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pyrrolidin-2-one
CAS No.: 616-45-5
Synonyms:
Formula: C4H7NO
Exact Mass: 85.05280
Molecular Weight: 85.10450
PSA: 29.10000
LogP: 0.22520
pyrrolidin-2-one 616-45-5 MSDS
Name: 2-Pyrrolidinone p.a. Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym: 2-Ketopyrrolidine; Butyrolactam; Gamma-Aminobutyrolactam; 2-Pyrol
CAS: 616-45-5
Section 1 - Chemical Product   MSDS Name:2-Pyrrolidinone p.a. Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym:2-Ketopyrrolidine; Butyrolactam; Gamma-Aminobutyrolactam; 2-Pyrol

Section 2 - COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
CAS# Chemical Name content EINECS#
616-45-5 2-Pyrrolidinone 98.0 210-483-1
Hazard Symbols: XN
Risk Phrases: 22 36/38

Section 3 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
  EMERGENCY OVERVIEW
Harmful if swallowed. Irritating to eyes and skin.Hygroscopic (absorbs moisture from the air).The toxicological properties of this material have not been fully investigated.
Potential Health Effects
Eye:
Causes eye irritation.
Skin:
Causes skin irritation.
Ingestion:
Harmful if swallowed. May cause irritation of the digestive tract.
May cause cardiac disturbances. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated. May cause central nervous system depression.
Inhalation:
May cause respiratory tract irritation. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated. May cause cardiac abnormalities. Inhalation at high concentrations may cause CNS depression and asphixiation.
Chronic:
No information found.

Section 4 - FIRST AID MEASURES
  Eyes: Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.
Skin:
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
Ingestion:
Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
Inhalation:
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure and move to fresh air immediately. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Do NOT use mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. If breathing has ceased apply artificial respiration using oxygen and a suitable mechanical device such as a bag and a mask.
Notes to Physician:

Section 5 - FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
  General Information:
As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Vapors may form an explosive mixture with air.
During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Vapors may be heavier than air.
They can spread along the ground and collect in low or confined areas. Containers may explode when heated. Combustible material; may burn but does not ignite readily. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution.
Extinguishing Media:
Use water spray to cool fire-exposed containers. Do NOT get water inside containers. For small fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or water spray. For large fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, alcohol-resistant foam, or water spray.

Section 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
  General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Spills/Leaks:
Absorb spill with inert material (e.g. vermiculite, sand or earth), then place in suitable container. Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways. Clean up spills immediately, observing precautions in the Protective Equipment section. Provide ventilation.

Section 7 - HANDLING and STORAGE
  Handling:
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use with adequate ventilation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
Storage:
Keep container closed when not in use. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.

Section 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS, PERSONAL PROTECTION
  Engineering Controls:
Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use adequate general or local exhaust ventilation to keep airborne concentrations below the permissible exposure limits.
Exposure Limits CAS# 616-45-5: Personal Protective Equipment Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166.
Skin:
Wear appropriate protective gloves and clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing:
Wear appropriate protective clothing to minimize contact with skin.
Respirators:
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29 CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Use a NIOSH/MSHA or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator if exposure limits are exceeded or if irritation or other symptoms are experienced.

Section 9 - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
 
Physical State: Liquid
Color: clear, colorless
Odor: None reported.
pH: Not available.
Vapor Pressure: Not available.
Viscosity: 13.3 cP 25.00 deg
Boiling Point: 245 deg C @ 760.00mmHg
Freezing/Melting Point: 23.00 - 25.00 deg C
Autoignition Temperature: Not applicable.
Flash Point: 138 deg C ( 280.40 deg F)
Explosion Limits, lower: Not available.
Explosion Limits, upper: Not available.
Decomposition Temperature:
Solubility in water: miscible
Specific Gravity/Density: 1.1200g/cm3
Molecular Formula: C4H7NO
Molecular Weight: 85.11

Section 10 - STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
  Chemical Stability:
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Conditions to Avoid:
Incompatible materials, excess heat, strong oxidants.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
Strong acids, strong bases, strong oxidizing agents, strong reducing agents.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide, nitrogen.
Hazardous Polymerization: Has not been reported.

Section 11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  RTECS#:
CAS# 616-45-5: UY5715000 LD50/LC50:
CAS# 616-45-5: Oral, rat: LD50 = 328 mg/kg.
Carcinogenicity:
2-Pyrrolidinone - Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, or NTP.
Other:
See actual entry in RTECS for complete information.

Section 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  Other No information available.

Section 13 - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
  Dispose of in a manner consistent with federal, state, and local regulations.

Section 14 - TRANSPORT INFORMATION
 
IATA
Shipping Name: TOXIC LIQUID, ORGANIC, N.O.S.*
Hazard Class: 6.1
UN Number: 2810
Packing Group: III
IMO
Shipping Name: TOXIC LIQUID, ORGANIC, N.O.S.
Hazard Class: 6.1
UN Number: 2810
Packing Group: III
RID/ADR
Shipping Name: TOXIC LIQUID, ORGANIC, N.O.S.
Hazard Class: 6.1
UN Number: 2810
Packing group: III

Section 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION
 
European/International Regulations
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols: XN
Risk Phrases:
R 22 Harmful if swallowed.
R 36/38 Irritating to eyes and skin.
Safety Phrases:
S 24/25 Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 616-45-5: 1
Canada
CAS# 616-45-5 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
CAS# 616-45-5 is not listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
US FEDERAL
TSCA
CAS# 616-45-5 is listed on the TSCA inventory.


SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
N/A

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