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phenylmercury nitrate 55-68-5 MSDS

Section 1. Chemical Product and Company Identification
    Phenylmercuric nitrate
    Common Name/
    Trade Name
    Commercial Name(s)
    Chemical Name
    Chemical Family
    Phenylmercuric nitrate
    Potential Chronic Health        Slightly hazardous in case of skin contact (sensitizer).    
    CARCINOGENIC EFFECTS: Not available.
    MUTAGENIC EFFECTS: Not available.
    TERATOGENIC EFFECTS: Not available.
    The substance may be toxic to kidneys, liver, skin, eyes, central nervous system (CNS).
    Repeated or prolonged exposure to the substance can produce target organs damage. Repeated exposure of
    the eyes to a low level of dust can produce eye irritation. Repeated skin exposure can produce local skin
    destruction, or dermatitis. Repeated inhalation of dust can produce varying degree of respiratory irritation or
    lung damage. Repeated exposure to a highly toxic material may produce general deterioration of health by an
    accumulation in one or many human organs.

Section 4. First Aid Measures
    Eye Contact        Check for and remove any contact lenses. In case of contact, immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for    
    at least 15 minutes. Get medical attention immediately.
    Skin Contact        In case of contact, immediately flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing    
    contaminated clothing and shoes. Cover the irritated skin with an emollient. Wash clothing before reuse.
    Thoroughly clean shoes before reuse. Get medical attention immediately.
    Serious Skin Contact        Wash with a disinfectant soap and cover the contaminated skin with an anti-bacterial cream. Seek immediate    
    medical attention.
    Inhalation        If inhaled, remove to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.    
    Get medical attention immediately.
    Serious Inhalation        Evacuate the victim to a safe area as soon as possible. Loosen tight clothing such as a collar, tie, belt or    
    waistband. If breathing is difficult, administer oxygen. If the victim is not breathing, perform mouth-to-mouth
    resuscitation. WARNING: It may be hazardous to the person providing aid to give mouth-to-mouth
    resuscitation when the inhaled material is toxic, infectious or corrosive. Seek immediate medical attention.
    Ingestion        If swallowed, do not induce vomiting unless directed to do so by medical personnel. Never give anything by    
    mouth to an unconscious person. Loosen tight clothing such as a collar, tie, belt or waistband. Get medical
    attention immediately.
    Serious Ingestion        Not available.    

Section 5. Fire and Explosion Data
    Flammability of the Product May be combustible at high temperature.
    Auto-Ignition Temperature Not available.
    Flash Points        Not available.    
    Flammable Limits        Not available.    
    Products of Combustion        These products are carbon oxides (CO, CO2), nitrogen oxides (NO, NO2...). Some metallic oxides.    
    Fire Hazards in Presence of Slightly flammable to flammable in presence of heat.
    Various Substances        Non-flammable in presence of open flames and sparks, of shocks.    
    Explosion Hazards in Presence Risks of explosion of the product in presence of mechanical impact: Not available.
    of Various Substances        Risks of explosion of the product in presence of static discharge: Not available.    
    Slightly explosive in presence of heat.
    SMALL FIRE: Use DRY chemical powder.
    Fire Fighting Media
    LARGE FIRE: Use water spray, fog or foam. Do not use water jet.
    and Instructions
    Special Remarks on        When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes (e.g. Mercury vapor). Non-combustible. When heated,    
    Fire Hazards        the material itself does not burn or burns with difficulty.    
    Special Remarks on Explosion Containers may explode when heated.
    Phenylmercuric nitrate

Section 6. Accidental Release Measures
    Small Spill        Use appropriate tools to put the spilled solid in a convenient waste disposal container.    
    Large Spill        Corrosive solid. Poisonous solid.    
    Stop leak if without risk. Do not get water inside container. Do not touch spilled material. Use water spray to
    reduce vapors. Prevent entry into sewers, basements or confined areas; dike if needed. Eliminate all ignition
    above TLV. Check TLV on the MSDS and with local authorities.

Section 7. Handling and Storage
    Precautions        Keep locked up.. Keep container dry. Keep away from heat. Keep away from sources of ignition. Empty    
    containers pose a fire risk, evaporate the residue under a fume hood. Ground all equipment containing
    material. Do not ingest. Do not breathe dust. Never add water to this product. In case of insufficient
    ventilation, wear suitable respiratory equipment. If ingested, seek medical advice immediately and show the
    container or the label. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Keep away from incompatibles such as reducing
    Storage        Keep container tightly closed. Keep container in a cool, well-ventilated area.    

