3-Butenenitrile
CAS No.: 109-75-1
Synonyms:
Formula: C4H5N
Exact Mass: 67.04220
Molecular Weight: 67.08920
PSA: 23.79000
LogP: 1.08608
3-Butenenitrile 109-75-1 MSDS
Name: Allyl Cyanide 98% Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym: 3-Butenenitril
CAS: 109-75-1
Section 1 - Chemical Product   MSDS Name:Allyl Cyanide 98% Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym:3-Butenenitril

Section 2 - COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
CAS# Chemical Name content EINECS#
109-75-1 Allyl Cyanide 98.0 203-701-1
Hazard Symbols: T F
Risk Phrases: 11 21 25

Section 3 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
  EMERGENCY OVERVIEW
Highly flammable. Harmful in contact with skin. Toxic if swallowed.Highly flammable.
Potential Health Effects
Eye:
May cause eye irritation.
Skin:
May cause skin irritation. May be harmful if absorbed through the skin.
Ingestion:
Harmful if swallowed. May cause irritation of the digestive tract.
Inhalation:
May cause respiratory tract irritation. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation.
Chronic:
No information found.

Section 4 - FIRST AID MEASURES
  Eyes: Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.
Skin:
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
Ingestion:
Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
Inhalation:
Remove from exposure and move to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
Notes to Physician:

Section 5 - FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
  General Information:
As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Vapors may form an explosive mixture with air.
Vapors can travel to a source of ignition and flash back. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Water may be ineffective. Material is lighter than water and a fire may be spread by the use of water. Flammable liquid and vapor. Vapors may be heavier than air. They can spread along the ground and collect in low or confined areas. Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flame. Containers may explode if exposed to fire.
Extinguishing Media:
For small fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, water spray or alcohol-resistant foam. Water may be ineffective. Water may spread fire. If water is the only media available, use in flooding amounts.
For large fires, use water spray, fog or alcohol-resistant foam. Do NOT use straight streams of water. Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out.

Section 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
  General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Spills/Leaks:
Absorb spill with inert material (e.g. vermiculite, sand or earth), then place in suitable container. Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways. Clean up spills immediately, observing precautions in the Protective Equipment section. Scoop up with a nonsparking tool, then place into a suitable container for disposal. Remove all sources of ignition. Provide ventilation.

Section 7 - HANDLING and STORAGE
  Handling:
Wash thoroughly after handling. Use with adequate ventilation.
Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Keep container tightly closed. Keep away from heat, sparks and flame. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Storage:
Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Flammables-area.

Section 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS, PERSONAL PROTECTION
  Engineering Controls:
Use adequate ventilation to keep airborne concentrations low.
Exposure Limits CAS# 109-75-1: United States OSHA: 5 mg/m3 TWA (listed under Cyanide anion).
Germany: (listed as cyanide anion): Skin absorber Netherlands: (listed as cyanide anion): 5 mg/m3 MAC (as CN) Russia: 0.3 mg/m3 TWA Personal Protective Equipment Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166.
Skin:
Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing:
Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators:
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29 CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Use a NIOSH/MSHA or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator if exposure limits are exceeded or if irritation or other symptoms are experienced.

Section 9 - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
 
Physical State: Liquid
Color: clear, colorless
Odor: None reported.
pH: Not available.
Vapor Pressure: Not available.
Viscosity: Not available.
Boiling Point: 116 - 121 deg C @ 760.00mm Hg
Freezing/Melting Point: -87 deg C
Autoignition Temperature: Not available.
Flash Point: 19 deg C ( 66.20 deg F)
Explosion Limits, lower: Not available.
Explosion Limits, upper: Not available.
Decomposition Temperature:
Solubility in water: slightly soluble
Specific Gravity/Density: .8340g/cm3
Molecular Formula: C4H5N
Molecular Weight: 67.09

Section 10 - STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
  Chemical Stability:
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Conditions to Avoid:
Incompatible materials, ignition sources, excess heat, strong oxidants.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
Oxidizing agents.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Hydrogen cyanide, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide, nitrogen.
Hazardous Polymerization: Has not been reported.

Section 11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  RTECS#:
CAS# 109-75-1: EM8050000 LD50/LC50:
CAS# 109-75-1: Draize test, rabbit, eye: 500 mg/24H Mild; Draize test, rabbit, skin: 500 mg/24H Mild; Oral, rat: LD50 = 115 mg/kg; Skin, rabbit: LD50 = 1410 uL/kg.
Carcinogenicity:
Allyl Cyanide - Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, or NTP.
Other:
See actual entry in RTECS for complete information.

Section 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  Ecotoxicity:
Bacteria: Phytobacterium phosphoreum: EC50=2300-2700 mg/L; 5,15 minutes; Microtox testFish: Fathead Minnow: LC50= 210 mg/L; 24 Hr.; Unspecified, 15 degrees C

Section 13 - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
  Dispose of in a manner consistent with federal, state, and local regulations.

Section 14 - TRANSPORT INFORMATION
 
IATA
Shipping Name: FLAMMABLE LIQUID, TOXIC, N.O.S.*
Hazard Class: 3 (6.1)
UN Number: 1992
Packing Group: II
IMO
Shipping Name: FLAMMABLE LIQUID, TOXIC, N.O.S.
Hazard Class: 3.2 (6.1)
UN Number: 1992
Packing Group: II
RID/ADR
Shipping Name: FLAMMABLE LIQUID, TOXIC, N.O.S.
Hazard Class: 3
UN Number: 1992
Packing group: II

Section 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION
 
European/International Regulations
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols: T F
Risk Phrases:
R 11 Highly flammable.
R 21 Harmful in contact with skin.
R 25 Toxic if swallowed.
Safety Phrases:
S 16 Keep away from sources of ignition - No
smoking.
S 27 Take off immediately all contaminated clothing.
S 28A After contact with skin, wash immediately with
plenty of water.
S 37 Wear suitable gloves.
S 45 In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek
medical advice immediately (show the label where
possible).
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 109-75-1: 1
Canada
CAS# 109-75-1 is listed on Canada's NDSL List.
CAS# 109-75-1 is not listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
US FEDERAL
TSCA
CAS# 109-75-1 is listed on the TSCA inventory.


SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
N/A

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