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phosphorus atom 7723-14-0 MSDS

Section 1. Chemical Product and Company Identification
    Phosphorus, red
    Common Name/
    Trade Name
    Commercial Name(s)
    Chemical Name
    Chemical Family
    Phosphorus, red

Section 4. First Aid Measures
    Eye Contact        Check for and remove any contact lenses. In case of contact, immediately flush eyes with plenty of water    
    for at least 15 minutes. Get medical attention.
    Skin Contact        In case of contact, immediately flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing    
    contaminated clothing and shoes. Cover the irritated skin with an emollient. Wash clothing before reuse.
    Thoroughly clean shoes before reuse. Get medical attention immediately.
    Serious Skin Contact        Wash with a disinfectant soap and cover the contaminated skin with an anti-bacterial cream. Seek    
    immediate medical attention.
    Inhalation        If inhaled, remove to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.    
    Get medical attention immediately.
    Serious Inhalation        Evacuate the victim to a safe area as soon as possible. Loosen tight clothing such as a collar, tie, belt or    
    waistband. If breathing is difficult, administer oxygen. If the victim is not breathing, perform mouth-to-mouth
    resuscitation. WARNING: It may be hazardous to the person providing aid to give mouth-to-mouth
    resuscitation when the inhaled material is toxic, infectious or corrosive. Seek immediate medical attention.
    Ingestion        If swallowed, do not induce vomiting unless directed to do so by medical personnel. Never give anything by    
    mouth to an unconscious person. Loosen tight clothing such as a collar, tie, belt or waistband. Get medical
    attention immediately.
    Serious Ingestion        Not available.    

Section 5. Fire and Explosion Data
    Flammability of the Product Flammable.
    Auto-Ignition Temperature 260°C (500°F)
    Not available.
    Flash Points
    Not available.
    Flammable Limits
    Not available.
    Products of Combustion
    Fire Hazards in Presence of Flammable in presence of open flames and sparks, of heat, of oxidizing materials.
    Non-flammable in presence of shocks.
    Various Substances
    Risks of explosion of the product in presence of mechanical impact: Not available.
    Explosion Hazards in
    Risks of explosion of the product in presence of static discharge: Not available.
    Presence of Various
    Explosive in presence of oxidizing materials.
    Fire Fighting Media        Flammable solid.    
    and Instructions        SMALL FIRE: Use DRY chemical powder.    
    LARGE FIRE: Use water spray or fog. Cool containing vessels with water jet in order to prevent pressure
    build-up, autoignition or explosion.
    Special Remarks on        COMBUSTIBLE SOLID.    
    Fire Hazards        Under fire situations, the more hazardous white phosphorus may be formed.    
    When heated to decomposition it emits irritating fumes.
    May ignite with friction or contact with oxidizers.
    Combustion by-products include oxides of phosphorus, phosphine, phosphoric aicd if water is present.
    Catches fire when heated in air to about 260 C and burns with formation of the pentoxide.
    Burns with a pale green light when heated in an atmosphere of chlorine.
    Phosphorus boiled with alkaline hydroxides yields mixed phosphines which may ignite spontaneously in air
    Red phosphorus and boron triiodide or lead dioxide, or zirconium or sodium peroxide react with
    Phosphorus ignites the vapor of nitric acid and burns with an intense white light.
    Special Remarks on Explosion Explosions may result on contact or friction.
    Hazards        Finely divided phosphorus with bromates, chlorates, and iodates of barium, calcium , magnesium,    
    potassium, sodium, or zinc will explode with heat, percussion, or sometimes light friction.
    Dangerous explosion hazard by chemical reaction with Antimony pentafluoride, Barium bromate, Beryllium,
    Calcium bromate, Magnesium bromate, Potassium bromate, Sodium bromate, Zinc bromate, Bromine,
    Bromine trifluoride, BrN3, Cesium, CsHC2, Cs3N, Chlorite, (Cl2 + heptane), ClO, Chlorine trifluoride,
    Chlorate, CrO3, Cr(OCl)2, copper, NCl, Iodine monobromide, Iodine monochloride, Iodine pentafluoride,
    Iron, Lanthanum, Li2C2, Li6CS, magnesium perchlorate, manganese, Neodymium, nickel, nitrates (silver
    nitrate), NBr, Nitrogen dioxide, Nitrogen bromide, Nitrogen chloride, NOF, FNO2, oxygen, performic acid,
    Phosphorus, red
    Platinum, K3N, K2O2, RbHC2, Se2Cl2, SeOF2, SeF4, Na2C2, Na2O2, Thorium, peroxyformic acid,
    halogen azides, hexalithium disilicide, vanadium oxytrichloride, sodium peroxide

Section 6. Accidental Release Measures
    Small Spill        Use appropriate tools to put the spilled solid in a convenient waste disposal container.    
    Large Spill        Flammable solid. Poisonous solid.    
    Stop leak if without risk. Do not get water inside container. Do not touch spilled material. Use water spray
    curtain to divert vapor drift. Use water spray to reduce vapors. Prevent entry into sewers, basements or
    that the product is not present at a concentration level above TLV. Check TLV on the MSDS and with local

Section 7. Handling and Storage
    Precautions        Keep away from heat. Keep away from sources of ignition. Ground all equipment containing material. Do    
    not ingest. Do not breathe dust. Wear suitable protective clothing. In case of insufficient ventilation, wear
    suitable respiratory equipment. If ingested, seek medical advice immediately and show the container or the
    label. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Keep away from incompatibles such as oxidizing agents, alkalis.
    Storage        Keep container in a cool, well-ventilated area. Keep container tightly closed and sealed until ready for use.    
    Avoid all possible sources of ignition (spark or flame).

Section 8. Exposure Controls/Personal Protection
    Engineering Controls        Use process enclosures, local exhaust ventilation, or other engineering controls to keep airborne levels    
    below recommended exposure limits. If user operations generate dust, fume or mist, use ventilation to keep
    exposure to airborne contaminants below the exposure limit.
    Personal Protection        Splash goggles. Lab coat. Dust respirator. Be sure to use an approved/certified respirator or equivalent.    
    Personal Protection in Case of Splash goggles. Full suit. Dust respirator. Boots. Gloves. A self contained breathing apparatus should be
    a Large Spill        used to avoid inhalation of the product. Suggested protective clothing might not be sufficient; consult a    
    specialist BEFORE handling this product.
    Exposure Limits        TWA: 0.02 (ppm) from ACGIH (TLV) [United States]    
    TWA: 0.1 (mg/m3) from OSHA (PEL) [United States]
    TWA: 0.1 (mg/m3) from NIOSH
    Consult local authorities for acceptable exposure limits.

Section 9. Physical and Chemical Properties
    Physical state and appearance Solid. (Powdered solid.)        Garlic-like; Acrid    
    Taste        Not available.    
    Molecular Weight        30.974 g/mole    
    Color        Red. (Dark.)    
    pH (1% soln/water)        Not applicable.    
    Boiling Point        Not available.    
    Sublimation temperature: 416°C (780.8°F)
    Melting Point
    Critical Temperature        720.85°C (1329.5°F)    
    2.36 (Water = 1)
    Specific Gravity
    Vapor Pressure        Not applicable.    
    Vapor Density        Not available.    
    Volatility        Not available.    
    Odor Threshold        Not available.    
    Not available.
    Water/Oil Dist. Coeff.
    Ionicity (in Water)        Not available.    
    Not available.
    Dispersion Properties
    Phosphorus, red
    Very slightly soluble in cold water.
    Insoluble in hot water, diethyl ether.
    Insoluble in ammonia, carbon disulfide.
    Soluble in absolute alcohol.

Section 10. Stability and Reactivity Data
    Stability        The product is stable.    
    Instability Temperature        Not available.    
    Conditions of Instability        Heat, ignition sources, incompatible materials, dust generation    
    Incompatibility with various Reactive with oxidizing agents, alkalis.
    Non-corrosive in presence of glass.
    Special Remarks on        Reacts with halogens, halides, selenium oxychloride, iodine, oxygen, chlorine, sulfur, oxidizing materials (i.e.    
    potassium permanganate, potassium chlorate, peroxides, etc.); finely divided phosphorus with bromates,
    chlorates, and iodates of barium, calcium , magnesium, potassium, sodium, or zinc.
    Reacts with strong alkali to form highly toxic phosphine gas.
    Phsophorus reacts vigorously below 250 deg C with any of the following materials: cesium, lithium,
    potassium, rubidium, sodium, sulfur.
    Not available.
    Special Remarks on
    Polymerization        Will not occur.    

