Phenylhydrazine Hydrochloride
CAS No.: 59-88-1
Synonyms:
Formula: C6H9ClN2
Exact Mass: 144.04500
Molecular Weight: 144.60200
PSA: 38.05000
LogP: 2.54750
Phenylhydrazine Hydrochloride 59-88-1 MSDS
Name: Phenylhydrazine hydrochloride 99+% Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym: Hydrazine, phenyl-, hydrochloride; Hydrazine, phenyl-, monohydrochloride; Phenylhydrazine monohydrochloride; Phenylhydrazin hydrochlorid; Phenylhydrazinium chlorid
CAS: 59-88-1
Section 1 - Chemical Product   MSDS Name:Phenylhydrazine hydrochloride 99+% Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym:Hydrazine, phenyl-, hydrochloride; Hydrazine, phenyl-, monohydrochloride; Phenylhydrazine monohydrochloride; Phenylhydrazin hydrochlorid; Phenylhydrazinium chlorid

Section 2 - COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
CAS# Chemical Name content EINECS#
59-88-1 Phenylhydrazine hydrochloride 99+ 200-444-7
Hazard Symbols: T N
Risk Phrases: 23/24/25 36/38 43 45 50 48/23/24/25

Section 3 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
  EMERGENCY OVERVIEW
Toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.
Irritating to eyes and skin. May cause sensitization by skin contact. May cause cancer. Very toxic to aquatic organisms. Toxic : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation, contact with skin and if swallowed.Light sensitive.Air sensitive.Possible risks of irreversible effects.Dangerous for the environment.
Potential Health Effects
Eye:
Causes eye irritation.
Skin:
Causes skin irritation. Harmful if absorbed through the skin. May cause skin sensitization, an allergic reaction, which becomes evident upon re-exposure to this material. May cause eczematous dermatitis with swelling and vesiculation.
Ingestion:
Harmful if swallowed. May cause liver and kidney damage. Causes gastrointestinal tract irritation. May cause systemic effects by ingestion: blood hemolysis with or without anemia, methemoglobinemia-carboxyhemoglobinemia, and pulmonary changes. May cause central nervous system stimulation.
Inhalation:
Harmful if inhaled. Causes respiratory tract irritation. May cause effects similar to those described for ingestion. Acute exposure to low concentrations of hydrazines may cause and produce bronchial mucous destruction, pulmonary edema, cyanosis (bluish discoloration of skin due to deficient oxygenation of the blood) and possible death.
Chronic:
Prolonged or repeated skin contact may cause dermatitis. Prolonged or repeated eye contact may cause conjunctivitis. May cause methemoglobinemia, which is characterized by chocolate-brown colored blood, headache, weakness, dizziness, breath shortness, cyanosis (bluish skin due to deficient oxygenation of blood), rapid heart rate, unconsciousness and possible death. May cause fetal effects.
May cause cancer according to animal studies. Laboratory experiments have resulted in mutagenic effects. Chronic inhalation may cause liver damage.

Section 4 - FIRST AID MEASURES
  Eyes: Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.
Skin:
Get medical aid immediately. Immediately flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
Ingestion:
Call a poison control center. If swallowed, do not induce vomiting unless directed to do so by medical personnel. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid.
Inhalation:
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure and move to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.
Notes to Physician:
For methemoglobinemia, administer oxygen alone or with Methylene Blue depending on the methemoglobin concentration in the blood.
Monitor arterial blood gases, chest x-ray, pulmonary function tests if respiratory tract irritation or respiratory depression is evident.
Monitor methemoglobin and blood sugar levels.

Section 5 - FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
  General Information:
As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. This material in sufficient quantity and reduced particle size is capable of creating a dust explosion.
Extinguishing Media:
Use extinguishing media most appropriate for the surrounding fire.
Use carbon dioxide, dry chemical, or water fog.

Section 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
  General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Spills/Leaks:
Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal container. Clean up spills immediately, observing precautions in the Protective Equipment section. Avoid generating dusty conditions.
Place under an inert atmosphere.

Section 7 - HANDLING and STORAGE
  Handling:
Wash thoroughly after handling. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Do not ingest or inhale. Store protected from light. Handle under an inert atmosphere. Store protected from air. Use only in a chemical fume hood.
Storage:
Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Do not expose to air. Store protected from light. Store under an inert atmosphere.

Section 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS, PERSONAL PROTECTION
  Engineering Controls:
Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use only under a chemical fume hood.
Exposure Limits CAS# 59-88-1: Personal Protective Equipment Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166.
Skin:
Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing:
Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators:
A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant respirator use.

Section 9 - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
 
Physical State: Powder
Color: white to cream
Odor: weak aromatic odor
pH: Not available.
Vapor Pressure: Not available.
Viscosity: Not available.
Boiling Point: Not available.
Freezing/Melting Point: 250-154 deg C
Autoignition Temperature: Not applicable.
Flash Point: Not applicable.
Explosion Limits, lower: Not available.
Explosion Limits, upper: Not available.
Decomposition Temperature: >245 deg C
Solubility in water: Soluble.
Specific Gravity/Density:
Molecular Formula: C6H8N2.HCl
Molecular Weight: 144.61

Section 10 - STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
  Chemical Stability:
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures. May violently decompose at temperatures above 190C.
Conditions to Avoid:
Incompatible materials, light, dust generation, exposure to air, temperatures above 90C.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
Air, strong oxidizing agents, lead dioxide, common metals (expect aluminum), bases.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Hydrogen chloride, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide.
Hazardous Polymerization: Will not occur.

Section 11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  RTECS#:
CAS# 59-88-1: MV9000000 LD50/LC50:
CAS# 59-88-1: Oral, mouse: LD50 = 2100 mg/kg.
CAS# 100-63-0: Oral, rat: LD50 = 188 mg/kg.; Inhalation, rat: LC50 = 2610 mg/m3. (The toxicity of this product is partially based on the hazards associated with Phenylhydrazine (CAS# 100-63-0). Carcinogenicity:
Phenylhydrazine hydrochloride - Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, or NTP.
Other:
See actual entry in RTECS for complete information.

Section 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  Other No information available.

Section 13 - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
  Dispose of in a manner consistent with federal, state, and local regulations.

Section 14 - TRANSPORT INFORMATION
 
IATA
Shipping Name: TOXIC SOLID, ORGANIC, N.O.S.*
Hazard Class: 6.1
UN Number: 2811
Packing Group: III
IMO
Shipping Name: TOXIC SOLID, ORGANIC, N.O.S.
Hazard Class: 6.1
UN Number: 2811
Packing Group: III
RID/ADR
Shipping Name: TOXIC SOLID, ORGANIC, N.O.S.
Hazard Class: 6.1
UN Number: 2811
Packing group: III

Section 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION
 
European/International Regulations
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols: T N
Risk Phrases:
R 45 May cause cancer.
R 23/24/25 Toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin
and if swallowed.
R 36/38 Irritating to eyes and skin.
R 43 May cause sensitization by skin contact.
R 48/23/24/25 Toxic : danger of serious damage to
health by prolonged exposure through inhalation,
contact with skin and if swallowed.
R 50 Very toxic to aquatic organisms.
Safety Phrases:
S 53 Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions
before use.
S 45 In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek
medical advice immediately (show the label where
possible).
S 61 Avoid release to the environment. Refer to
special instructions/safety data sheets.
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 59-88-1: 3
Canada
CAS# 59-88-1 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
CAS# 59-88-1 is not listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
US FEDERAL
TSCA
CAS# 59-88-1 is listed on the TSCA inventory.


SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
N/A

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