An animal study reported a decrease in uterine weights, while another study reported minimal evidence of fetotoxicity (increase in centers of unossified bones of the skull) from inhalation exposure to ethyl chloride.

STOT-single exposure

no data available

STOT-repeated exposure

no data available

Aspiration hazard

no data available

12.Ecological information

12.1 Toxicity

  • Toxicity to fish: no data available
  • Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates: no data available
  • Toxicity to algae: no data available
  • Toxicity to microorganisms: no data available

12.2 Persistence and degradability

AEROBIC: Ethyl chloride, present at 1.84 and 4.19 mg/l, reached 1% of its theoretical BOD in 4 weeks using an activated sludge inoculum at 2 mg/l and the closed bottle test(1).

12.3 Bioaccumulative potential

Food chain concn potential: none

12.4 Mobility in soil

Using a structure estimation method based on molecular connectivity indices(1), the Koc for ethyl chloride can be estimated to be 24(SRC). According to a classification scheme(2), this estimated Koc value suggests that ethyl chloride is expected to have very high mobility in soil.

12.5 Other adverse effects

no data available

13.Disposal considerations

13.1 Disposal methods

Product

The material can be disposed of by removal to a licensed chemical destruction plant or by controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing. Do not contaminate water, foodstuffs, feed or seed by storage or disposal. Do not discharge to sewer systems.

Contaminated packaging

Containers can be triply rinsed (or equivalent) and offered for recycling or reconditioning. Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to make it unusable for other purposes and then be disposed of in a sanitary landfill. Controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing is possible for combustible packaging materials.

14.Transport information

14.1 UN Number

ADR/RID: UN1993 IMDG: UN1993 IATA: UN1993

14.2 UN Proper Shipping Name

ADR/RID: FLAMMABLE LIQUID, N.O.S.
IMDG: FLAMMABLE LIQUID, N.O.S.
IATA: FLAMMABLE LIQUID, N.O.S.

14.3 Transport hazard class(es)

ADR/RID: 3 IMDG: 3 IATA: 3

14.4 Packing group, if applicable

ADR/RID: II IMDG: II IATA: II

14.5 Environmental hazards

ADR/RID: no IMDG: no IATA: no

14.6 Special precautions for user

no data available

14.7 Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the IBC Code

no data available

15.Regulatory information

15.1 Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number
chloroethane chloroethane 75-00-3 none
European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS) Listed.
EC Inventory Listed.
United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory Listed.
China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015 Listed.
New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC) Listed.
Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS) Listed.
Vietnam National Chemical Inventory Not Listed.
Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China IECSC) Listed.

16.Other information

Information on revision

Creation Date Aug 12, 2017
Revision Date Aug 12, 2017

Abbreviations and acronyms

  • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
  • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
  • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
  • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
  • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
  • TWA: Time Weighted Average
  • STEL: Short term exposure limit
  • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
  • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
  • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%

References

  • IPCS - The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website: http://www.ilo.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.home
  • HSDB - Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website: https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/newtoxnet/hsdb.htm
  • IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer, website: http://www.iarc.fr/
  • eChemPortal - The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website: http://www.echemportal.org/echemportal/index?pageID=0&request_locale=en
  • CAMEO Chemicals, website: http://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/search/simple
  • ChemIDplus, website: http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/chemidlite.jsp
  • ERG - Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website: http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/library/erg
  • Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website: http://www.dguv.de/ifa/gestis/gestis-stoffdatenbank/index-2.jsp
  • ECHA - European Chemicals Agency, website: https://echa.europa.eu/

Disclaimer: The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. We as supplier shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.
MSDS Expand
1H NMR : parameter in CDCl3Expand

NMR Spectrum 1H NMR : parameter in CDCl3

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C2 H5 Cl 10 vol% in CCl4
chloroethane

Parameter ppm Hz
D(A) 1.488
D(B) 3.505
J(A,B) 7.232

EBERSOLE,S. ET AL. J.PHYS.CHEM. 68, 3430 (1964)

Mass spectrum (electron ionization)Expand

GC Analysis

Total 33 Documents >>
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Capillary OV-1 50. 441. isothermal
Packed OV-1 100. 431. isothermal
Packed OV-1 125. 431. isothermal
Packed OV-1 75. 431. isothermal
Packed Squalane 80. 416. isothermal
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