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2-(2-chlorophenyl)acetonitrile 2856-63-5 MSDS
Name: 2-Chlorobenzyl cyanide 97% Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym: (2-Chlorophenyl)acetonitrile; OCCN
CAS: 2856-63-5
Section 1 - Chemical Product   MSDS Name:2-Chlorobenzyl cyanide 97% Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym:(2-Chlorophenyl)acetonitrile; OCCN

Section 2 - COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
CAS# Chemical Name content EINECS#
2856-63-5 2-Chlorobenzyl cyanide 97 220-669-4
Hazard Symbols: T
Risk Phrases: 23/24/25 36/37/38

Section 3 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
  EMERGENCY OVERVIEW
Toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.
Irritating to eyes, respiratory system and skin.
Potential Health Effects
Eye:
May cause eye irritation.
Skin:
May cause skin irritation. Harmful if absorbed through the skin. May be metabolized to cyanide which in turn acts by inhibiting cytochrome oxidase impairing cellular respiration. Most nitrile compounds are well absorbed through intact skin, and may cause delayed onset of symptoms following exposure by this route.
Ingestion:
May cause irritation of the digestive tract. Poison by ingestion.
May cause cardiac disturbances. May cause central nervous system depression. Metabolism may release cyanide, which may result in headache, dizziness, weakness, collapse, unconsciousness and possible death.
Inhalation:
Harmful if inhaled. May cause respiratory tract irritation. May cause cardiac abnormalities. Inhalation may result in symptoms similar to cyanide poisoning which include tachypnea, hyperpnea (abnormally rapid or deep breathing), and dyspnea (labored breathing) followed rapidly by respiratory depression. Pulmonary edema may occur. Inhalation at high concentrations may cause CNS depression and asphixiation.
Chronic:
May be metabolized to cyanide which in turn acts by inhibiting cytochrome oxidase impairing cellular respiration. Chronic exposure to cyanide solutions may lead to the development of a "cyanide" rash, characterized by itching, and by macular, papular, and vesicular eruptions, and may be accompanied by secondary infections. Exposure to small amounts of cyanide compounds over long periods of time is reported to cause loss of appetite, headache, weakness, nausea, dizziness, and symptoms of irritation of the upper respiratory tract and eyes.

Section 4 - FIRST AID MEASURES
  Eyes: In case of contact, immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. Get medical aid.
Skin:
In case of contact, immediately flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
Get medical aid immediately. Wash clothing before reuse.
Ingestion:
If swallowed, do not induce vomiting unless directed to do so by medical personnel. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid.
Inhalation:
If inhaled, remove to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
Notes to Physician:
May be partially metabolized to cyanide in the body.
Antidote: Always have a cyanide antidote kit on hand when working with cyanide compounds. Get medical advice to use.

Section 5 - FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
  General Information:
As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution. Approach fire from upwind to avoid hazardous vapors and toxic decomposition products.
Extinguishing Media:
For small fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or water spray.
For large fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, alcohol-resistant foam, or water spray. Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out.

Section 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
  General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Spills/Leaks:
Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal container. Clean up spills immediately, observing precautions in the Protective Equipment section. Avoid generating dusty conditions.
Provide ventilation.

Section 7 - HANDLING and STORAGE
  Handling:
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Keep container tightly closed.
Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Use only in a chemical fume hood.
Avoid breathing dust.
Storage:
Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.

Section 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS, PERSONAL PROTECTION
  Engineering Controls:
Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use adequate ventilation to keep airborne concentrations low.
Exposure Limits CAS# 2856-63-5: United States OSHA: 5 mg/m3 TWA (listed under Cyanide anion).
Germany: (listed as cyanide anion): Skin absorber Netherlands: (listed as cyanide anion): 5 mg/m3 MAC (as CN) Personal Protective Equipment Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166.
Skin:
Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing:
Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators:
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29 CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Use a NIOSH/MSHA or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator if exposure limits are exceeded or if irritation or other symptoms are experienced.

Section 9 - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
 
Physical State: Solid
Color: after melting, clear slightly yellow
Odor: Not available.
pH: Not available.
Vapor Pressure: Not available.
Viscosity: Not available.
Boiling Point: 240-242 deg C @ 760 mmHg
Freezing/Melting Point: 21 - 24 deg C
Autoignition Temperature: Not applicable.
Flash Point: > 110 deg C (> 230.00 deg F)
Explosion Limits, lower: Not available.
Explosion Limits, upper: Not available.
Decomposition Temperature:
Solubility in water: Insoluble.
Specific Gravity/Density: 1.00
Molecular Formula: ClC6H4CH2CN
Molecular Weight: 151.60

Section 10 - STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
  Chemical Stability:
Stable at room temperature in closed containers under normal storage and handling conditions.
Conditions to Avoid:
Dust generation, excess heat.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
Strong oxidizing agents, strong reducing agents, strong acids, strong bases.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Hydrogen chloride, hydrogen cyanide, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.
Hazardous Polymerization: Has not been reported.

Section 11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  RTECS#:
CAS# 2856-63-5 unlisted.
LD50/LC50:
Not available.
Carcinogenicity:
2-Chlorobenzyl cyanide - Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, or NTP.

Section 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
 

Section 13 - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
  Dispose of in a manner consistent with federal, state, and local regulations.

Section 14 - TRANSPORT INFORMATION
 
IATA
Shipping Name: Nitriles, Toxic, N.O.S.
Hazard Class: 6.1
UN Number: 3276
Packing Group: II
IMO
Shipping Name: Nitriles, Toxic, N.O.S.
Hazard Class: 6.1
UN Number: 3276
Packing Group: II
RID/ADR
Shipping Name: Nitriles, Toxic, N.O.S.
Hazard Class: 6.1
UN Number: 3276
Packing group: II

Section 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION
 
European/International Regulations
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols: T
Risk Phrases:
R 23/24/25 Toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin
and if swallowed.
R 36/37/38 Irritating to eyes, respiratory system
and skin.
Safety Phrases:
S 28B After contact with skin, wash immediately with
plenty of water and soap.
S 36/37/39 Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves
and eye/face protection.
S 45 In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek
medical advice immediately (show the label where
possible).
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 2856-63-5: No information available.
Canada
None of the chemicals in this product are listed on the DSL/NDSL list.
CAS# 2856-63-5 is not listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
US FEDERAL
TSCA
CAS# 2856-63-5 is not listed on the TSCA inventory.
It is for research and development use only.


SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
N/A

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