lithium atom
CAS No.: 7439-93-2
Formula: Li
Exact Mass: 7.01600
Molecular Weight: 6.94100
PSA: 0.00000
LogP: 0.00000
lithium atom 7439-93-2 MSDS

  Product identifiers
    Product name        : Lithium    
    CAS-No.        : 7439-93-2    
  Relevant identified uses of the substance or mixture and uses advised against
    Identified uses        : Laboratory chemicals, Manufacture of substances    

  Classification of the substance or mixture
  Classification according to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 [EU-GHS/CLP]
    Substances, which in contact with water, emit flammable gases (Category 1)
    Skin corrosion (Category 1B)
  Classification according to EU Directives 67/548/EEC or 1999/45/EC
    Contact with water liberates extremely flammable gases. Causes burns. Reacts violently with water.
  Label elements
  Labelling according Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 [CLP]
    Signal word        Danger    
    Hazard statement(s)
    H260        In contact with water releases flammable gases which may ignite    
    H314        Causes severe skin burns and eye damage.    
    Precautionary statement(s)
    P223        Keep away from any possible contact with water, because of violent    
    reaction and possible flash fire.
    P231 + P232        Handle under inert gas. Protect from moisture.    
    P280        Wear protective gloves/ protective clothing/ eye protection/ face    
    P305 + P351 + P338        IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove    
    contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
    P370 + P378        In case of fire: Use dry sand, dry chemical or alcohol-resistant foam for    
    P422        Store contents under inert gas.    
    Supplemental Hazard information (EU)
    EUH014        Reacts violently with water.    
  According to European Directive 67/548/EEC as amended.
    Hazard symbol(s)
    R14/15        Reacts violently with water, liberating extremely flammable gases.    
    R34        Causes burns.    
    S8        Keep container dry.    
    S43        In case of fire, use fire-fighting equipment on basis class D.    
    S45        In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately    
    (show the label where possible).
  Other hazards - none

    Formula        : Li    
    Molecular Weight        : 6,94 g/mol    
    Component        Concentration    
    CAS-No.        7439-93-2        -    
    EC-No.        231-102-5    
    Index-No.        003-001-00-4    

  Description of first aid measures
  General advice
    Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.
  If inhaled
    If breathed in, move person into fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. Consult a physician.
  In case of skin contact
    Take off contaminated clothing and shoes immediately. Wash off with soap and plenty of water. Consult a
  In case of eye contact
    Rinse thoroughly with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes and consult a physician.
  If swallowed
    Do NOT induce vomiting. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Rinse mouth with
    water. Consult a physician.
  Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed
    Large doses of lithium ion have caused dizziness and prostration, and can cause kidney damage if sodium
    intake is limited. Dehydration, weight loss, dermatological effects, and thyroid disturbances have been
    reported. Central nervous system effects that include slurred speech, blurred vision, sensory loss, ataxia,
    and convulsions may occur. Diarrhea, vomiting, and neuromuscular effects such as tremor, clonus, and
    hyperactive reflexes may occur as a result of repeated exposure to lithium ion., Cough, Shortness of
    breath, Headache, Nausea
  Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed
    no data available

  Extinguishing media
  Suitable extinguishing media
    Use approved class D extinguishers or smother with dry sand, dry ground limestone, or dry clay.Dry
  Unsuitable extinguishing media
    Do not use water, foam, or carbon dioxide.
  Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture
    Lithium oxides
  Advice for firefighters
    Wear self contained breathing apparatus for fire fighting if necessary.
  Further information
    no data available

  Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures
    Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapors, mist or gas. Ensure
    adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust.
  Environmental precautions
    Prevent further leakage or spillage if safe to do so. Do not let product enter drains.
  Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up
    Sweep up and shovel. Contain spillage, and then collect with an electrically protected vacuum cleaner or
    by wet-brushing and place in container for disposal according to local regulations (see section 13). Do
    not flush with water. Keep in suitable, closed containers for disposal.
  Reference to other sections
    For disposal see section 13.

  Precautions for safe handling
    Avoid formation of dust and aerosols.
    Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed.Keep away from sources of ignition
    - No smoking.
  Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities
    Store under argon. Handle under argon. Store in cool place. Keep container tightly closed in a dry and
    well-ventilated place.
    Never allow product to get in contact with water during storage.
  Specific end uses
    no data available

