hydrogen chloride
CAS No.: 7647-01-0
Synonyms:
Formula: ClH
Exact Mass: 35.97670
Molecular Weight: 36.46090
PSA: 0.80200
LogP: 0.00000
hydrogen chloride 7647-01-0 MSDS

Section I.Chemical Product and Company Identification
    Chemical Name Hydrogen Chloride (ca. 1mol/L Diethyl Ether Soln.)
    Portland OR
    Not available.
    Synonym
    HCl
    Chemical Formula
    CAS Number        7647-01-0 (Hydrogen Chloride)    
    60-29-7 (Diethyl Ether)

Section II.        Composition and Information on Ingredients    
    Chemical Name        CAS Number Percent (%)        TLV/PEL        Toxicology Data    
    Hydrogen Chloride (ca. 1mol/L Diethyl Ether Soln.)        7647-01-0        3.6 %        Not available.        Rat LCD50 (inhalation) 3124    
    96.4 %        ppm/1H    
    (Hydrogen
    Chloride)        Mouse LC50 (inhalation) 1108    
    ppm/1H
    60-29-7 (Diethyl
    Rabbit LD50 (oral) 900 mg/kg
    Ether)

Section III. Hazards Identification
    Acute Health Effects        Corrosive to skin, eyes, and respiratory system. Liquid or spray mist may produce tissue damage, particularly in mucous    
    membranes of the eyes, mouth and respiratory tract. Skin contact may produce burns. Eye contact can result in corneal
    damage or blindness. Inhalation of the spray mist may produce severe irritation of respiratory tract, characterized by
    coughing, choking, or shortness of breath. Corrosive materials may cause serious injury if ingested.
    Harmful if ingested or inhaled. Minimize exposure to this material. Severe overexposure can result in injury or death.
    Follow safe industrial hygiene practices and always wear proper protective equipment when handling this compound.
    CARCINOGENIC EFFECTS : Not available.
    Chronic Health Effects
    MUTAGENIC EFFECTS : Not available.
    TERATOGENIC EFFECTS : Not available.
    DEVELOPMENTAL TOXICITY: Reproductive Effects.
    Rat TCLo Inhalation 450 mg/m3/1H, female 1 day prior to mating.
    TOXIC Effects:
    Effects on Embryo of Fetus - Fetotoxicity
    Specific Developmental Abnormalities - Homeostasis

Section IV.        First Aid Measures    
    Eye Contact        Check for and remove any contact lenses. In case of contact, immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15    
    minutes. Get medical attention.
    Skin Contact        In case of contact, immediately flush skin with plenty of water. Remove contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing    
    before reuse. Thoroughly clean shoes before reuse. Get medical attention.
    Inhalation        If the victim is not breathing, perform mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. Loosen tight clothing such as a collar, tie, belt or    
    waistband. If breathing is difficult, oxygen can be administered. Seek medical attention if respiration problems do not
    improve.
    Ingestion        DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. Loosen tight clothing such as a collar, tie, belt or waistband. If the victim is not breathing,    
    perform mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. Examine the lips and mouth to ascertain whether the tissues are damaged, a
    possible indication that the toxic material was ingested; the absence of such signs, however, is not conclusive.

Section V.        Fire and Explosion Data    
    Not available.
    Flammable.        Auto-Ignition    
    Flammability
    Flash Points        Flammable Limits        Not available.    
    -40°C (-40°F).
    Combustion Products        These products include toxic carbon oxides (CO,CO2), halogenated compounds    
    WARNING: Highly toxic HCl gas is produced during combustion.
    Fire Hazards
    Not available.
    Continued on Next Page
    Hydrogen Chloride (ca. 1mol/L Diethyl Ether Soln.)
    Explosion Hazards        Risks of explosion of the product in presence of mechanical impact: Not available.    
    Risks of explosion of the product in presence of static discharge: Not available.
    Fire Fighting Media
    Flammable liquid.
    and Instructions        SMALL FIRE: Use DRY chemical powder.    
    LARGE FIRE: Use alcohol foam, water spray or fog.
    Consult with local fire authorities before attempting large scale fire-fighting operations.

Section VI.        Accidental Release Measures    
    Spill Cleanup        Flammable material. Corrosive material. Harmful material. Air, heat, and light sensitive material.    
    Keep away from heat. Mechanical exhaust required. Stop leak if without risk. Absorb with DRY earth, sand or other
    Instructions
    non-combustible material. DO NOT get water inside container. DO NOT touch spilled material. Use water spray curtain
    to divert vapor drift. Prevent entry into sewers, basements or confined areas; dike if needed. Consult federal, state,
    and/or local authorities for assistance on disposal.

Section VII. Handling and Storage
    Handling and Storage        FLAMMABLE. CORROSIVE. HARMFUL. AIR, HEAT, AND LIGHT SENSITIVE. Keep container dry. Keep away from    
    heat. Mechanical exhaust required. Avoid excessive heat and light. Do not breathe gas/fumes/ vapor/spray. Never add
    Information
    water to this product. Wear suitable protective clothing. If you feel unwell, seek medical attention and show the label
    when possible. Treat symptomatically and supportively.
    Always store away from incompatible compounds such as oxidizing agents, acids.

Section VIII. Exposure Controls/Personal Protection
    Engineering Controls        Provide exhaust ventilation or other engineering controls to keep the airborne concentrations of vapors below their    
    respective threshold limit value. Ensure that eyewash station and safety shower is proximal to the work-station location.
    Personal Protection        Face shield. Lab coat. Vapor respirator. Boots. Gloves. Suggested protective clothing might not be sufficient; consult a    
    specialist BEFORE handling this product. Be sure to use a MSHA/NIOSH approved respirator or equivalent.
    Exposure Limits        Not available.    

Section IX. Physical and Chemical Properties
    Liquid. (Clear, colorless.)        Solubility    
    Physical state @ 20°C        Not available.    
    0.731 (water=1)
    Specific Gravity
    Molecular Weight        36.46        Partition Coefficient        Not available.    
    Boiling Point
    Not available.        Vapor Pressure        Not available.    
    Melting Point        Not available.        Vapor Density        Not available.    
    Refractive Index        Not available.        Volatility        Not available.    
    Critical Temperature        Not available.        Odor        Characteristic.    
    Viscosity        Not available.        Taste        Not available.    

Section X.        Stability and Reactivity Data    
    Stability    
This material is stable if stored under proper conditions. (See Section VII for instructions)    
    Conditions of Instability        Avoid excessive heat and light.    
    Incompatibilities        Reactive with strong oxidizing agents, strong acids.    

Section XI. Toxicological Information
    MW4025000 (Hydrogen Chloride)
    RTECS Number
    KI5775000 (Diethyl Ether)
    Eye Contact. Ingestion. Inhalation. Skin contact.
    Routes of Exposure
    Toxicity Data        Rat LCD50 (inhalation) 3124 ppm/1H    
    Mouse LC50 (inhalation) 1108 ppm/1H
    Rabbit LD50 (oral) 900 mg/kg
    CARCINOGENIC EFFECTS : Not available.
    Chronic Toxic Effects
    MUTAGENIC EFFECTS : Not available.
    TERATOGENIC EFFECTS : Not available.
    DEVELOPMENTAL TOXICITY: Reproductive Effects.
    Rat TCLo Inhalation 450 mg/m3/1H, female 1 day prior to mating.
    TOXIC Effects:
    Effects on Embryo of Fetus - Fetotoxicity
    Specific Developmental Abnormalities - Homeostasis
    Continued on Next Page
    Hydrogen Chloride (ca. 1mol/L Diethyl Ether Soln.)
    Acute Toxic Effects        Corrosive to skin, eyes, and respiratory system. Liquid or spray mist may produce tissue damage, particularly in mucous    
    membranes of the eyes, mouth and respiratory tract. Skin contact may produce burns. Eye contact can result in corneal
    damage or blindness. Inhalation of the spray mist may produce severe irritation of respiratory tract, characterized by
    coughing, choking, or shortness of breath. Corrosive materials may cause serious injury if ingested.
    Harmful if ingested or inhaled. Minimize exposure to this material. Severe overexposure can result in injury or death.
    Follow safe industrial hygiene practices and always wear proper protective equipment when handling this compound.

Section XII.        Ecological Information    
    Ecotoxicity        Not available.    
    Environmental Fate        (Diethyl Ether)    
    Diethyl ether's production and use as a solvent, in the manufacture of gun powder, and as a primer for gasoline engines
    may result in its release to the environment through various waste streams. If released to air, a vapor pressure of 538 mm
    Hg at 25 deg C indicates diethyl ether will exist solely as a vapor in the ambient atmosphere. Vapor-phase diethyl ether
    will be degraded in the atmosphere by reaction with photochemically-produced hydroxyl radicals and nitrate radicals;
    half-lives for these reactions in air are estimated to be 1.2 and 5.8 days, respectively. Direct photolysis is not expected to
    be an important removal process since aliphatic ethers do not absorb light in the environmental spectrum. If released to
    soil, diethyl ether is expected to have high mobility based upon an estimated Koc of 73. Volatilization from moist soil
    surfaces is expected to be an important fate process based upon a Henry's Law constant of 1.23X10-3 atm-cu m/mole.
    Diethyl ether is expected to volatilize from dry soil surfaces based upon its vapor pressure. Aqueous screening studies
    indicate biodegradation is expected to be a slow fate process in both soil and water; 0 to 1.1% BODT was observed over a
    period of 5 days. If released into water, diethyl ether is not expected to adsorb to suspended solids and sediment in water
    based upon the estimated Koc. Volatilization from water surfaces is expected to be an important fate process based upon
    this compound's Henry's Law constant. Estimated volatilization half-lives from a model river and model lake are 3.1 hours
    and 3.6 days, respectively. BCFs ranging from 0.9 to 9.1 in carp suggest bioconcentration in aquatic organisms is low.
    Hydrolysis is not expected to occur due to the lack of hydrolyzable functional groups. Occupational exposure to diethyl
    ether may occur through inhalation and dermal contact with this compound at workplaces where diethyl ether is produced
    or used. The general population may be exposed to diethyl ether from consumer products, inhalation of ambient air, and
    ingestion of contaminated drinking water.

Section XIII. Disposal Considerations
    Waste Disposal        Recycle to process, if possible. Consult your local regional authorities. You may be able to dissolve or mix material with a    
    combustible solvent and burn in a chemical incinerator equipped with an afterburner and scrubber system. Observe all
    federal, state and local regulations when disposing of the substance.

Section XIV. Transport Information
    DOT Classification        DOT CLASS 3: Flammable liquid    
    DOT CLASS 8: Corrosive material
    PIN Number
    Proper Shipping Name        Flammable liquid, corrosive, n.o.s.    
    Packing Group (PG)        I    
    DOT Pictograms

Section XV. Other Regulatory Information and Pictograms
    TSCA Chemical Inventory        This compound is ON the EPA Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) inventory list.    
    (EPA)
    WHMIS Classification        On DSL    
    (Canada)
    EINECS Number (EEC)        231-595-7    
    EEC Risk Statements
    R10- Flammable.
    R18- In use, may form flammable/explosive vapor-air mixture.
    R20/21/22- Harmful by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.
    R34- Causes burns.
    Hydrogen Chloride (ca. 1mol/L Diethyl Ether Soln.)
    TCI laboratory chemicals are for research purposes only and are NOT intended for use as drugs, food additives, households, or pesticides. The information herein is believed to be correct, but does not
    claim to be all inclusive and should be used only as a guide. Neither the above named supplier nor any of its subsidiaries assumes any liability whatsoever for the accuracy or completeness of the
    information contained herein. Final determination of suitability of any material is the sole responsibility of the user. All chemical reagents must be handled with the recognition that their chemical,
    physiological, toxicological, and hazardous properties have not been fully investigated or determined. All chemical reagents should be handled only by individuals who are familiar with their potential
    hazards and who have been fully trained in proper safety, laboratory, and chemical handling procedures. Although certain hazards are described herein, we can not guarantee that these are the only hazards
    which exist. Our MSDS sheets are based only on data available at the time of shipping and are subject to change without notice as new information is obtained. Avoid long storage periods since the
    product is subject to degradation with age and may become more dangerous or hazardous. It is the responsibility of the user to request updated MSDS sheets for products that are stored for extended
    periods. Disposal of unused product must be undertaken by qualified personnel who are knowledgeable in all applicable regulations and follow all pertinent safety precautions including the use of
    appropriate protective equipment (e.g. protective goggles, protective clothing, breathing equipment, facial mask, fume hood). For proper handling and disposal, always comply with federal, state, and local
    regulations.


SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
N/A

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