nitromethane
CAS No.: 75-52-5 Formula: CH3NO2 Molecular Weight: 61.04000

nitromethane

CAS No.: 75-52-5 Formula: CH3NO2 Molecular Weight: 61.04000
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Description

Nitromethane is an organic compound with the chemical formula CH 3NO 2. It is the simplest organic nitro compound. It is a highly polar liquid commonly used as a solvent in a variety of industrial applications such as in extractions, as a reaction medium, and as a cleaning solvent. As an intermediate in organic synthesis, it is used widely in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals, pesticides, explosives, fibers, and coatings. Nitromethane is used as a fuel in various motorsports and hobbies, e.g. Top Fuel drag racing and miniature internal combustion engines in radio control, control line and free flight model aircraft.

Basic Info

Chemical Name nitromethane
Synonyms

nitro-methane; nitroemethane; Nitromethane; Nitrometan; Nitrocarbol; EINECS 200-876-6; Methane, nitro-; Methane,nitro; Expand

CAS No. 75-52-5
Molecular Formula CH3NO2
Molecular Weight 61.04000
PSA 45.82000
LogP 0.41610

Properties

Appearance & Physical State Colourless liquid
Density 1.1371
Boiling Point 100-102ºC
Melting Point -29ºC
Flash Point 35ºC
Refractive Index 1.3805-1.3825
Storage Condition Flammables area

Safety Info

Safety Statements S41
HS Code 2904209090
Packing Group II
RIDADR UN 1261
Risk Statements R10; R22; R5
Hazard Codes Xn
Hazard Declaration H226; H302; H331; H351
Signal Word Danger
Caution Statement P210; P261; P280; P304 + P340 + P312; P370 + P378; P403 + P233
Symbol GHS02, GHS06, GHS08
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SAFETY DATA SHEETS

According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Aug 16, 2017

Revision Date: Aug 16, 2017

1.Identification

1.1 GHS Product identifier

Product name nitromethane

1.2 Other means of identification

Product number -
Other names nitro-methane

1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses For industry use only. Agricultural chemicals (non-pesticidal),Fuels and fuel additives,Intermediates
Uses advised against no data available

1.4 Supplier's details

Company MOLBASE (Shanghai) Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
Address Floor 4 & 5, Building 12, No. 1001 North Qinzhou Road,
Xuhui District, Shanghai, China
Telephone +86(21)64956998
Fax +86(21)54365166

1.5 Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number +86-400-6021-666
Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

2.Hazard identification

2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

Flammable liquids, Category 3

Acute toxicity - Oral, Category 4

2.2 GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

Pictogram(s)
Signal word

Warning

Hazard statement(s)

H226 Flammable liquid and vapour

H302 Harmful if swallowed

Precautionary statement(s)
Prevention

P210 Keep away from heat, hot surfaces, sparks, open flames and other ignition sources. No smoking.

P233 Keep container tightly closed.

P240 Ground and bond container and receiving equipment.

P241 Use explosion-proof [electrical/ventilating/lighting/...] equipment.

P242 Use non-sparking tools.

P243 Take action to prevent static discharges.

P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.

P264 Wash ... thoroughly after handling.

P270 Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.

Response

P303+P361+P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water [or shower].

P370+P378 In case of fire: Use ... to extinguish.

P301+P312 IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…if you feel unwell.

P330 Rinse mouth.

Storage

P403+P235 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.

Disposal

P501 Dispose of contents/container to ...

2.3 Other hazards which do not result in classification

none

3.Composition/information on ingredients

3.1 Substances

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number Concentration
nitromethane nitromethane 75-52-5 none 100%

4.First-aid measures

4.1 Description of necessary first-aid measures

General advice

Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.

If inhaled

Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention. See Notes.

In case of skin contact

Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower.

In case of eye contact

First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.

If swallowed

Refer for medical attention .

4.2 Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed

Liquid may dry out skin and cause irritation. (USCG, 1999)

4.3 Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary

Flush eyes copiously. Wash contaminated areas of body with soap and water.

5.Fire-fighting measures

5.1 Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media

Fire Fighting Procedures: Explosive decomposition may occur under fire conditions. Fight fires from protected location or maximum possible distance. Use water spray, dry chemical, foam, or carbon dioxide. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool.

5.2 Specific hazards arising from the chemical

Behavior in Fire: Containers may explode (USCG, 1999)

5.3 Special protective actions for fire-fighters

Wear self-contained breathing apparatus for firefighting if necessary.

6.Accidental release measures

6.1 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust. For personal protection see section 8.

6.2 Environmental precautions

Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: filter respirator for organic gases and particulates adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Remove all ignition sources. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations. Do NOT absorb in saw-dust or other combustible absorbents.

