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anthracene
CAS No.: 120-12-7
Synonyms:
Formula: C14H10
Exact Mass: 178.07800
Molecular Weight: 178.22900
PSA: 0.00000
LogP: 3.99300
Reference Price: $71/kg Inquiry Now
anthracene 120-12-7 MSDS

Section I.Chemical Product and Company Identification
    Chemical Name Anthracene, Zone Refined (number of passes:30)
    Portland OR
    Synonym        Not available.    
    C14H10
    Chemical Formula
    CAS Number        120-12-7    

Section II.        Composition and Information on Ingredients    
    Chemical Name        CAS Number Percent (%)        TLV/PEL        Toxicology Data    
    Anthracene, Zone Refined (number of passes:30)        120-12-7        Min. 99.5        This chemical is classified as        Mouse LD50 (oral) 4900 mg/kg    
    (GC)        a possible carcinogen. There        Mouse LD50 (intraperitoneal) 430    
    is no acceptable exposure limit        mg/kg    
    for a carcinogen.

Section III. Hazards Identification
    Acute Health Effects        Causes photosensitivity. Exposure to light can result in allergic reactions resulting in dermatologic lesions, which can vary    
    from sunburn-like responses to edematous, vesiculated lesions or bullae.
    Harmful if ingested or inhaled. Minimize exposure to this material. Severe overexposure can result in injury or death.
    Irritating to eyes and skin on contact. Inhalation causes irritation of the lungs and respiratory system. Inflammation of the
    eye is characterized by redness, watering, and itching. Skin inflammation is characterized by itching, scaling, reddening,
    or, occasionally, blistering.
    Follow safe industrial hygiene practices and always wear proper protective equipment when handling this compound.
    Chronic Health Effects        CARCINOGENIC EFFECTS : Not available.    
    MUTAGENIC EFFECTS : Not available.
    TERATOGENIC EFFECTS : Tumorigenic Effects.
    Rat TDLo Oral 20 gm/kg/79 weeks intermittent
    TOXIC Effects:
    Tumorigenic - Equivocal tumorigenic agent by RTECS criteria
    Liver - Tumors
    Rat TD Subcutaneous 660 mg/kg/33 weeks intermittent
    TOXICE Effects:
    Tumorigenic - Equivocal tumorigenic agent by RTECS criteria
    Tumorigenic - Tumors at site of application
    Rat TDLo subcutaneous 3300 mg/kg/33 weeks intermittent
    TOXIC Effects:
    Tumorigenic - Neoplastic by RTECS criteria
    Tumorigenic - Tumors at site of application
    DEVELOPMENTAL TOXICITY: Not available.

Section IV.        First Aid Measures    
    Eye Contact        Check for and remove any contact lenses. In case of contact, immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15    
    minutes. Get medical attention.
    Skin Contact
    In case of contact, immediately flush skin with plenty of water. Remove contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing
    before reuse. Thoroughly clean shoes before reuse. Get medical attention.
    If the victim is not breathing, perform mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. Loosen tight clothing such as a collar, tie, belt or
    Inhalation
    waistband. If breathing is difficult, oxygen can be administered. Seek medical attention if respiration problems do not
    improve.
    INDUCE VOMITING by sticking finger in throat. Lower the head so that the vomit will not reenter the mouth and throat.
    Ingestion
    Loosen tight clothing such as a collar, tie, belt or waistband. If the victim is not breathing, perform mouth-to-mouth
    resuscitation. Examine the lips and mouth to ascertain whether the tissues are damaged, a possible indication that the
    toxic material was ingested; the absence of such signs, however, is not conclusive.
    Continued on Next Page
    Anthracene, Zone Refined (number of passes:30)

Section V.        Fire and Explosion Data    
    540°C (1004°F)
    Flammability        May be combustible at high temperature.        Auto-Ignition    
    Flash Points        Flammable Limits        LOWER: 0.6%    
    121°C (249.8°F).
    Combustion Products
    These products are toxic carbon oxides (CO, CO 2).
    Fire Hazards
    Not available.
    Explosion Hazards        Risks of explosion of the product in presence of mechanical impact: Not available.    
    Risks of explosion of the product in presence of static discharge: Not available.
    Fire Fighting Media
    SMALL FIRE: Use DRY chemical powder.
    LARGE FIRE: Use water spray, fog or foam. DO NOT use water jet.
    and Instructions
    Consult with local fire authorities before attempting large scale fire-fighting operations.

Section VI.        Accidental Release Measures    
    Spill Cleanup        Environmentally hazardous material. Photosensitizing material. Lachrymatory material. Harmful material. Irritating    
    Instructions        material. Possibly carcinogenic material.    
    Use a shovel to put the material into a convenient waste disposal container. Consult federal, state, and/or local
    authorities for assistance on disposal.

Section VII. Handling and Storage
    Handling and Storage        ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARD. PHOTOSENSITIZER. LACHRYMATOR. HARMFUL. IRRITANT. POSSIBLE    
    CARCINOGEN. Keep away from heat. Mechanical exhaust required. When not in use, tightly seal the container and
    Information
    store in a dry, cool place. Avoid excessive heat and light. Do not breathe dust.
    Always store away from incompatible compounds such as oxidizing agents.

Section VIII. Exposure Controls/Personal Protection
    Engineering Controls        Use process enclosures, local exhaust ventilation, or other engineering controls to keep airborne levels below    
    recommended exposure limits. If user operations generate dust, fume or mist, use ventilation to keep exposure to
    airborne contaminants below the exposure limit.
    Personal Protection        Splash goggles. Lab coat. Dust respirator. Boots. Gloves. Suggested protective clothing might not be sufficient; consult    
    a specialist BEFORE handling this product. Be sure to use a MSHA/NIOSH approved respirator or equivalent.
    Exposure Limits        This chemical is classified as a possible carcinogen. There is no acceptable exposure limit for a carcinogen.    

Section IX. Physical and Chemical Properties
    Physical state @ 20°C        Solid. (White Crystalline Powder.)        Solubility    
    Insoluble in water; one gram dissolves in
    67 mL absolute alcohol, 70 mL methanol,
    Not available.        62 mL benzene, 85 mL chloroform, 200    
    Specific Gravity
    mL ether, 31 mL carbon disulfide, 86 mL
    carbon tetrachloride, 125 mL toluene.
    Molecular Weight        178.23        Partition Coefficient        Log Kow: 4.45    
    Boiling Point        340°C (644°F)        Vapor Pressure        1 mmHg @ 145°C    
    Melting Point        214°C (417.2°F)        Vapor Density        6.15 (Air = 1)    
    Not available.        Volatility        Not available.    
    Refractive Index
    Critical Temperature        Not available.        Odor        Not available.    
    Viscosity        Not available.        Taste        Not available.    

Section X.        Stability and Reactivity Data    
    Stability    
This material is stable if stored under proper conditions. (See Section VII for instructions)    
    Conditions of Instability
    Avoid excessive heat and light, darkens in sunlight.
    Incompatibilities
    Reactive with strong oxidizing agents, hypochlorites, chromic acid, fluorine.
    Continued on Next Page
    Anthracene, Zone Refined (number of passes:30)

Section XI. Toxicological Information
    RTECS Number        CA9350000    
    Routes of Exposure        Eye Contact. Ingestion. Inhalation.    
    Toxicity Data        Mouse LD50 (oral) 4900 mg/kg    
    Mouse LD50 (intraperitoneal) 430 mg/kg
    Chronic Toxic Effects        CARCINOGENIC EFFECTS : Not available.    
    MUTAGENIC EFFECTS : Not available.
    TERATOGENIC EFFECTS : Tumorigenic Effects.
    Rat TDLo Oral 20 gm/kg/79 weeks intermittent
    TOXIC Effects:
    Tumorigenic - Equivocal tumorigenic agent by RTECS criteria
    Liver - Tumors
    Rat TD Subcutaneous 660 mg/kg/33 weeks intermittent
    TOXICE Effects:
    Tumorigenic - Equivocal tumorigenic agent by RTECS criteria
    Tumorigenic - Tumors at site of application
    Rat TDLo subcutaneous 3300 mg/kg/33 weeks intermittent
    TOXIC Effects:
    Tumorigenic - Neoplastic by RTECS criteria
    Tumorigenic - Tumors at site of application
    DEVELOPMENTAL TOXICITY: Not available.
    Acute Toxic Effects        Causes photosensitivity. Exposure to light can result in allergic reactions resulting in dermatologic lesions, which can vary    
    from sunburn-like responses to edematous, vesiculated lesions or bullae.
    Harmful if ingested or inhaled. Minimize exposure to this material. Severe overexposure can result in injury or death.
    Irritating to eyes and skin on contact. Inhalation causes irritation of the lungs and respiratory system. Inflammation of the
    eye is characterized by redness, watering, and itching. Skin inflammation is characterized by itching, scaling, reddening,
    or, occasionally, blistering.
    Follow safe industrial hygiene practices and always wear proper protective equipment when handling this compound.