Section 8. Exposure Controls/Personal Protection
    Engineering Controls        Use process enclosures, local exhaust ventilation, or other engineering controls to keep airborne levels below    
    recommended exposure limits. If user operations generate dust, fume or mist, use ventilation to keep
    exposure to airborne contaminants below the exposure limit.
    Personal Protection        Splash goggles. Synthetic apron. Vapor and dust respirator. Be sure to use an approved/certified respirator    
    or equivalent. Gloves.
    Personal Protection in Case of Splash goggles. Full suit. Vapor and dust respirator. Boots. Gloves. A self contained breathing apparatus
    a Large Spill        should be used to avoid inhalation of the product. Suggested protective clothing might not be sufficient;    
    consult a specialist BEFORE handling this product.
    TWA: 0.1 (mg(Hg)/m3) from ACGIH (TLV) [United States] SKIN
    Exposure Limits
    TWA: 0.01 (mg(Hg)/m3) from OSHA (PEL) [United States] Inhalation
    TWA: 0.1 (mg(Hg)/m3) from NIOSH [United States] SKIN
    TWA: 0.1 (mg(Hg)/m3) from ACGIH (TLV) [United States] Inhalation
    Consult local authorities for acceptable exposure limits.

Section 9. Physical and Chemical Properties
    Physical state and appearance Solid. (Crystals solid.)        Odor        Not available.    
    Not available.
    Molecular Weight        339.71 g/mole    
    Color        Not available.    
    pH (1% soln/water)        Not applicable.    
    Boiling Point        Not available.    
    Melting Point        176°C (348.8°F) - 186 C    
    Critical Temperature        Not available.    
    Specific Gravity        Not available.    
    Not applicable.
    Vapor Pressure
    Vapor Density        Not available.    
    Volatility        Not available.    
    Not available.
    Odor Threshold
    Not available.
    Water/Oil Dist. Coeff.
    Ionicity (in Water)        Not available.    
    Dispersion Properties        Not available.    
    Insoluble in cold water.
    Slightly soluble in alcohol, and glycerin. More soluble in the presence of either nitric acid or alkali hydroxides.
    Phenylmercuric nitrate

Section 10. Stability and Reactivity Data
    The product is stable.
    Instability Temperature        Not available.    
    Conditions of Instability        Not available.    
    Incompatibility with various        Reactive with reducing agents.    
    Non-corrosive in presence of glass.
    Special Remarks on        Not available.    
    Not available.
    Special Remarks on
    Polymerization        Will not occur.    

Section 11. Toxicological Information
    Routes of Entry        Absorbed through skin. Dermal contact. Eye contact. Inhalation. Ingestion.    
    Toxicity to Animals        LD50: Not available.    
    LC50: Not available.
    Chronic Effects on Humans May cause damage to the following organs: kidneys, liver, skin, eyes, central nervous system (CNS).
    Other Toxic Effects on        Very hazardous in case of skin contact (irritant), of ingestion, .    
    Humans        Hazardous in case of skin contact (corrosive, permeator), of eye contact (corrosive), of inhalation (lung    
    Special Remarks on        Not available.    
    Toxicity to Animals
    Special Remarks on        This product is a Mercury compound. Mercury may cause adverse reproductive effects and birth defects    
    Chronic Effects on Humans        (teratogenic). Mercury may cause cancer. Mercury may affect genetic material (mutagenic)    
    Special Remarks on other        Acute Potential Health Effects.    
    Toxic Effects on Humans        Skin: Causes skin irritation with possible burns. It can be absorbed through the skin.    
    Eyes: Causes eye irritation. Exposure to vapor may cause conjunctivitis, ulceration of the cornea, discoloration
    of the front surface of the lens, and possible burns.
    Inhalation: Inhalation of high concentrations of vapor or mist can cause respiratory tract irritation and possible
    chemical burns to the respiratory tract, corrosive bronchitis, interstitial pneumonia, severe pulmonary irritation,
    lung lesions, and death from respiratory insufficiency. Mercury vapor or mist can be absorbed by the
    respiratory tract. Acute mercury intoxication is rare, but can occur after inhalation of large amounts. Vapor
    inhalation is the is the most likely route of exposure. It may cause flu-like "fume metal fever" with chills,
    malaise, respiratory symptoms (chest tightness, difficulty breathing, coughing), fever, chills, gastrointestinal
    symptoms (dry mouth, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, hypermotility, stomatitis, salivation, metallic
    taste), and gingivitis. It may affect behavior/central nervous system/peripheral nervous system (depression,
    anxiety, decreased strength, muscle aches/weakness, lethargy, fatigue, headache, insomnia, dizziness,
    clumsiness or muscle incoordination, short-term memory loss, slured speech, tremor, irritability, emotional
    instability, apathy, hallucinations, mania, xenophobia, sensitivity, impaired concentration, convulsions, stupor,
    coma), liver, metabolism(anorexia), cardiovascular system (hypertension, tachycardia), urinary system (kidney
    damage, renal impairment), and blood(increased white blood cell count, thrombocytopenia, anemia). Acute
    Mercury poisoning can resemble Pheochromocytoma.
    Ingestion: May cause severe gastrointestinal tract irritation with abdominal pain, thirst, salivation, metallic taste,
    nausea, vomiting, poor appetite, and diarrhea. May affect behavior/central nervous system, peripheral nervous
    system with symptoms similar to inhalation. Absorbed Mercury may affect liver, and kidneys (tissue damage)
    Chronic Potential Health Effects:
    Skin: Prolonged or repeated skin contact may cause dermatitis, and it can be absorbed through the skin and
    affect behavior (symptoms similar to inhalation and ingestion), and hearing.
    Inhalation: Effects may be delayed. It may cause permanent central nervous system damage and peripheral
    neuropathy (symptoms similar to acute exposure), liver and kidney damage, and may affect the brain.
    Ingestion: Prolonged or repeated ingestion may cause accumulation of mercury in body tissues and may cause
    inflammation of the mouth and gums, salivation and loosening of teeth.
    Eyes: Prolonged or repeated eye exposure to mercury vapors may result in Mercurialentis, a brownish
    discoloration of the lens, band keratopathy, corneal opacity and impaired vision, photophobia, color vision
    Phenylmercuric nitrate

Section 12. Ecological Information
    Ecotoxicity        Not available.    
    BOD5 and COD        Not available.    
    Products of Biodegradation        Possibly hazardous short term degradation products are not likely. However, long term degradation products    
    may arise.
    Toxicity of the Products        The products of degradation are less toxic than the product itself.    
    of Biodegradation
    Special Remarks on the        Not available.    
    Products of Biodegradation

Section 13. Disposal Considerations
    Waste Disposal        Waste must be disposed of in accordance with federal, state and local environmental    
    control regulations.

Section 14. Transport Information
    DOT Classification        CLASS 6.1: Poisonous material.    
    : Phenylmercuric nitrate UNNA: 1895 PG: II
    Special Provisions for        Marine Pollutant    
    DOT (Pictograms)

Section 15. Other Regulatory Information and Pictograms
    California prop. 65: This product contains the following ingredients for which the State of California has found
    Federal and State
    to cause cancer, birth defects or other reproductive harm, which would require a warning under the statute:
    Phenylmercuric nitrate
    California prop. 65: This product contains the following ingredients for which the State of California has found
    to cause birth defects which would require a warning under the statute: Phenylmercuric nitrate
    Pennsylvania RTK: Phenylmercuric nitrate
    Massachusetts RTK: Phenylmercuric nitrate
    New Jersey: Phenylmercuric nitrate
    TSCA 8(b) inventory: Phenylmercuric nitrate
    SARA 313 toxic chemical notification and release reporting: Phenylmercuric nitrate
    CERCLA: Hazardous substances.: Phenylmercuric nitrate
    California prop. 65: This product contains the following ingredients for which the State of California has
    Proposition 65
    found to cause birth defects which would require a warning under the statute: Phenylmercuric nitrate
    Other Regulations        OSHA: Hazardous by definition of Hazard Communication Standard (29 CFR 1910.1200).    
    EINECS: This product is on the European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances.
    CLASS D-1A: Material causing immediate and serious toxic effects (VERY TOXIC).
    Other Classifications        WHMIS (Canada)    
    CLASS D-2B: Material causing other toxic effects (TOXIC).
    DSCL (EEC)        R24/25- Toxic in contact with skin        S23- Do not breathe gas/fumes/vapour/spray    
    and if swallowed.        [***]    
    R34- Causes burns.        S24/25- Avoid contact with skin and eyes.    
    R50/53- Very toxic to aquatic        S37- Wear suitable gloves.    
    organisms, may cause long-term        S45- In case of accident or if you feel unwell,    
    adverse effects in the aquatic        seek medical advice immediately (show the    
    environment.        label where possible).    
    S60- This material and its container must be
    disposed of as hazardous waste.
    S61- Avoid release to the environment. Refer
    Phenylmercuric nitrate
    to special instructions/Safety data sheets.
    Health Hazard
    HMIS (U.S.A.)        3 National Fire Protection    
    1 Flammability
    1 Association (U.S.A.)
    Fire Hazard
    3 1 Reactivity
    Specific hazard
    Personal Protection
    WHMIS (Canada)
    DSCL (Europe)
    TDG (Canada)
    ADR (Europe)
    Protective Equipment
    Synthetic apron.
    Vapor and dust respirator. Be sure to
    use an approved/certified respirator or
    equivalent. Wear appropriate
    respirator when ventilation is
    Splash goggles.


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