Recommended Suppliersmore
3-Hydroxypropionitrile
CAS No.: 109-78-4
Synonyms:
Formula: C3H5NO
Exact Mass: 71.03710
Molecular Weight: 71.07790
PSA: 44.02000
LogP: -0.10762
Reference Price: $7,742/ton Inquiry Now
3-Hydroxypropionitrile 109-78-4 MSDS
Name: 3-Hydroxypropionitrile P.A. Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym: Ethylene Cyanohydrin; Hydracrylonitril
CAS: 109-78-4
Section 1 - Chemical Product   MSDS Name:3-Hydroxypropionitrile P.A. Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym:Ethylene Cyanohydrin; Hydracrylonitril

Section 2 - COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
CAS# Chemical Name content EINECS#
109-78-4 3-Hydroxypropionitrile 98 203-704-8
Hazard Symbols: None Listed.
Risk Phrases: 15

Section 3 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
  EMERGENCY OVERVIEW
Contact with water liberates extremely flammable gases.
Potential Health Effects
Eye:
May cause eye irritation.
Skin:
May cause skin irritation.
Ingestion:
May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. May cause kidney damage.
Inhalation:
May cause respiratory tract irritation.
Chronic:
Repeated exposure may cause kidney damage and digestive tract abnormalities.

Section 4 - FIRST AID MEASURES
  Eyes: Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.
Skin:
Flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists. Wash clothing before reuse.
Ingestion:
Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
Inhalation:
Remove from exposure and move to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
Notes to Physician:

Section 5 - FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
  General Information:
As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Water Reactive. Material will react with water and may release a flammable and/or toxic gas. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Containers may explode in the heat of a fire. Vapors may be heavier than air. They can spread along the ground and collect in low or confined areas.
Extinguishing Media:
Water or foam may cause frothing. Do NOT get water inside containers. For large fires, use water spray, fog or alcohol-resistant foam. Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out. For small fires, use dry chemical or carbon dioxide.

Section 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
  General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Spills/Leaks:
Absorb spill with inert material (e.g. vermiculite, sand or earth), then place in suitable container. Clean up spills immediately, observing precautions in the Protective Equipment section. Remove all sources of ignition. Use a spark-proof tool. Provide ventilation. Do not get water on spilled substances or inside containers.

Section 7 - HANDLING and STORAGE
  Handling:
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Keep from contact with moist air and steam.
Storage:
Store in a cool, dry place. Keep away from water. Keep containers tightly closed.

Section 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS, PERSONAL PROTECTION
  Engineering Controls:
Use adequate general or local exhaust ventilation to keep airborne concentrations below the permissible exposure limits. Use process enclosure, local exhaust ventilation, or other engineering controls to control airborne levels.
Exposure Limits CAS# 109-78-4: Russia: 10 mg/m3 TWA Personal Protective Equipment Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166.
Skin:
Wear appropriate gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing:
Wear appropriate protective clothing to minimize contact with skin.
Respirators:
Wear a NIOSH/MSHA or European Standard EN 149 approved full-facepiece airline respirator in the positive pressure mode with emergency escape provisions. Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29 CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149.
Use a NIOSH/MSHA or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator if exposure limits are exceeded or if irritation or other symptoms are experienced.

Section 9 - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
 
Physical State: Liquid
Color: clear, colorless
Odor: None reported.
pH: Not available.
Vapor Pressure: 0.1 mbar @ 20 C
Viscosity: <10 MPA 20.00 deg C
Boiling Point: 228 deg C @ 760.00mm Hg
Freezing/Melting Point: -46 deg C
Autoignition Temperature: 505 deg C ( 941.00 deg F)
Flash Point: 128 deg C ( 262.40 deg F)
Explosion Limits, lower: 2.30 vol %
Explosion Limits, upper: 12.10 vol %
Decomposition Temperature: >228 deg C
Solubility in water: miscible
Specific Gravity/Density: 1.0410g/cm3
Molecular Formula: C3H5NO
Molecular Weight: 71.08

Section 10 - STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
  Chemical Stability:
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Conditions to Avoid:
Incompatible materials, strong oxidants.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
Acids - bases - oxidizing agents - moisture - heat - acids.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Hydrogen cyanide, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide, nitrogen.
Hazardous Polymerization: Has not been reported.

Section 11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  RTECS#:
CAS# 109-78-4: MU5250000 LD50/LC50:
CAS# 109-78-4: Draize test, rabbit, eye: 500 mg Moderate; Oral, mouse: LD50 = 1800 mg/kg; Oral, rat: LD50 = 3200 mg/kg; Skin, rabbit: LD50 = 5 mL/kg.
Carcinogenicity:
3-Hydroxypropionitrile - Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, or NTP.
Other:
See actual entry in RTECS for complete information.

Section 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
 

Section 13 - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
  Dispose of in a manner consistent with federal, state, and local regulations.

Section 14 - TRANSPORT INFORMATION
 
IATA
Not regulated as a hazardous material.
IMO
Not regulated as a hazardous material.
RID/ADR
Not regulated as a hazardous material.

Section 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION
 
European/International Regulations
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols: Not available.
Risk Phrases:
R 15 Contact with water liberates extremely
flammable gases.
Safety Phrases:
S 24/25 Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 109-78-4: 1
Canada
CAS# 109-78-4 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
CAS# 109-78-4 is not listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
US FEDERAL
TSCA
CAS# 109-78-4 is listed on the TSCA inventory.


SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
N/A

Home   |   Announcement   |   Partners   |   Business Cooperation   |   Suppliers   |   Products    |   About Us   |   Contact Us   |   Privacy Policy   |   Terms & Conditions   |   Legal Statement

Copyright © 2013-2016 MOLBASE All Rights Reserved ICP Shanghai 14014220