butyronitrile 109-74-0 MSDS
Name: N-Butyronitrile 98% Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym: N-Butanenitrile; 1-Cyanopropane; Propyl Cyanide
CAS: 109-74-0
Section 1 - Chemical Product   MSDS Name:N-Butyronitrile 98% Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym:N-Butanenitrile; 1-Cyanopropane; Propyl Cyanide

Section 2 - COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
CAS# Chemical Name content EINECS#
109-74-0 N-Butyronitrile 98 203-700-6
Hazard Symbols: T
Risk Phrases: 11 23/24/25

Section 3 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
  EMERGENCY OVERVIEW
Highly flammable. Toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.Highly flammable.
Potential Health Effects
Eye:
Causes eye irritation.
Skin:
Causes skin irritation. Harmful if absorbed through the skin.
Ingestion:
May be fatal if swallowed. May cause irritation of the digestive tract.
Inhalation:
May cause respiratory tract irritation.
Chronic:
Not available.

Section 4 - FIRST AID MEASURES
  Eyes: Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.
Skin:
Get medical aid immediately. Flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
Ingestion:
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
Inhalation:
Remove from exposure and move to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
Notes to Physician:

Section 5 - FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
  General Information:
As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Vapors may form an explosive mixture with air.
Vapors can travel to a source of ignition and flash back. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Water may be ineffective. Material is lighter than water and a fire may be spread by the use of water. Flammable liquid and vapor. Vapors may be heavier than air. They can spread along the ground and collect in low or confined areas. Containers may explode when heated.
Extinguishing Media:
For small fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, water spray or alcohol-resistant foam. Water may be ineffective. For large fires, use water spray, fog or alcohol-resistant foam. Do NOT use straight streams of water. Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out.

Section 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
  General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Spills/Leaks:
Absorb spill with inert material (e.g. vermiculite, sand or earth), then place in suitable container. Use water spray to dilute spill to a non-flammable mixture. Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways. Clean up spills immediately, observing precautions in the Protective Equipment section. Scoop up with a nonsparking tool, then place into a suitable container for disposal.
Use water spray to disperse the gas/vapor. Remove all sources of ignition. Provide ventilation.

Section 7 - HANDLING and STORAGE
  Handling:
Wash thoroughly after handling. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Do not get on skin and clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Keep container tightly closed. Keep away from heat, sparks and flame. Do not ingest or inhale. Use only in a chemical fume hood.
Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Storage:
Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Keep away from acids.

Section 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS, PERSONAL PROTECTION
  Engineering Controls:
Use only under a chemical fume hood.
Exposure Limits CAS# 109-74-0: Personal Protective Equipment Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166.
Skin:
Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing:
Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators:
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29 CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Use a NIOSH/MSHA or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator if exposure limits are exceeded or if irritation or other symptoms are experienced.

Section 9 - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
 
Physical State: Liquid
Color: Clear
Odor: suffocating odor, sharp odor
pH: Not available.
Vapor Pressure: 19.5 mm Hg @25C
Viscosity: 624@15C
Boiling Point: 117.5 deg C
Freezing/Melting Point: -112 deg C
Autoignition Temperature: 501 deg C ( 933.80 deg F)
Flash Point: 16 deg C ( 60.80 deg F)
Explosion Limits, lower: 1.65 vol %
Explosion Limits, upper: .00 vol %
Decomposition Temperature:
Solubility in water: 33 g/l (25 c)
Specific Gravity/Density: .7940g/cm3
Molecular Formula: C4H7N
Molecular Weight: 69.11

Section 10 - STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
  Chemical Stability:
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Conditions to Avoid:
Incompatible materials, ignition sources, excess heat, strong acids, strong oxidants.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
Strong acids - strong bases - strong oxidizing agents - strong reducing agents.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Hydrogen cyanide, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide, nitrogen.
Hazardous Polymerization: Has not been reported.

Section 11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  RTECS#:
CAS# 109-74-0: ET8750000 LD50/LC50:
CAS# 109-74-0: Draize test, rabbit, eye: 500 mg/24H Mild; Inhalation, mouse: LC50 = 249 ppm/1H; Oral, mouse: LD50 = 27689 ug/kg; Oral, rat: LD50 = 50 mg/kg; Skin, rabbit: LD50 = 500 uL/kg.
Carcinogenicity:
N-Butyronitrile - Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, or NTP.
Other:
See actual entry in RTECS for complete information.

Section 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  Other No information available.

Section 13 - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
  Dispose of in a manner consistent with federal, state, and local regulations.

Section 14 - TRANSPORT INFORMATION
 
IATA
Shipping Name: BUTYRONITRILE
Hazard Class: 3 (6.1)
UN Number: 2411
Packing Group: II
IMO
Shipping Name: BUTYRONITRILE
Hazard Class: 3.2 (6.1)
UN Number: 2411
Packing Group: II
RID/ADR
Shipping Name: BUTYRONITRILE
Hazard Class: 3
UN Number: 2411
Packing group: II

Section 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION
 
European/International Regulations
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols: T
Risk Phrases:
R 11 Highly flammable.
R 23/24/25 Toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin
and if swallowed.
Safety Phrases:
S 45 In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek
medical advice immediately (show the label where
possible).
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 109-74-0: No information available.
Canada
CAS# 109-74-0 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
CAS# 109-74-0 is listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
US FEDERAL
TSCA
CAS# 109-74-0 is listed on the TSCA inventory.


SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
N/A

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