|Name:||Chloroethane Material Safety Data Sheet|
|Synonym:||Ethyl chloride; monchloroethane.|
Synonym: Ethyl chloride; monchloroethane.
SECTION 2 - COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
Risk Phrases: 12 40 52/53
SECTION 3 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION EMERGENCY OVERVIEW Extremely flammable. Limited evidence of a carcinogenic effect. Harmful to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.Cancer suspect agent.Possible risks of irreversible effects.Dangerous for the environment. Potential Health Effects
May cause eye irritation.
May cause skin irritation.
May cause irritation of the digestive tract.
May cause respiratory tract irritation. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation. Inhalation of vapors causes irritation of the mucous membranes.
Possible risk of irreversible effects.
SECTION 4 - FIRST AID MEASURES
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
Remove from exposure and move to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
Notes to Physician:
SECTION 5 - FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Vapors may form an explosive mixture with air. Vapors can travel to a source of ignition and flash back. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Extremely flammable liquid and vapor. Containers may explode in the heat of a fire. Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flame.
For small fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, water spray or alcohol-resistant foam. For large fires, use water spray, fog, or alcohol-resistant foam. Use water spray to cool fire-exposed containers. Water may be ineffective. Use agent most appropriate to extinguish fire. Do NOT use straight streams of water.
SECTION 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Absorb spill with inert material (e.g. vermiculite, sand or earth), then place in suitable container. Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways. Clean up spills immediately, observing precautions in the Protective Equipment section. Remove all sources of ignition. Use a spark-proof tool. Provide ventilation. A vapor suppressing foam may be used to reduce vapors.
SECTION 7 - HANDLING and STORAGE
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use with adequate ventilation. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Keep container tightly closed. Keep away from heat, sparks and flame. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition. Keep container closed when not in use. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Refrigerator/flammables.
SECTION 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS, PERSONAL PROTECTION
Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use adequate general or local explosion-proof ventilation to keep airborne levels to acceptable levels. Exposure Limits CAS# 75-00-3: United Kingdom, WEL - TWA: 50 ppm TWA United Kingdom, WEL - STEL: 150 ppm STEL
United States OSHA: 1000 ppm TWA; 2600 mg/m3 TWA Belgium - TWA: 100 ppm VLE; 268 mg/m3 VLE France - VME: 1000 ppm VME; 2600 mg/m3 VME
Germany: 9 ppm TWA; 25 mg/m3 TWA
Germany: Skin absorber
Japan: 100 ppm OEL; 260 mg/m3 OEL
Malaysia: 100 ppm TWA; 264 mg/m3 TWA
Netherlands: 1000 ppm MAC; 2600 mg/m3 MAC
Russia: 50 mg/m3 TWA
Spain: 100 ppm VLA-ED; 268 mg/m3 VLA-ED Personal Protective Equipment
Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166.
Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant respirator use.
SECTION 9 - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
Physical State: Gas
Odor: pungent odor
pH: Not available.
Vapor Pressure: Not available.
Viscosity: Not available.
Boiling Point: 12 - 14 deg C
Freezing/Melting Point: Not available.
Autoignition Temperature: Not available.
Flash Point: -50 deg C ( -58.00 deg F)
Explosion Limits, lower: Not available.
Explosion Limits, upper: Not available.
Solubility in water:
Specific Gravity/Density: .9200g/cm3
Molecular Formula: C2H5Cl
Molecular Weight: 64.51
SECTION 10 - STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures. Forms explosive mixtures with air (flash point -58F/-50C).
Conditions to Avoid:
Incompatible materials, ignition sources, moisture, excess heat, strong oxidants.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
Metals, strong oxidizing agents, plastics, rubber, potassium, sodium.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Hydrogen chloride, carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide, phosgene gas.
Hazardous Polymerization: Has not been reported
SECTION 11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION RTECS#: CAS# 75-00-3: KH7525000
CAS# 75-00-3: Inhalation, mouse: LC50 = 121300 mg/m3/2H; Inhalation,
rat: LC50 = 152 gm/m3/2H; Inhalation, rat: LC50 = 150000 mg/m3/2H.
Ethyl chloride -
ACGIH: A3 - Confirmed animal carcinogen with unknown relevance to
California: carcinogen, initial date 7/1/90
See actual entry in RTECS for complete information.
SECTION 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION Other No information available.
SECTION 13 - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS Dispose of in a manner consistent with federal, state, and local regulations.
SECTION 14 - TRANSPORT INFORMATION IATA Not regulated as a hazardous material. IMO Not regulated as a hazardous material. RID/ADR Not regulated as a hazardous material.
USA RQ: CAS# 75-00-3: 100 lb final RQ; 45.4 kg final RQ
SECTION 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION European/International Regulations European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols: XN F+
R 12 Extremely flammable. R 40 Limited evidence of a carcinogenic effect. R 52/53 Harmful to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.
S 9 Keep container in a well-ventilated place. S 16 Keep away from sources of ignition - No smoking. S 28A After contact with skin, wash immediately with plenty of water. S 33 Take precautionary measures against static discharges. S 36/37 Wear suitable protective clothing and gloves. S 37 Wear suitable gloves. S 45 In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately (show the label where possible). S 61 Avoid release to the environment. Refer to special instructions/safety data sheets. WGK (Water Danger/Protection) CAS# 75-00-3: 2 Canada CAS# 75-00-3 is listed on Canada's DSL List. CAS# 75-00-3 is listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List. US FEDERAL TSCA CAS# 75-00-3 is listed on the TSCA inventory.
SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
MSDS Creation Date: 4/05/1997 Revision #7 Date: 3/18/2003 The information above is believed to be accurate and represents the best information currently available to us. However, we make no warranty of merchantability or any other warranty, express or implied, with respect to such information, and we assume no liability resulting from its use. Users should make their own investigations to determine the suitability of the information for their particular purposes. In no way shall the company be liable for any claims, losses, or damages of any third party or for lost profits or any special, indirect, incidental, consequential or exemplary damages, howsoever arising, even if the company has been advised of the possibility of such damages.
SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION