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octane
CAS No.: 111-65-9
Synonyms:
Formula: C8H18
Exact Mass: 114.14100
Molecular Weight: 114.22900
PSA: 0.00000
LogP: 3.36680
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octane 111-65-9 MSDS
Name: Octane Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym: n-Octane
CAS: 111-65-9
Section 1 - Chemical Product   MSDS Name:Octane Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym:n-Octane

Section 2 - COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
CAS# Chemical Name content EINECS#
111-65-9 Octane >95.0 203-892-1
Hazard Symbols: XN F N
Risk Phrases: 11 38 50/53 65 67

Section 3 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
  EMERGENCY OVERVIEW
Highly flammable. Irritating to skin. Very toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment. Harmful: may cause lung damage if swallowed. Vapours may cause drowsiness and dizziness.
Potential Health Effects
Eye:
Causes eye irritation.
Skin:
Causes skin irritation. May be absorbed through the skin in harmful amounts. Prolonged and/or repeated contact may cause defatting of the skin and dermatitis.
Ingestion:
Aspiration hazard. Causes gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. May cause central nervous system depression, characterized by excitement, followed by headache, dizziness, drowsiness, and nausea. Advanced stages may cause collapse, unconsciousness, coma and possible death due to respiratory failure.
Aspiration of material into the lungs may cause chemical pneumonitis, which may be fatal.
Inhalation:
Causes respiratory tract irritation. Irritation may lead to chemical pneumonitis and pulmonary edema. May cause narcotic effects in high concentration. Exposure produces central nervous system depression.
Chronic:
Prolonged or repeated skin contact may cause defatting and dermatitis.

Section 4 - FIRST AID MEASURES
  Eyes: Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.
Skin:
Flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists. Wash clothing before reuse.
Ingestion:
Do not induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Possible aspiration hazard. Get medical aid immediately.
Inhalation:
Remove from exposure and move to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
Notes to Physician:

Section 5 - FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
  General Information:
As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Vapors can travel to a source of ignition and flash back. Flammable Liquid. Can release vapors that form explosive mixtures at temperatures above the flashpoint. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Vapors may be heavier than air.
They can spread along the ground and collect in low or confined areas. May accumulate static electrical charges, and may cause ignition of its own vapors.
Extinguishing Media:
Use foam, dry chemical, or carbon dioxide. Water may be ineffective.
Water may spread fire.

Section 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
  General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Spills/Leaks:
Remove all sources of ignition. Absorb spill using an absorbent, non-combustible material such as earth, sand, or vermiculite. Do not use combustible materials such as sawdust. Provide ventilation.

Section 7 - HANDLING and STORAGE
  Handling:
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use with adequate ventilation. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Use spark-proof tools and explosion proof equipment. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Do not ingest or inhale. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Storage:
Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.

Section 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS, PERSONAL PROTECTION
  Engineering Controls:
Use explosion-proof ventilation equipment. Use adequate general or local exhaust ventilation to keep airborne concentrations below the permissible exposure limits.
Exposure Limits CAS# 111-65-9: United States OSHA: 500 ppm TWA; 2350 mg/m3 TWA Belgium - TWA: 300 ppm VLE; 1420 mg/m3 VLE Belgium - STEL: 375 ppm VLE; 1775 mg/m3 VLE France - VME: 300 ppm VME; 1450 mg/m3 VME Germany: 500 ppm TWA; 2400 mg/m3 TWA Japan: 300 ppm OEL; 1400 mg/m3 OEL Malaysia: 300 ppm TWA; 11400 mg/m3 TWA Netherlands: 300 ppm MAC; 1450 mg/m3 MAC Spain: 300 ppm VLA-ED; 1420 mg/m3 VLA-ED Personal Protective Equipment Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166.
Skin:
Wear impervious gloves.
Clothing:
Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators:
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29 CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Use a NIOSH/MSHA or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator if exposure limits are exceeded or if irritation or other symptoms are experienced.

Section 9 - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
 
Physical State: Liquid
Color: clear, colorless
Odor: mild odor - gasoline-like
pH: Not available.
Vapor Pressure: 11 mm Hg @ 20C
Viscosity: Not available.
Boiling Point: 258 deg F
Freezing/Melting Point: -73.5 deg F
Autoignition Temperature: 403 deg F ( 206.11 deg C)
Flash Point: 56 deg F ( 13.33 deg C)
Explosion Limits, lower: 1.0
Explosion Limits, upper: 6.5
Decomposition Temperature: Not available.
Solubility in water: Insoluble in water.
Specific Gravity/Density: 0.7 (water=1)
Molecular Formula: C8H18
Molecular Weight: 114.126

Section 10 - STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
  Chemical Stability:
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures. Forms explosive mixtures with air.
Conditions to Avoid:
Incompatible materials, ignition sources, excess heat.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
Oxidizing agents, coatings, plastics, rubber.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.
Hazardous Polymerization: Has not been reported.

Section 11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  RTECS#:
CAS# 111-65-9: RG8400000 LD50/LC50:
CAS# 111-65-9: Inhalation, rat: LC50 = 118 gm/m3/4H.
Carcinogenicity:
Octane - Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, or NTP.
Other:
See actual entry in RTECS for complete information.

Section 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  Ecotoxicity:
Water flea EC50 = 0.38 mg/L; 48 Hr.; Unspecified ConditionsBacteria: Phytobacterium phosphoreum: EC50 = 890 mg/L; 30 minutes; Microtox No information available.

Section 13 - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
  Dispose of in a manner consistent with federal, state, and local regulations.

Section 14 - TRANSPORT INFORMATION
 
IATA
Shipping Name: OCTANES
Hazard Class: 3
UN Number: 1262
Packing Group: II
IMO
Shipping Name: OCTANES
Hazard Class: 3.2
UN Number: 1262
Packing Group: II
RID/ADR
Shipping Name: OCTANES
Hazard Class: 3
UN Number: 1262
Packing group: II

Section 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION
 
European/International Regulations
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols: XN F N
Risk Phrases:
R 11 Highly flammable.
R 38 Irritating to skin.
R 50/53 Very toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause
long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.
R 65 Harmful: may cause lung damage if swallowed.
R 67 Vapours may cause drowsiness and dizziness.
Safety Phrases:
S 9 Keep container in a well-ventilated place.
S 16 Keep away from sources of ignition - No
smoking.
S 29 Do not empty into drains.
S 33 Take precautionary measures against static
discharges.
S 60 This material and its container must be
disposed of as hazardous waste.
S 61 Avoid release to the environment. Refer to
special instructions/safety data sheets.
S 62 If swallowed, do not induce vomiting: seek
medical advice immediately and show this container or
label.
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 111-65-9: 1
Canada
CAS# 111-65-9 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
CAS# 111-65-9 is listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
US FEDERAL
TSCA
CAS# 111-65-9 is listed on the TSCA inventory.


SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
N/A

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