furan
CAS No.: 110-00-9
Synonyms:
Formula: C4H4O
Exact Mass: 68.02620
Molecular Weight: 68.07400
PSA: 13.14000
LogP: 1.27960
furan 110-00-9 MSDS
Name: Furan stabilized with 0.025-0.04% BHT Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym: Divinylene oxide; Oxacyclopentadiene; Furfuran; Tetrol; 1,4-Epoxy-1,3-butadiene; Oxole
CAS: 110-00-9
Section 1 - Chemical Product   MSDS Name:Furan stabilized with 0.025-0.04% BHT Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym:Divinylene oxide; Oxacyclopentadiene; Furfuran; Tetrol; 1,4-Epoxy-1,3-butadiene; Oxole

Section 2 - COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
CAS# Chemical Name content EINECS#
110-00-9 Furan 98 203-727-3
Hazard Symbols: T F+
Risk Phrases: 12 19 20/22 38 45 48/22 52/53

Section 3 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
  EMERGENCY OVERVIEW
Extremely flammable. May form explosive peroxides. Harmful by inhalation and if swallowed. Irritating to skin. May cause cancer.
Harmful : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure if swallowed. Harmful to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.Cancer suspect agent.
Potential Health Effects
Eye:
May cause eye irritation. At high concentrations may cause lacrimation (tearing) and irritation.
Skin:
May cause skin irritation. May be absorbed through the skin in harmful amounts. May cause skin sensitization, an allergic reaction, which becomes evident upon re-exposure to this material.
Ingestion:
Harmful if swallowed. May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. May cause liver damage. Possible aspiration hazard.
Inhalation:
Harmful if inhaled. Irritation may lead to chemical pneumonitis and pulmonary edema. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation. May cause nausea, dizziness, and headache. Inhalation may cause respiratory tract irritation, oppression in the chest, dyspnea (labored breathing), central nervous system depression, and temporary visual disturbances. Exposure to high concentrations may produce narcosis, nausea and loss of consciousness.
Chronic:
Chronic exposure may cause liver damage.

Section 4 - FIRST AID MEASURES
  Eyes: In case of contact, immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. Get medical aid.
Skin:
In case of contact, flush skin with plenty of water. Remove contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops and persists. Wash clothing before reuse.
Ingestion:
If swallowed, do not induce vomiting unless directed to do so by medical personnel. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid.
Inhalation:
If inhaled, remove to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
Notes to Physician:

Section 5 - FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
  General Information:
As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Containers may explode in the heat of a fire. Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flame. Extremely flammable liquid and vapor. Vapor may cause flash fire. Vapors are heavier than air and may travel to a source of ignition and flash back. Vapors can spread along the ground and collect in low or confined areas.
Extinguishing Media:
Water may be ineffective. Use dry chemical or foam.

Section 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
  General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Spills/Leaks:
Absorb spill with inert material (e.g. vermiculite, sand or earth), then place in suitable container. Remove all sources of ignition.
Use a spark-proof tool. Provide ventilation. A vapor suppressing foam may be used to reduce vapors.

Section 7 - HANDLING and STORAGE
  Handling:
Wash thoroughly after handling. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing.
Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Keep container tightly closed. Keep away from heat, sparks and flame. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. If peroxide formation is suspected, do not open or move container. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames. Do not distill since this removes peroxide-inhibitors. Use only with adequate ventilation.
Storage:
Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Flammables-area. Regularly check inhibitor levels to maintain peroxide levels below 1%. After opening, purge container with nitrogen before reclosing. Periodically test for peroxide formation on long-term storage. Addition of water or appropriate reducing materials will lessen peroxide formation.

Section 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS, PERSONAL PROTECTION
  Engineering Controls:
Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use adequate ventilation to keep airborne concentrations low. Ventilation fans and other electrical service must be non-sparking and have an explosion-proof design. Use only under a chemical fume hood. Utilize a closed system process where feasible.
Exposure Limits CAS# 110-00-9: Russia: 0.5 mg/m3 TWA CAS# 128-37-0: United Kingdom, WEL - TWA: 10 mg/m3 TWA United Kingdom, WEL - STEL: 30 mg/m3 STEL Belgium - TWA: 10 mg/m3 VLE France - VME: 10 mg/m3 VME Germany: 10 mg/m3 TWA (inhalable fraction) Malaysia: 10 mg/m3 TWA Netherlands: 10 mg/m3 MAC Personal Protective Equipment Eyes: Wear chemical splash goggles.
Skin:
Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing:
Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators:
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29 CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Use a NIOSH/MSHA or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator if exposure limits are exceeded or if irritation or other symptoms are experienced.

