Diethanolamine
CAS No.: 111-42-2
Synonyms:
Formula: C4H11NO2
Exact Mass: 105.07900
Molecular Weight: 105.13600
PSA: 52.49000
LogP: -1.04850
Diethanolamine 111-42-2 MSDS
Name: Diethanolamine Solution 85.0% Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym: Bis(2-hydroxyethyl)amine; DEA; Diethylolamine; 2,2'-Dihydroxydiethylamine; 2,2'-Iminodiethanol
CAS: 111-42-2
Section 1 - Chemical Product   MSDS Name:Diethanolamine Solution 85.0% Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym:Bis(2-hydroxyethyl)amine; DEA; Diethylolamine; 2,2'-Dihydroxydiethylamine; 2,2'-Iminodiethanol

Section 2 - COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
CAS# Chemical Name content EINECS#
111-42-2 Diethanolamine 85.0 203-868-0
Hazard Symbols: XN
Risk Phrases: 22 38 41 48/22

Section 3 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
  EMERGENCY OVERVIEW
Harmful if swallowed. Irritating to skin. Risk of serious damage to eyes. Harmful : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure if swallowed.Hygroscopic (absorbs moisture from the air).
Potential Health Effects
Eye:
Causes severe eye irritation. May cause inflammation of the cornea and iris.
Skin:
May cause skin irritation. May be absorbed through the skin.
Ingestion:
Causes gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. May be harmful if swallowed.
Inhalation:
Causes respiratory tract irritation. May cause lung damage.
Chronic:
May cause liver and kidney damage. May cause reproductive and fetal effects.

Section 4 - FIRST AID MEASURES
  Eyes: Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.
Skin:
Immediately flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists. Wash clothing before reuse.
Ingestion:
Do not induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Get medical aid.
Inhalation:
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure and move to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.
Notes to Physician:

Section 5 - FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
  General Information:
As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Vapors may be heavier than air. They can spread along the ground and collect in low or confined areas. Containers may explode when heated.
Extinguishing Media:
Use carbon dioxide or dry chemical. Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out.

Section 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
  General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Spills/Leaks:
Absorb spill with inert material (e.g. vermiculite, sand or earth), then place in suitable container. Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways. Clean up spills immediately, observing precautions in the Protective Equipment section. Provide ventilation.

Section 7 - HANDLING and STORAGE
  Handling:
Wash thoroughly after handling. Wash hands before eating. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use with adequate ventilation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
Storage:
Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Storage under a nitrogen blanket has been recommended.

Section 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS, PERSONAL PROTECTION
  Engineering Controls:
Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use adequate general or local exhaust ventilation to keep airborne concentrations below the permissible exposure limits.
Exposure Limits CAS# 111-42-2: Belgium - TWA: 0.46 ppm VLE; 2 mg/m3 VLE France - VME: 3 ppm VME; 15 mg/m3 VME Germany: 15 mg/m3 TWA (inhalable fraction) Germany: Skin absorber Malaysia: 0.46 ppm TWA; 2 mg/m3 TWA Netherlands: 0.46 ppm MAC; 2 mg/m3 MAC Russia: 5 mg/m3 TWA Spain: 0.46 ppm VLA-ED; 2 mg/m3 VLA-ED CAS# 7732-18-5: Personal Protective Equipment Eyes: Wear chemical splash goggles.
Skin:
Wear appropriate gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing:
Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators:
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29 CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Use a NIOSH/MSHA or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator if exposure limits are exceeded or if irritation or other symptoms are experienced.

Section 9 - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
 
Physical State: Liquid
Color: colorless
Odor: Mild ammoniacal odor.
pH: Not available.
Vapor Pressure: < 0.01 mm Hg @ 20 deg C
Viscosity: 352 cps 30 deg C
Boiling Point: 268 deg C
Freezing/Melting Point: -6 deg C
Autoignition Temperature: 662 deg C ( 1,223.60 deg F)
Flash Point: 138 deg C ( 280.40 deg F)
Explosion Limits, lower: 1.6
Explosion Limits, upper: 9.8
Decomposition Temperature: Not available.
Solubility in water: Soluble in water.
Specific Gravity/Density: 1.09
Molecular Formula: C4H11NO2
Molecular Weight: 105.14

Section 10 - STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
  Chemical Stability:
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Conditions to Avoid:
Excess heat, exposure to moist air or water.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
Reacts with carbon dioxide from the air and formaldehyde.
Incompatibile with strong oxidizers, strong acids, acid anhydrides, and halides. Corrosive to copper, copper alloys, zinc, and galvanized iron. Heating of ethanolamines above 60C will cause darkening of material.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide.
Hazardous Polymerization: Has not been reported.

Section 11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  RTECS#:
CAS# 111-42-2: KL2975000 CAS# 7732-18-5: ZC0110000 LD50/LC50:
CAS# 111-42-2: Dermal, guinea pig: LD50 = 11900 uL/kg; Draize test, rabbit, eye: 5500 mg Severe; Draize test, rabbit, eye: 750 ug/24H Severe; Draize test, rabbit, skin: 500 mg/24H Mild; Oral, mouse: LD50 = 3300 mg/kg; Oral, rabbit: LD50 = 2200 mg/kg; Oral, rat: LD50 = 620 uL/kg; Skin, rabbit: LD50 = 7640 uL/kg.
CAS# 7732-18-5: Oral, rat: LD50 = >90 mL/kg.
Carcinogenicity:
Diethanolamine - Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, or NTP.
Water - Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, or NTP.
Other:
See actual entry in RTECS for complete information.

Section 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  Ecotoxicity:
Fish: Bluegill/Sunfish: 1800mg/L; 24HFish: Goldfish: 800mg/L; 24HFish: Fathead Minnow: LC50 = >100.00 mg/L; 96 Hr.; Static ConditionBacteria: Phytobacterium phosphoreum: EC50 = 5000 mg/L; 5 minutes; Microtox test Other For more information, see "HANDBOOK OF ENVIRONMENTAL FATE AND EXPOSURE DATA."

Section 13 - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
  Products which are considered hazardous for supply are classified as Special Waste and the disposal of such chemicals is covered by regulations which may vary according to location. Contact a specialist disposal company or the local waste regulator for advice. Empty containers must be decontaminated before returning for recycling.

Section 14 - TRANSPORT INFORMATION
 
IATA
Shipping Name: Not regulated.
Hazard Class:
UN Number:
Packing Group:
IMO
Shipping Name: Not regulated.
Hazard Class:
UN Number:
Packing Group:
RID/ADR
Shipping Name: Not regulated.
Hazard Class:
UN Number:
Packing group:
USA RQ: CAS# 111-42-2: 100 lb final RQ; 45.4 kg final RQ

Section 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION
 
European/International Regulations
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols: XN
Risk Phrases:
R 22 Harmful if swallowed.
R 38 Irritating to skin.
R 41 Risk of serious damage to eyes.
R 48/22 Harmful : danger of serious damage to health
by prolonged exposure if swallowed.
Safety Phrases:
S 26 In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately
with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36/37/39 Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves
and eye/face protection.
S 46 If swallowed, seek medical advice immediately
and show this container or label.
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 111-42-2: 1
CAS# 7732-18-5: No information available.
Canada
CAS# 111-42-2 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
CAS# 7732-18-5 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
CAS# 111-42-2 is listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
CAS# 7732-18-5 is not listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
US FEDERAL
TSCA
CAS# 111-42-2 is listed on the TSCA inventory.
CAS# 7732-18-5 is listed on the TSCA inventory.


SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
N/A

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