|Name:||Dioctyl phthalate Material Safety Data Sheet|
|Synonym:||Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate; Bis(2-ethylhexyl)-1,2-benzenedicarboxylate; Bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate; DOP; Dioctyl phthalate; DEHP|
Synonym:Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate; Bis(2-ethylhexyl)-1,2-benzenedicarboxylate; Bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate; DOP; Dioctyl phthalate; DEHP
Section 2 - COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
Risk Phrases: 60 61
Section 3 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
May impair fertility. May cause harm to the unborn child.
Potential Health Effects
May cause mild eye irritation. Causes redness and pain.
May cause mild skin irritation.
May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. May cause central nervous system depression.
Material has a low vapor pressure, so exposure to vapor is not likely. Exposure to dioctyl phthalate occurs from spray or mist, rather than from the vapor, unless heat is applied. If the product is heated, misted or sprayed, it may cause irritation of the respiratory tract if inhaled.
DEHP toxicity appears to be a high-dose phenomenon readily demonstrable in some but not all rodent species and strains. Liver toxicity, so characteristic of rodent responses to DEHP, appears to be irrelevant to humans. The carcinogenic response of DEHP has been demonstrated only in one strain of rat and mouse and does not appear to be a feature of toxicity in higher order mammals, especially primates. Reproductive and developmental toxicity, likewise appears to be limited to high-dose effects seen in rodent testing. The relevance to humans of this testing has not been established.
Section 4 - FIRST AID MEASURES
Eyes: In case of contact, immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. Get medical aid.
In case of contact, flush skin with plenty of water. Remove contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops and persists. Wash clothing before reuse.
If swallowed, do not induce vomiting unless directed to do so by medical personnel. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid.
If inhaled, remove to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
Notes to Physician:
Treat symptomatically and supportively.
Section 5 - FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Will burn if involved in a fire. Vapors may be heavier than air. They can spread along the ground and collect in low or confined areas. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution.
Water or foam may cause frothing. Use water spray to cool fire-exposed containers. Use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or chemical foam.
Section 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Absorb spill with inert material (e.g. vermiculite, sand or earth), then place in suitable container. Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways. Clean up spills immediately, observing precautions in the Protective Equipment section. Provide ventilation.
Section 7 - HANDLING and STORAGE
Wash thoroughly after handling. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Use only with adequate ventilation. Avoid breathing vapor or mist.
Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Section 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS, PERSONAL PROTECTION
Use adequate general or local exhaust ventilation to keep airborne concentrations below the permissible exposure limits.
Exposure Limits CAS# 117-81-7: United Kingdom, WEL - TWA: 5 mg/m3 TWA United Kingdom, WEL - STEL: 10 mg/m3 STEL United States OSHA: 5 mg/m3 TWA Belgium - TWA: 5 mg/m3 VLE Belgium - STEL: 10 mg/m3 VLE France - VME: 5 mg/m3 VME Germany: 10 mg/m3 TWA Japan: 5 mg/m3 OEL Malaysia: 5 mg/m3 TWA Russia: 1 mg/m3 TWA Spain: 5 mg/m3 VLA-ED Personal Protective Equipment Eyes: Wear chemical splash goggles.
Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29 CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Use a NIOSH/MSHA or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator if exposure limits are exceeded or if irritation or other symptoms are experienced.
Section 9 - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
Physical State: Liquid
Odor: slight odor
pH: Not available.
Vapor Pressure: .00001 mm Hg @25 deg C
Viscosity: 81.4 cps @ 20 deg C
Boiling Point: 384 deg C @ 760 mm Hg
Freezing/Melting Point: -50 deg C
Autoignition Temperature: 390 deg C ( 734.00 deg F)
Flash Point: 199 deg C ( 390.20 deg F)
Explosion Limits, lower: 0.3% @ 474F
Explosion Limits, upper: Not available.
Solubility in water: Insoluble.
Specific Gravity/Density: 0.98
Molecular Formula: C24H38O4
Molecular Weight: 390.55
Section 10 - STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Conditions to Avoid:
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
Strong oxidizing agents, acids, alkalies.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.
Hazardous Polymerization: Has not been reported.
Section 11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
CAS# 117-81-7: TI0350000 LD50/LC50:
CAS# 117-81-7: Dermal, guinea pig: LD50 = 10 gm/kg; Draize test, rabbit, eye: 500 mg Mild; Draize test, rabbit, eye: 500 mg/24H Mild; Draize test, rabbit, skin: 500 mg/24H Mild; Oral, mouse: LD50 = 1500 mg/kg; Oral, mouse: LD50 = 29.5 gm/kg; Oral, rabbit: LD50 = 34 gm/kg; Oral, rat: LD50 = 30 gm/kg; Skin, rabbit: LD50 = 25 gm/kg.
Dioctyl phthalate - ACGIH: A3 - Confirmed animal carcinogen with unknown relevance to California: carcinogen, initial date 1/1/88 NTP: Suspect carcinogen Other:
See actual entry in RTECS for complete information.
Section 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
Other No information available.
Section 13 - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
Dispose of in a manner consistent with federal, state, and local regulations.
Section 14 - TRANSPORT INFORMATION
Shipping Name: Not regulated.
Shipping Name: Not regulated.
Shipping Name: Not regulated.
USA RQ: CAS# 117-81-7: 100 lb final RQ; 45.4 kg final RQ
Section 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols: T
R 61 May cause harm to the unborn child.
R 60 May impair fertility.
S 53 Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions
S 45 In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek
medical advice immediately (show the label where
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 117-81-7: 1
CAS# 117-81-7 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
CAS# 117-81-7 is listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
CAS# 117-81-7 is listed on the TSCA inventory.
SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION