Section 1. Chemical Product and Company Identification
Common Name/ A1195, A1069, A1076,
A1187, A1197, A1198,
A1200, A1293, A1970,
CARCINOGENIC EFFECTS: Not available.
Potential Chronic Health
Effects MUTAGENIC EFFECTS: Mutagenic for bacteria and/or yeast. [Ammonia, anhydrous].
TERATOGENIC EFFECTS: Not available.
DEVELOPMENTAL TOXICITY: Not available.
The substance is toxic to upper respiratory tract, skin, eyes.
Repeated or prolonged exposure to the substance can produce target organs damage. Repeated or
prolonged contact with spray mist may produce chronic eye irritation and severe skin irritation. Repeated or
prolonged exposure to spray mist may produce respiratory tract irritation leading to frequent attacks of
bronchial infection. Repeated exposure to a highly toxic material may produce general deterioration of health
by an accumulation in one or many human organs.
Section 4. First Aid Measures
Eye Contact Check for and remove any contact lenses. Immediately flush eyes with running water for at least 15 minutes,
keeping eyelids open. Cold water may be used. Get medical attention immediately. Finish by rinsing
thoroughly with running water to avoid a possible infection.
Skin Contact In case of contact, immediately flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing
contaminated clothing and shoes. Cover the irritated skin with an emollient. Cold water may be used.Wash
clothing before reuse. Thoroughly clean shoes before reuse. Get medical attention immediately.
Serious Skin Contact Wash with a disinfectant soap and cover the contaminated skin with an anti-bacterial cream. Seek immediate
Inhalation If inhaled, remove to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.
Get medical attention immediately.
Serious Inhalation Evacuate the victim to a safe area as soon as possible. Loosen tight clothing such as a collar, tie, belt or
waistband. If breathing is difficult, administer oxygen. If the victim is not breathing, perform mouth-to-mouth
resuscitation. WARNING: It may be hazardous to the person providing aid to give mouth-to-mouth
resuscitation when the inhaled material is toxic, infectious or corrosive. Seek medical attention.
Ingestion If swallowed, do not induce vomiting unless directed to do so by medical personnel. Never give anything by
mouth to an unconscious person. Loosen tight clothing such as a collar, tie, belt or waistband. Get medical
Serious Ingestion Not available.
Section 5. Fire and Explosion Data
Flammability of the Product Non-flammable.
Auto-Ignition Temperature Not applicable.
Flash Points Not applicable.
Flammable Limits Not applicable.
Products of Combustion Hazardous decomposition include Nitric oxide, and ammonia fumes
Fire Hazards in Presence of Not applicable.
Explosion Hazards in Presence Non-explosive in presence of open flames and sparks, of shocks.
of Various Substances
Fire Fighting Media Not applicable.
Special Remarks on Not available.
Special Remarks on Explosion Forms explosive compounds with many heavy metals such as silver, lead, zinc and their halide salts.
Hazards It can form shock sensitive compounds with halogens, mercury oxide, and siliver oxide.
Section 6. Accidental Release Measures
Small Spill Dilute with water and mop up, or absorb with an inert dry material and place in an appropriate waste disposal
container. If necessary: Neutralize the residue with a dilute solution of acetic acid.
Large Spill Corrosive liquid. Poisonous liquid.
Stop leak if without risk. Absorb with DRY earth, sand or other non-combustible material. Do not get water
inside container. Do not touch spilled material. Use water spray curtain to divert vapor drift. Use water spray
assistance on disposal. Neutralize the residue with a dilute solution of acetic acid. Be careful that the
product is not present at a concentration level above TLV. Check TLV on the MSDS and with local
Section 7. Handling and Storage
Precautions Do not ingest. Do not breathe gas/fumes/ vapor/spray. In case of insufficient ventilation, wear suitable
respiratory equipment. If ingested, seek medical advice immediately and show the container or the label.
Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Keep away from incompatibles such as metals, acids.
Storage Keep container tightly closed. Keep container in a cool, well-ventilated area.
Section 8. Exposure Controls/Personal Protection
Engineering Controls Provide exhaust ventilation or other engineering controls to keep the airborne concentrations of vapors below
their respective threshold limit value. Ensure that eyewash stations and safety showers are proximal to the
Personal Protection Face shield. Full suit. Vapor respirator. Be sure to use an approved/certified respirator or equivalent.
Personal Protection in Case of Splash goggles. Full suit. Vapor respirator. Boots. Gloves. A self contained breathing apparatus should be
a Large Spill used to avoid inhalation of the product. Suggested protective clothing might not be sufficient; consult a
specialist BEFORE handling this product.
Exposure Limits TWA: 25 (ppm) from ACGIH (TLV) [United States]
TWA: 50 STEL: 35 (ppm) from OSHA (PEL) [United States]
TWA: 25 STEL: 35 from NIOSH
Consult local authorities for acceptable exposure limits.
Section 9. Physical and Chemical Properties
Physical state and appearance Liquid. Odor Ammonia-like (Strong.)
Molecular Weight 35.05
11.6 [Basic.] This is the actual pH in a 1 N
pH (1% soln/water)
Boiling Point 31°C (87.8°F) - 38 C.
Melting Point -69.2°C (-92.6°F)
Specific Gravity 0.898 (Water = 1)
Vapor Pressure 287.9 kPa (@ 25°C)
Vapor Density Not available
Volatility Not available.
Odor Threshold 5 - 50 ppm as ammonia
Water/Oil Dist. Coeff. Not available.
Ionicity (in Water)
Dispersion Properties See solubility in water
Solubility Easily soluble in cold water.
Section 10. Stability and Reactivity Data
The product is stable.
Instability Temperature Not available.
Conditions of Instability Incompatible materials, high temperatures
Incompatibility with various Highly reactive with metals.
Reactive with acids.
Slightly reactive to reactive with oxidizing agents.
Corrosivity Extremely corrosive in presence of zinc, of copper.
Corrosive in presence of aluminum.
Non-corrosive in presence of glass, of stainless steel(304), of stainless steel(316).
Special Remarks on Halogens, salts of silver and zinc, air and hydrocarbons, calcium, 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene,
Reactivity chloroformamidinium nitrate, 2-chloronitrobenzene, chlorine azide, magnesium perchlorate, halogens or
interhalogens, iodine, potassium, nitrogen trichloride, potassium chlorate, nitryl chloride, chromyl chloride,
chromium trioxide, trioxygen difluoride, selenium difluoride dioxide, nitric acid, hydrogen peroxide, nitrogen
oxide, dinitrogen tetraoxide, oxygen, platinium, silver chloride, thiocarbonyl azide thiocyanate, sulfinyl chloride,
thiotrithiazyl chloride, tetramethylammonium amide, tellurium tetrachloride, tellurium tetrabromide, silver (I)
oxide, dichlorine oxide, silver nitrate, ethylene oxide, acetaldehyde, acrolein, boron, boron triiodide, bromine,
bromine pentafluoride, fluorine, chloric acid, chlorine monoxide, chlorine trifluoride, chlorites, chlorosilane,
chromic anhydride, ethylene dichloride, hydrogen bromide, hypochlorous acid, nitrogen peroxide, fluorine,
some heavy metals (gold, silver, mercury), hexachloromelamine, hydrazine, alkali metals, nitrogen trifluoride,
oxygen difluoride, phosphorous trioxide, potassium and arsine, potassium and phosphine, potassium and
sodium nitrite, potassium ferricyanide, potassium mercuricyanide, sodium and carbon monoxide, stibine,
sulfur, sulfur dichloride, tellurium hydropentachloride, trichloromelamine, Organic acids, amides, organic
anhydrides, isocyanates, vinyl acetate, epichlorhydrin, aldehydes, Acrylic acid, chlorosulfonic acid, dimethyl
sulfate, fluorine, gold + aqua regia, hydrochloric acid, hydrofluoric acid, hydrogen peroxide, iodine, nitric acid,
olelum, propiolactone, propylene oxide, silver nitrate, silver oxide + ethyl alcohol, nitromethane, silver
permanganate, sulfuric acid, gold, mercury, and halide salts.. Forms explosive compounds with many heavy
metals (silver, lead, zinc)
Special Remarks on Dissolves copper and zinc.
Corrosivity Corrosive to aluminum and its alloys.
Corrosive to galvanized surfaces.
Severe corrosive effect on brass and bronze
Liquid Ammonia or Ammonium Hydroxide will attack some forms of plastics, rubber and coatings such as
ABS, Acetal, Hytrel, Buna (Nitrile), Natural Rubber, LDPE, Nylon, Polycarbonate, Hypalon, and Viton.
Polymerization Will not occur.
Section 11. Toxicological Information
Routes of Entry Absorbed through skin. Dermal contact. Eye contact. Inhalation. Ingestion.
Toxicity to Animals
Acute oral toxicity (LD50): 350 mg/kg [Rat].
Chronic Effects on Humans MUTAGENIC EFFECTS: Mutagenic for bacteria and/or yeast. [Ammonium hydroxide].
May cause damage to the following organs: mucous membranes, skin, eyes.
Other Toxic Effects on Very hazardous in case of skin contact (corrosive, irritant, permeator), of ingestion, .
Humans Hazardous in case of eye contact (corrosive), of inhalation (lung corrosive).
Special Remarks on Highly toxic to aquatic organisms
Toxicity to Animals
Special Remarks on May affect genetic material based on tests with microorganisms and animals.
Chronic Effects on Humans May cause cancer (tumorigenic) based on animal data. No human data found at this time.
Special Remarks on other Acute Potential Health Effects:
Toxic Effects on Humans Skin: Causes severe irritation. Causes skin burns. May cause deep, penetrating ulcers of the skin. Contact
with skin may cause staining, inflammation, and thickening of the skin.
Eye: Contact with liquid or vapor causes severe burns and possible irreversible eye damage including
corneal injury and cataracts.
Inhalation: Causes severe irritation of the upper respiratory tract with coughing, burns, breathing difficulty.
May cause acute pulmonary edema, pneumoconiosis, fibrosis, and even coma. It is a respiratory stimulant
when inhaled at lower concentrations. It may also affect behavior/central nervous system (convulsions,
seizures, ataxia, tremor), cardiovascular system (increase in blood pressure and pulse rate).
Ingestion: Harmful if swallowed. Affects the Gastrointestinal tract (burns, swelling of the lips, mouth, and
larynx, throat constriction, nausea, vomiting, convulsions, shock, and may cause severe and permanent
damage), liver, and urinary system (kidneys) May affect behavior (convulsions, seizures, ataxia, excitement).
Chronic Potential Health Effects:
Ingestion: May cause effects similar to those of acute ingestion.
Inhalation: Repeated exposure to low concentrations may cause bronchitis with cough, phlegm, and/or
shortness of breath. May also cause liver and kidney damage, and affect the brain, and blood.
Eye: May cause corneal damage and the development of cataracts and glaucoma.
Skin: Repeated skin contact to low concentrations may cause dryness, itching, and redness (dermatitis)
Section 12. Ecological Information
Ecotoxicity Ecotoxicity in water (LC50): 0.1 ppm 24 hours [Rainbow trout]. 8.2mg/l 96 hours [Fathead minnow]. 0.1
ppm 48 hours [Bluegill].
BOD5 and COD Not available.
Products of Biodegradation Possibly hazardous short term degradation products are not likely. However, long term degradation products
Toxicity of the Products The products of degradation are less toxic than the product itself.
Special Remarks on the Not available.
Products of Biodegradation
Section 13. Disposal Considerations
Waste Disposal Waste must be disposed of in accordance with federal, state and local environmental
Section 14. Transport Information
DOT Classification Class 8: Corrosive material
Identification : Ammonia Solution UNNA: 2672 PG: III
Special Provisions for Not available.
Section 15. Other Regulatory Information and Pictograms
Federal and State Connecticut hazardous material survey.: Ammonium hydroxide
Illinois toxic substances disclosure to employee act: Ammonium hydroxide
Illinois chemical safety act: Ammonium hydroxide
New York release reporting list: Ammonium hydroxide
Pennsylvania RTK: Ammonium hydroxide
Massachusetts RTK: Ammonium hydroxide
Massachusetts spill list: Ammonium hydroxide
New Jersey: Ammonium hydroxide
New Jersey spill list: Ammonium hydroxide
New Jersey toxic catastrophe prevention act: Ammonium hydroxide
Louisiana spill reporting: Ammonium hydroxide
California Director's List of Hazardous Substances (8 CCR 339): Ammonium hydroxide
TSCA 8(b) inventory: Ammonium hydroxide
CERCLA: Hazardous substances.: Ammonium hydroxide: 1000 lbs. (453.6 kg)
California prop. 65: This product contains the following ingredients for which the State of California has
found to cause cancer which would require a warning under the statute: No products were found.
California prop. 65: This product contains the following ingredients for which the State of California has
found to cause birth defects which would require a warning under the statute: No products were found.
OSHA: Hazardous by definition of Hazard Communication Standard (29 CFR 1910.1200).
EINECS: This product is on the European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances.(EINECS
Canada: Listed on Canadian Domestic Substance List (DSL).
China: Listed on National Inventory.
Japan: Listed on National Inventory (ENCS).
Korea: Listed on National Inventory (KECI).
Philippines: Listed on National Inventory (PICCS).
Australia: Listed on AICS.
WHMIS (Canada) CLASS E: Corrosive liquid.
DSCL (EEC) R34- Causes burns. S24/25- Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
R50- Very toxic to aquatic organisms. S26- In case of contact with eyes, rinse
immediately with plenty of water and seek
S36/37/39- Wear suitable protective clothing,
gloves and eye/face protection.
S45- In case of accident or if you feel unwell,
seek medical advice immediately (show the
label where possible).
S61- Avoid release to the environment. Refer
to special instructions/Safety data sheets.
HMIS (U.S.A.) 3 National Fire Protection
0 Association (U.S.A.)
2 0 Reactivity
Vapor respirator. Be sure to use an
approved/certified respirator or
equivalent. Wear appropriate
respirator when ventilation is
SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION