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1,1,2,2-Tetrabromoethane 79-27-6 MSDS
Name: 1 1 2 2-Tetrabromoethane Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym: Acetylene tetrabromide; TBE
CAS: 79-27-6
Section 1 - Chemical Product   MSDS Name:1 1 2 2-Tetrabromoethane Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym:Acetylene tetrabromide; TBE

Section 2 - COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
CAS# Chemical Name content EINECS#
79-27-6 1,1,2,2-Tetrabromoethane 100 201-191-5
Hazard Symbols: T+
Risk Phrases: 26 36 52/53

Section 3 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
  EMERGENCY OVERVIEW
Very toxic by inhalation. Irritating to eyes. Harmful to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.Possible risks of irreversible effects.
Potential Health Effects
Eye:
Contact with eyes may cause severe irritation, and possible eye burns.
Skin:
May be absorbed through damaged or abraded skin in harmful amounts.
Exposure may cause irritation and possible burns. Causes symptoms similar to those of inhalation.
Ingestion:
Harmful if swallowed. Causes gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. May cause liver and kidney damage.
Inhalation:
May be fatal if inhaled. Causes respiratory tract irritation. May cause liver and kidney damage. Exposure produces central nervous system depression. May cause lung damage. May cause headache, loss of appetite, nausea, fatigue, abdominal pain, darkened urine and jaundice.
Chronic:
May cause liver and kidney damage. Prolonged or repeated exposure may cause nausea, dizziness, and headache.

Section 4 - FIRST AID MEASURES
  Eyes: Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.
Skin:
Get medical aid immediately. Immediately flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
Ingestion:
Call a poison control center. If swallowed, do not induce vomiting unless directed to do so by medical personnel. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid.
Inhalation:
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure and move to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.
Notes to Physician:
Monitor liver function closely.

Section 5 - FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
  General Information:
As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Vapors may be heavier than air. They can spread along the ground and collect in low or confined areas. Containers may explode when heated. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution.
Extinguishing Media:
Substance is noncombustible; use agent most appropriate to extinguish surrounding fire.

Section 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
  General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Spills/Leaks:
Absorb spill with inert material (e.g. vermiculite, sand or earth), then place in suitable container. Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways. Clean up spills immediately, observing precautions in the Protective Equipment section. Provide ventilation.

Section 7 - HANDLING and STORAGE
  Handling:
Wash thoroughly after handling. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Use only in a chemical fume hood.
Storage:
Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Keep away from metals. Poison room locked. Store away from alkalies. Separate from oxidizing materials.

Section 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS, PERSONAL PROTECTION
  Engineering Controls:
Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use adequate general or local exhaust ventilation to keep airborne concentrations below the permissible exposure limits.
Exposure Limits CAS# 79-27-6: United Kingdom, WEL - TWA: 0.5 ppm TWA; 7.2 mg/m3 TWA United Kingdom, WEL - STEL: 1.5 ppm STEL; 21.6 mg/m3 STEL United States OSHA: 1 ppm TWA; 14 mg/m3 TWA Belgium - TWA: 1 ppm VLE; 14 mg/m3 VLE France - VME: 1 ppm VME; 15 mg/m3 VME Germany: 1 ppm TWA; 14 mg/m3 TWA Malaysia: 1 ppm TWA; 14 mg/m3 TWA Netherlands: 0.5 ppm MAC; 7 mg/m3 MAC Spain: 1 ppm VLA-ED; 14 mg/m3 VLA-ED Personal Protective Equipment Eyes: Wear chemical splash goggles.
Skin:
Wear appropriate gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing:
Wear appropriate protective gloves and clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators:
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29 CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Use a NIOSH/MSHA or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator if exposure limits are exceeded or if irritation or other symptoms are experienced.

Section 9 - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
 
Physical State: Liquid
Color: yellow
Odor: camphor
pH: Not available.
Vapor Pressure: .1 mm Hg @68F
Viscosity: Not available.
Boiling Point: 471 deg F
Freezing/Melting Point: 32 deg F
Autoignition Temperature: 635 deg F ( 335.00 deg C)
Flash Point: Not applicable.
Explosion Limits, lower: Not available.
Explosion Limits, upper: Not available.
Decomposition Temperature: Not available.
Solubility in water: Insoluble in water.
Specific Gravity/Density: 2.96 (water=1)
Molecular Formula: C2H2Br4
Molecular Weight: 345.63

Section 10 - STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
  Chemical Stability:
Stable.
Conditions to Avoid:
High temperatures.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
Strong oxidizers, strong bases, and metals such as aluminum, magnesium, and zinc in the presence of steam. Will attack some forms of plastics, rubber,and coatings.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Hydrogen bromide, bromine fumes, carbonyl bromide.
Hazardous Polymerization: Has not been reported

Section 11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  RTECS#:
CAS# 79-27-6: KI8225000 LD50/LC50:
CAS# 79-27-6: Draize test, rabbit, eye: 100 mg Mild; Draize test, rabbit, skin: 500 mg/24H Moderate; Inhalation, rat: LC50 = 549 mg/m3/4H; Inhalation, rat: LC50 = 550 mg/m3; Oral, mouse: LD50 = 269 mg/kg; Oral, rabbit: LD50 = 400 mg/kg; Oral, rat: LD50 = 1200 mg/kg; Skin, rat: LD50 = 5250 mg/kg.
Carcinogenicity:
1,1,2,2-Tetrabromoethane - Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, or NTP.
Other:
See actual entry in RTECS for complete information.

Section 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  Other No information available.

Section 13 - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
  Dispose of in a manner consistent with federal, state, and local regulations.

Section 14 - TRANSPORT INFORMATION
 
IATA
Shipping Name: TETRABROMOETHANE
Hazard Class: 6.1
UN Number: 2504
Packing Group: III
IMO
Shipping Name: TETRABROMOETHANE
Hazard Class: 6.1
UN Number: 2504
Packing Group: III
RID/ADR
Shipping Name: TETRABROMOETHANE
Hazard Class: 6.1
UN Number: 2504
Packing group: III

Section 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION
 
European/International Regulations
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols: T+
Risk Phrases:
R 26 Very toxic by inhalation.
R 36 Irritating to eyes.
R 52/53 Harmful to aquatic organisms, may cause
long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.
Safety Phrases:
S 24 Avoid contact with skin.
S 27 Take off immediately all contaminated clothing.
S 45 In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek
medical advice immediately (show the label where
possible).
S 61 Avoid release to the environment. Refer to
special instructions/safety data sheets.
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 79-27-6: No information available.
Canada
CAS# 79-27-6 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
CAS# 79-27-6 is listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
US FEDERAL
TSCA
CAS# 79-27-6 is listed on the TSCA inventory.


SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
N/A

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