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Diethylene glycol
CAS No.: 111-46-6
Synonyms:
Formula: C4H10O3
Exact Mass: 106.06300
Molecular Weight: 106.12000
PSA: 49.69000
LogP: -1.01240
Reference Price: $827/ton Inquiry Now
Diethylene glycol 111-46-6 MSDS
Name: Digol (Diethylene Glycol) Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym: 2,2'-Oxydiethanol; Diethylene glycol; Diglycol; Dihydroxydiethyl ether; 2,2'-Dihydroxyethyl ether; Ethylene diglycol; 3-Oxa-1,5-pentanediol; Bis(2-hydroxyethyl)ether; DEG
CAS: 111-46-6
Section 1 - Chemical Product   MSDS Name:Digol (Diethylene Glycol) Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym:2,2'-Oxydiethanol; Diethylene glycol; Diglycol; Dihydroxydiethyl ether; 2,2'-Dihydroxyethyl ether; Ethylene diglycol; 3-Oxa-1,5-pentanediol; Bis(2-hydroxyethyl)ether; DEG

Section 2 - COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
CAS# Chemical Name content EINECS#
111-46-6 Diethylene glycol 100 203-872-2
Hazard Symbols: XN
Risk Phrases: 22

Section 3 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
  EMERGENCY OVERVIEW
Harmful if swallowed.Hygroscopic (absorbs moisture from the air).
Potential Health Effects
Eye:
May cause mild eye irritation.
Skin:
May cause mild skin irritation. May be absorbed through the skin.
Ingestion:
May cause liver and kidney damage. May cause central nervous system depression, characterized by excitement, followed by headache, dizziness, drowsiness, and nausea. Advanced stages may cause collapse, unconsciousness, coma and possible death due to respiratory failure. Human fatalities have been reported from acute poisoning.
Inhalation:
May cause respiratory tract irritation. May be harmful if inhaled.
Inhalation of heated or misted form may cause pulmonary edema.
Chronic:
Adverse reproductive effects have been reported in animals. A long term rat feeding study showed that 1% diethylene glycol in the diet over a 2-year period resulted in slight growth depression, a few calcium oxalate bladder stones, minimal kidney damage, and occasional liver damage. At 4% dietary level, there was increased mortality, a marked depression of growth rate, bladder stones, severe kidney damage, and moderate liver damage. In addition, bladder tumors appeared rather frequently.

Section 4 - FIRST AID MEASURES
  Eyes: Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.
Skin:
Get medical aid. Immediately flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
Wash clothing before reuse.
Ingestion:
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid.
Inhalation:
Remove from exposure and move to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
Notes to Physician:
Treatment options include ipecac/lavage, activated charcoal, cathartics--admisitered within two hours of ingestion. Hemodialysis should be considered in severe intoxication.

Section 5 - FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
  General Information:
As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool.
Extinguishing Media:
Water or foam may cause frothing. Alcohol foam, water fog, carbon dioxide, dry chemical.

Section 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
  General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Spills/Leaks:
Absorb spill with inert material (e.g. vermiculite, sand or earth), then place in suitable container. Clean up spills immediately, observing precautions in the Protective Equipment section. Provide ventilation.

Section 7 - HANDLING and STORAGE
  Handling:
Wash thoroughly after handling. Use with adequate ventilation. Avoid breathing vapors from heated material. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Wash clothing before reuse. Avoid breathing spray or mist.
Storage:
Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Keep containers tightly closed. Store protected from moisture.

Section 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS, PERSONAL PROTECTION
  Engineering Controls:
Good general ventilation should be sufficient to control airborne levels.
Exposure Limits CAS# 111-46-6: United Kingdom, WEL - TWA: 23 ppm TWA; 101 mg/m3 TWA United Kingdom, WEL - STEL: 69 ppm STEL; 303 mg/m3 STEL Germany: 10 ppm TWA; 44 mg/m3 TWA Russia: 10 mg/m3 TWA Personal Protective Equipment Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166.
Skin:
Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing:
Wear appropriate protective clothing to minimize contact with skin.
Respirators:
A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant respirator use.

Section 9 - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
 
Physical State: Viscous liquid
Color: colorless
Odor: practically odorless
pH: Not available.
Vapor Pressure: 0.01 mm Hg @ 30 deg C
Viscosity: 0.30 cP @ 25 deg C
Boiling Point: 245 deg C
Freezing/Melting Point: -10 deg C
Autoignition Temperature: 224 deg C ( 435.20 deg F)
Flash Point: 124 deg C ( 255.20 deg F)
Explosion Limits, lower: Not available.
Explosion Limits, upper: Not available.
Decomposition Temperature: Not available.
Solubility in water: Soluble.
Specific Gravity/Density: 1.11
Molecular Formula: C4H10O3
Molecular Weight: 106.12

Section 10 - STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
  Chemical Stability:
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Conditions to Avoid:
Excess heat, exposure to moist air or water.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
Strong oxidizing agents, strong acids, strong bases.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.
Hazardous Polymerization: Will not occur.

Section 11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  RTECS#:
CAS# 111-46-6: ID5950000 LD50/LC50:
CAS# 111-46-6: Draize test, rabbit, eye: 50 mg Mild; Draize test, rabbit, skin: 500 mg Mild; Oral, mouse: LD50 = 23700 mg/kg; Oral, mouse: LD50 = 2300 mg/kg; Oral, rabbit: LD50 = 4400 mg/kg; Oral, rat: LD50 = 12565 mg/kg; Oral, rat: LD50 = 12000 mg/kg; Skin, rabbit: LD50 = 11890 mg/kg.
Oral, human: LDLo = 1000 mg/kg.
Carcinogenicity:
Diethylene glycol - Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, or NTP.
Other:
See actual entry in RTECS for complete information.

Section 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  Ecotoxicity:
Fish: Fathead Minnow: LC50 = >100.0 mg/L; 96 Hr.; Static ConditionWater flea Daphnia: LC50 = 0.3-1.0 mg/L; 96 Hr.; Static ConditionBacteria: Phytobacterium phosphoreum: EC50 = 228 mg/L; 15 minutes; Microtox test

Section 13 - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
  Products which are considered hazardous for supply are classified as Special Waste and the disposal of such chemicals is covered by regulations which may vary according to location. Contact a specialist disposal company or the local waste regulator for advice. Empty containers must be decontaminated before returning for recycling.

Section 14 - TRANSPORT INFORMATION
 
IATA
Not regulated as a hazardous material.
IMO
Not regulated as a hazardous material.
RID/ADR
Not regulated as a hazardous material.

Section 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION
 
European/International Regulations
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols: XN
Risk Phrases:
R 22 Harmful if swallowed.
Safety Phrases:
S 46 If swallowed, seek medical advice immediately
and show this container or label.
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 111-46-6: 1
Canada
CAS# 111-46-6 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
CAS# 111-46-6 is not listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
US FEDERAL
TSCA
CAS# 111-46-6 is listed on the TSCA inventory.


SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
N/A

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