6.3 Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

Remove all ignition sources. establish forced ventilation to keep levels below explosive limit. Absorb liquids in vermiculite, dry sand, earth, peat, carbon, or a similar material and deposit in sealed containers. Follow by washing surfaces well first with alcohol, then with soap and water.

7.Handling and storage

7.1 Precautions for safe handling

Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols. Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed. For precautions see section 2.2.

7.2 Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Fireproof. Separated from incompatible materials. See Chemical Dangers. See Notes.Storage Recommendations: Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated location. Separate from amines, acids, bases, oxidizing materials, and metal oxides. Outside or detached storage is preferred.

8.Exposure controls/personal protection

8.1 Control parameters

Occupational Exposure limit values

NIOSH questioned whether the PEL proposed by OSHA for nitromethane was adequate to protect workers from recognized health hazards.

Biological limit values

no data available

8.2 Appropriate engineering controls

Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and at the end of workday.

8.3 Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE)

Eye/face protection

Safety glasses with side-shields conforming to EN166. Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).

Skin protection

Wear impervious clothing. The type of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace. Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique(without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands. The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and the standard EN 374 derived from it.

Respiratory protection

Wear dust mask when handling large quantities.

Thermal hazards

no data available

9.Physical and chemical properties

Physical state Colourless liquid
Colour Colorless liquid
Odour Moderately strong, somewhat disagreeable odor
Melting point/ freezing point -29ºC
Boiling point or initial boiling point and boiling range 101.2°C(lit.)
Flammability Class IC Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 22.78°C and below 37.78°C.Flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
Lower and upper explosion limit / flammability limit Lower flammable limit: 7.3%
Flash point 36°C
Auto-ignition temperature 417.78°C
Decomposition temperature no data available
pH pH of 0.01M aqueous solution = 6.12
Kinematic viscosity 0.614 cP at 25°C
Solubility greater than or equal to 100 mg/mL at 20°C
Partition coefficient n-octanol/water (log value) low Kow = -0.35
Vapour pressure 27.8 mm Hg at 20°C
Density and/or relative density 1.127g/mLat 25°C(lit.)
Relative vapour density 2.1 (vs air)
Particle characteristics no data available

10.Stability and reactivity

10.1 Reactivity

no data available

10.2 Chemical stability

Stable under recommended storage conditions.

10.3 Possibility of hazardous reactions

A very dangerous fire hazard when exposed to heat, oxidizers or flame.The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible.NITROMETHANE may explode if heated or strongly shocked, especially if mixed with acids, bases [Handling Chemicals Safely 1980. p. 687], acetone, aluminum powder, ammonium salts in the presence of organic solvents, haloforms (chloroform, bromoform), or hydrazine in methanol. Ignites on contact with alkyl aluminum or alkyl zinc halides. Reacts violently with strong bases (potassium hydroxide, calcium hydroxide), amines (1,2-diaminoethane, hydrazine), bromine, carbon disulfide, hydrocarbons, formaldehyde, metal oxides, lithium aluminum hydride, sodium hydride, strong oxidizing agents (lithium perchlorate, nitric acid, calcium hypochlorite). Reacts with aqueous silver nitrate to form explosive silver fulminate [Bretherick, 5th ed., 1995, p. 183]. Mixtures of nitromethane and aluminum chloride may explode when organic matter is present [Chem. Eng. News 26:2257. 1948]. Nitromethane, either alone or in a mixture with methanol and castor oil, has a delayed but violent reaction with powdered calcium hypochlorite [Haz. Home Chem 1963]. Nitromethane reacts violently with hexamethylbenzene [Lewis 2544]. Nitromethane is strongly sensitized by hydrazine [Forshey, D. RR. et al, Explosivestoffe, 1969, 17(6), 125-129].

10.4 Conditions to avoid

no data available

10.5 Incompatible materials

Amines; strong acids, alkalis and oxidizers; hydrocarbons and other combustible materials; metallic oxides [Note: Slowly corrodes steel and copper when wet.]

10.6 Hazardous decomposition products

When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of /nitrogen oxides/.

11.Toxicological information

Acute toxicity

  • Oral: LD50 Rat oral 940 mg/kg
  • Inhalation: no data available
  • Dermal: no data available

Skin corrosion/irritation

no data available

Serious eye damage/irritation

no data available

Respiratory or skin sensitization

no data available

Germ cell mutagenicity

no data available

Carcinogenicity

A3; Confirmed animal carcinogen with unknown relevance to humans.