Section 9 - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
 
Physical State: Liquid
Color: clear, colorless
Odor: pleasant odor - ether-like
pH: Not available.
Vapor Pressure: 600 mm Hg @ 25 deg C
Viscosity: 0.38cP @ 20C
Boiling Point: 31.3 deg C
Freezing/Melting Point: -85.6 deg C
Autoignition Temperature: 360 deg C ( 680.00 deg F)
Flash Point: -35 deg C ( -31.00 deg F)
Explosion Limits, lower: 2.3%
Explosion Limits, upper: 14.3%
Decomposition Temperature:
Solubility in water: Insoluble.
Specific Gravity/Density: 0.93 g/cm3
Molecular Formula: C4H4O
Molecular Weight: 68.08

Section 10 - STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
  Chemical Stability:
May form peroxides in the absence of inhibitors. May discolor on exposure to air. Under normal storage conditions, peroxidizable compounds can form and accumulate peroxides which may explode when subjected to heat or shock. This material is most hazardous when peroxide levels are concentrated by distillation or evaporation.
Conditions to Avoid:
Ignition sources, excess heat, evaporating to near dryness, prolonged exposure to air.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
Strong oxidizing agents, strong acids, oxygen.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide.
Hazardous Polymerization: Has not been reported

Section 11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  RTECS#:
CAS# 110-00-9: LT8524000 CAS# 128-37-0: GO7875000 LD50/LC50:
CAS# 110-00-9: Inhalation, mouse: LC50 = 120 mg/m3/1H; Inhalation, rat: LC50 = 3398 ppm/1H.
CAS# 128-37-0: Draize test, rabbit, eye: 100 mg/24H Moderate; Draize test, rabbit, skin: 500 mg/48H Moderate; Oral, mouse: LD50 = 650 mg/kg; Oral, mouse: LD50 = 1040 mg/kg; Oral, rabbit: LD50 = 2100 mg/kg; Oral, rat: LD50 = 890 mg/kg.
For furan, CAS 110-00-9, oral LDLo (dog): 234 mg/kg.
Carcinogenicity:
Furan - California: carcinogen, initial date 10/1/93 NTP: Suspect carcinogen IARC: Group 2B carcinogen BHT - Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, or NTP.
Other:
See actual entry in RTECS for complete information.

Section 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  Other No information available.

Section 13 - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
  Dispose of in a manner consistent with federal, state, and local regulations.

Section 14 - TRANSPORT INFORMATION
 
IATA
Shipping Name: FURAN
Hazard Class: 3
UN Number: 2389
Packing Group: I
IMO
Shipping Name: FURAN
Hazard Class: 3.1
UN Number: 2389
Packing Group: I
RID/ADR
Shipping Name: FURAN
Hazard Class: 3
UN Number: 2389
Packing group: I
USA RQ: CAS# 110-00-9: 100 lb final RQ; 45.4 kg final RQ

Section 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION
 
European/International Regulations
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols: T F+
Risk Phrases:
R 45 May cause cancer.
R 12 Extremely flammable.
R 19 May form explosive peroxides.
R 20/22 Harmful by inhalation and if swallowed.
R 38 Irritating to skin.
R 48/22 Harmful : danger of serious damage to health
by prolonged exposure if swallowed.
R 52/53 Harmful to aquatic organisms, may cause
long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.
Safety Phrases:
S 53 Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions
before use.
S 45 In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek
medical advice immediately (show the label where
possible).
S 61 Avoid release to the environment. Refer to
special instructions/safety data sheets.
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 110-00-9: No information available.
CAS# 128-37-0: 1
Canada
CAS# 110-00-9 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
CAS# 128-37-0 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
CAS# 110-00-9 is not listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
CAS# 128-37-0 is listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
US FEDERAL
TSCA
CAS# 110-00-9 is listed on the TSCA inventory.
CAS# 128-37-0 is listed on the TSCA inventory.


SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
N/A

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