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2-(4-methylphenyl)acetonitrile 2947-61-7 MSDS
Name: 4-Methylbenzyl Cyanide 98% Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym: P-Methylbenzyl Cyanide
CAS: 2947-61-7
Section 1 - Chemical Product   MSDS Name:4-Methylbenzyl Cyanide 98% Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym:P-Methylbenzyl Cyanide

Section 2 - COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
CAS# Chemical Name content EINECS#
2947-61-7 4-Methylbenzyl Cyanide 98% 220-963-2
Hazard Symbols: XN
Risk Phrases: 20/21/22

Section 3 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
  EMERGENCY OVERVIEW
Harmful by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.Harmful.The toxicological properties of this material have not been fully investigated.Lachrymator (substance which increases the flow of tears).
Potential Health Effects
Eye:
Produces irritation, characterized by a burning sensation, redness, tearing, inflammation, and possible corneal injury. Lachrymator (substance which increases the flow of tears).
Skin:
May cause skin irritation. May be absorbed through the skin in harmful amounts.
Ingestion:
May cause irritation of the digestive tract. May cause cardiac disturbances. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated. May cause central nervous system depression.
Metabolism may release cyanide, which may result in headache, dizziness, weakness, collapse, unconsciousness and possible death.
Ingestion may result in symptoms similar to cyanide poisoning which is characterized by asphyxiation. May be harmful if swallowed.
Inhalation:
May cause respiratory tract irritation. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated. May be harmful if inhaled. May cause cardiac abnormalities. May be metabolized to cyanide which in turns act by inhibiting cytochrome oxidase impairing cellular respiration. Inhalation may result in symptoms similar to cyanide poisoning which include tachypnea, hyperpnea (abnormally rapid or deep breathing), and dyspnea (labored breathing) followed rapidly by respiratory depression. Pulmonary edema may occur.
Inhalation at high concentrations may cause CNS depression and asphixiation.
Chronic:
May be metabolized to cyanide which in turn acts by inhibiting cytochrome oxidase impairing cellular respiration. Chronic exposure to cyanide solutions may lead to the development of a "cyanide" rash, characterized by itching, and by macular, papular, and vesicular eruptions, and may be accompanied by secondary infections. Exposure to small amounts of cyanide compounds over long periods of time is reported to cause loss of appetite, headache, weakness, nausea, dizziness, and symptoms of irritation of the upper respiratory tract and eyes.

Section 4 - FIRST AID MEASURES
  Eyes: Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid. Do NOT allow victim to rub eyes or keep eyes closed.
Skin:
Get medical aid. Immediately flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
Wash clothing before reuse.
Ingestion:
Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
Inhalation:
Remove from exposure and move to fresh air immediately. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid. Do NOT use mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. If breathing has ceased apply artificial respiration using oxygen and a suitable mechanical device such as a bag and a mask.
Notes to Physician:
May be partially metabolized to cyanide in the body.
Antidote: Always have a cyanide antidote kit on hand when working with cyanide compounds. Get medical advice to use.

Section 5 - FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
  General Information:
As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Will burn if involved in a fire. Containers may explode in the heat of a fire.
Vapors may be heavier than air. They can spread along the ground and collect in low or confined areas. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution.
Extinguishing Media:
Use water spray to cool fire-exposed containers. Use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or chemical foam. Do NOT get water inside containers.

Section 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
  General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Spills/Leaks:
Absorb spill with inert material (e.g. vermiculite, sand or earth), then place in suitable container. Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways. Clean up spills immediately, observing precautions in the Protective Equipment section. Provide ventilation.

Section 7 - HANDLING and STORAGE
  Handling:
Wash thoroughly after handling. Use with adequate ventilation. Avoid breathing dust, vapor, mist, or gas. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Use only in a chemical fume hood.
Storage:
Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.

Section 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS, PERSONAL PROTECTION
  Engineering Controls:
Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use adequate ventilation to keep airborne concentrations low.
Exposure Limits CAS# 2947-61-7: United States OSHA: 5 mg/m3 TWA (listed under Cyanide anion).
Germany: (listed as cyanide anion): Skin absorber Netherlands: (listed as cyanide anion): 5 mg/m3 MAC (as CN) Personal Protective Equipment Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166.
Skin:
Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing:
Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators:
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29 CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Use a NIOSH/MSHA or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator if exposure limits are exceeded or if irritation or other symptoms are experienced.

Section 9 - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
 
Physical State: Clear liquid
Color: colorless - light yellow
Odor: Not available.
pH: Not available.
Vapor Pressure: Not available.
Viscosity: Not available.
Boiling Point: 242 - 243 deg C @ 760mmHg
Freezing/Melting Point: 18 deg C
Autoignition Temperature: Not available.
Flash Point: 106 deg C ( 222.80 deg F)
Explosion Limits, lower: Not available.
Explosion Limits, upper: Not available.
Decomposition Temperature:
Solubility in water: insoluble
Specific Gravity/Density: .9920g/cm3
Molecular Formula: C9H9N
Molecular Weight: 131.18

Section 10 - STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
  Chemical Stability:
Stable at room temperature in closed containers under normal storage and handling conditions.
Conditions to Avoid:
Incompatible materials, excess heat, strong oxidants.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
Strong oxidizing agents, strong reducing agents, strong acids, strong bases.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide.
Hazardous Polymerization: Has not been reported

Section 11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  RTECS#:
CAS# 2947-61-7 unlisted.
LD50/LC50:
Not available.
Carcinogenicity:
4-Methylbenzyl Cyanide - Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, or NTP.

Section 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
 

Section 13 - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
  Dispose of in a manner consistent with federal, state, and local regulations.

Section 14 - TRANSPORT INFORMATION
 
IATA
Shipping Name: TOXIC LIQUID, ORGANIC, N.O.S.*
Hazard Class: 6.1
UN Number: 2810
Packing Group: I
IMO
Shipping Name: TOXIC LIQUID, ORGANIC, N.O.S.
Hazard Class: 6.1
UN Number: 2810
Packing Group: I
RID/ADR
Shipping Name: TOXIC LIQUID, ORGANIC, N.O.S.
Hazard Class: 6.1
UN Number: 2810
Packing group: I

Section 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION
 
European/International Regulations
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols: XN
Risk Phrases:
R 20/21/22 Harmful by inhalation, in contact with
skin and if swallowed.
Safety Phrases:
S 36/37 Wear suitable protective clothing and
gloves.
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 2947-61-7: No information available.
Canada
None of the chemicals in this product are listed on the DSL/NDSL list.
CAS# 2947-61-7 is not listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
US FEDERAL
TSCA
CAS# 2947-61-7 is not listed on the TSCA inventory.
It is for research and development use only.


SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
N/A

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