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2-methylpropanenitrile 78-82-0 MSDS
Name: Isobutyronitrile 99% Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym: Isopropyl Cyanide; 2-Methylpropionitril
CAS: 78-82-0
Section 1 - Chemical Product   MSDS Name:Isobutyronitrile 99% Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym:Isopropyl Cyanide; 2-Methylpropionitril

Section 2 - COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
CAS# Chemical Name content EINECS#
78-82-0 Isobutyronitrile 99 201-147-5
Hazard Symbols: T F
Risk Phrases: 11 23/24/25

Section 3 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
  EMERGENCY OVERVIEW
Highly flammable. Toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.Highly flammable.
Potential Health Effects
Eye:
Causes eye irritation.
Skin:
Causes skin irritation. May be fatal if absorbed through the skin.
Ingestion:
May be fatal if swallowed. Causes gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Ingestion may result in symptoms similar to cyanide poisoning which is characterized by asphyxiation.
Inhalation:
Causes respiratory tract irritation. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation. Inhalation may result in symptoms similar to cyanide poisoning which include tachypnea, hyperpnea (abnormally rapid or deep breathing), and dyspnea (labored breathing) followed rapidly by respiratory depression. Pulmonary edema may occur.
Chronic:
May be metabolized to cyanide which in turn acts by inhibiting cytochrome oxidase impairing cellular respiration.

Section 4 - FIRST AID MEASURES
  Eyes: Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.
Skin:
Flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse. Destroy contaminated shoes. SPEEDY ACTION IS CRITICAL, GET MEDICAL AID IMMEDIATELY.
Ingestion:
Call a poison control center. If swallowed, do not induce vomiting unless directed to do so by medical personnel. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid.
Inhalation:
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure and move to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Do NOT use mouth-to-mouth resuscitation.
Notes to Physician:
Treat symptomatically and supportively.

Section 5 - FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
  General Information:
As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Vapors may form an explosive mixture with air.
Vapors can travel to a source of ignition and flash back. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Water may be ineffective. Material is lighter than water and a fire may be spread by the use of water. Flammable liquid and vapor. Vapors may be heavier than air. They can spread along the ground and collect in low or confined areas. Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flame. Containers may explode if exposed to fire.
Extinguishing Media:
For small fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, water spray or alcohol-resistant foam. Water may be ineffective. Water may spread fire. If water is the only media available, use in flooding amounts.
For large fires, use water spray, fog or alcohol-resistant foam. Do NOT use straight streams of water. Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out.

Section 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
  General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Spills/Leaks:
Absorb spill with inert material (e.g. vermiculite, sand or earth), then place in suitable container. Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways. Clean up spills immediately, observing precautions in the Protective Equipment section. Scoop up with a nonsparking tool, then place into a suitable container for disposal. Remove all sources of ignition. Provide ventilation.

Section 7 - HANDLING and STORAGE
  Handling:
Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Keep container tightly closed. Keep away from heat, sparks and flame. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Use with adequate ventilation. Wash clothing before reuse. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Storage:
Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Keep away from heat and flame. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Flammables-area.

Section 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS, PERSONAL PROTECTION
  Engineering Controls:
Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use adequate ventilation to keep airborne concentrations low.
Exposure Limits CAS# 78-82-0: Personal Protective Equipment Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166.
Skin:
Wear appropriate gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing:
Wear appropriate clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators:
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29 CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Use a NIOSH/MSHA or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator if exposure limits are exceeded or if irritation or other symptoms are experienced.

Section 9 - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
 
Physical State: Liquid
Color: clear, colorless
Odor: almond-like
pH: Not available.
Vapor Pressure: 100 mmHg @ 54.4
Viscosity: Not available.
Boiling Point: 107 -108 deg C @ 760.00mmHg
Freezing/Melting Point: -72 deg C
Autoignition Temperature: 482 deg C ( 899.60 deg F)
Flash Point: 8 deg C ( 46.40 deg F)
Explosion Limits, lower: Not available.
Explosion Limits, upper: Not available.
Decomposition Temperature:
Solubility in water: soluble in alcohol and ether
Specific Gravity/Density: .7600g/cm3
Molecular Formula: C4H7N
Molecular Weight: 69.11

Section 10 - STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
  Chemical Stability:
Stable at room temperature in closed containers under normal storage and handling conditions.
Conditions to Avoid:
Incompatible materials, ignition sources, excess heat, strong oxidants.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
Strong acids, strong bases, strong oxidizing agents.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide, nitrogen.
Hazardous Polymerization: Has not been reported.

Section 11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  RTECS#:
CAS# 78-82-0: TZ4900000 LD50/LC50:
CAS# 78-82-0: Oral, mouse: LD50 = 25 mg/kg; Oral, rabbit: LD50 = 14 mg/kg; Oral, rat: LD50 = 50 mg/kg; Skin, rabbit: LD50 = 200 mg/kg.
Carcinogenicity:
Isobutyronitrile - Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, or NTP.
Other:
See actual entry in RTECS for complete information.

Section 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  Other No information available.

Section 13 - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
  Dispose of in a manner consistent with federal, state, and local regulations.

Section 14 - TRANSPORT INFORMATION
 
IATA
Shipping Name: ISOBUTYRONITRILE
Hazard Class: 3 (6.1)
UN Number: 2284
Packing Group: II
IMO
Shipping Name: ISOBUTYRONITRILE
Hazard Class: 3.2 (6.1)
UN Number: 2284
Packing Group: II
RID/ADR
Shipping Name: ISOBUTYRONITRILE
Hazard Class: 3
UN Number: 2284
Packing group: II

Section 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION
 
European/International Regulations
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols: T F
Risk Phrases:
R 11 Highly flammable.
R 23/24/25 Toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin
and if swallowed.
Safety Phrases:
S 16 Keep away from sources of ignition - No
smoking.
S 23 Do not inhale gas/fumes/vapour/spray.
S 24/25 Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 78-82-0: 2
Canada
CAS# 78-82-0 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
CAS# 78-82-0 is not listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
US FEDERAL
TSCA
CAS# 78-82-0 is listed on the TSCA inventory.


SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
N/A

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