nitroethane
CAS No.: 79-24-3
Synonyms:
Formula: C2H5NO2
Exact Mass: 75.03200
Molecular Weight: 75.06660
PSA: 45.82000
LogP: 0.80620
nitroethane 79-24-3 MSDS
Name: Nitroethane Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym: Non
CAS: 79-24-3
Section 1 - Chemical Product   MSDS Name:Nitroethane Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym:Non

Section 2 - COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
CAS# Chemical Name content EINECS#
79-24-3 Nitroethane 100.0 201-188-9
Hazard Symbols: XN F
Risk Phrases: 10 20/22

Section 3 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
  EMERGENCY OVERVIEW
Flammable. Harmful by inhalation and if swallowed.
Potential Health Effects
Eye:
May cause eye irritation. Vapors may cause eye irritation.
Skin:
Exposure may cause irritation characterized by redness, dryness, and inflammation.
Ingestion:
May cause central nervous system depression, kidney damage, and liver damage. May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.
Inhalation:
May cause respiratory tract irritation. May cause effects similar to those described for ingestion. May cause pulmonary edema and severe respiratory disturbances.
Chronic:
Prolonged or repeated skin contact may cause dermatitis.

Section 4 - FIRST AID MEASURES
  Eyes: Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately. Do NOT allow victim to rub eyes or keep eyes closed.
Skin:
Flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists.
Ingestion:
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
Get medical aid immediately.
Inhalation:
Remove from exposure and move to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
Notes to Physician:

Section 5 - FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
  General Information:
Containers can build up pressure if exposed to heat and/or fire. As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Water runoff can cause environmental damage. Dike and collect water used to fight fire. Vapors can travel to a source of ignition and flash back. Flammable liquid and vapor.
Extinguishing Media:
Use carbon dioxide. Use alcohol foam. Do NOT use dry powder.

Section 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
  General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Spills/Leaks:
Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways.
Wash area with soap and water. Wear a self contained breathing apparatus and appropriate personal protection. (See Exposure Controls, Personal Protection section). Scoop up with a nonsparking tool, then place into a suitable container for disposal. Remove all sources of ignition. Absorb spill using an absorbent, non-combustible material such as earth, sand, or vermiculite. Do not use combustible materials such as sawdust.

Section 7 - HANDLING and STORAGE
  Handling:
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use with adequate ventilation. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
Do not ingest or inhale. Avoid mechanical shock and friction. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Storage:
Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.

Section 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS, PERSONAL PROTECTION
  Engineering Controls:
Use adequate general or local exhaust ventilation to keep airborne concentrations below the permissible exposure limits.
Exposure Limits CAS# 79-24-3: United States OSHA: 100 ppm TWA; 310 mg/m3 TWA Belgium - TWA: 100 ppm VLE; 311 mg/m3 VLE France - VME: 100 ppm VME; 310 mg/m3 VME Germany: 100 ppm TWA; 310 mg/m3 TWA Malaysia: 100 ppm TWA; 307 mg/m3 TWA Netherlands: 20 ppm MAC; 60 mg/m3 MAC Russia: 30 mg/m3 TWA Spain: 100 ppm VLA-ED; 312 mg/m3 VLA-ED Personal Protective Equipment Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166.
Skin:
Wear appropriate protective gloves and clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing:
Wear appropriate protective clothing to minimize contact with skin.
Respirators:
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29 CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Use a NIOSH/MSHA or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator if exposure limits are exceeded or if irritation or other symptoms are experienced.

Section 9 - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
 
Physical State: Liquid
Color: colorless
Odor: Not available.
pH: Not available.
Vapor Pressure: 15.6 mm Hg
Viscosity: Not available.
Boiling Point: 114 deg C
Freezing/Melting Point: -90 deg C
Autoignition Temperature: Not applicable.
Flash Point: 41 deg C ( 105.80 deg F)
Explosion Limits, lower: 3.4
Explosion Limits, upper: 7
Decomposition Temperature: Not available.
Solubility in water: Slightly soluble in water.
Specific Gravity/Density: 1.05
Molecular Formula: CH3CH2NO2
Molecular Weight: 75.0405

Section 10 - STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
  Chemical Stability:
Stable at normal temperatures in tightly closed containers under an inert atmosphere.
Conditions to Avoid:
High temperatures, mechanical shock, incompatible materials, ignition sources, moisture.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
Oxidizing agents, strong reducing agents, strong acids, strong bases.
Increased heat sensitivity by adding amines, strong alkalis and acids, and metal oxides, especially oxides of copper, cobalt, nickel, chromium lead, or lead.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, nitrogen.
Hazardous Polymerization: Has not been reported.

Section 11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  RTECS#:
CAS# 79-24-3: KI5600000 LD50/LC50:
CAS# 79-24-3: Oral, mouse: LD50 = 860 mg/kg; Oral, rat: LD50 = 1100 mg/kg.
Carcinogenicity:
Nitroethane - Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, or NTP.
Other:
See actual entry in RTECS for complete information.

Section 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  Other No information available.

Section 13 - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
  Products which are considered hazardous for supply are classified as Special Waste and the disposal of such chemicals is covered by regulations which may vary according to location. Contact a specialist disposal company or the local waste regulator for advice. Empty containers must be decontaminated before returning for recycling.

Section 14 - TRANSPORT INFORMATION
 
IATA
Shipping Name: NITROETHANE
Hazard Class: 3
UN Number: 2842
Packing Group: III
IMO
Shipping Name: NITROETHANE
Hazard Class: 3
UN Number: 2842
Packing Group: III
RID/ADR
Shipping Name: NITROETHANE
Hazard Class: 3
UN Number: 2842
Packing group: III

Section 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION
 
European/International Regulations
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols: XN F
Risk Phrases:
R 10 Flammable.
R 20/22 Harmful by inhalation and if swallowed.
Safety Phrases:
S 9 Keep container in a well-ventilated place.
S 25 Avoid contact with eyes.
S 41 In case of fire and/or explosion do not breathe
fumes.
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 79-24-3: 2
Canada
CAS# 79-24-3 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
CAS# 79-24-3 is listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
US FEDERAL
TSCA
CAS# 79-24-3 is listed on the TSCA inventory.


SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
N/A

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