Reproductive toxicity

no data available

STOT-single exposure

no data available

STOT-repeated exposure

no data available

Aspiration hazard

no data available

12.Ecological information

12.1 Toxicity

  • Toxicity to fish: LC50; Species: Pimephales promelas (Fathead minnow); Conditions: static; Concentration: <278 mg/L for 96 hr
  • Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates: no data available
  • Toxicity to algae: no data available
  • Toxicity to microorganisms: no data available

12.2 Persistence and degradability

AEROBIC: When nitromethane was incubated with activated sludge, 36.2% mineralization occurred in 5 days(1,2). Degradation was low in a closed bottle biodegradability test, using a municipal sewage plant effluent innoculum, with 10% degradation occurring in 28 days(1,2). Aerobic C14 studies performed with soil microorganisms resulted in 5.1% conversion to CO2 in 35 days(1,2); during this time, 22.3% was lost as volatile products(1,2). Nitromethane present at 500 mg/L and inoculated with activated sludge from three municipal treatment plants was toxic to the microorganisms present over the 24 hour study period(3).

12.3 Bioaccumulative potential

A BCF value of 1.4 was measured for fish (Golden ide (Leuciscus idus melanotus)) in a static 3-day test with nitromethane present at 50 ppb(1,2). According to a classification scheme(3), this BCF value suggests that bioconcentration in aquatic organisms is low(SRC). Low bioconcentration was reported for tests using carp (Cyprinus carpio)(4), however actual BCF values were not reported(SRC). The bioconcentration factor in algae (Chorella fusca), as determined in a 24-hr experiment, was 960(1).

12.4 Mobility in soil

Using a structure estimation method based on molecular connectivity indices(1), the Koc of nitromethane can be estimated to be 10(SRC). According to a classification scheme(2), this estimated Koc value suggests that nitromethane is expected to have very high mobility in soil.

12.5 Other adverse effects

no data available

13.Disposal considerations

13.1 Disposal methods

Product

The material can be disposed of by removal to a licensed chemical destruction plant or by controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing. Do not contaminate water, foodstuffs, feed or seed by storage or disposal. Do not discharge to sewer systems.

Contaminated packaging

Containers can be triply rinsed (or equivalent) and offered for recycling or reconditioning. Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to make it unusable for other purposes and then be disposed of in a sanitary landfill. Controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing is possible for combustible packaging materials.

14.Transport information

14.1 UN Number

ADR/RID: UN1261 IMDG: UN1261 IATA: UN1261

14.2 UN Proper Shipping Name

ADR/RID: NITROMETHANE
IMDG: NITROMETHANE
IATA: NITROMETHANE

14.3 Transport hazard class(es)

ADR/RID: unknown IMDG: unknown IATA: unknown

14.4 Packing group, if applicable

ADR/RID: II IMDG: II IATA: II

14.5 Environmental hazards

ADR/RID: no IMDG: no IATA: no

14.6 Special precautions for user

no data available

14.7 Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the IBC Code

no data available

15.Regulatory information

15.1 Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question

Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number
nitromethane nitromethane 75-52-5 none
European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS) Listed.
EC Inventory Listed.
United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory Listed.
China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015 Listed.
New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC) Listed.
Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS) Listed.
Vietnam National Chemical Inventory Listed.
Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China IECSC) Listed.

16.Other information

Information on revision

Creation Date Aug 16, 2017
Revision Date Aug 16, 2017

Abbreviations and acronyms

  • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
  • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
  • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
  • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
  • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
  • TWA: Time Weighted Average
  • STEL: Short term exposure limit
  • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
  • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
  • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%

References

  • IPCS - The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website: http://www.ilo.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.home
  • HSDB - Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website: https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/newtoxnet/hsdb.htm
  • IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer, website: http://www.iarc.fr/
  • eChemPortal - The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website: http://www.echemportal.org/echemportal/index?pageID=0&request_locale=en
  • CAMEO Chemicals, website: http://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/search/simple
  • ChemIDplus, website: http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/chemidlite.jsp
  • ERG - Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website: http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/library/erg
  • Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website: http://www.dguv.de/ifa/gestis/gestis-stoffdatenbank/index-2.jsp
  • ECHA - European Chemicals Agency, website: https://echa.europa.eu/

Disclaimer: The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. We as supplier shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.
MSDS Expand
1H NMR : 400 MHz in CDCl3Expand

NMR Spectrum 1H NMR : 400 MHz in CDCl3

Collapse

C H3 N O2 0.05 ml : 0.5 ml CDCl3
nitromethane

Assign. Shift(ppm)
A 4.341

IR : liquid filmExpand
Mass Expand
Raman : 4880 A,100M,liquidExpand

GC Analysis

Total 44 Documents >>
Column type Active phase Temperature (°C) Retention Index (I) Temperature Control Method
Capillary HP-1 100. 527.85 isothermal
Capillary HP-1 110. 528.16 isothermal
Capillary HP-1 120. 528.60 isothermal
Capillary HP-1 20. 531.15 isothermal
Capillary HP-1 30. 530.05 isothermal
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