  Control parameters
  Components with workplace control parameters
  Exposure controls
  Appropriate engineering controls
    Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and
    at the end of workday.
  Personal protective equipment
  Eye/face protection
    Face shield and safety glasses Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under
    appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).
  Skin protection
    Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique
    (without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of
    contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices.
    Wash and dry hands.
    The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and
    the standard EN 374 derived from it.
    Immersion protection
    Material: Nitrile rubber
    Minimum layer thickness: 0,11 mm
    Break through time: > 480 min
    Material tested:Dermatril® ( Z677272, Size M)
    Splash protection
    Material: Nitrile rubber
    Minimum layer thickness: 0,11 mm
    Break through time: > 30 min
    Material tested:Dermatril® ( Z677272, Size M)
    data source: KCL GmbH, D-36124 Eichenzell, phone +49 (0)6659 873000,     test method: EN374
    If used in solution, or mixed with other substances, and under conditions which differ from EN 374,
    contact the supplier of the CE approved gloves. This recommendation is advisory only and must
    be evaluated by an Industrial Hygienist familiar with the specific situation of anticipated use by our
    customers. It should not be construed as offering an approval for any specific use scenario.
  Body Protection
    Complete suit protecting against chemicals, Flame retardant protective clothing, The type of
    protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the
    dangerous substance at the specific workplace.
  Respiratory protection
    Where risk assessment shows air-purifying respirators are appropriate use a full-face particle
    respirator type N100 (US) or type P3 (EN 143) respirator cartridges as a backup to engineering
    controls. If the respirator is the sole means of protection, use a full-face supplied air respirator. Use
    respirators and components tested and approved under appropriate government standards such
    as NIOSH (US) or CEN (EU).

  Information on basic physical and chemical properties
    a) Appearance        Form: granular    
    b) Odour        no data available    
    c) Odour Threshold        no data available    
    d) pH        no data available    
    e) Melting point/freezing        Melting point/range: 180 °C - lit.    
    f) Initial boiling point and 1.342 °C - lit.
    boiling range
    g) Flash point        not applicable    
    h) Evaporation rate        no data available    
    i) Flammability (solid, gas) no data available
    j) Upper/lower        no data available    
    flammability or
    explosive limits
    k) Vapour pressure        1 hPa at 723 °C    
    l) Vapour density        no data available    
    m) Relative density        0,534 g/mL at 25 °C    
    n) Water solubility        no data available    
    o) Partition coefficient: n- no data available
    p) Autoignition        no data available    
    q) Decomposition        no data available    
    r) Viscosity        no data available    
    s) Explosive properties        no data available    
    t) Oxidizing properties        no data available    
  Other safety information
    no data available

    no data available
  Chemical stability
    no data available
  Possibility of hazardous reactions
    Reacts violently with water.
  Conditions to avoid
    Exposure to moisture.
  Incompatible materials
    Forms shock-sensitive mixtures with certain other materials., Iron and iron salts., Heavy metals,
    Phosphorus, Sulphur compounds, Oxygen, Nickel, Do not store near acids., Metals
  Hazardous decomposition products
    Other decomposition products - no data available

  Information on toxicological effects
  Acute toxicity
    no data available
    LD50 Intraperitoneal - mouse - 1.000 mg/kg
  Skin corrosion/irritation
    no data available
  Serious eye damage/eye irritation
    no data available
  Respiratory or skin sensitization
    no data available
  Germ cell mutagenicity
    Genotoxicity in vivo - Human - Unreported
    Cytogenetic analysis
    IARC:        No component of this product present at levels greater than or equal to 0.1% is identified as    
    probable, possible or confirmed human carcinogen by IARC.
  Reproductive toxicity
    no data available
  Specific target organ toxicity - single exposure
    no data available
  Specific target organ toxicity - repeated exposure
    no data available
  Aspiration hazard
    no data available
  Potential health effects
  Inhalation        May be harmful if inhaled. Material is extremely destructive to the tissue of    
    the mucous membranes and upper respiratory tract.
    May be harmful if swallowed. Causes burns.
  Skin        May be harmful if absorbed through skin. Causes skin burns.    
  Eyes        Causes eye burns.    
  Signs and Symptoms of Exposure
    Large doses of lithium ion have caused dizziness and prostration, and can cause kidney damage if sodium
    intake is limited. Dehydration, weight loss, dermatological effects, and thyroid disturbances have been
    reported. Central nervous system effects that include slurred speech, blurred vision, sensory loss, ataxia,
    and convulsions may occur. Diarrhea, vomiting, and neuromuscular effects such as tremor, clonus, and
    hyperactive reflexes may occur as a result of repeated exposure to lithium ion., Cough, Shortness of
    breath, Headache, Nausea
  Additional Information
    RTECS: OJ5540000

    no data available
  Persistence and degradability
    no data available
  Bioaccumulative potential
    no data available
  Mobility in soil
    no data available
  Results of PBT and vPvB assessment
    no data available
  Other adverse effects
    no data available

  Waste treatment methods
    Burn in a chemical incinerator equipped with an afterburner and scrubber but exert extra care in igniting
    as this material is highly flammable. Offer surplus and non-recyclable solutions to a licensed disposal
  Contaminated packaging
    Dispose of as unused product.

  UN number
    ADR/RID: 1415        IMDG: 1415        IATA: 1415    
  UN proper shipping name
    IATA:        Lithium    
    Passenger Aircraft: Not permitted for transport
  Transport hazard class(es)
    ADR/RID: 4.3        IMDG: 4.3        IATA: 4.3    
  Packaging group
    ADR/RID: I        IMDG: I        IATA: I    
  Environmental hazards
    ADR/RID: no        IMDG Marine pollutant: no        IATA: no    
  Special precautions for user
    no data available



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