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4-oxopentanoic acid 123-76-2 MSDS
Name: Levulinic acid 98+% Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym: 4-Ketovaleric acid; 4-Oxopentanoic acid; 4-Oxovaleric acid; Acetopropionic acid; beta-Acetylpropionic acid; gamma-Ketovaleric acid; Laevulic acid; Laevulinic acid; Levulic acid; Pentanoic acid, 4-oxo-; Propionic acid, 3-acetyl-; USAF CZ-1; Val
CAS: 123-76-2
Section 1 - Chemical Product   MSDS Name:Levulinic acid 98+% Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym:4-Ketovaleric acid; 4-Oxopentanoic acid; 4-Oxovaleric acid; Acetopropionic acid; beta-Acetylpropionic acid; gamma-Ketovaleric acid; Laevulic acid; Laevulinic acid; Levulic acid; Pentanoic acid, 4-oxo-; Propionic acid, 3-acetyl-; USAF CZ-1; Val

Section 2 - COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
CAS# Chemical Name content EINECS#
123-76-2 Levulinic acid 98+ 204-649-2
Hazard Symbols: XN
Risk Phrases: 22 36/37/38

Section 3 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
  EMERGENCY OVERVIEW
Harmful if swallowed. Irritating to eyes, respiratory system and skin.Light sensitive.Harmful.
Potential Health Effects
Eye:
Causes eye irritation. May cause chemical conjunctivitis.
Skin:
Causes moderate skin irritation.
Ingestion:
May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. May be harmful if swallowed.
Inhalation:
Causes respiratory tract irritation. Can produce delayed pulmonary edema.
Chronic:
Effects may be delayed.

Section 4 - FIRST AID MEASURES
  Eyes: Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.
Skin:
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
Ingestion:
Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
Inhalation:
Remove from exposure and move to fresh air immediately. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid. Do not use mouth-to-mouth resuscitation if victim ingested or inhaled the substance; induce artificial respiration with the aid of a pocket mask equipped with a one-way valve or other proper respiratory medical device.
Notes to Physician:
Treat symptomatically and supportively.

Section 5 - FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
  General Information:
As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion.
Extinguishing Media:
Use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or appropriate foam.

Section 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
  General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Spills/Leaks:
Sweep up, then place into a suitable container for disposal. Avoid generating dusty conditions. Provide ventilation.

Section 7 - HANDLING and STORAGE
  Handling:
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use with adequate ventilation. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Store protected from light.
Storage:
Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Store protected from light.

Section 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS, PERSONAL PROTECTION
  Engineering Controls:
Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use adequate ventilation to keep airborne concentrations low.
Exposure Limits CAS# 123-76-2: Personal Protective Equipment Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166.
Skin:
Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing:
Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators:
A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant respirator use.

Section 9 - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
 
Physical State: Flakes
Color: after melting, clear yellow
Odor: none reported
pH: Not available.
Vapor Pressure: 1 mm Hg @ 102 deg C
Viscosity: Not available.
Boiling Point: 245 - 246 deg C
Freezing/Melting Point: 33 - 35 deg C
Autoignition Temperature: Not applicable.
Flash Point: 137 deg C ( 278.60 deg F)
Explosion Limits, lower: Not available.
Explosion Limits, upper: Not available.
Decomposition Temperature: Not available.
Solubility in water: Freely Soluble.
Specific Gravity/Density: 1.1340g/cm3
Molecular Formula: CH3COCH2CH2CO2H
Molecular Weight: 116.12

Section 10 - STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
  Chemical Stability:
Stable at room temperature in closed containers under normal storage and handling conditions. May decompose when exposed to light.
Conditions to Avoid:
Incompatible materials, light, dust generation, excess heat, exposure to moist air or water.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
Oxidizing agents, reducing agents, bases, direct light.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.
Hazardous Polymerization: Has not been reported.

Section 11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  RTECS#:
CAS# 123-76-2: OI1575000 LD50/LC50:
CAS# 123-76-2: Draize test, rabbit, skin: 500 mg/24H Moderate; Oral, rat: LD50 = 1850 mg/kg; Skin, rabbit: LD50 = >5 gm/kg.
Carcinogenicity:
Levulinic acid - Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, or NTP.
Other:
See actual entry in RTECS for complete information.

Section 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
 

Section 13 - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
  Dispose of in a manner consistent with federal, state, and local regulations.

Section 14 - TRANSPORT INFORMATION
 
IATA
Shipping Name: CORROSIVE SOLID, ACIDIC, ORGANIC, N.O.S.*
Hazard Class: 8
UN Number: 3261
Packing Group: III
IMO
Shipping Name: CORROSIVE SOLID, ACIDIC, ORGANIC, N.O.S.
Hazard Class: 8
UN Number: 3261
Packing Group: III
RID/ADR
Shipping Name: CORROSIVE SOLID, ACIDIC, ORGANIC, N.O.S.
Hazard Class: 8
UN Number: 3261
Packing group: III

Section 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION
 
European/International Regulations
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols: XN
Risk Phrases:
R 22 Harmful if swallowed.
R 36/37/38 Irritating to eyes, respiratory system
and skin.
Safety Phrases:
S 26 In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately
with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 37/39 Wear suitable gloves and eye/face
protection.
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 123-76-2: 1
Canada
CAS# 123-76-2 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
CAS# 123-76-2 is listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
US FEDERAL
TSCA
CAS# 123-76-2 is listed on the TSCA inventory.


SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
N/A

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