toluene
CAS No.: 108-88-3
Synonyms:
Formula: C7H8
Exact Mass: 92.06260
Molecular Weight: 92.13840
PSA: 0.00000
LogP: 1.99500
toluene 108-88-3 MSDS
Name: Toluene, Extra Dry, with Molecular Sieve Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym: Methacide; Methylbenzene; Methylbenzol; Phenylmethane; Toluol.
CAS: 108-88-3
Section 1 - Chemical Product MSDS Name: Toluene, Extra Dry, with Molecular Sieve Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym: Methacide; Methylbenzene; Methylbenzol; Phenylmethane; Toluol.
SECTION 2 - COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
CAS# Chemical Name content EINECS#
108-88-3 Toluene ca. 100 203-625-9
Hazard Symbols: XN F
Risk Phrases: 11 20
SECTION 3 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION EMERGENCY OVERVIEW Highly flammable. Harmful by inhalation. Potential Health Effects
Eye:
Causes eye irritation. May result in corneal injury. Vapors may cause eye irritation.
Skin:
May cause skin irritation. Prolonged and/or repeated contact may cause irritation and/or dermatitis. May be absorbed through the skin.
Ingestion:
Aspiration hazard. May cause irritation of the digestive tract. May cause effects similar to those for inhalation exposure. Aspiration of material into the lungs may cause chemical pneumonitis, which may be fatal.
Inhalation:
Inhalation of high concentrations may cause central nervous system effects characterized by nausea, headache, dizziness, unconsciousness and coma. Inhalation of vapor may cause respiratory tract irritation. May cause liver and kidney damage. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation. Overexposure may cause dizziness, tremors, restlessness, rapid heart beat, increased blood pressure, hallucinations, acidosis, kidney failure.
Chronic:
Prolonged or repeated skin contact may cause dermatitis. May cause cardiac sensitization and severe heart abnormalities. May cause liver and kidney damage.
SECTION 4 - FIRST AID MEASURES
Eyes:
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.
Skin:
Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists.
Ingestion:
Do NOT induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Possible aspiration hazard. Get medical aid immediately.
Inhalation:
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.
Notes to Physician:
Causes cardiac sensitization to endogenous catelcholamines which may lead to cardiac arrhythmias. Do NOT use adrenergic agents such as epinephrine or pseudoepinephrine.
SECTION 5 - FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
General Information:
Containers can build up pressure if exposed to heat and/or fire. As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Water runoff can cause environmental damage. Dike and collect water used to fight fire. Vapors may form an explosive mixture with air. Vapors can travel to a source of ignition and flash back. Flammable Liquid. Can release vapors that form explosive mixtures at temperatures above the flashpoint. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Water may be ineffective. Material is lighter than water and a fire may be spread by the use of water. Vapors may be heavier than air. They can spread along the ground and collect in low or confined areas. Containers may explode when heated.
Extinguishing Media:
Use water spray to cool fire-exposed containers. Water may be ineffective. Do NOT use straight streams of water. For small fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, water spray or regular foam. Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out. For large fires, use water spray, fog or regular foam.
SECTION 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Spills/Leaks:
Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways. Remove all sources of ignition. Absorb spill using an absorbent, non-combustible material such as earth, sand, or vermiculite. Do not use combustible materials such as saw dust. A vapor suppressing foam may be used to reduce vapors. Water spray may reduce vapor but may not prevent ignition in closed spaces.
SECTION 7 - HANDLING and STORAGE
Handling:
Wash thoroughly after handling. Use with adequate ventilation. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid contact with heat, sparks and flame. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Storage:
Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
SECTION 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS, PERSONAL PROTECTION
Engineering Controls:
Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use adequate general or local exhaust ventilation to keep airborne concentrations below the permissible exposure limits. Personal Protective Equipment
Eyes:
Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166.
Skin:
Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing:
Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators:
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
SECTION 9 - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
Physical State: Clear liquid
Appearance: colourless
Odor: aromatic odor - sweetish odor
pH: Not available.
Vapor Pressure: 29 mbar @ 20 deg C
Viscosity: 0.59 cP 20 deg C
Boiling Point: 110.6 deg C @ 760.00mm Hg
Freezing/Melting Point: -95 deg C
Autoignition Temperature: 535 deg C ( 995.00 deg F)
Flash Point: 4 deg C ( 39.20 deg F)
Explosion Limits, lower: 1.20 vol %
Explosion Limits, upper: 7.00 vol %
Decomposition Temperature:
Solubility in water: 0.05 G/100ML WATER (20C)
Specific Gravity/Density: .8650g/cm3
Molecular Formula: C7H8
Molecular Weight: 92.14
SECTION 10 - STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
Chemical Stability:
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Conditions to Avoid:
Incompatible materials, ignition sources, excess heat.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
Ntrogen tetroxide, nitric acid + sulfuric acid, silver perchlorate, strong oxidizers, sodium dilfuoride, .
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.
Hazardous Polymerization: Will not occur.
SECTION 11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION RTECS#: CAS# 108-88-3: XS5250000
LD50/LC50:
CAS# 108-88-3: Draize test, rabbit, eye: 870 ug Mild; Draize test,
rabbit, eye: 2 mg/24H Severe; Draize test, rabbit, skin: 435 mg Mild;
Draize test, rabbit, skin: 500 mg Moderate; Draize test, rabbit,
skin: 20 mg/24H Moderate; Inhalation, mouse: LC50 = 400 ppm/24H;
Inhalation, rat: LC50 = 49 gm/m3/4H; Oral, rat: LD50 = 636 mg/kg;
Skin, rabbit: LD50 = 14100 uL/kg.
Carcinogenicity:
Toluene -
ACGIH: A4 - Not Classifiable as a Human Carcinogen
IARC: Group 3 carcinogen
Other:
See actual entry in RTECS for complete information.
SECTION 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
Ecotoxicity:
Bluegill LC50=17 mg/L/24H Shrimp LC50=4.3 ppm/96H Fathead minnow LC50=36.2 mg/L/96H Sunfish (fresh water) TLm=1180 mg/L/96H
SECTION 13 - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS Dispose of in a manner consistent with federal, state, and local regulations.
SECTION 14 - TRANSPORT INFORMATION IATA
Shipping Name: TOLUENE
Hazard Class: 3
UN Number: 1294
Packing Group: II IMO
Shipping Name: TOLUENE
Hazard Class: 3.2
UN Number: 1294
Packing Group: II RID/ADR
Shipping Name: TOLUENE
Dangerous Goods Code: 3(3b)
UN Number: 1294
SECTION 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION European/International Regulations European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols: XN F
Risk Phrases:
R 11 Highly flammable. R 20 Harmful by inhalation.
Safety Phrases:
S 16 Keep away from sources of ignition - No smoking. S 25 Avoid contact with eyes. S 29 Do not empty into drains. S 33 Take precautionary measures against static discharges. WGK (Water Danger/Protection) CAS# 108-88-3: 2 United Kingdom Occupational Exposure Limits CAS# 108-88-3: OES-United Kingdom, TWA 50 ppm TWA; 191 mg/m3 TWA CAS# 108-88-3: OES-United Kingdom, STEL 150 ppm STEL; 574 mg/m3 STEL Canada CAS# 108-88-3 is listed on Canada's DSL List. CAS# 108-88-3 is listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List. Exposure Limits CAS# 108-88-3: OEL-AUSTRALIA:TWA 100 ppm (375 mg/m3);STEL 150 ppm (560 mg/m3) OEL-BELGIUM:TWA 100 ppm (377 mg/m3);STEL 150 ppm (565 mg/m3) OEL-CZECHOSLOVAKIA:TWA 200 mg/m3;STEL 1000 mg/m3 OEL-DENMARK:TWA 50 ppm (190 mg/m3);Skin OEL-FINLAND:TWA 100 ppm (375 mg/m3);STEL 150 ppm;Skin OEL-FRANCE:TWA 100 ppm (375 mg/m3);STEL 150 ppm (560 mg/m3) OEL-GERMANY:TWA 100 ppm (380 mg/m3) OEL-HUNGARY:TWA 100 mg/m3;STEL 300 mg/m3;Skin OEL-JAPAN:TWA 100 ppm (380 mg/m3) OEL-THE NETHERLANDS:TWA 100 ppm (375 mg/m3);Skin OEL-THE PHILIPPINES:TWA 100 ppm (375 mg/m3) OEL-POLAND:TWA 100 mg/m3 OEL-RUSSIA:TWA 100 ppm;STEL 50 mg/m3 OEL-SWEDEN:TWA 50 ppm (200 mg/m3);STEL 100 ppm (400 mg/m3);Skin OEL-SWITZERLAND:TWA 100 ppm (380 mg/m3);STEL 500 ppm OEL-THAILAND:TWA 200 ppm;STEL 300 ppm OEL-TURKEY:TWA 200 ppm (750 mg/m3) OEL-UNITED KINGDOM:TWA 100 ppm (375 mg/m3);STEL 150 ppm;Skin OEL IN BULGARIA, COLOMBIA, JORDAN, KOREA check ACGIH TLV OEL IN NEW ZEALAND, SINGAPORE, VIETNAM check ACGI TLV US FEDERAL TSCA CAS# 108-88-3 is listed on the TSCA inventory.
SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
MSDS Creation Date: 1/16/2002 Revision #1 Date: 5/15/2002 The information above is believed to be accurate and represents the best information currently available to us. However, we make no warranty of merchantability or any other warranty, express or implied, with respect to such information, and we assume no liability resulting from its use. Users should make their own investigations to determine the suitability of the information for their particular purposes. In no way shall the company be liable for any claims, losses, or damages of any third party or for lost profits or any special, indirect, incidental, consequential or exemplary damages, howsoever arising, even if the company has been advised of the possibility of such damages.

SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
N/A

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