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Sodium citrate 68-04-2 MSDS
Name: Benedict s reagent qualitative Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym: None
CAS: 68-04-2
Section 1 - Chemical Product   MSDS Name:Benedict s reagent qualitative Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym:None

Section 2 - COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
CAS# Chemical Name content EINECS#
68-04-2 Sodium citrate 15 200-675-3
Hazard Symbols: None Listed.
Risk Phrases: None Listed.

Section 3 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
  EMERGENCY OVERVIEW
Not available.
Potential Health Effects
Eye:
Contact may cause severe eye irritation and possible eye damage.
Skin:
Causes skin irritation.
Ingestion:
May cause severe digestive tract irritation with abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.
Inhalation:
May cause irritation of the respiratory tract with burning pain in the nose and throat, coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath and pulmonary edema.
Chronic:
No information found.

Section 4 - FIRST AID MEASURES
  Eyes: Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.
Skin:
Immediately flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists.
Ingestion:
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
Get medical aid immediately.
Inhalation:
Remove from exposure and move to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
Notes to Physician:

Section 5 - FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
  General Information:
As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion.
Extinguishing Media:
Use extinguishing media most appropriate for the surrounding fire.

Section 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
  General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Spills/Leaks:
Absorb spill with inert material (e.g. vermiculite, sand or earth), then place in suitable container. Wash area with soap and water.
Clean up spills immediately, observing precautions in the Protective Equipment section. Provide ventilation.

Section 7 - HANDLING and STORAGE
  Handling:
Wash thoroughly after handling. Use with adequate ventilation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
Storage:
Store in a cool, dry place. Keep container closed when not in use.

Section 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS, PERSONAL PROTECTION
  Engineering Controls:
Good general ventilation should be sufficient to control airborne levels. Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower.
Exposure Limits CAS# 68-04-2: CAS# 144-55-8: CAS# 497-19-8: Russia: 5 mg/m3 TWA CAS# 7732-18-5: CAS# 7758-99-8: United Kingdom, WEL - TWA: (listed as copper): 0.2 mg/m3 TWA (fum 1 mg/m3 TWA (dust and mist) United Kingdom, WEL - STEL: (listed as copper): 0.6 mg/m3 STEL (fume); 2 mg/m3 STEL (dust and mist) United States OSHA: 0.1 mg/m3 TWA (fume); 1 mg/m3 TWA (dusts and mists) (listed under Copper).
Belgium - TWA: (listed as copper): 0.2 mg/m3 VLE (fume); 1 mg/m3 (dust and mist) France - VME: (listed as copper): 0.2 mg/m3 VME (fume); 1 mg/m3 V (dust, as Cu) France - VLE: (listed as copper): 2 mg/m3 VLE (dust, as Cu) Germany: (listed as copper): 0.2 mg/m3 VME (fume); 1 mg/m3 VME (d as Cu) Malaysia: (listed as copper): 0.2 mg/m3 TWA (fume, as Cu); 1 mg/m TWA (dust and mist, as Cu) Netherlands: (listed as copper): 0.2 mg/m3 MAC (smoke); 1 mg/m3 M (dust) Russia: (listed as copper): 1 mg/m3 TWA (dust) Russia: (listed as copper): 0.5 mg/m3 STEL (dust) Spain: (listed as copper): 0.2 mg/m3 VLA-ED (fume); 1 mg/m3 VLA-E (dust and mist, as Cu) Personal Protective Equipment Eyes: Wear chemical splash goggles.
Skin:
Wear appropriate gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing:
Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators:
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29 CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Use a NIOSH/MSHA or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator if exposure limits are exceeded or if irritation or other symptoms are experienced.