Section 11. Toxicological Information
    Routes of Entry        Inhalation. Ingestion.    
    Toxicity to Animals        LD50: Not available.    
    LC50: Not available.
    Chronic Effects on Humans Causes damage to the following organs: kidneys, liver.
    Other Toxic Effects on        Hazardous in case of skin contact (irritant), of ingestion, of inhalation.    
    Special Remarks on        Lowest Published Lethal Dose:    
    Toxicity to Animals        LDL [Man] - route: unreported; Dose: 4412 ug/kg    
    Special Remarks on        Not available.    
    Chronic Effects on Humans
    Special Remarks on other        Acute Potential Health Effects:    
    Toxic Effects on Humans        Skin: Causes skin irritation.    
    Eyes: Causes eye irritation.
    Inhalation: Causes respiratory tract irritation.
    Ingestion: Red Phosphorus is nonvolatile, insoluble, and unabsorable and is considered nontoxic when
    ingested. However, it may contain traces of toxic yellow phosphorus (up to .6%) and large ingestions may
    result in adverse systemic effects (central nervous system effects, cardiovascular system effects, and
    hypoglycemia). May cause irritation of the digestive tract, with vomitng, diarrhea, stomach pains. May
    cause kidney and liver damage.
    In general, depending on the intensity and duration of exposure, the effects may vary from mild irritation to
    severe destruction of tissue.
    Chronic Potential Health Effects:
    Ingestion: Repeated or prolonged ingestion may cause liver or kidney damage.
    Skin: Prolonged or repeated skin contact may cause dermatitis.
    Inhalation: Prolonged or repeated inhalation to phosphorus fumes may cause bronchitis, anemia, cachexia,
    and mandibular necrosis ("phossy" or "Lucifer's" jaw)
    Phosphorus, red

Section 12. Ecological Information
    Ecotoxicity        Not available.    
    BOD5 and COD        Not available.    
    Products of Biodegradation        Possibly hazardous short term degradation products are not likely. However, long term degradation    
    products may arise.
    Toxicity of the Products        The products of degradation are as toxic as the original product.    
    of Biodegradation
    Special Remarks on the        Not available.    
    Products of Biodegradation

Section 13. Disposal Considerations
    Waste Disposal        Waste must be disposed of in accordance with federal, state and local environmental    
    control regulations.

Section 14. Transport Information
    DOT Classification        CLASS 4.1: Flammable solid.    
    Identification        UNNA: 1338 : Phosphorous, amorphous PG: III    
    Special Provisions for        Not available.    
    DOT (Pictograms)

Section 15. Other Regulatory Information and Pictograms
    Federal and State        Connecticut hazardous material survey.: Phosphorus, red    
    Regulations        New York release reporting list: Phosphorus, red    
    Rhode Island RTK hazardous substances: Phosphorus, red
    Pennsylvania RTK: Phosphorus, red
    Minnesota: Phosphorus, red
    Massachusetts RTK: Phosphorus, red
    Massachusetts spill list: Phosphorus, red
    New Jersey: Phosphorus, red
    New Jersey spill list: Phosphorus, red
    Louisiana RTK reporting list: Phosphorus, red
    Louisiana spill reporting: Phosphorus, red
    California Director
    s List of Hazardous Substances: Phosphorus, red
    TSCA 8(b) inventory: Phosphorus, red
    TSCA 8(d) H and S data reporting: Phosphorus, red: effective 4/12/93; sunset: 6/30/98
    SARA 302/304/311/312 extremely hazardous substances: Phosphorus, red
    CERCLA: Hazardous substances.: Phosphorus, red: 1 lbs. (0.4536 kg)
    California        California prop. 65: This product contains the following ingredients for which the State of California has    
    Proposition 65        found to cause cancer which would require a warning under the statute: No products were found.    
    California prop. 65: This product contains the following ingredients for which the State of California has
    found to cause birth defects which would require a warning under the statute: No products were found.
    Other Regulations
    Phosphorus, red
    OSHA: Hazardous by definition of Hazard Communication Standard (29 CFR 1910.1200).
    EINECS: This product is on the European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS
    No. 231-768-7).
    Canada: Listed on Canadian Domestic Substance List (DSL).
    China: Listed on National Inventory.
    Korea: Listed on National Inventory (KECI).
    Philippines: Listed on National Inventory (PICCS).
    Australia: Listed on AICS.
    CLASS B-4: Flammable solid.
    Other Classifications        WHMIS (Canada)    
    CLASS D-1A: Material causing immediate and serious toxic effects (VERY TOXIC).
    CLASS D-2B: Material causing other toxic effects (TOXIC).
    DSCL (EEC)        R11- Highly flammable.        S7- Keep container tightly closed.    
    R16- Explosive when mixed with        S23- Do not breathe gas/fumes/vapour/spray    
    oxidizing substances.        S26- In case of contact with eyes, rinse    
    immediately with plenty of water and seek
    medical advice.
    S36- Wear suitable protective clothing.
    Health Hazard
    HMIS (U.S.A.)        2 National Fire Protection    
    2 Flammability
    2 Association (U.S.A.)
    Fire Hazard
    2 1 Reactivity
    Specific hazard
    Personal Protection
    WHMIS (Canada)
    DSCL (Europe)
    TDG (Canada)
    ADR (Europe)
    Protective Equipment
    Lab coat.
    Dust respirator. Be sure to use an
    approved/certified respirator or
    equivalent. Wear appropriate respirator
    when ventilation is inadequate.
    Splash goggles.


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