2,3-Dichloro-1-propene
CAS No.: 78-88-6
Synonyms:
Formula: C3H4Cl2
Exact Mass: 109.96900
Molecular Weight: 110.97000
PSA: 0.00000
LogP: 1.97770
2,3-Dichloro-1-propene 78-88-6 MSDS
Name: 2 3-Dichloro-1-propene 98% Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym: 2,3-Dichloropropene; 2,3-Dichloropropylene
CAS: 78-88-6
Section 1 - Chemical Product   MSDS Name:2 3-Dichloro-1-propene 98% Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym:2,3-Dichloropropene; 2,3-Dichloropropylene

Section 2 - COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
CAS# Chemical Name content EINECS#
78-88-6 2,3-Dichloro-1-propene 98 201-153-8
Hazard Symbols: XN F
Risk Phrases: 11 20/21/22 37/38 41 52/53 68

Section 3 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
  EMERGENCY OVERVIEW
Highly flammable. Harmful by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed. Irritating to respiratory system and skin. Risk of serious damage to eyes. Harmful to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.Possible risk of irreversible effects.
Potential Health Effects
Eye:
Causes eye irritation and possible burns.
Skin:
If absorbed, may cause liver injury. May be harmful if absorbed through the skin. Causes severe skin irritation and possible burns.
Ingestion:
Harmful if swallowed. May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Ingestion of large amounts may cause CNS depression.
Inhalation:
Causes respiratory tract irritation. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation. Can produce delayed pulmonary edema. May cause burning sensation in the chest.
Chronic:
Prolonged or repeated skin contact may cause dermatitis. Effects may be delayed. Laboratory experiments have resulted in mutagenic effects.

Section 4 - FIRST AID MEASURES
  Eyes: In case of contact, immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. Get medical aid immediately.
Skin:
In case of contact, immediately flush skin with plenty of water.
Remove contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid. Wash clothing before reuse.
Ingestion:
If swallowed, do not induce vomiting unless directed to do so by medical personnel. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid.
Inhalation:
If inhaled, remove to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
Notes to Physician:
Treat symptomatically and supportively.

Section 5 - FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
  General Information:
As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Vapors may form an explosive mixture with air.
During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Containers may explode in the heat of a fire. Flammable liquid and vapor. Vapors are heavier than air and may travel to a source of ignition and flash back. Vapors can spread along the ground and collect in low or confined areas.
Extinguishing Media:
Use water spray to cool fire-exposed containers. Water may be ineffective. For large fires, use water spray, fog or alcohol-resistant foam. Do NOT use straight streams of water. For small fires, use dry chemical or carbon dioxide.

Section 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
  General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Spills/Leaks:
Absorb spill with inert material (e.g. vermiculite, sand or earth), then place in suitable container. Clean up spills immediately, observing precautions in the Protective Equipment section. Remove all sources of ignition. Use a spark-proof tool. Provide ventilation. A vapor suppressing foam may be used to reduce vapors.

Section 7 - HANDLING and STORAGE
  Handling:
Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Use spark-proof tools and explosion proof equipment. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Keep container tightly closed. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames. Use only with adequate ventilation. Keep away from heat, sparks and flame. Avoid breathing vapor or mist.
Storage:
Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Flammables-area.

Section 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS, PERSONAL PROTECTION
  Engineering Controls:
Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use adequate general or local explosion-proof ventilation to keep airborne levels to acceptable levels.
Exposure Limits CAS# 78-88-6: Russia: 3 mg/m3 TWA Personal Protective Equipment Eyes: Wear chemical splash goggles.
Skin:
Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing:
Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators:
A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant respirator use.

Section 9 - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
 
Physical State: Liquid
Color: clear slightly yellow
Odor: chloroform-like
pH: Not available.
Vapor Pressure: 61.2 mm Hg @ 25 deg C
Viscosity: Not available.
Boiling Point: 94 deg C @ 760 mm Hg
Freezing/Melting Point: 10 deg C
Autoignition Temperature: Not available.
Flash Point: 10 deg C ( 50.00 deg F)
Explosion Limits, lower: 2.6 vol %
Explosion Limits, upper: 7.8 vol %
Decomposition Temperature:
Solubility in water: Slightly soluble.
Specific Gravity/Density: 1.204 g/cm3
Molecular Formula: C3H4Cl2
Molecular Weight: 110.97

Section 10 - STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
  Chemical Stability:
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Conditions to Avoid:
Ignition sources, excess heat.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
Strong oxidizing agents, strong bases.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Hydrogen chloride, carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide.
Hazardous Polymerization: Has not been reported.

Section 11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  RTECS#:
CAS# 78-88-6: UC8400000 LD50/LC50:
CAS# 78-88-6: Inhalation, mouse: LC50 = 3100 mg/m3/2H; Oral, rat: LD50 = 320 mg/kg; Skin, rabbit: LD50 = 1580 uL/kg.
1580 uL/kg = 1896 mg/kg.
Carcinogenicity:
2,3-Dichloro-1-propene - Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, or NTP.
Other:
See actual entry in RTECS for complete information.

Section 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  Ecotoxicity:
If injected into soil, 2,3-dichloro-1-propene will primarily be lost by volatilization over the course of several weeks although for muck soils, release may take many months. There is a potential for leaching. If released into water, 2,3-dichloro-1-propene will primarily be lost by volatilization (half-life 3.2 hr in a typical river). Adsorption to soil and bioconcentration in fish will not be important transport processes.
Other Harmful to aquatic life in very low concentrations.

Section 13 - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
  Dispose of in a manner consistent with federal, state, and local regulations.

Section 14 - TRANSPORT INFORMATION
 
IATA
Shipping Name: DICHLOROPROPENES
Hazard Class: 3
UN Number: 2047
Packing Group: II
IMO
Shipping Name: DICHLOROPROPENES
Hazard Class: 3
UN Number: 2047
Packing Group: II
RID/ADR
Shipping Name: DICHLOROPROPENES
Hazard Class: 3
UN Number: 2047
Packing group: II
USA RQ: CAS# 78-88-6: 100 lb final RQ (Listed under Dichloropropene); 45.4 kg fi

Section 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION
 
European/International Regulations
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols: XN F
Risk Phrases:
R 11 Highly flammable.
R 20/21/22 Harmful by inhalation, in contact with
skin and if swallowed.
R 37/38 Irritating to respiratory system and skin.
R 41 Risk of serious damage to eyes.
R 52/53 Harmful to aquatic organisms, may cause
long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.
R 68 Possible risk of irreversible effects.
Safety Phrases:
S 9 Keep container in a well-ventilated place.
S 16 Keep away from sources of ignition - No
smoking.
S 23 Do not inhale gas/fumes/vapour/spray.
S 26 In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately
with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36/37/39 Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves
and eye/face protection.
S 61 Avoid release to the environment. Refer to
special instructions/safety data sheets.
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 78-88-6: 3
Canada
CAS# 78-88-6 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
CAS# 78-88-6 is not listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
US FEDERAL
TSCA
CAS# 78-88-6 is listed on the TSCA inventory.


SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
N/A

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