Section 9 - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
 
Physical State: Liquid
Color: clear blue
Odor: None reported.
pH: Not available.
Vapor Pressure: Not available.
Viscosity: Not available.
Boiling Point: Not available.
Freezing/Melting Point: Not available.
Autoignition Temperature: Not available.
Flash Point: Not available.
Explosion Limits, lower: Not available.
Explosion Limits, upper: Not available.
Decomposition Temperature: Not available.
Solubility in water: Completely soluble in water.
Specific Gravity/Density: 1.21
Molecular Formula: Mixture
Molecular Weight: 0

Section 10 - STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
  Chemical Stability:
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Conditions to Avoid:
Excess heat.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
Sodium carbonate is incompatible with: aluminum; sulfuric acid; fluorine; lithium; 2,4,6 -tri-nitro-toluene; and P2O5. Copper (II) sulfate is sensitve to metals and heat; and will corrode steel.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Irritating and toxic fumes and gases.
Hazardous Polymerization: Has not been reported.

Section 11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  RTECS#:
CAS# 68-04-2: GE8300000 CAS# 144-55-8: VZ0950000 CAS# 497-19-8: VZ4050000 CAS# 7732-18-5: ZC0110000 CAS# 7758-99-8: GL8900000 LD50/LC50:
Not available.
CAS# 144-55-8: Draize test, rabbit, eye: 100 mg/30S Mild; Oral, mouse: LD50 = 3360 mg/kg; Oral, rat: LD50 = 4220 mg/kg.
CAS# 497-19-8: Draize test, rabbit, eye: 100 mg/24H Moderate; Draize test, rabbit, eye: 50 mg Severe; Draize test, rabbit, skin: 500 mg/24H Mild; Inhalation, mouse: LC50 = 1200 mg/m3/2H; Inhalation, rat: LC50 = 2300 mg/m3/2H; Oral, mouse: LD50 = 6600 mg/kg; Oral, mouse: LD50 = 6600 mg/kg; Oral, rat: LD50 = 4090 mg/kg.
CAS# 7732-18-5: Oral, rat: LD50 = >90 mL/kg.
CAS# 7758-99-8: Oral, mouse: LD50 = 43 mg/kg; Oral, rat: LD50 = 300 mg/kg; Skin, rat: LD50 = >2 gm/kg.
Carcinogenicity:
Sodium citrate - Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, or NTP.
Sodium bicarbonate - Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, or NTP.
Sodium carbonate, anhydrous - Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, or NTP.
Water - Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, or NTP.
Copper(II) sulfate pentahydrate (1:1:5) - Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, or NTP.
Other:
See actual entry in RTECS for complete information.

Section 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
 

Section 13 - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
  Products which are considered hazardous for supply are classified as Special Waste and the disposal of such chemicals is covered by regulations which may vary according to location. Contact a specialist disposal company or the local waste regulator for advice. Empty containers must be decontaminated before returning for recycling.

Section 14 - TRANSPORT INFORMATION
 
IATA
Shipping Name: Not regulated.
Hazard Class:
UN Number:
Packing Group:
IMO
Shipping Name: Not regulated.
Hazard Class:
UN Number:
Packing Group:
RID/ADR
Shipping Name: Not regulated.
Hazard Class:
UN Number:
Packing group:

Section 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION
 
European/International Regulations
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols: Not available.
Risk Phrases:
Safety Phrases:
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 68-04-2: 0
CAS# 144-55-8: 0
CAS# 497-19-8: 1
CAS# 7732-18-5: No information available.
CAS# 7758-99-8: 2
Canada
CAS# 68-04-2 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
CAS# 144-55-8 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
CAS# 497-19-8 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
CAS# 7732-18-5 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
CAS# 68-04-2 is not listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
CAS# 144-55-8 is not listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
CAS# 497-19-8 is listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
CAS# 7732-18-5 is not listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
CAS# 7758-99-8 is not listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
US FEDERAL
TSCA
CAS# 68-04-2 is listed on the TSCA inventory.
CAS# 144-55-8 is listed on the TSCA inventory.
CAS# 497-19-8 is listed on the TSCA inventory.
CAS# 7732-18-5 is listed on the TSCA inventory.
CAS# 7758-99-8 is not on the TSCA Inventory because it is a hydrate.
It is considered to be listed if the CAS number for the anhydrous form
is on the inventory (40CFR720.3(u)(2)).


SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
N/A

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