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glycolic acid 79-14-1 MSDS
Name: Glycolic Acid Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym: Hydroxyacetic acid; Hydroxyethanoic acid
CAS: 79-14-1
Section 1 - Chemical Product   MSDS Name:Glycolic Acid Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym:Hydroxyacetic acid; Hydroxyethanoic acid

Section 2 - COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
CAS# Chemical Name content EINECS#
79-14-1 Hydroxyacetic acid > 99 201-180-5
Hazard Symbols: C
Risk Phrases: 22 34

Section 3 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
  EMERGENCY OVERVIEW
Harmful if swallowed. Causes burns.Corrosive.
Potential Health Effects
Eye:
Causes eye burns.
Skin:
Causes skin burns.
Ingestion:
May cause severe and permanent damage to the digestive tract. Causes gastrointestinal tract burns. May be harmful if swallowed.
Inhalation:
Causes chemical burns to the respiratory tract.
Chronic:
No information found.

Section 4 - FIRST AID MEASURES
  Eyes: Get medical aid immediately. Do NOT allow victim to rub eyes or keep eyes closed. Extensive irrigation with water is required (at least 30 minutes).
Skin:
Get medical aid immediately. Immediately flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse. Destroy contaminated shoes.
Ingestion:
Do not induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
Inhalation:
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure and move to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Do NOT use mouth-to-mouth resuscitation.
Notes to Physician:

Section 5 - FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
  General Information:
As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution.
Extinguishing Media:
Use agent most appropriate to extinguish fire. Use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or appropriate foam.

Section 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
  General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Spills/Leaks:
Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal container. Clean up spills immediately, observing precautions in the Protective Equipment section. Avoid generating dusty conditions.
Provide ventilation.

Section 7 - HANDLING and STORAGE
  Handling:
Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Keep container tightly closed. Do not get on skin or in eyes. Do not ingest or inhale. Use with adequate ventilation. Discard contaminated shoes.
Storage:
Keep container closed when not in use. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Corrosives area.

Section 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS, PERSONAL PROTECTION
  Engineering Controls:
Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use adequate ventilation to keep airborne concentrations low.
Exposure Limits CAS# 79-14-1: Personal Protective Equipment Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166.
Skin:
Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing:
Wear appropriate protective clothing to minimize contact with skin.
Respirators:
A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant respirator use.

Section 9 - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
 
Physical State: Crystals
Color: colorless
Odor: Odorless.
pH: 1.7-2.5
Vapor Pressure: 8.1 mm Hg @ 80C
Viscosity: Not available.
Boiling Point: 100 deg C
Freezing/Melting Point: 75-77 deg C
Autoignition Temperature: Not applicable.
Flash Point: Not applicable.
Explosion Limits, lower: Not available.
Explosion Limits, upper: Not available.
Decomposition Temperature: > 100 deg C
Solubility in water: Soluble in water.
Specific Gravity/Density: Not available.
Molecular Formula: C2H4O3
Molecular Weight: 76.0262

Section 10 - STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
  Chemical Stability:
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Conditions to Avoid:
High temperatures, incompatible materials, dust generation, excess heat, exposure to moist air or water.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
Strong oxidizing agents, strong bases.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide.
Hazardous Polymerization: Has not been reported

Section 11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  RTECS#:
CAS# 79-14-1: MC5250000 LD50/LC50:
CAS# 79-14-1: Draize test, rabbit, eye: 2 mg Severe; Inhalation, rat: LC50 = 7.1 ug/m3/4H; Oral, rat: LD50 = 1950 mg/kg.
Carcinogenicity:
Hydroxyacetic acid - Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, or NTP.
Other:
See actual entry in RTECS for complete information.

Section 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
 

Section 13 - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
  Products which are considered hazardous for supply are classified as Special Waste and the disposal of such chemicals is covered by regulations which may vary according to location. Contact a specialist disposal company or the local waste regulator for advice. Empty containers must be decontaminated before returning for recycling.

Section 14 - TRANSPORT INFORMATION
 
IATA
Shipping Name: CORROSIVE SOLID, ACIDIC, ORGANIC, NOS(Glycolic aci
d)
Hazard Class: 8
UN Number: 3261
Packing Group: III
IMO
Shipping Name: CORROSIVE SOLID, ACIDIC, ORGANIC, NOS(Glycolic aci
d)
Hazard Class: 8
UN Number: 3261
Packing Group: III
RID/ADR
Shipping Name: CORROSIVE SOLID, ACIDIC, ORGANIC, NOS(Glycolic aci
d)
Hazard Class: 8
UN Number: 3261
Packing group: III

Section 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION
 
European/International Regulations
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols: C
Risk Phrases:
R 22 Harmful if swallowed.
R 34 Causes burns.
Safety Phrases:
S 26 In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately
with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 28 After contact with skin, wash immediately
with...
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 79-14-1: 1
Canada
CAS# 79-14-1 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
CAS# 79-14-1 is listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
US FEDERAL
TSCA
CAS# 79-14-1 is listed on the TSCA inventory.


SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
N/A

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