Diethyl ether

CAS No.: 60-29-7
Formula: C4H10O
Exact Mass: 74.07320
Molecular Weight: 74.12160
PSA: 9.23000
LogP: 1.04280
Diethyl ether 60-29-7 MSDS
Name: Ether, extra dry, with molecular sieve Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym: Ethane, 1,1'-oxybis-; Anesthetic ether; Diethyl ether; Ethoxyethane; Diethyl oxide; Ethyl ether; Ether; Ethyl oxide.
CAS: 60-29-7
Section 1 - Chemical Product MSDS Name: Ether, extra dry, with molecular sieve Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym: Ethane, 1,1'-oxybis-; Anesthetic ether; Diethyl ether; Ethoxyethane; Diethyl oxide; Ethyl ether; Ether; Ethyl oxide.
CAS# Chemical Name content EINECS#
60-29-7 Ether ca. 100 200-467-2
Hazard Symbols: XN F+
Risk Phrases: 12 19 22 66 67
SECTION 3 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION EMERGENCY OVERVIEW Extremely flammable. May form explosive peroxides. Harmful if swallowed. Repeated exposure may cause skin dryness or cracking. Vapors may cause drowsiness and dizziness.Hygroscopic.Air sensitive.Light sensitive. Potential Health Effects
Causes moderate eye irritation. Causes redness and pain.
Causes skin irritation. May be absorbed through the skin. Repeated or prolonged exposure may cause drying and cracking of the skin.
Aspiration hazard. Symptoms may include: headache, excitement, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, stupor, and coma. May cause central nervous system depression, characterized by excitement, followed by headache, dizziness, drowsiness, and nausea. Advanced stages may cause collapse, unconsciousness, coma and possible death due to respiratory failure. Aspiration of material into the lungs may cause chemical pneumonitis, which may be fatal.
Exposure to high concentrations may produce narcosis, nausea and loss of consciousness. Inhalation of vapors may cause drowsiness and dizziness.
Prolonged or repeated skin contact may cause defatting and dermatitis. Prolonged or repeated exposure can cause psychic abnormalities such as anxiety, depression and excitability. Laboratory experiments have resulted in mutagenic effects. Prolonged exposure to high vapor concentrations may cause eye injury. Repeated exposures may be habit forming.
In case of contact, immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. Get medical aid.
In case of contact, immediately flush skin with plenty of water. Remove contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid. Wash clothing before reuse.
Potential for aspiration if swallowed. Get medical aid immediately. Do not induce vomiting unless directed to do so by medical personnel. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person.
If inhaled, remove to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
Notes to Physician:
Persons with kidney disease, chronic respiratory disease, liver disease, or skin disease may be at increased risk from exposure to this substance. Alcoholic beverage consumption may enhance the toxic effects of this substance. Treat symptomatically and supportively.
General Information:
As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Vapors may form an explosive mixture with air. Extremely flammable. Material will readily ignite at room temperature. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Water may be ineffective. Material is lighter than water and a fire may be spread by the use of water. Containers may explode in the heat of a fire. May form explosive peroxides. Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flame. May re-ignite after fire is extinguished. Vapors are heavier than air and may travel to a source of ignition and flash back. Vapors can spread along the ground and collect in low or confined areas. This liquid floats on water and may travel to a source of ignition and spread fire.
Extinguishing Media:
For small fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, water spray or alcohol-resistant foam. Water may be ineffective. For large fires, use water spray, fog or alcohol-resistant foam. Do NOT use straight streams of water. Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out.
General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways. Remove all sources of ignition. Absorb spill using an absorbent, non-combustible material such as earth, sand, or vermiculite. Do not use combustible materials such as saw dust. Use a spark-proof tool. Place under an inert atmosphere. A vapor suppressing foam may be used to reduce vapors.
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Take precautionary measures against static discharges. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid contact with heat, sparks and flame. Handle under an inert atmosphere. If peroxide formation is suspected, do not open or move container. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames. Use only with adequate ventilation. Avoid breathing vapor.
Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition. Do not store near combustible materials. Do not store in direct sunlight. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Flammables-area. Do not expose to air. Store protected from light. Store under an inert atmosphere. Keep away from oxidizing agents. Store at room temperature or below. Do not exceed 86F. Do not open unless contents are at 72F or below for at least 24 hours. Ethyl ether may form explosive peroxides on long standing or after exposure to air or light.
Engineering Controls:
Use process enclosure, local exhaust ventilation, or other engineering controls to control airborne levels below recommended exposure limits. Use explosion-proof ventilation equipment. Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Personal Protective Equipment
Wear chemical goggles.
Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant a respirator's use.
Physical State: Clear liquid
Color: APHA: 10 max
Odor: sweetish odor - aromatic odor
pH: Not available.
Vapor Pressure: 442 mm Hg @ 20C
Viscosity: 0.2448 cp @ 20C
Boiling Point: 34.6 deg C
Freezing/Melting Point: -116.3 deg C
Autoignition Temperature: 180-190 deg C
Flash Point: -45 deg C ( -49.00 deg F)
Explosion Limits, lower: 1.9 vol %
Explosion Limits, upper: 36.0 vol %
Decomposition Temperature:
Solubility in water: Slightly soluble.
Specific Gravity/Density: 0.7110g/cm3
Molecular Formula: C4H10O
Molecular Weight: 74.12
Chemical Stability:
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures. Prolonged exposure to air and sunlight may form unstable peroxides.
Conditions to Avoid:
Light, ignition sources, exposure to air, electrical sparks, exposure to flame, heat.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
Moisture, air, acetyl peroxide, bromoazide, chlorine, chlorine trifluoride, chromic anhydride, chromyl chloride, lithium aluminum hydride, nitrosyl perchlorate, nitryl perchlorate, ozone, perchloric acid, permanganates, sulfuric acid, potassium peroxide, sodium peroxide, triethyl or trimethyl aluminum + air, boron triazide, bromine trifluoride, bromine pentafluoride, bromine, iodine heptafluoride, silver perchlorate, fluorine nitrate, permanganic acid, nitric acid, hydrogen peroxide, peroxodisulfuric acid, iodine (VII) oxide, thiotriazyl perchlorate, sulfonyl chloride, sulfur, uranyl nitrate, wood pulp extracts + heat, strong oxidizing agents, halogens, interhalogens, liquid air.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide, peroxides.
Hazardous Polymerization: Will not occur.
CAS# 60-29-7: Draize test, rabbit, eye: 100 mg Moderate; Inhalation,
mouse: LC50 = 31000 ppm/30M; Oral, rat: LD50 = 1215 mg/kg; Skin,
rabbit: LD50 = >20 mL/kg.
Ether - Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, NIOSH, NTP, or OSHA.
See actual entry in RTECS for complete information.
Fish: Fathead Minnow: LC50 = 2600 mg/L; 96 Hr; Flow-through
bioassayFish: Bluegill/Sunfish: LC50 >10000 mg/L; 96 Hr; Static
bioassayBacteria: Phytobacterium phosphoreum: EC50 = 5625 mg/L; 15 min; Microtox testIf ethyl ether is released to soil, it will be subject to volatilization. It will be expected to exhibit high mobility in soil and, therefore, it may leach to groundwater. If ethyl ether is released to water, it will not be expected to significantly adsorb to sediment or suspended particulate matter, bioconcentrate in aquatic organisms or hydrolyze.
SECTION 13 - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS Dispose of in a manner consistent with federal, state, and local regulations.
Shipping Name: DIETHYL ETHER
Hazard Class: 3
UN Number: 1155
Packing Group: I IMO
Shipping Name: DIETHYL ETHER
Hazard Class: 3.1
UN Number: 1155
Packing Group: I RID/ADR
Shipping Name: DIETHYL ETHER
Hazard Class: 3
UN Number: 1155
Packing group: I
SECTION 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION European/International Regulations European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols: XN F+
Risk Phrases:
R 12 Extremely flammable. R 19 May form explosive peroxides. R 22 Harmful if swallowed. R 66 Repeated exposure may cause skin dryness or cracking. R 67 Vapors may cause drowsiness and dizziness.
Safety Phrases:
S 9 Keep container in a well-ventilated place. S 16 Keep away from sources of ignition - No smoking. S 29 Do not empty into drains. S 33 Take precautionary measures against static discharges. WGK (Water Danger/Protection) CAS# 60-29-7: 1 United Kingdom Occupational Exposure Limits United Kingdom Maximum Exposure Limits Canada None of the chemicals in this product are listed on the DSL/NDSL list. CAS# 60-29-7 is not listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List. Exposure Limits CAS# 60-29-7: OEL-AUSTRALIA:TWA 400 ppm (1200 mg/m3);STEL 500 ppm (150 0 mg/m3) OEL-AUSTRIA:TWA 400 ppm (1200 mg/m3) OEL-BELGIUM:TWA 400 ppm (1210 mg/m3);STEL 500 ppm (1520 mg/m3) OEL-CZECHOSLOVAKIA:TWA 500 mg/m3;STEL 1500 mg/m3 OEL-DENMARK:TWA 400 ppm (1200 mg/m3) OEL-FINLAND:TWA 400 ppm (1200 mg/m3);STEL 500 ppm (1500 mg/m3) OEL-FRANCE:TWA 400 ppm (1200 mg/m3);STEL 500 ppm (1500 mg/m3) OEL-GERMANY:TWA 400 ppm (1200 mg/m3) OEL-HUNGARY:TWA 300 mg/m3;STEL 600 mg/m3;Skin OEL-JAPAN:TWA 400 ppm (1200 mg/m3) OEL-THE NETHERLANDS:TWA 400 ppm (1200 mg/m3) JAN9 OEL-THE PHILIPPINES:TWA 400 ppm (1200 mg/m3) JAN9 OEL-POLAND:TWA 300 mg/m3 OEL-RUSSIA:TWA 400 ppm;STEL 300 mg/m3 OEL-SWEDEN:TWA 400 ppm (1200 mg/m3);STEL 500 ppm (1500 mg/m3) OEL-SWITZERLAND:TWA 400 ppm (1200 mg/m3);STEL 800 ppm OEL-TURKEY:TWA 400 ppm (1200 mg/m3) OEL-UNITED KINGDOM:TWA 400 ppm (1200 mg/m3);STEL 500 ppm OEL IN BULGARIA, COLOMBIA, JORDAN, KOREA check ACGIH TLV OEL IN NEW ZEALAND, SINGAPORE, VIETNAM check ACGI TLV US FEDERAL TSCA CAS# 60-29-7 is not listed on the TSCA inventory. It is for research and development use only.
MSDS Creation Date: 1/16/2002 Revision #1 Date: 6/14/2002 The information above is believed to be accurate and represents the best information currently available to us. However, we make no warranty of merchantability or any other warranty, express or implied, with respect to such information, and we assume no liability resulting from its use. Users should make their own investigations to determine the suitability of the information for their particular purposes. In no way shall the company be liable for any claims, losses, or damages of any third party or for lost profits or any special, indirect, incidental, consequential or exemplary damages, howsoever arising, even if the company has been advised of the possibility of such damages.


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