magnesium atom
CAS No.: 7439-95-4 Formula: H2Mg Molecular Weight: 26.32090

magnesium atom

CAS No.: 7439-95-4 Formula: H2Mg Molecular Weight: 26.32090
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Magnesium is a transition metal compound used to synthesis Grignard reagents in organic reactions in the synthesis of complex chemical compounds.

Basic Info

Chemical Name magnesium atom

Magnesium powdered; magnesio; UNII-I38ZP9992A; Magnesium; Magnesio [Italian]; magnesium powder; Rieke magnesium; Rieke's active magnesium; anhydrous magnesium; Expand

CAS No. 7439-95-4
Molecular Formula H2Mg
Molecular Weight 26.32090
PSA 0.00000
LogP 0.22500


Appearance & Physical State silver or grey rod, turnings or ribbon
Density 1.74
Boiling Point 1107ºC
Melting Point 651ºC
Flash Point 500ºC
Stability Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Storage Condition water-free area

Safety Info

RTECS OM3756000
Hazard Class 4.1
Safety Statements S43-S7/8
HS Code 8104300010
WGK Germany 1
Packing Group III
RIDADR UN 1418/1869/2950/3264
Risk Statements R11; R15
Hazard Codes F
Signal Word Danger
Caution Statement P210; P231 + P232; P235 + P410; P422
Hazard Declaration H228; H251; H261
Symbol GHS02
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SDS 1.0

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According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Aug 16, 2017

Revision Date: Aug 16, 2017


1.1 GHS Product identifier

Product name magnesium atom

1.2 Other means of identification

Product number -
Other names UNII-I38ZP9992A

1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses For industry use only. Intermediates
Uses advised against no data available

1.4 Supplier's details


1.5 Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number -
Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

2.Hazard identification

2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

no data available

2.2 GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

Pictogram(s) no data available
Signal word

no data available

Hazard statement(s)

no data available

Precautionary statement(s)

no data available


no data available


no data available


no data available

2.3 Other hazards which do not result in classification

no data available

3.Composition/information on ingredients

3.1 Substances

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number Concentration
magnesium atom magnesium atom 7439-95-4 none 100%

4.First-aid measures

4.1 Description of necessary first-aid measures

General advice

Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.

If inhaled

Fresh air, rest.

In case of skin contact

Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower.

In case of eye contact

First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.

If swallowed

Rinse mouth.

4.2 Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed

Dust irritates eyes in same way as any foreign material. Penetration of skin by fragments of metal is likely to produce local irritation, blisters, and ulcers which may become infected. (USCG, 1999)

4.3 Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary

Magnesium toxicity can be counteracted with calcium infusion.

5.Fire-fighting measures

5.1 Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media

Burning of magnesium cannot be extinguished with water, carbon dioxide, halons or nitrogen ..., and more important, if these agents are used in fire-fighting, the hazardous situation will become even more severe. The only agents that can be applied successfully are the noble gases or in some cases boron trifluoride.

5.2 Specific hazards arising from the chemical

Behavior in Fire: Forms dense white smoke. Flame is very bright. (USCG, 1999)

5.3 Special protective actions for fire-fighters

Wear self-contained breathing apparatus for firefighting if necessary.

6.Accidental release measures

6.1 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust. For personal protection see section 8.

6.2 Environmental precautions

Remove all ignition sources. Consult an expert! Personal protection: particulate filter respirator adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Sweep spilled substance into covered dry containers. Carefully collect remainder. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations. Do NOT wash away into sewer.

6.3 Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

Pick up and arrange disposal. Sweep up and shovel. Keep in suitable, closed containers for disposal.

7.Handling and storage

7.1 Precautions for safe handling

Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols. Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed. For precautions see section 2.2.

7.2 Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Fireproof. Dry. Well closed. Separated from other incompatible materials.Detached storage must be used for finely divided materials. Must be stored in a dry location. Isolate from halogens, acids, and oxidizing materials.

8.Exposure controls/personal protection

8.1 Control parameters

Occupational Exposure limit values

no data available

Biological limit values

no data available

8.2 Appropriate engineering controls

Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and at the end of workday.

8.3 Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE)

Eye/face protection

Safety glasses with side-shields conforming to EN166. Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).

Skin protection

Wear impervious clothing. The type of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace. Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique(without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands. The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and the standard EN 374 derived from it.

Respiratory protection

Wear dust mask when handling large quantities.

Thermal hazards

no data available

9.Physical and chemical properties

Physical state silver or grey rod, turnings or ribbon
Colour Silvery-white metal
Odour none
Melting point/ freezing point 651ºC
Boiling point or initial boiling point and boiling range 1090°C(lit.)
Flammability Highly flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
Lower and upper explosion limit / flammability limit no data available
Flash point 500ºC
Auto-ignition temperature 510°C
Decomposition temperature no data available
pH no data available
Kinematic viscosity 1.25 cP @ melting point
Partition coefficient n-octanol/water (log value) no data available
Vapour pressure 1 Pa @ 428°C
Density and/or relative density 1.74g/mLat 25°C(lit.)
Relative vapour density 0.84
Particle characteristics no data available

10.Stability and reactivity

10.1 Reactivity

no data available

10.2 Chemical stability


10.3 Possibility of hazardous reactions

MAGNESIUM FIRE: DO NOT FLARE UP VIOLENTLY UNLESS...MOISTURE PRESENT. DANGEROUS IN FORM OF DUST OR FLAKES, WHEN EXPOSED TO FLAME OR BY VIOLENT CHEM REACTION WITH OXIDIZING AGENTS. ...SOLID FORM IS DIFFICULT TO IGNITE...IT MUST BE HEATED ABOVE ITS MELTING POINT... FINELY DIVIDED FORM...MAY BE IGNITED BY SPARK OR FLAME...OR EVEN SPONTANEOUSLY WHEN...DAMP, PARTICULARLY WITH WATER-OIL EMULSION. DURING MACHINING, MAGNESIUM FIRES RESULT FROM USE OF DULL CUTTING TOOLS, MACHINING WITH LIGHT CUT AT HIGH SPEEDS OR RUBBING OF TOOL ON WORK AFTER CUTTING OPERATION IS FINISHED.Dust explosion possible if in powder or granular form, mixed with air. If dry, it can be charged electrostatically by swirling, pneumatic transport, pouring, etc.MAGNESIUM slowly oxidizes in moist air. Reacts very slowly with water at ordinary temperatures, less slowly at 100°C. Reacts with aqueous solutions of dilute acids with liberation of hydrogen [Merck 11th ed. 1989]. In the presence of carbon, the combination of chlorine trifluoride with aluminum, copper, lead, magnesium, silver, tin, or zinc results in a violent reaction [Mellor 2, Supp. 1. 1956]. A mixture of powdered magnesium with trichloroethylene or with carbon tetrachloride will flash or spark under heavy impact [ASESB Pot. Incid, 39. 1968]. Stannic oxide, heated with magnesium explodes [Mellor 7:401. 1946-47]. When carbon dioxide gas is passed over a mixture of powdered magnesium and sodium peroxide, the mixture exploded [Mellor 2:490. 1946-47]. Powdered magnesium plus potassium (or sodium) perchlorate is a friction-sensitive mixture [Safety Eng. Reports. 1947]. An explosion occurred during heating of a mixture of potassium chlorate and magnesium [Chem. Eng. News 14:451. 1936]. Powdered magnesium can decompose performic acid violently [Berichte 48:1139. 1915]. A mixture of finely divided magnesium and nitric acid is explosive [Pieters 1957. p. 28]. Magnesium exposed to moist fluorine or chlorine is spontaneously flammable [Mellor 4:267. 1946-47].

10.4 Conditions to avoid

no data available

10.5 Incompatible materials

Incompatible with ethylene oxide, metal oxosalts, oxidants, and potassium carbonate.

10.6 Hazardous decomposition products

Violent decomposition with evolution of hydrogen chloride can occur when 1,1,1-trichloroethane comes into contact with magnesium or its alloys with aluminum.

11.Toxicological information

Acute toxicity

  • Oral: no data available
  • Inhalation: no data available
  • Dermal: no data available

Skin corrosion/irritation

no data available

Serious eye damage/irritation

no data available

Respiratory or skin sensitization

no data available

Germ cell mutagenicity

no data available


no data available

Reproductive toxicity

no data available

STOT-single exposure

no data available

STOT-repeated exposure

no data available

Aspiration hazard

no data available

12.Ecological information

12.1 Toxicity

  • Toxicity to fish: no data available
  • Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates: no data available
  • Toxicity to algae: no data available
  • Toxicity to microorganisms: no data available

12.2 Persistence and degradability

no data available

12.3 Bioaccumulative potential

no data available

12.4 Mobility in soil

no data available

12.5 Other adverse effects

no data available

13.Disposal considerations

13.1 Disposal methods


The material can be disposed of by removal to a licensed chemical destruction plant or by controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing. Do not contaminate water, foodstuffs, feed or seed by storage or disposal. Do not discharge to sewer systems.

Contaminated packaging

Containers can be triply rinsed (or equivalent) and offered for recycling or reconditioning. Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to make it unusable for other purposes and then be disposed of in a sanitary landfill. Controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing is possible for combustible packaging materials.

14.Transport information

14.1 UN Number

ADR/RID: UN1869 IMDG: UN1869 IATA: UN1869

14.2 UN Proper Shipping Name

ADR/RID: MAGNESIUM or MAGNESIUM ALLOYS with more than 50% magnesium in pellets, turnings or ribbons
IMDG: MAGNESIUM or MAGNESIUM ALLOYS with more than 50% magnesium in pellets, turnings or ribbons
IATA: MAGNESIUM or MAGNESIUM ALLOYS with more than 50% magnesium in pellets, turnings or ribbons

14.3 Transport hazard class(es)

ADR/RID: Not dangerous goods. IMDG: Not dangerous goods. IATA: Not dangerous goods.

14.4 Packing group, if applicable

ADR/RID: Not dangerous goods. IMDG: Not dangerous goods. IATA: Not dangerous goods.

14.5 Environmental hazards

ADR/RID: no IMDG: no IATA: no

14.6 Special precautions for user

no data available

14.7 Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the IBC Code

no data available

15.Regulatory information

15.1 Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number
magnesium atom magnesium atom 7439-95-4 none
European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS) Listed.
EC Inventory Listed.
United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory Listed.
China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015 Listed.
New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC) Listed.
Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS) Listed.
Vietnam National Chemical Inventory Listed.
Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China IECSC) Listed.

16.Other information

Information on revision

Creation Date Aug 16, 2017
Revision Date Aug 16, 2017

Abbreviations and acronyms

  • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
  • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
  • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
  • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
  • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
  • TWA: Time Weighted Average
  • STEL: Short term exposure limit
  • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
  • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
  • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%


  • IPCS - The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website:
  • HSDB - Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website:
  • IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer, website:
  • eChemPortal - The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website:
  • CAMEO Chemicals, website:
  • ChemIDplus, website:
  • ERG - Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website:
  • Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website:
  • ECHA - European Chemicals Agency, website:

Disclaimer: The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. We as supplier shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.
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