furfuryl alcohol 98-00-0 MSDS
Name: Furfuryl Alcohol 99% Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym: 2-Furancarbinol; 2-Furanmethanol; Furfural alcohol; Furfuralcohol; Furyl alcohol;alpha-Furylcarbinol; 2-Furylcarbinol; 2-Furylmethanol; 2-Hydroxymethylfuran; Methanol, (2-furyl)
CAS: 98-00-0
Section 1 - Chemical Product   MSDS Name:Furfuryl Alcohol 99% Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym:2-Furancarbinol; 2-Furanmethanol; Furfural alcohol; Furfuralcohol; Furyl alcohol;alpha-Furylcarbinol; 2-Furylcarbinol; 2-Furylmethanol; 2-Hydroxymethylfuran; Methanol, (2-furyl)

Section 2 - COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
CAS# Chemical Name content EINECS#
98-00-0 Furfuryl alcohol 99 202-626-1
Hazard Symbols: XN
Risk Phrases: 20/21/22

Section 3 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
  EMERGENCY OVERVIEW
Harmful by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.Air sensitive.
Potential Health Effects
Eye:
Vapors cause eye irritation.
Skin:
Causes skin irritation. Harmful if absorbed through the skin.
Ingestion:
Harmful if swallowed. Causes gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. May cause central nervous system depression, characterized by excitement, followed by headache, dizziness, drowsiness, and nausea. Advanced stages may cause collapse, unconsciousness, coma and possible death due to respiratory failure. Effects may be delayed 2 to 4 hours.
Inhalation:
Harmful if inhaled. Effects of inhalation may be delayed. Vapor or mist is irritating to the mucous membranes and upper respiratory tract. Inhalation may produce severe bronchitis with spasms, coughing, and chest pain.
Chronic:
Overexposure may cause delayed kidney injury. Prolonged or repeated skin contact may cause dermatitis. Prolonged exposure to high vapor concentrations may cause eye injury.

Section 4 - FIRST AID MEASURES
  Eyes: Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.
Skin:
Get medical aid immediately. Immediately flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
Ingestion:
Do not induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
Inhalation:
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure and move to fresh air immediately. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Do NOT use mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. If breathing has ceased apply artificial respiration using oxygen and a suitable mechanical device such as a bag and a mask.
Notes to Physician:
Effects may be delayed. Persons with pre-existing skin disorders or eye problems, or impaired liver, kidney, or respiratory function may be more susceptible to the effects of this substance.
Antidote: None reported.

Section 5 - FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
  General Information:
As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Vapors can travel to a source of ignition and flash back. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Combustible liquid.
Vapors may be heavier than air. They can spread along the ground and collect in low or confined areas. Containers may explode when heated.
Forms explosive mixtures with air.
Extinguishing Media:
Use water spray to cool fire-exposed containers. Use foam, dry chemical, or carbon dioxide. Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out.

Section 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
  General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Spills/Leaks:
Absorb spill with inert material (e.g. vermiculite, sand or earth), then place in suitable container. Wash area with soap and water.
Clean up spills immediately, observing precautions in the Protective Equipment section. Remove all sources of ignition. Use a spark-proof tool. Provide ventilation. Place under an inert atmosphere.

Section 7 - HANDLING and STORAGE
  Handling:
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Do not breathe dust, vapor, mist, or gas. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Keep away from heat, sparks and flame. Do not ingest or inhale. Handle under an inert atmosphere. Store protected from air. Use only in a chemical fume hood. Store and handle protected from air. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Storage:
Keep away from sources of ignition. Do not store in direct sunlight.
Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Do not expose to air. Storage under a nitrogen blanket has been recommended.
Store under an inert atmosphere. Keep away from organic acids.

Section 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS, PERSONAL PROTECTION
  Engineering Controls:
Use explosion-proof ventilation equipment. Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use only under a chemical fume hood.
Exposure Limits CAS# 98-00-0: United States OSHA: 50 ppm TWA; 200 mg/m3 TWA Belgium - TWA: 10 ppm VLE; 41 mg/m3 VLE Belgium - STEL: 15 ppm VLE; 61 mg/m3 VLE France - VME: 10 ppm VME; 40 mg/m3 VME Germany: 10 ppm TWA; 41 mg/m3 TWA Germany: Skin absorber Japan: 5 ppm OEL; 20 mg/m3 OEL Malaysia: 10 ppm TWA; 40 mg/m3 TWA Netherlands: 50 ppm STEL; 200 mg/m3 STEL Netherlands: 5 ppm MAC; 20 mg/m3 MAC Russia: 0.5 mg/m3 TWA Spain: 5 ppm VLA-ED; 20 mg/m3 VLA-ED Spain: 15 ppm VLA-EC; 61 mg/m3 VLA-EC Personal Protective Equipment Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166.
Skin:
Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing:
Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators:
A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant respirator use.

Section 9 - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
 
Physical State: Liquid
Color: clear, colorless to pale yellow
Odor: faint, burning
pH: Not available.
Vapor Pressure: 0.5 mm Hg @ 20C
Viscosity: Not available.
Boiling Point: 171 deg C
Freezing/Melting Point: -31 deg C
Autoignition Temperature: 491 deg C ( 915.80 deg F)
Flash Point: 75 deg C ( 167.00 deg F)
Explosion Limits, lower: 1.80 vol %
Explosion Limits, upper: 16.30 vol %
Decomposition Temperature:
Solubility in water: miscible
Specific Gravity/Density: 1.129
Molecular Formula: C5H6O2
Molecular Weight: 98.10

Section 10 - STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
  Chemical Stability:
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures. Substance undergoes color change upon exposure to air. May undergo polymerization in contact with organic acids. May undergo a color change due to autoxidation and intermolecular dehydration during storage.
Conditions to Avoid:
Incompatible materials, ignition sources, exposure to air, excess heat.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
Acids, strong oxidizing agents, air, acid chlorides, organic acids, oxygen, fuming nitric acid.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide.
Hazardous Polymerization: May occur.

Section 11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  RTECS#:
CAS# 98-00-0: LU9100000 LD50/LC50:
CAS# 98-00-0: Draize test, rabbit, eye: 100 mg/24H Moderate; Inhalation, rat: LC50 = 233 ppm/4H; Oral, mouse: LD50 = 160 mg/kg; Oral, rat: LD50 = 177 mg/kg; Skin, rabbit: LD50 = 400 mg/kg; Skin, rat: LD50 = 3825 mg/kg.
Carcinogenicity:
Furfuryl alcohol - Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, or NTP.
Other:
See actual entry in RTECS for complete information.

Section 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  Ecotoxicity:
Fish: Fathead Minnow: LC50 = 32 mg/l; 96 Hr; Static bioassay at 18-22 CFish: Mosquito Fish: TLm = 44 - 24 mg/l; 24-96 Hr; UnspecifiedIf released to soil, it will be expected to exhibit very high mobility, based upon the reported infinite solubility of the compound in water and an estimated Koc of 34. It may, therefore, leach through soil to groundwater if it does not biodegrade or otherwise decompose first.
It may be subject to biodegradation in soil based upon results observed in a laboratory aqueous aerobic biodegradation screening test. Volatilization from moist near surface soil is not expected.
However, it may volatilize from dry near surface soil and other dry

Section 13 - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
  Dispose of in a manner consistent with federal, state, and local regulations.

Section 14 - TRANSPORT INFORMATION
 
IATA
Shipping Name: FURFURYL ALCOHOL
Hazard Class: 6.1
UN Number: 2874
Packing Group: III
IMO
Shipping Name: FURFURYL ALCOHOL
Hazard Class: 6.1
UN Number: 2874
Packing Group: III
RID/ADR
Shipping Name: FURFURYL ALCOHOL
Hazard Class: 6.1
UN Number: 2874
Packing group: III

Section 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION
 
European/International Regulations
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols: XN
Risk Phrases:
R 20/21/22 Harmful by inhalation, in contact with
skin and if swallowed.
Safety Phrases:
S 16 Keep away from sources of ignition - No
smoking.
S 23 Do not inhale gas/fumes/vapour/spray.
S 24/25 Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 26 In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately
with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36/37/39 Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves
and eye/face protection.
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 98-00-0: 1
Canada
CAS# 98-00-0 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
CAS# 98-00-0 is listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
US FEDERAL
TSCA
CAS# 98-00-0 is listed on the TSCA inventory.


SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
N/A

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