2,2'-Dichlorodiethyl ether 111-44-4 MSDS
Name: 2 2-Dichlorodiethylether 99+% Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym: Bis(2-chloroethyl)ether; Dichloroethyl ether; BCEE; Bis(chloroethyl)ether
CAS: 111-44-4
Section 1 - Chemical Product   MSDS Name:2 2-Dichlorodiethylether 99+% Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym:Bis(2-chloroethyl)ether; Dichloroethyl ether; BCEE; Bis(chloroethyl)ether

Section 2 - COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
CAS# Chemical Name content EINECS#
111-44-4 2,2-Dichlorodiethylether >99 203-870-1
Hazard Symbols: T+
Risk Phrases: 10 26/27/28 68

Section 3 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
  EMERGENCY OVERVIEW
Flammable. Very toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.Possible risk of irreversible effects.Lachrymator (substance which increases the flow of tears).
Potential Health Effects
Eye:
Causes severe eye irritation. Lachrymator (substance which increases the flow of tears). May cause chemical conjunctivitis and corneal damage.
Skin:
Causes mild skin irritation. May be fatal if absorbed through the skin.
Ingestion:
Harmful if swallowed. Causes gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.
Inhalation:
May be fatal if inhaled. Causes respiratory tract irritation. May cause irritation of the respiratory tract with burning pain in the nose and throat, coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath and pulmonary edema.
Chronic:
Possible cancer hazard based on tests with laboratory animals.
Prolonged inhalation may cause respiratory tract inflammation and lung damage.

Section 4 - FIRST AID MEASURES
  Eyes: In case of contact, immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. Get medical aid immediately.
Skin:
In case of contact, immediately flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
Get medical aid immediately. Wash clothing before reuse.
Ingestion:
If swallowed, do not induce vomiting unless directed to do so by medical personnel. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid.
Inhalation:
POISON material. If inhaled, get medical aid immediately. Remove victim to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration.
If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.
Notes to Physician:

Section 5 - FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
  General Information:
As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Vapors may form an explosive mixture with air. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Containers may explode in the heat of a fire. Flammable liquid and vapor. Vapors are heavier than air and may travel to a source of ignition and flash back. Vapors can spread along the ground and collect in low or confined areas.
Extinguishing Media:
Use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or appropriate foam.

Section 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
  General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Spills/Leaks:
Absorb spill with inert material (e.g. vermiculite, sand or earth), then place in suitable container. Remove all sources of ignition.
Use a spark-proof tool. Provide ventilation. Use water spray to cool and disperse vapors and protect personnel.

Section 7 - HANDLING and STORAGE
  Handling:
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Use spark-proof tools and explosion proof equipment. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames. Use only with adequate ventilation. Keep away from heat, sparks and flame. Do not breathe vapor or mist.
Storage:
Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Flammables-area. Containers should be dated when opened and tested periodically for the presence of peroxides. Should crystals form in a peroxidizable liquid, peroxidation may have occurred and the product should be considered extremely dangerous. In this instance, the container should only be opened remotely by professionals. All peroxidizable substances should be stored away from heat and light and be protected from ignition sources.

Section 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS, PERSONAL PROTECTION
  Engineering Controls:
Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use adequate general or local exhaust ventilation to keep airborne concentrations below the permissible exposure limits.
Exposure Limits CAS# 111-44-4: United States OSHA: ; 15 ppm Ceiling; 90 mg/m3 Ceiling Belgium - TWA: 5 ppm VLE; 29 mg/m3 VLE Belgium - STEL: 10 ppm VLE; 59 mg/m3 VLE France - VME: 5 ppm VME; 30 mg/m3 VME Germany: 10 ppm TWA; 59 mg/m3 TWA Germany: Skin absorber Japan: 15 ppm OEL; 88 mg/m3 OEL Malaysia: 5 ppm TWA; 29 mg/m3 TWA Netherlands: 5 ppm MAC; 30 mg/m3 MAC Russia: 2 mg/m3 TWA Spain: 5 ppm VLA-ED; 30 mg/m3 VLA-ED Spain: 10 ppm VLA-EC; 60 mg/m3 VLA-EC Personal Protective Equipment Eyes: Wear chemical splash goggles.
Skin:
Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing:
Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators:
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29 CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Use a NIOSH/MSHA or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator if exposure limits are exceeded or if irritation or other symptoms are experienced.

Section 9 - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
 
Physical State: Liquid
Color: colorless
Odor: pungent odor
pH: Not available.
Vapor Pressure: 1.55 mm Hg @ 25 deg C
Viscosity: Not available.
Boiling Point: 178.5 deg C @ 760 mm Hg
Freezing/Melting Point: -52 deg C
Autoignition Temperature: 369 deg C ( 696.20 deg F)
Flash Point: 55 deg C ( 131.00 deg F)
Explosion Limits, lower: 2.7 vol %
Explosion Limits, upper: Not available.
Decomposition Temperature:
Solubility in water: Insoluble.
Specific Gravity/Density: 1.2200 g/cm3
Molecular Formula: C4H8Cl2O
Molecular Weight: 143.02

Section 10 - STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
  Chemical Stability:
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures. May form peroxides in the absence of inhibitors. Forms hydrochloric acid with water.
Conditions to Avoid:
Ignition sources, excess heat, exposure to moist air or water.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
Strong oxidizing agents, strong acids.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Hydrogen chloride, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.
Hazardous Polymerization: Has not been reported.

Section 11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  RTECS#:
CAS# 111-44-4: KN0875000 LD50/LC50:
CAS# 111-44-4: Dermal, guinea pig: LD50 = 300 mg/kg; Draize test, rabbit, eye: 100 mg Severe; Inhalation, mouse: LC50 = 650 mg/m3/2H; Inhalation, rat: LC50 = 330 mg/m3/4H; Inhalation, rat: LC50 = 330 mg/m3; Oral, mouse: LD50 = 209 mg/kg; Oral, mouse: LD50 = 112 mg/kg; Oral, rabbit: LD50 = 126 mg/kg; Oral, rat: LD50 = 75 mg/kg; Skin, rabbit: LD50 = 90 mg/kg.
Carcinogenicity:
2,2-Dichlorodiethylether - California: carcinogen, initial date 4/1/88 Other:
See actual entry in RTECS for complete information.

Section 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  Ecotoxicity:
Fish: Bluegill/Sunfish: LC50 = 600 mg/L; 96 Hr.; Static conditionWater flea Daphnia: EC50 = 238 mg/L; 48 Hr.; Static condition

Section 13 - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
  Dispose of in a manner consistent with federal, state, and local regulations.

Section 14 - TRANSPORT INFORMATION
 
IATA
Shipping Name: 2,2'-DICHLORODIETHYL ETHER
Hazard Class: 6.1 (3)
UN Number: 1916
Packing Group: II
IMO
Shipping Name: 2,2'-DICHLORODIETHYL ETHER
Hazard Class: 6.1 (3)
UN Number: 1916
Packing Group: II
RID/ADR
Shipping Name: 2,2-DICHLOROETHYL ETHER
Hazard Class: 6.1
UN Number: 1916
Packing group: II
USA RQ: CAS# 111-44-4: 10 lb final RQ; 4.54 kg final RQ

Section 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION
 
European/International Regulations
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols: T+
Risk Phrases:
R 10 Flammable.
R 26/27/28 Very toxic by inhalation, in contact with
skin and if swallowed.
R 68 Possible risk of irreversible effects.
Safety Phrases:
S 7/9 Keep container tightly closed and in a
well-ventilated place.
S 27 Take off immediately all contaminated clothing.
S 38 In case of insufficient ventilation, wear
suitable respiratory equipment.
S 45 In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek
medical advice immediately (show the label where
possible).
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 111-44-4: 2
Canada
CAS# 111-44-4 is listed on Canada's NDSL List.
CAS# 111-44-4 is listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
US FEDERAL
TSCA
CAS# 111-44-4 is listed on the TSCA inventory.


SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
N/A

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