Section XII.        Ecological Information    
    Ecotoxicity        Not available.    
    Environmental Fate        Anthracene occurs in fossil fuels and is also released to the environment as a product of incomplete combustion of    
    organic matter. If released to air, anthracene's extrapolated vapor pressure of 2.67X10-6 mm Hg at 25 deg C indicates this
    compound will exist in both the vapor and particulate phases in the ambient atmosphere. Vapor-phase anthracene will be
    degraded in the atmosphere by reaction with photochemically-produced hydroxyl radicals; the half-life for this reaction in
    air is estimated to be 3.4 hours. Particulate-phase anthracene will be physically removed from the atmosphere by wet and
    dry deposition. If released to soil, measured Koc values ranging from 2600 to 8600 indicate anthracene is expected to
    have slight to no mobility. Volatilization of anthracene from dry soil surfaces is not expected to be an important fate
    process based on its extrapolated vapor pressure. Anthracene is expected to volatilize slowly from moist soil surfaces
    based upon its measured Henry's Law constant of 4.88X10-5 atm-cu m/mole. However, adsorption to organic matter may
    attenuate this process. Biodegradation in soil is expected to be an important fate process based upon half-lives in
    unacclimated soils ranging from 50 to 134 days. If released into water, anthracene is expected to adsorb to suspended
    solids and sediment in the water column based upon Koc values ranging from 2600 to 8600. Volatilization from water
    surfaces is expected to occur given this compound's Henry's Law constant. Estimated volatilization half-lives for a model
    river and model lake are 1.2 and 13 days, respectively. However, volatilization is expected to be attenuated by adsorption
    to suspended solids and sediment in the water. Measured BCFs ranging from 162 to 9200 indicate bioconcentration in
    aquatic organisms is moderate to very high. Humic substances in water may reduce the bioavailability of anthracene to
    aquatic organisms based on aqueous soil humic acid solution Koc values ranging from 7.1X10+4 to 1.3X10+5. Hydrolysis
    is not expected to be an important process due to the lack of hydrolyzable functional groups. Biodegradation is expected
    to be slow in aquatic systems. 5% conversion to CO2 was observed in 18 hr in Third Creek water, no degradation of
    anthracene was observed in water from Walker Branch; no degradation of anthracene was observed in estuarine water
    collected in April from the Skidway River, GA, after 24 hours. Anthracene was confirmed to be poorly or
    non-biodegradable in MITI tests. Occupational exposure to anthracene may occur through inhalation of air contaminated
    with products of incomplete combustion and dermal contact with soot, motor oil and coal tar. The general population will
    be exposed to anthracene through the smoking of tobacco, inhalation of particulate matter in air and ingestion of food and
    water.

Section XIII. Disposal Considerations
    Recycle to process, if possible. Consult your local regional authorities. You may be able to dissolve or mix material with a
    Waste Disposal
    combustible solvent and burn in a chemical incinerator equipped with an afterburner and scrubber system. Observe all
    federal, state and local regulations when disposing of the substance.

Section XIV. Transport Information
    DOT Classification
    DOT Class 9: Miscellaneous hazardous material.
    PIN Number
    Proper Shipping Name        Environmentally hazardous substances, solid, n.o.s.    
    Packing Group (PG)        III    
    DOT Pictograms
    Continued on Next Page
    Anthracene, Zone Refined (number of passes:30)

Section XV. Other Regulatory Information and Pictograms
    TSCA Chemical Inventory        This compound is ON the EPA Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) inventory list.    
    (EPA)
    WHMIS Classification
    On DSL
    (Canada)
    EINECS Number (EEC) 204-371-1
    EEC Risk Statements        R20/21/22- Harmful by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.    
    R36/37/38- Irritating to eyes, respiratory system and skin.
    R45- May cause cancer.
    R50- Very toxic to aquatic organisms.
    R53- May cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.


SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
N/A

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