furfural 98-01-1 MSDS
Name: 2-Furaldehyde reagent ACS 98+% Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym: 2-Formylfuran; 2-Formylofuran; Fural; Furale; 2-Furanaldehyde; 2-Furancarbonal; 2-Furancarboxaldehyde; Furfural; 2-Furfural; Furfuraldehyde; Furfurale; Furfurol;Furfurole; 2-Furil-metanale; Furole; alpha-Furole; 2-Furylaldehyde; 2-Furylcarboxa
CAS: 98-01-1
Section 1 - Chemical Product   MSDS Name:2-Furaldehyde reagent ACS 98+% Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym:2-Formylfuran; 2-Formylofuran; Fural; Furale; 2-Furanaldehyde; 2-Furancarbonal; 2-Furancarboxaldehyde; Furfural; 2-Furfural; Furfuraldehyde; Furfurale; Furfurol;Furfurole; 2-Furil-metanale; Furole; alpha-Furole; 2-Furylaldehyde; 2-Furylcarboxa

Section 2 - COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
CAS# Chemical Name content EINECS#
98-01-1 2-Furaldehyde 98+ 202-627-7
Hazard Symbols: T
Risk Phrases: 21 23/25 36/37 40

Section 3 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
  EMERGENCY OVERVIEW
Harmful in contact with skin. Toxic by inhalation and if swallowed.
Irritating to eyes and respiratory system. Limited evidence of a carcinogenic effect.Air sensitive.Light sensitive.
Potential Health Effects
Eye:
May cause irreversible eye injury. Causes eye irritation and possible burns.
Skin:
May cause skin sensitization, an allergic reaction, which becomes evident upon re-exposure to this material. May cause photosensitive skin reactions in certain individuals. Effects of contact may be delayed. Causes skin irritation and possible burns. Substance is readily absorbed through the skin.
Ingestion:
Harmful if swallowed. Causes gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. May cause central nervous system depression, characterized by excitement, followed by headache, dizziness, drowsiness, and nausea. Advanced stages may cause collapse, unconsciousness, coma and possible death due to respiratory failure. Effects may be delayed 2 to 4 hours.
Inhalation:
Harmful if inhaled. May cause allergic respiratory reaction.
Inhalation may be fatal as a result of spasm, inflammation, edema of the larynx and bronchi, chemical pneumonitis and pulmonary edema.
Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation. Causes irritation of the mucous membrane and upper respiratory tract.
Chronic:
Prolonged or repeated eye contact may cause conjunctivitis. May cause liver and kidney damage. Repeated exposure may cause sensitization dermatitis. Laboratory experiments have resulted in mutagenic effects. Animal studies have reported the development of tumors.

Section 4 - FIRST AID MEASURES
  Eyes: Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.
Skin:
Get medical aid immediately. Immediately flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
Ingestion:
Do not induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
Inhalation:
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure and move to fresh air immediately. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Do NOT use mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. If breathing has ceased apply artificial respiration using oxygen and a suitable mechanical device such as a bag and a mask.
Notes to Physician:
Effects may be delayed. Treat symptomatically and supportively.

Section 5 - FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
  General Information:
As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Vapors may form an explosive mixture with air.
Vapors can travel to a source of ignition and flash back. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Will burn if involved in a fire. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Containers may explode in the heat of a fire. Flammable liquid and vapor. Vapors may be heavier than air. They can spread along the ground and collect in low or confined areas.
Extinguishing Media:
Use water spray to cool fire-exposed containers. Water may be ineffective. Use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or alcohol-resistant foam. Do NOT use straight streams of water.

Section 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
  General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Spills/Leaks:
Absorb spill with inert material (e.g. vermiculite, sand or earth), then place in suitable container. Wash area with soap and water.
Clean up spills immediately, observing precautions in the Protective Equipment section. Remove all sources of ignition. Use a spark-proof tool. Provide ventilation. Place under an inert atmosphere. A vapor suppressing foam may be used to reduce vapors.

Section 7 - HANDLING and STORAGE
  Handling:
Wash thoroughly after handling. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Use spark-proof tools and explosion proof equipment. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Do not breathe dust, vapor, mist, or gas. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Keep away from heat, sparks and flame. Do not ingest or inhale. Store protected from light. Handle under an inert atmosphere. Store protected from air. Use only in a chemical fume hood. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Storage:
Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition. Do not store in direct sunlight. Keep refrigerated. (Store below 4C/39F.) Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Flammables-area. Storage under a nitrogen blanket has been recommended. Store protected from light and air. Store under an inert atmosphere. Store in air tight containers.

Section 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS, PERSONAL PROTECTION
  Engineering Controls:
Use explosion-proof ventilation equipment. Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use only under a chemical fume hood.
Exposure Limits CAS# 98-01-1: United Kingdom, WEL - TWA: 2 ppm TWA; 8 mg/m3 TWA United Kingdom, WEL - STEL: 5 ppm STEL; 20 mg/m3 STEL United States OSHA: 5 ppm TWA; 20 mg/m3 TWA Belgium - TWA: 2 ppm VLE; 8.0 mg/m3 VLE France - VLE: 2 ppm VLE; 8 mg/m3 VLE Germany: 5 ppm TWA; 20 mg/m3 TWA Germany: Skin absorber Japan: 2.5 ppm OEL; 9.8 mg/m3 OEL Malaysia: 2 ppm TWA; 7.9 mg/m3 TWA Netherlands: 2 ppm MAC; 8 mg/m3 MAC Russia: 10 mg/m3 TWA Spain: 2 ppm VLA-ED; 8 mg/m3 VLA-ED Personal Protective Equipment Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166.
Skin:
Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing:
Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators:
A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant respirator use.

Section 9 - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
 
Physical State: Liquid
Color: oily, colorless to light yellow
Odor: almond-like
pH: Not available.
Vapor Pressure: 1.7 mm Hg @ 20C
Viscosity: 1.49 cP @ 25C
Boiling Point: 162 deg C
Freezing/Melting Point: -36 deg C
Autoignition Temperature: 316 deg C ( 600.80 deg F)
Flash Point: 60 deg C ( 140.00 deg F)
Explosion Limits, lower: 2.10 vol %
Explosion Limits, upper: 19.30 vol %
Decomposition Temperature:
Solubility in water: Slightly soluble.
Specific Gravity/Density: 1.1600g/cm3
Molecular Formula: C5H4O2
Molecular Weight: 96.09

Section 10 - STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
  Chemical Stability:
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures. Substance undergoes color change upon exposure to light and air. Volatile in steam. May undergo polymerization on contact with strong mineral acids or alkalies.
Conditions to Avoid:
Light, ignition sources, exposure to air, excess heat.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
Strong oxidizing agents, strong acids, strong bases, alkalies, sodium hydrogen carbonate, mineral acids, air.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide.
Hazardous Polymerization: May occur.

Section 11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  RTECS#:
CAS# 98-01-1: LT7000000 LD50/LC50:
CAS# 98-01-1: Draize test, rabbit, eye: 100 mg/24H Moderate; Draize test, rabbit, skin: 20 mg/24H Moderate; Draize test, rabbit, skin: 500 mg/24H Mild; Inhalation, rat: LC50 = 175 ppm/6H; Oral, mouse: LD50 = 400 mg/kg; Oral, rat: LD50 = 65 mg/kg.
Carcinogenicity:
2-Furaldehyde - ACGIH: A3 - Confirmed animal carcinogen with unknown relevance to Other:
See actual entry in RTECS for complete information.

Section 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  Ecotoxicity:
Fish: Fathead Minnow: LC50 = 32 mg/L; 96 Hr; UnspecifiedWater flea Daphnia: EC50 = 36 mg/L; 24 Hr; UnspecifiedFish: Bluegill/Sunfish: TLm = 24 ppm; 96 Hr; Unspecified (fresh water)Fish: Harlequin fish: LC50 = 23 mg/L; 48 Hr; UnspecifiedIf released to soil, 2-furaldehyde is expected to display high mobility and it has the potential to leach into groundwater. Limited data suggests that it may undergo biodegradation in soil. Volatilization from the soil surface to the atmosphere may occur; however it is not expected to be a rapid process. If released to water, 2-furaldehyde is expected to undergo microbial degradation, under both aerobic and anaerobic conditions.

Section 13 - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
  Dispose of in a manner consistent with federal, state, and local regulations.

Section 14 - TRANSPORT INFORMATION
 
IATA
Shipping Name: FURALDEHYDES
Hazard Class: 6.1 (3)
UN Number: 1199
Packing Group: II
IMO
Shipping Name: FURFURALDEHYDES
Hazard Class: 6.1
UN Number: 1199
Packing Group: II
RID/ADR
Shipping Name: FURALDEHYDES
Hazard Class: 6.1
UN Number: 1199
Packing group: III
USA RQ: CAS# 98-01-1: 5000 lb final RQ; 2270 kg final RQ

Section 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION
 
European/International Regulations
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols: T
Risk Phrases:
R 21 Harmful in contact with skin.
R 23/25 Toxic by inhalation and if swallowed.
R 36/37 Irritating to eyes and respiratory system.
R 40 Limited evidence of a carcinogenic effect.
Safety Phrases:
S 26 In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately
with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36/37/39 Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves
and eye/face protection.
S 45 In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek
medical advice immediately (show the label where
possible).
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 98-01-1: 2
Canada
CAS# 98-01-1 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
CAS# 98-01-1 is listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
US FEDERAL
TSCA
CAS# 98-01-1 is listed on the TSCA inventory.


SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
N/A

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