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|Name:||Trimethyl phosphite Material Safety Data Sheet|
|Synonym:||Phosphorous acid, trimethyl ester; Trimethoxyphosphine|
Synonym:Phosphorous acid, trimethyl ester; Trimethoxyphosphine
Section 2 - COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
Risk Phrases: 10 22
Section 3 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
Flammable. Harmful if swallowed.The toxicological properties of this material have not been fully investigated.Stench.
Potential Health Effects
May cause eye irritation. May cause chemical conjunctivitis and corneal damage.
May cause skin irritation. May cause irritation and dermatitis. May cause cyanosis of the extremities.
May cause irritation of the digestive tract. May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. May be harmful if swallowed. Ingestion of large amounts may cause CNS depression.
May cause respiratory tract irritation. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated. Aspiration may lead to pulmonary edema. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation.
May cause burning sensation in the chest.
Adverse reproductive effects have been reported in animals.
Section 4 - FIRST AID MEASURES
Eyes: Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
Get medical aid. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
Remove from exposure and move to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
Notes to Physician:
Section 5 - FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Vapors may form an explosive mixture with air.
Vapors can travel to a source of ignition and flash back. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Will burn if involved in a fire. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Containers may explode in the heat of a fire. Flammable liquid and vapor. Vapors may be heavier than air. They can spread along the ground and collect in low or confined areas.
For small fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, water spray or alcohol-resistant foam. For large fires, use water spray, fog, or alcohol-resistant foam. Use water spray to cool fire-exposed containers. Water may be ineffective. Do NOT use straight streams of water.
Section 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Absorb spill with inert material (e.g. vermiculite, sand or earth), then place in suitable container. Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways. Clean up spills immediately, observing precautions in the Protective Equipment section. Remove all sources of ignition. Use a spark-proof tool. Provide ventilation. A vapor suppressing foam may be used to reduce vapors.
Section 7 - HANDLING and STORAGE
Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use with adequate ventilation. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Use spark-proof tools and explosion proof equipment. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Keep container tightly closed. Keep away from heat, sparks and flame.
Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Section 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS, PERSONAL PROTECTION
Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use adequate ventilation to keep airborne concentrations low.
Exposure Limits CAS# 121-45-9: United Kingdom, WEL - TWA: 2 ppm TWA; 10 mg/m3 TWA United Kingdom, WEL - STEL: 6 ppm STEL; 30 mg/m3 STEL Belgium - TWA: 2 ppm VLE; 10 mg/m3 VLE France - VME: 2 ppm VME; 10 mg/m3 VME Germany: 2.6 mg/m3 TWA Germany: Skin absorber Malaysia: 2 ppm TWA; 10 mg/m3 TWA Netherlands: 2 ppm MAC; 10 mg/m3 MAC Spain: 2 ppm VLA-ED; 10 mg/m3 VLA-ED Personal Protective Equipment Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166.
Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant respirator use.
Section 9 - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
Physical State: Liquid
pH: Not available.
Vapor Pressure: 24 mm Hg @ 25 deg C
Viscosity: Not available.
Boiling Point: 109 - 111 deg C @ 760 mm Hg
Freezing/Melting Point: -78 deg C
Autoignition Temperature: 189 deg C ( 372.20 deg F)
Flash Point: 26 deg C ( 78.80 deg F)
Explosion Limits, lower: Not available.
Explosion Limits, upper: Not available.
Solubility in water: Insoluble.
Specific Gravity/Density: 1.045 g/cm3
Molecular Formula: C3H9O3P
Molecular Weight: 124.08
Section 10 - STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures. Substance is readily hydrolyzed.
Conditions to Avoid:
Ignition sources, excess heat.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
Strong oxidizing agents.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Carbon monoxide, oxides of phosphorus, carbon dioxide.
Hazardous Polymerization: Will not occur.
Section 11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
CAS# 121-45-9: TH1400000 LD50/LC50:
CAS# 121-45-9: Draize test, rabbit, skin: 500 mg Severe; Oral, mouse: LD50 = 4280 mg/kg; Oral, rat: LD50 = 1600 mg/kg; Skin, rabbit: LD50 = 2600 mg/kg.
Did not sensitize guinea pigs. (Kodak).
irritation occurred in animals exposed at 100 ppm or higher concentrations. Severe cataracts were observed at 600 ppm and mild cataracts at 300 ppm. (Kodak) Carcinogenicity:
Trimethyl phosphite - Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, or NTP.
See actual entry in RTECS for complete information.
Section 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
Section 13 - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
Dispose of in a manner consistent with federal, state, and local regulations.
Section 14 - TRANSPORT INFORMATION
Not regulated as a hazardous material.
Not regulated as a hazardous material.
Not regulated as a hazardous material.
Section 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols: XN
R 10 Flammable.
R 22 Harmful if swallowed.
S 9 Keep container in a well-ventilated place.
S 16 Keep away from sources of ignition - No
S 28A After contact with skin, wash immediately with
plenty of water.
S 33 Take precautionary measures against static
S 37 Wear suitable gloves.
S 45 In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek
medical advice immediately (show the label where
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 121-45-9: 1
CAS# 121-45-9 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
CAS# 121-45-9 is listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
CAS# 121-45-9 is listed on the TSCA inventory.
SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION