Section 1. Chemical Product and Company Identification
Section 4. First Aid Measures
Eye Contact Check for and remove any contact lenses. In case of contact, immediately flush eyes with plenty of water
for at least 15 minutes. Get medical attention.
Skin Contact In case of contact, immediately flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing
contaminated clothing and shoes. Cover the irritated skin with an emollient. Wash clothing before reuse.
Thoroughly clean shoes before reuse. Get medical attention immediately.
Serious Skin Contact Wash with a disinfectant soap and cover the contaminated skin with an anti-bacterial cream. Seek
immediate medical attention.
Inhalation If inhaled, remove to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.
Get medical attention immediately.
Serious Inhalation Evacuate the victim to a safe area as soon as possible. Loosen tight clothing such as a collar, tie, belt or
waistband. If breathing is difficult, administer oxygen. If the victim is not breathing, perform mouth-to-mouth
resuscitation. WARNING: It may be hazardous to the person providing aid to give mouth-to-mouth
resuscitation when the inhaled material is toxic, infectious or corrosive. Seek immediate medical attention.
Ingestion If swallowed, do not induce vomiting unless directed to do so by medical personnel. Never give anything by
mouth to an unconscious person. Loosen tight clothing such as a collar, tie, belt or waistband. Get medical
Serious Ingestion Not available.
Section 5. Fire and Explosion Data
Flammability of the Product Flammable.
Auto-Ignition Temperature 260°C (500°F)
Products of Combustion
Fire Hazards in Presence of Flammable in presence of open flames and sparks, of heat, of oxidizing materials.
Non-flammable in presence of shocks.
Risks of explosion of the product in presence of mechanical impact: Not available.
Explosion Hazards in
Risks of explosion of the product in presence of static discharge: Not available.
Presence of Various
Explosive in presence of oxidizing materials.
Fire Fighting Media Flammable solid.
and Instructions SMALL FIRE: Use DRY chemical powder.
LARGE FIRE: Use water spray or fog. Cool containing vessels with water jet in order to prevent pressure
build-up, autoignition or explosion.
Special Remarks on COMBUSTIBLE SOLID.
Fire Hazards Under fire situations, the more hazardous white phosphorus may be formed.
When heated to decomposition it emits irritating fumes.
May ignite with friction or contact with oxidizers.
Combustion by-products include oxides of phosphorus, phosphine, phosphoric aicd if water is present.
Catches fire when heated in air to about 260 C and burns with formation of the pentoxide.
Burns with a pale green light when heated in an atmosphere of chlorine.
Phosphorus boiled with alkaline hydroxides yields mixed phosphines which may ignite spontaneously in air
Red phosphorus and boron triiodide or lead dioxide, or zirconium or sodium peroxide react with
Phosphorus ignites the vapor of nitric acid and burns with an intense white light.
Special Remarks on Explosion Explosions may result on contact or friction.
Hazards Finely divided phosphorus with bromates, chlorates, and iodates of barium, calcium , magnesium,
potassium, sodium, or zinc will explode with heat, percussion, or sometimes light friction.
Dangerous explosion hazard by chemical reaction with Antimony pentafluoride, Barium bromate, Beryllium,
Calcium bromate, Magnesium bromate, Potassium bromate, Sodium bromate, Zinc bromate, Bromine,
Bromine trifluoride, BrN3, Cesium, CsHC2, Cs3N, Chlorite, (Cl2 + heptane), ClO, Chlorine trifluoride,
Chlorate, CrO3, Cr(OCl)2, copper, NCl, Iodine monobromide, Iodine monochloride, Iodine pentafluoride,
Iron, Lanthanum, Li2C2, Li6CS, magnesium perchlorate, manganese, Neodymium, nickel, nitrates (silver
nitrate), NBr, Nitrogen dioxide, Nitrogen bromide, Nitrogen chloride, NOF, FNO2, oxygen, performic acid,
Platinum, K3N, K2O2, RbHC2, Se2Cl2, SeOF2, SeF4, Na2C2, Na2O2, Thorium, peroxyformic acid,
halogen azides, hexalithium disilicide, vanadium oxytrichloride, sodium peroxide
Section 6. Accidental Release Measures
Small Spill Use appropriate tools to put the spilled solid in a convenient waste disposal container.
Large Spill Flammable solid. Poisonous solid.
Stop leak if without risk. Do not get water inside container. Do not touch spilled material. Use water spray
curtain to divert vapor drift. Use water spray to reduce vapors. Prevent entry into sewers, basements or
that the product is not present at a concentration level above TLV. Check TLV on the MSDS and with local
Section 7. Handling and Storage
Precautions Keep away from heat. Keep away from sources of ignition. Ground all equipment containing material. Do
not ingest. Do not breathe dust. Wear suitable protective clothing. In case of insufficient ventilation, wear
suitable respiratory equipment. If ingested, seek medical advice immediately and show the container or the
label. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Keep away from incompatibles such as oxidizing agents, alkalis.
Storage Keep container in a cool, well-ventilated area. Keep container tightly closed and sealed until ready for use.
Avoid all possible sources of ignition (spark or flame).
Section 8. Exposure Controls/Personal Protection
Engineering Controls Use process enclosures, local exhaust ventilation, or other engineering controls to keep airborne levels
below recommended exposure limits. If user operations generate dust, fume or mist, use ventilation to keep
exposure to airborne contaminants below the exposure limit.
Personal Protection Splash goggles. Lab coat. Dust respirator. Be sure to use an approved/certified respirator or equivalent.
Personal Protection in Case of Splash goggles. Full suit. Dust respirator. Boots. Gloves. A self contained breathing apparatus should be
a Large Spill used to avoid inhalation of the product. Suggested protective clothing might not be sufficient; consult a
specialist BEFORE handling this product.
Exposure Limits TWA: 0.02 (ppm) from ACGIH (TLV) [United States]
TWA: 0.1 (mg/m3) from OSHA (PEL) [United States]
TWA: 0.1 (mg/m3) from NIOSH
Consult local authorities for acceptable exposure limits.
Section 9. Physical and Chemical Properties
Physical state and appearance Solid. (Powdered solid.) Garlic-like; Acrid
Taste Not available.
Molecular Weight 30.974 g/mole
Color Red. (Dark.)
pH (1% soln/water) Not applicable.
Boiling Point Not available.
Sublimation temperature: 416°C (780.8°F)
Critical Temperature 720.85°C (1329.5°F)
2.36 (Water = 1)
Vapor Pressure Not applicable.
Vapor Density Not available.
Volatility Not available.
Odor Threshold Not available.
Water/Oil Dist. Coeff.
Ionicity (in Water) Not available.
Very slightly soluble in cold water.
Insoluble in hot water, diethyl ether.
Insoluble in ammonia, carbon disulfide.
Soluble in absolute alcohol.
Section 10. Stability and Reactivity Data
Stability The product is stable.
Instability Temperature Not available.
Conditions of Instability Heat, ignition sources, incompatible materials, dust generation
Incompatibility with various Reactive with oxidizing agents, alkalis.
Non-corrosive in presence of glass.
Special Remarks on Reacts with halogens, halides, selenium oxychloride, iodine, oxygen, chlorine, sulfur, oxidizing materials (i.e.
potassium permanganate, potassium chlorate, peroxides, etc.); finely divided phosphorus with bromates,
chlorates, and iodates of barium, calcium , magnesium, potassium, sodium, or zinc.
Reacts with strong alkali to form highly toxic phosphine gas.
Phsophorus reacts vigorously below 250 deg C with any of the following materials: cesium, lithium,
potassium, rubidium, sodium, sulfur.
Special Remarks on
Polymerization Will not occur.
Section 11. Toxicological Information
Routes of Entry Inhalation. Ingestion.
Toxicity to Animals LD50: Not available.
LC50: Not available.
Chronic Effects on Humans Causes damage to the following organs: kidneys, liver.
Other Toxic Effects on Hazardous in case of skin contact (irritant), of ingestion, of inhalation.
Special Remarks on Lowest Published Lethal Dose:
Toxicity to Animals LDL [Man] - route: unreported; Dose: 4412 ug/kg
Special Remarks on Not available.
Chronic Effects on Humans
Special Remarks on other Acute Potential Health Effects:
Toxic Effects on Humans Skin: Causes skin irritation.
Eyes: Causes eye irritation.
Inhalation: Causes respiratory tract irritation.
Ingestion: Red Phosphorus is nonvolatile, insoluble, and unabsorable and is considered nontoxic when
ingested. However, it may contain traces of toxic yellow phosphorus (up to .6%) and large ingestions may
result in adverse systemic effects (central nervous system effects, cardiovascular system effects, and
hypoglycemia). May cause irritation of the digestive tract, with vomitng, diarrhea, stomach pains. May
cause kidney and liver damage.
In general, depending on the intensity and duration of exposure, the effects may vary from mild irritation to
severe destruction of tissue.
Chronic Potential Health Effects:
Ingestion: Repeated or prolonged ingestion may cause liver or kidney damage.
Skin: Prolonged or repeated skin contact may cause dermatitis.
Inhalation: Prolonged or repeated inhalation to phosphorus fumes may cause bronchitis, anemia, cachexia,
and mandibular necrosis ("phossy" or "Lucifer's" jaw)
Section 12. Ecological Information
Ecotoxicity Not available.
BOD5 and COD Not available.
Products of Biodegradation Possibly hazardous short term degradation products are not likely. However, long term degradation
products may arise.
Toxicity of the Products The products of degradation are as toxic as the original product.
Special Remarks on the Not available.
Products of Biodegradation
Section 13. Disposal Considerations
Waste Disposal Waste must be disposed of in accordance with federal, state and local environmental
Section 14. Transport Information
DOT Classification CLASS 4.1: Flammable solid.
Identification UNNA: 1338 : Phosphorous, amorphous PG: III
Special Provisions for Not available.
Section 15. Other Regulatory Information and Pictograms
Federal and State Connecticut hazardous material survey.: Phosphorus, red
Regulations New York release reporting list: Phosphorus, red
Rhode Island RTK hazardous substances: Phosphorus, red
Pennsylvania RTK: Phosphorus, red
Minnesota: Phosphorus, red
Massachusetts RTK: Phosphorus, red
Massachusetts spill list: Phosphorus, red
New Jersey: Phosphorus, red
New Jersey spill list: Phosphorus, red
Louisiana RTK reporting list: Phosphorus, red
Louisiana spill reporting: Phosphorus, red
s List of Hazardous Substances: Phosphorus, red
TSCA 8(b) inventory: Phosphorus, red
TSCA 8(d) H and S data reporting: Phosphorus, red: effective 4/12/93; sunset: 6/30/98
SARA 302/304/311/312 extremely hazardous substances: Phosphorus, red
CERCLA: Hazardous substances.: Phosphorus, red: 1 lbs. (0.4536 kg)
California California prop. 65: This product contains the following ingredients for which the State of California has
Proposition 65 found to cause cancer which would require a warning under the statute: No products were found.
California prop. 65: This product contains the following ingredients for which the State of California has
found to cause birth defects which would require a warning under the statute: No products were found.
OSHA: Hazardous by definition of Hazard Communication Standard (29 CFR 1910.1200).
EINECS: This product is on the European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS
Canada: Listed on Canadian Domestic Substance List (DSL).
China: Listed on National Inventory.
Korea: Listed on National Inventory (KECI).
Philippines: Listed on National Inventory (PICCS).
Australia: Listed on AICS.
CLASS B-4: Flammable solid.
Other Classifications WHMIS (Canada)
CLASS D-1A: Material causing immediate and serious toxic effects (VERY TOXIC).
CLASS D-2B: Material causing other toxic effects (TOXIC).
DSCL (EEC) R11- Highly flammable. S7- Keep container tightly closed.
R16- Explosive when mixed with S23- Do not breathe gas/fumes/vapour/spray
oxidizing substances. S26- In case of contact with eyes, rinse
immediately with plenty of water and seek
S36- Wear suitable protective clothing.
HMIS (U.S.A.) 2 National Fire Protection
2 Association (U.S.A.)
2 1 Reactivity
Dust respirator. Be sure to use an
approved/certified respirator or
equivalent. Wear appropriate respirator
when ventilation is inadequate.
SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION