chloropicrin 76-06-2 MSDS
Name: Chloropicrin 98+% (GC) Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym: Methane, trichloronitro-; Chloroform, nitro-; Nitrochloroform; Nitrotrichloromethane; Trichloronitromethane
CAS: 76-06-2
Section 1 - Chemical Product   MSDS Name:Chloropicrin 98+% (GC) Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym:Methane, trichloronitro-; Chloroform, nitro-; Nitrochloroform; Nitrotrichloromethane; Trichloronitromethane

Section 2 - COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
CAS# Chemical Name content EINECS#
76-06-2 Chloropicrin >98 200-930-9
Hazard Symbols: T+
Risk Phrases: 22 26 36/37/38

Section 3 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
  EMERGENCY OVERVIEW
Harmful if swallowed. Very toxic by inhalation. Irritating to eyes, respiratory system and skin.Lachrymator (substance which increases the flow of tears).
Potential Health Effects
Eye:
Causes severe eye irritation. Lachrymator (substance which increases the flow of tears).
Skin:
Causes severe skin irritation. May cause sensitization by skin contact.
Ingestion:
Harmful if swallowed. Causes gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Ingestion may cause colic and death.
Inhalation:
May be fatal if inhaled. May cause asthmatic attacks due to allergic sensitization of the respiratory tract. Causes irritation of the mucous membrane and upper respiratory tract. Inhalation may cause anemia, weak and irregular heart, recurrent asthmatic attacks, bronchitis, pulmonary edema, and possible death.
Chronic:
Chronic inhalation may cause effects similar to those of acute inhalation. Laboratory experiments have resulted in mutagenic effects.

Section 4 - FIRST AID MEASURES
  Eyes: Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.
Skin:
Get medical aid immediately. Immediately flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
Ingestion:
Do not induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
Inhalation:
Remove from exposure and move to fresh air immediately. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Do NOT use mouth-to-mouth resuscitation.
If breathing has ceased apply artificial respiration using oxygen and a suitable mechanical device such as a bag and a mask. SPEED IS ESSENTIAL, OBTAIN MEDICAL AID IMMEDIATELY.
Notes to Physician:
Persons with pre-existing skin disorders or impaired respiratory or pulmonary function may be at increased risk to the effects of this substance. Treat symptomatically and supportively.

Section 5 - FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
  General Information:
As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Vapors may be heavier than air. They can spread along the ground and collect in low or confined areas. Explosive decomposition may occur under fire conditions. Closed containers may rupture violently when heated.
Extinguishing Media:
Use water spray to cool fire-exposed containers. Use extinguishing media most appropriate for the surrounding fire. Use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or chemical foam.

Section 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
  General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Spills/Leaks:
Absorb spill with inert material (e.g. vermiculite, sand or earth), then place in suitable container. Clean up spills immediately, observing precautions in the Protective Equipment section. Provide ventilation.

Section 7 - HANDLING and STORAGE
  Handling:
Wash thoroughly after handling. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Do not breathe dust, vapor, mist, or gas. Keep container tightly closed. Do not ingest or inhale. Use only in a chemical fume hood. Do not use magnesium, aluminum or their alloys for handling equipment or containers.
Storage:
Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.

Section 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS, PERSONAL PROTECTION
  Engineering Controls:
Use explosion-proof ventilation equipment. Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use only under a chemical fume hood.
Exposure Limits CAS# 76-06-2: United Kingdom, WEL - TWA: 0.1 ppm TWA; 0.68 mg/m3 TWA United Kingdom, WEL - STEL: 0.3 ppm STEL; 2.1 mg/m3 STEL United States OSHA: 0.1 ppm TWA; 0.7 mg/m3 TWA Belgium - TWA: 0.1 ppm VLE; 0.68 mg/m3 VLE France - VME: 0.1 ppm VME; 0.7 mg/m3 VME Germany: 0.1 ppm TWA; 0.68 mg/m3 TWA Japan: 0.1 ppm OEL; 0.67 mg/m3 OEL Malaysia: 0.1 ppm TWA; 0.67 mg/m3 TWA Netherlands: 0.1 ppm MAC; 0.7 mg/m3 MAC Spain: 0.1 ppm VLA-ED; 0.7 mg/m3 VLA-ED Personal Protective Equipment Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166.
Skin:
Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing:
Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators:
A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant respirator use.

Section 9 - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
 
Physical State: Clear liquid
Color: colorless or slight yellow - oily
Odor: strong, pungent
pH: Not available.
Vapor Pressure: 24 mm Hg @ 25 deg C
Viscosity: Not available.
Boiling Point: 112 deg C
Freezing/Melting Point: -64 deg C
Autoignition Temperature: Not applicable.
Flash Point: Not applicable.
Explosion Limits, lower: Not available.
Explosion Limits, upper: Not available.
Decomposition Temperature:
Solubility in water: Soluble.
Specific Gravity/Density: 1.6920g/cm3
Molecular Formula: CCl3NO2
Molecular Weight: 164.37

Section 10 - STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
  Chemical Stability:
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Conditions to Avoid:
Incompatible materials, excess heat.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
Strong bases, aluminum, amines, magnesium, sodium methoxide, aniline, aluminum alloys, magnesium alloys, 3-bromopropyne, alcoholic sodium hydroxide, propargyl bromide.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Hydrogen chloride, phosgene, carbon monoxide, oxides of nitrogen, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide.
Hazardous Polymerization: Will not occur.

Section 11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  RTECS#:
CAS# 76-06-2: PB6300000 LD50/LC50:
CAS# 76-06-2: Inhalation, mouse: LC50 = 66 mg/m3/4H; Inhalation, rabbit: LC50 = 800 mg/m3/20M; Inhalation, rat: LC50 = 14400 ppb/4H; Oral, rat: LD50 = 250 mg/kg.
Probable Oral Lethal Dose (Human) = 5-50 mg/kg.
LCLo = 2.0 mg/L/10 Carcinogenicity:
Chloropicrin - Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, or NTP.
Other:
See actual entry in RTECS for complete information.

Section 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  Ecotoxicity:
Fish: Fathead Minnow: LC50 = 3.72 mg/L; 96 Hr; UnspecifiedFish: Rainbow trout: LC50 = 2.87 mg/L; 96 Hr; UnspecifiedFish: Bluegill/Sunfish: LC50 = 2.82 mg/L; 96 Hr; UnspecifiedIf applied to soil as would be the case in its use as a soil sterilant, chloropicrin will both rapidly volatilize and leach. It should photolyze on the soils surface. It may degrade in soil by chemical or biological processes. However degradation rates are unknown. If released in water it would readily volatilize. It will photodegrade in the surface layers of water (half-life about 3 days).
Chloropicrin would not be expected to adsorb to sediment or

Section 13 - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
  Dispose of in a manner consistent with federal, state, and local regulations.

Section 14 - TRANSPORT INFORMATION
 
IATA
Shipping Name: CHLOROPICRIN
Hazard Class: 6.1
UN Number: 1580
Packing Group:
IMO
Shipping Name: CHLOROPICRIN
Hazard Class: 6.1
UN Number: 1580
Packing Group: I
RID/ADR
Shipping Name: CHLOROPICRIN
Hazard Class: 6.1
UN Number: 1580
Packing group: I

Section 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION
 
European/International Regulations
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols: T+
Risk Phrases:
R 22 Harmful if swallowed.
R 26 Very toxic by inhalation.
R 36/37/38 Irritating to eyes, respiratory system
and skin.
Safety Phrases:
S 36/37 Wear suitable protective clothing and
gloves.
S 38 In case of insufficient ventilation, wear
suitable respiratory equipment.
S 45 In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek
medical advice immediately (show the label where
possible).
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 76-06-2: No information available.
Canada
CAS# 76-06-2 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
CAS# 76-06-2 is listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
US FEDERAL
TSCA
CAS# 76-06-2 is listed on the TSCA inventory.


SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
N/A

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